54.978(1)(1)
54.978(1)(a) (a) Upon the acceptance of custodial trust property, the custodial trustee shall provide a written statement describing the custodial trust property and shall thereafter provide a written statement of the administration of the custodial trust property at all of the following times:
54.978(1)(a)1. 1. Once each year.
54.978(1)(a)2. 2. Upon request at reasonable times by the beneficiary or the beneficiary's legal representative.
54.978(1)(a)3. 3. Upon resignation or removal of the custodial trustee.
54.978(1)(a)4. 4. Upon termination of the custodial trust.
54.978(1)(b) (b) The statements under par. (a) must be provided to the beneficiary or to the beneficiary's legal representative, if any.
54.978(1)(c) (c) Upon termination of the beneficiary's interest, the custodial trustee shall furnish a current statement to the person to whom the custodial trust property is to be delivered.
54.978(2) (2)A beneficiary, the beneficiary's legal representative, an adult member of the beneficiary's family, a person interested in the custodial trust property or a person interested in the welfare of the beneficiary may petition the court for an accounting by the custodial trustee or the custodial trustee's legal representative.
54.978(3) (3)A successor custodial trustee may petition the court for an accounting by a predecessor custodial trustee.
54.978(4) (4)In an action or proceeding under this subchapter or in any other proceeding, the court may require or permit the custodial trustee or the custodial trustee's legal representative to account. The custodial trustee or the custodial trustee's legal representative may petition the court for approval of final accounts.
54.978(5) (5)If a custodial trustee is removed, the court shall require an accounting and order delivery of the custodial trust property and records to the successor custodial trustee and the execution of all instruments required for transfer of the custodial trust property.
54.978(6) (6)On petition of the custodial trustee or any person who could petition for an accounting, the court, after notice to interested persons, may issue instructions to the custodial trustee or review the propriety of the acts of a custodial trustee or the reasonableness of compensation determined by the custodial trustee for the services of the custodial trustee or others.
54.978 History History: 1991 a. 246; 2005 a. 387 s. 568; Stats. 2005 s. 54.978.
54.980 54.980 Limitations of action against custodial trustee.
54.980(1)(1)Except as provided in sub. (3), unless previously barred by adjudication, consent or limitation, a claim for relief against a custodial trustee for accounting or breach of duty is barred as to a beneficiary, a person to whom custodial trust property is to be paid or delivered or the legal representative of an incapacitated or deceased beneficiary or payee who meets one of the following conditions:
54.980(1)(a) (a) Has received a final account or statement fully disclosing the matter unless an action or proceeding to assert the claim is commenced within 2 years after receipt of the final account or statement.
54.980(1)(b) (b) Who has not received a final account or statement fully disclosing the matter unless an action or proceeding to assert the claim is commenced within 3 years after the termination of the custodial trust.
54.980(2) (2)Except as provided in sub. (3), a claim for relief to recover from a custodial trustee for fraud, misrepresentation, concealment related to the final settlement of the custodial trust or concealment of the existence of the custodial trust is barred unless an action or proceeding to assert the claim is commenced within 5 years after the termination of the custodial trust.
54.980(3) (3)A claim for relief by the following claimants is not barred by this section except as follows:
54.980(3)(a) (a) For a minor, until the earlier of 2 years after the claimant becomes an adult or dies.
54.980(3)(b) (b) For an incapacitated adult, until the earliest of 2 years after the appointment of a conservator, the removal of the incapacity or the death of the claimant.
54.980(3)(c) (c) For an adult, now deceased, who was not incapacitated, until 2 years after the claimant's death.
54.980 History History: 1991 a. 246; 2005 a. 387 s. 569; Stats. 2005 s. 54.980.
54.982 54.982 Distribution on termination.
54.982(1)(1)Upon termination of a custodial trust by the beneficiary or the beneficiary's conservator or guardian of the estate, the custodial trustee shall transfer the unexpended custodial trust property as follows:
54.982(1)(a) (a) To the beneficiary, if not incapacitated or deceased.
54.982(1)(b) (b) To the conservator, guardian of the estate or other recipient designated by the court for an incapacitated beneficiary.
54.982(2) (2)Upon termination of a custodial trust by the beneficiary's death, the custodial trustee shall distribute the unexpended custodial trust property in the following order:
54.982(2)(a) (a) As last directed in a writing signed by the deceased beneficiary while not incapacitated and received by the custodial trustee during the life of the deceased beneficiary.
54.982(2)(b) (b) To the survivor of multiple beneficiaries if survivorship is provided for pursuant to s. 54.960.
54.982(2)(c) (c) As designated in the instrument creating the custodial trust.
54.982(2)(d) (d) To the estate of the deceased beneficiary.
54.982(3) (3)If, when the custodial trust would otherwise terminate, the distributee is incapacitated, the custodial trust continues for the use and benefit of the distributee as beneficiary until the incapacity is removed or the custodial trust is otherwise terminated.
54.982(4) (4)Death of a beneficiary does not terminate the power of the custodial trustee to discharge obligations of the custodial trustee or beneficiary incurred before the termination of the custodial trust.
54.982 History History: 1991 a. 246; 2005 a. 387 s. 570; Stats. 2005 s. 54.982.
54.984 54.984 Methods and forms for creating custodial trusts.
54.984(1)(1)If a transaction, including a declaration with respect to or a transfer of specific property, otherwise satisfies applicable law, the criteria of s. 54.952 are satisfied by any of the following:
54.984(1)(a) (a) The execution and either delivery to the custodial trustee or recording of an instrument in substantially the following form:
Transfer under the Wisconsin
Uniform Custodial Trust Act
I, .... (name of transferor or name and representative capacity if a fiduciary), transfer to .... (name of trustee other than transferor), as custodial trustee for .... (name of beneficiary) as beneficiary and .... as distributee on termination of the trust in absence of direction by the beneficiary under the Wisconsin Uniform Custodial Trust Act, the following: (insert a description of the custodial trust property legally sufficient to identify and transfer each item of property).
Dated: ....
....
(Signature)
54.984(1)(b) (b) The execution and the recording or giving notice of its execution to the beneficiary of an instrument in substantially the following form:
Declaration of trust under
the Wisconsin Uniform Custodial
Trust Act
I, .... (name of owner of property), declare that henceforth I hold as custodial trustee for .... (name of beneficiary other than transferor) as beneficiary and .... as distributee on termination of the trust in absence of direction by the beneficiary under the Wisconsin Uniform Custodial Trust Act, the following: (insert a description of the custodial trust property legally sufficient to identify and transfer each item of property).
Dated: ....
....
(Signature)
54.984(2) (2)Customary methods of transferring or evidencing ownership of property may be used to create a custodial trust, including, but not limited to, any of the following:
54.984(2)(a) (a) Registration of a security in the name of a trust company, an adult other than the transferor or the transferor if the beneficiary is other than the transferor, designated in substance “as custodial trustee for .... (name of beneficiary) under the Wisconsin Uniform Custodial Trust Act".
54.984(2)(b) (b) Delivery of a certificated security or a document necessary for the transfer of an uncertificated security, together with any necessary endorsement, to an adult other than the transferor or to a trust company as custodial trustee, accompanied by an instrument in substantially the form prescribed in sub. (1) (a).
54.984(2)(c) (c) Payment of money or transfer of a security held in the name of a broker or a financial institution or its nominee to a broker or financial institution for credit to an account in the name of a trust company, an adult other than the transferor or the transferor if the beneficiary is other than the transferor, designated in substance: “as custodial trustee for .... (name of beneficiary) under the Wisconsin Uniform Custodial Trust Act".
54.984(2)(d) (d) Registration of ownership of a life or endowment insurance policy or annuity contract with the issuer in the name of a trust company, an adult other than the transferor or the transferor if the beneficiary is other than the transferor, designated in substance: “as custodial trustee for .... (name of beneficiary) under the Wisconsin Uniform Custodial Trust Act".
54.984(2)(e) (e) Delivery of a written assignment to an adult other than the transferor or to a trust company whose name in the assignment is designated in substance by the words: “as custodial trustee for .... (name of beneficiary) under the Wisconsin Uniform Custodial Trust Act".
54.984(2)(f) (f) Irrevocable exercise of a power of appointment, pursuant to its terms, in favor of a trust company, an adult other than the donee of the power or the donee who holds the power if the beneficiary is other than the donee, whose name in the appointment is designated in substance: “as custodial trustee for .... (name of beneficiary) under the Wisconsin Uniform Custodial Trust Act".
54.984(2)(g) (g) Delivery of a written notification or assignment of a right to future payment under a contract to an obligor which transfers the right under the contract to a trust company, an adult other than the transferor or the transferor if the beneficiary is other than the transferor, whose name in the notification or assignment is designated in substance: “as custodial trustee for .... (name of beneficiary) under the Wisconsin Uniform Custodial Trust Act".
54.984(2)(h) (h) Execution, delivery and recordation of a conveyance of an interest in real property in the name of a trust company, an adult other than the transferor or the transferor if the beneficiary is other than the transferor, designated in substance: “as custodial trustee for .... (name of beneficiary) under the Wisconsin Uniform Custodial Trust Act".
54.984(2)(i) (i) Issuance of a certificate of title by an agency of a state or of the United States which evidences title to tangible personal property which meets any of the following conditions:
54.984(2)(i)1. 1. Is issued in the name of a trust company, an adult other than the transferor or the transferor if the beneficiary is other than the transferor, designated in substance: “as custodial trustee for .... (name of beneficiary) under the Wisconsin Uniform Custodial Trust Act".
54.984(2)(i)2. 2. Is delivered to a trust company or an adult other than the transferor or endorsed by the transferor to that person, designated in substance: “as custodial trustee for .... (name of beneficiary) under the Wisconsin Uniform Custodial Trust Act".
54.984(2)(j) (j) Execution and delivery of an instrument of gift to a trust company or an adult other than the transferor, designated in substance: “as custodial trustee for .... (name of beneficiary) under the Wisconsin Uniform Custodial Trust Act".
54.984 History History: 1991 a. 246; 2005 a. 387 s. 571; Stats. 2005 s. 54.984.
54.986 54.986 Applicable law.
54.986(1)(1)Sections 54.950 to 54.988 apply to a transfer or declaration creating a custodial trust that refers to this subchapter if, at the time of the transfer or declaration, the transferor, beneficiary or custodial trustee is a resident of or has its principal place of business in this state or custodial trust property is located in this state. The custodial trust remains subject to this subchapter despite a later change in residence or principal place of business of the transferor, beneficiary or custodial trustee, or removal of the custodial trust property from this state.
54.986(2) (2)A transfer made pursuant to a law of another state substantially similar to this subchapter is governed by the law of that state and may be enforced in this state.
54.986 History History: 1991 a. 246; 2005 a. 387 s. 572; Stats. 2005 s. 54.986.
54.988 54.988 Uniformity of application and construction. Sections 54.950 to 54.988 shall be applied and construed to effectuate its general purpose to make uniform the law with respect to the subject of this subchapter among states enacting it.
54.988 History History: 1991 a. 246; 2005 a. 387 s. 573; Stats. 2005 s. 54.988.
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2017-18 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2019 Wis. Act 5 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on April 21, 2019. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after June 1, 2019, are designated by NOTES. (Published 6-1-19)