609.91(4)(d) (d) The inability of the provider or other person who is owed compensation for health care costs to obtain compensation from the health maintenance organization insurer, the insurer described in sub. (1m) or (1p), or any other person for health care costs for which the enrollee, policyholder or insured is not liable under sub. (1), (1m), or (1p).
609.91(4)(e) (e) The failure of a health maintenance organization insurer to comply with s. 609.94.
609.91(4)(f) (f) Any other conditions or agreements, other than a notice of election or termination of election in accordance with s. 609.92 or 609.925, existing at any time.
609.91 Annotation Sections 609.01 and 609.91 do not prohibit HMOs from asserting contractual subrogation rights with respect to actual medical expenses incurred by an HMO for medical care covered by the HMO's contract with an enrollee. This section is replete with language immunizing enrollees and limiting their liability, but does not speak to the sources of funds available to HMOs, except to the extent that it limits funds HMOs may obtain from enrollees. Torres v. Dean Health Plan, Inc. 2005 WI App 89, 282 Wis. 2d 725, 698 N.W.2d 107, 03-3274.
609.92 609.92 Hospitals, individual practice associations and providers of physician services.
609.92(1) (1) Election of exemption. Except as provided in s. 609.93, a hospital, an individual practice association or other provider described in s. 609.91 (1) (b) may elect to be exempt from s. 609.91 (1) (b) for the purpose of recovering health care costs arising from health care provided by the hospital, individual practice association or other provider, if the conditions under sub. (2) or (3), whichever is applicable, are satisfied.
609.92(2) (2)Care provided under a contract. If the health care is provided under a written contract between a health maintenance organization insurer and the hospital, individual practice association or other provider, all of the following conditions must be met for the hospital, individual practice association or other provider to secure an exemption under sub. (1):
609.92(2)(a) (a) The contract must be in effect on the date that the health care is provided, and the health care must be provided in accordance with the terms of the contract.
609.92(2)(b) (b) The hospital, individual practice association or other provider must, within 30 days after entering into the contract, deliver to the office a written notice stating that the hospital, individual practice association or other provider elects to be exempt from s. 609.91 (1) (b). The notice shall comply with the rules, if any, promulgated under s. 609.935.
609.92(3) (3)Care provided without a contract. If the health care is not provided under a contract that satisfies sub. (2), all of the following conditions must be met for the hospital, individual practice association or other provider to secure an exemption under sub. (1):
609.92(3)(a) (a) The hospital, individual practice association or other provider must deliver to the office a notice stating that the hospital, individual practice association or other provider elects to be exempt from s. 609.91 (1) (b) with respect to a specified health maintenance organization insurer. The notice shall comply with the rules, if any, promulgated under s. 609.935.
609.92(3)(b) (b) If the health care is provided on or after January 1, 1990, and before January 1, 1991, the health care must be provided at least 60 days after the office receives the notice under par. (a).
609.92(3)(c) (c) If the health care is provided on or after January 1, 1991, the health care must be provided at least 90 days after the office receives the notice under par. (a).
609.92(4) (4)Termination of election. A hospital, individual practice association or other provider may terminate its election under sub. (2) or (3) by stating the termination date in the notice under sub. (2) or (3) or in a separate written termination notice filed with the office. The termination notice shall comply with the rules, if any, promulgated under s. 609.935. The termination is effective for any health care costs incurred after the termination date specified in the notice or the date on which the notice is filed, whichever is later.
609.92(5) (5)Provider of physician services. A provider who is not under contract with a health maintenance organization insurer and who is not a participating provider of a health maintenance organization insurer is not subject to s. 609.91 (1) (b) 2. with respect to health care costs incurred by an enrollee of that health maintenance organization insurer.
609.92 History History: 1989 a. 23; 1997 a. 237.
609.925 609.925 Election to be subject to restrictions.
609.925(1) (1) Notice of election. Except as provided in s. 609.93, a provider described in s. 609.91 (1) (c) is subject to s. 609.91 (1) (c) for purposes of recovering health care costs arising from health care provided by the provider, if the provider files with the office a written notice stating that the provider elects to be subject to s. 609.91 (1) (c) with respect to a specified health maintenance organization insurer. The notice shall comply with the rules, if any, promulgated under s. 609.935. The notice is effective on the date that it is received by the office or the date specified in the notice, whichever is later.
609.925(2) (2)Termination of election. A provider may terminate a notice of election under sub. (1) by stating the termination date in the notice of election or in a separate written termination notice filed with the office. The termination notice shall comply with the rules, if any, promulgated under s. 609.935. The termination date may not be earlier than 90 days after the office receives notice of termination, whether included in the notice of election or in a separate termination notice.
609.925(3) (3)Effective period of election. Section 609.91 applies to health care costs incurred on and after the effective date of the notice under sub. (1) or January 1, 1990, whichever is later, and until the termination date of the notice.
609.925 History History: 1989 a. 23.
609.93 609.93 Scope of election by an individual practice association or clinic.
609.93(1) (1) Individual practice association. The election by an individual practice association under s. 609.92 to be exempt from s. 609.91 (1) (b) or the failure of the individual practice association to so elect applies to health care costs arising from health care provided by any provider, other than a hospital, under a contract with, or through membership in, the individual practice association. A provider, other than a hospital, may not exercise an election under s. 609.92 or 609.925 separately from an individual practice association with respect to health care costs arising from health care provided under a contract with, or through membership in, the individual practice association.
609.93(2) (2)Clinics.
609.93(2)(a)(a) The election by a clinic under s. 609.92 to be exempt from s. 609.91 (1) (b) with respect to services described in s. 609.91 (1) (b) 2. and 3. or the failure of the clinic to so elect, or the election by a clinic under s. 609.925 to be subject to s. 609.91 (1) (c) or the failure of the clinic to so elect, applies to health care costs arising from health care provided by any provider through the clinic. A provider may not exercise an election under s. 609.92 or 609.925 separately from the clinic with respect to health care costs provided through the clinic.
609.93(2)(b) (b) The commissioner may, by rule, specify the types of health care facilities or organizations that qualify as clinics for purposes of this subsection.
609.93 History History: 1989 a. 23.
609.935 609.935 Notices of election and termination.
609.935(1) (1) In accordance with rules. If the commissioner promulgates rules governing the form or manner of filing a notice of election or termination notice under s. 609.92 or 609.925, a notice of election or termination notice filed after the rules take effect is not effective unless filed in accordance with the applicable rules.
609.935(2) (2)Effect of certain changes. The effectiveness of a notice of election or termination notice filed with the office under s. 609.92 or 609.925 is not affected by the renaming, reorganization, merger, consolidation or change in control of the provider, health maintenance organization insurer or any other person. The commissioner may, by rule, require a provider to amend a notice of election or termination notice if any of the events in this subsection or other changes affecting the accuracy of the information occur.
609.935 History History: 1989 a. 23.
609.94 609.94 Summary of restrictions.
609.94(1) (1) A health maintenance organization insurer shall deliver a written notice that complies with sub. (2) to all of the following:
609.94(1)(a) (a) Each provider that contracts with the health maintenance organization insurer to provide health care services, at the time that the health maintenance organization insurer and provider enter into a contract.
609.94(1)(b) (b) Each participating provider of the health maintenance organization insurer, at the time that the provider becomes a participating provider.
609.94(2) (2) The notice shall contain a summary of ss. 609.91 to 609.935 and 609.97 (1) and a statement that the health maintenance organization insurer files financial statements with the office which are available for public inspection. The commissioner may, by rule, specify a form for providing the notice required under this section. If the commissioner promulgates such a rule, any notice delivered on or after the effective date of the rule shall comply with the form specified by rule.
609.94 History History: 1989 a. 23; 1997 a. 237.
609.94 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also s. Ins 9.13, Wis. adm. code.
609.95 609.95 Minimum covered liabilities. A health maintenance organization insurer, whether first licensed or organized before, on or after July 1, 1989, shall maintain, on and after January 1, 1990, at least 65% of its liabilities for health care costs as covered liabilities.
609.95 History History: 1989 a. 23.
609.96 609.96 Initial capital and surplus requirements.
609.96(1)(1) Minimum capital and permanent surplus.
609.96(1)(a)(a) Except as provided in par. (b), if a health maintenance organization insurer is first licensed or organized on or after July 1, 1989, the minimum capital or permanent surplus for the health maintenance organization insurer is $750,000.
609.96(1)(b) (b) The commissioner may require a greater amount or permit a lesser amount than that specified under sub. (1) by rule promulgated, or order issued, on or after July 1, 1989.
609.96(2) (2)Initial expendable surplus. A health maintenance organization insurer subject to sub. (1) shall have an initial expendable surplus, after payment of all organizational expenses, of at least 50% of the minimum capital or minimum permanent surplus required under sub. (1), or such other percentage as the commissioner specifies by rule promulgated, or order issued, on or after July 1, 1989.
609.96 History History: 1989 a. 23.
609.97 609.97 Compulsory and security surplus.
609.97(1) (1) Amount of compulsory surplus. Except as otherwise provided by rule or order under sub. (2), a health maintenance organization insurer, whether first licensed or organized before, on or after July 1, 1989, shall maintain a compulsory surplus in an amount determined as follows:
609.97(1)(a) (a) Beginning on July 1, 1989, and ending on December 31, 1989, the compulsory surplus shall be equal to at least the greater of $200,000 or 3% of the premiums earned by the health maintenance organization insurer in the previous 12 months.
609.97(1)(b) (b) Beginning on January 1, 1990, and ending on December 31, 1991, the compulsory surplus shall be equal to at least the greater of $500,000 or:
609.97(1)(b)1. 1. If before January 1, 1991, 3% of the premiums earned by the health maintenance organization insurer in the previous 12 months.
609.97(1)(b)2. 2. If on or after January 1, 1991:
609.97(1)(b)2.a. a. If the percentage of the liabilities of the health maintenance organization insurer that are covered liabilities is less than 90%, 4.5% of the premiums earned by the health maintenance organization insurer in the previous 12 months.
609.97(1)(b)2.b. b. If the percentage of the liabilities of the health maintenance organization insurer that are covered liabilities is at least 90%, 3% of the premiums earned by the health maintenance organization insurer in the previous 12 months.
609.97(1)(c) (c) Beginning on January 1, 1992, the compulsory surplus shall be equal to at least the greater of $750,000 or:
609.97(1)(c)1. 1. If the percentage of the liabilities of the health maintenance organization insurer that are covered liabilities is less than 90%, 6% of the premiums earned by the health maintenance organization insurer in the previous 12 months.
609.97(1)(c)2. 2. If the percentage of the liabilities of the health maintenance organization insurer that are covered liabilities is at least 90%, 3% of the premiums earned by the health maintenance organization insurer in the previous 12 months.
609.97(2) (2)Modification by rule or order. The commissioner may require a greater amount or permit a lesser amount than that specified under sub. (1) by rule promulgated, or order issued, on or after July 1, 1989. The commissioner may consider the risks and factors described under s. 623.11 (1) (a) and (b) in promulgating a rule or issuing an order under this subsection.
609.97(3) (3)Amount of security surplus. A health maintenance organization insurer, whether first licensed or organized before, on or after July 1, 1989, shall maintain a security surplus in the amount set by the commissioner under s. 623.12.
609.97 History History: 1989 a. 23.
609.98 609.98 Special deposit.
609.98(1)(1) Definition. In this section, "premiums" has the meaning given under s. 646.51 (1c) (c).
609.98(2) (2)Duty; amount.
609.98(2)(a)(a) Before April 1, 1990, and before April 1 of each following year, a health maintenance organization insurer shall deposit under s. 601.13 an amount that is at least equal to the lesser of the following:
609.98(2)(a)1. 1. An amount necessary to establish or maintain a deposit equaling 1% of premiums written in this state by the health maintenance organization insurer in the preceding calendar year.
609.98(2)(a)2. 2. With respect to the amount due before April 1, 1990, 0.5% of premiums written in this state by the health maintenance organization insurer in the preceding calendar year, unless otherwise provided by rule or order under par. (b).
609.98(2)(a)3. 3. With respect to the amount due in the years after 1990, one-third of 1% of the premiums written in this state by the health maintenance organization insurer in the preceding calendar year, unless otherwise provided by rule or order under par. (b).
609.98(2)(b) (b) The commissioner may, by rule or order, require that the deposit under par. (a) be in an amount greater than that provided under par. (a) 2. or 3., but the commissioner may not require an amount exceeding the amount provided under par. (a) 1.
609.98(3) (3)Status of deposit. A deposit under this section is in addition to any deposit otherwise required or permitted by law or the commissioner. An amount deposited under this section is not available for the purpose of determining permanent capital or surplus, compulsory surplus or the financial condition, including insolvency, of the health maintenance organization insurer.
609.98(4) (4)Release of deposit. A deposit under this section may be released only with the approval of the commissioner under s. 601.13 (10) and only in any of the following circumstances:
609.98(4)(a) (a) To pay an assessment under s. 646.51 (3) (am).
609.98(4)(b) (b) To the extent that the amount on deposit exceeds 1% of premiums written in this state by the health maintenance organization insurer in the preceding calendar year and the deposit is not necessary to pay an assessment under s. 646.51 (3) (am).
609.98(4)(c) (c) To pay claimants and creditors as provided by s. 601.13 (2).
609.98 History History: 1989 a. 23; 2003 a. 261.
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2013 Wis. Act 380 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before Dec. 13, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after Dec. 13, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 12-13-14)