"Principal building" means the main building or structure on a single lot or parcel of land and includes any attached garage or attached porch.
Every village shall, on or before July 1, 2014, enact an ordinance that applies to all of the following shorelands:
A shoreland that was annexed by the village after May 7, 1982, and that prior to annexation was subject to a county shoreland zoning ordinance under s. 59.692
For a village that incorporated after April 30, 1994, under s. 66.0203
, or 66.0213
, a shoreland that before incorporation by the village was part of a town that was subject to a county shoreland zoning ordinance under s. 59.692
A village ordinance enacted under this section shall accord and be consistent with the requirements and limitations under s. 59.692 (1d)
, and (1k)
and shall include at least all of the following provisions:
A provision establishing a shoreland setback area of at least 50 feet from the ordinary high-water mark, except as provided in par. (b)
A provision authorizing construction or placement of a principal building within the shoreland setback area established under par. (a)
if all of the following apply:
The principal building is constructed or placed on a lot or parcel of land that is immediately adjacent on each side to a lot or parcel of land containing a principal building.
The principal building is constructed or placed within a distance equal to the average setback of the principal building on the adjacent lots or 35 feet from the ordinary high-water mark, whichever distance is greater.
Provisions of a county shoreland zoning ordinance under s. 59.692
that were applicable, prior to annexation, to any shoreland annexed by a village after May 7, 1982, shall continue in effect and shall be enforced after annexation by the annexing village until the effective date of an ordinance enacted by the village under sub. (2)
Provisions of a county shoreland zoning ordinance under s. 59.692
that were applicable prior to incorporation to any shoreland that is part of a town that incorporates as a village under s. 66.0203
, or 66.0213
after April 30, 1994, shall continue in effect and shall be enforced after incorporation by the incorporated village until the effective date of an ordinance enacted by the village under sub. (2)
An ordinance enacted under sub. (2)
does not apply to lands adjacent to an artificially constructed drainage ditch, pond, or stormwater retention basin if the drainage ditch, pond, or retention basin is not hydrologically connected to a natural navigable water body.
History: 2013 a. 80
; 2015 a. 55
Construction site erosion control and storm water management zoning. 61.354(1)
As used in this section, "department" means the department of natural resources.
(2) Authority to enact ordinance.
To effect the purposes of s. 281.33
and to promote the public health, safety and general welfare, a village may enact a zoning ordinance, that is applicable to all of its incorporated area, for construction site erosion control at sites described in s. 281.33 (3) (a) 1. a.
and for storm water management. This ordinance may be enacted separately from ordinances enacted under s. 61.35
. An ordinance enacted under this subsection is subject to the strict conformity requirements under s. 281.33 (3m)
(4) Applicability of village zoning provisions. 61.354(4)(a)(a)
Except as otherwise specified in this section, s. 61.35
applies to any ordinance or amendment to an ordinance enacted under this section.
Variances and appeals regarding construction site erosion control and storm water management regulations under this section are to be determined by the board of appeals or similar agency for that village. To the extent specified under s. 61.35
, procedures under s. 62.23 (7) (e)
apply to these determinations.
An ordinance enacted under this section supersedes all provisions of an ordinance enacted under s. 61.35
that relate to construction site erosion control at sites described in s. 281.33 (3) (a) 1. a.
or to storm water management regulation.
(5) Applicability of comprehensive zoning plan or general zoning ordinance.
Ordinances enacted under this section shall accord and be consistent with any comprehensive zoning plan or general zoning ordinance applicable to the enacting villages, so far as practicable.
(6) Applicability of local subdivision regulation.
All powers granted to a village under s. 236.45
may be exercised by it with respect to construction site erosion control at sites described in s. 281.33 (3) (a) 1. a.
or with respect to storm water management regulation, if the village has or provides a planning commission or agency.
(7) Applicability to local governments and agencies.
An ordinance enacted under this section is applicable to activities conducted by a unit of local government and an agency of that unit of government. An ordinance enacted under this section is not applicable to activities conducted by an agency, as defined under s. 227.01 (1)
but also including the office of district attorney, which is subject to the state plan promulgated or a memorandum of understanding entered into under s. 281.33 (2)
Except as provided in par. (c)
, s. 66.0301
applies to this section, but for the purposes of this section any agreement under s. 66.0301
shall be effected by ordinance.
If a village is served by a regional planning commission under s. 66.0309
and if the commission consents, the village may empower the commission by ordinance to administer the ordinance enacted under this section throughout the village, whether or not the area otherwise served by the commission includes all of that village.
If a village is served by the Dane County Lakes and Watershed Commission, and if the commission consents, the village may empower the commission by ordinance to administer the ordinance enacted under this section throughout the village, whether or not the area otherwise served by the commission includes all of that village. Section 66.0301
does not apply to this paragraph.
Streets, sidewalks, sewers and watercourses.
Without limitation because of enumeration, the village board may lay out, open, change, widen or extend roads, streets, alleys, sanitary and storm sewers, water mains, parks and other public grounds, and improve, repair or discontinue the same or any part thereof, including lighting and tree planting, and may establish and open and construct drains, canals or sewers and alter, widen or straighten watercourses; may build, alter, repair or otherwise improve or vacate or discontinue sidewalks and crosswalks; and may build and maintain roads and sidewalks required to connect the village with any transportation terminal or village property outside of its limits.
Service pipes and sewers.
The provisions of s. 62.16 (2)
, relating to service pipes, and s. 62.18
, relating to sewers, shall be applicable to villages.
Railroads, dust prevention.
The village board may require any railroad company to cause its roadbed within the limits of the village, to a distance of one foot outside each rail, to be sprinkled with water or to be oiled in such manner as to prevent dust from arising therefrom.
History: 1985 a. 187
Village taxes. 61.46(1)(1)
The village board shall, on or before December 15 in each year, by resolution to be entered of record, determine the amount of corporation taxes to be levied and assessed on the taxable property in such village for the current year. Before levying any tax for any specified purpose, exceeding one percent of the assessed valuation aforesaid, the village board shall, and in all other cases may in its discretion, submit the question of levying the same to the village electors at any general or special election by giving 10 days' notice thereof prior to such election by publication in a newspaper published in the village, if any, and if there is none, then by posting notices in 3 public places in said village, setting forth in such notices the object and purposes for which such taxes are to be raised and the amount of the proposed tax. The village board shall file the question as provided in s. 8.37
The village board shall, at the same time and in like manner, determine the amount, if any, of highway tax to be levied and collected in such village for the current year. Such highway tax shall thereafter be assessed and collected by the village treasurer at the time and in the manner provided for the collection of other village taxes; and such highway tax shall be kept as a separate fund, and shall be expended under the direction of the village board in the improvement of the streets, highways and bridges in said village.
Street and sidewalk improvement tax.
For the purpose of improving the streets, making and improving sidewalks and crosswalks and setting out shade and ornamental trees in such village, the board may levy a tax in addition to the highway tax provided for in s. 61.46 (2)
, and the amount fixed shall be levied, certified and collected as provided in these statutes. All moneys so collected shall be paid to the village treasurer and expended under the direction of the board of trustees.
History: 1985 a. 29
County aid for construction and repair of bridges and culverts.
Any village may elect to become subject to all of the provisions of s. 82.08
by a resolution adopted by a two-thirds majority vote of all of the members of the village board. The election to become subject to s. 82.08
shall be effective when a certified copy of the resolution is filed with the county board and a majority of the towns and villages in the county that are already subject to s. 82.08
vote to approve the village's election. Until the village ceases to be subject to s. 82.08
, the words "town" and "town board" as used in s. 82.08
shall also apply to the village and its village board. A village that has become subject to s. 82.08
may cease to be subject to that section by the adoption of a resolution and its approval in the same manner as the village became subject to that section.
History: 2003 a. 214
NOTE: 2003 Wis. Act 214
, which affected this section, contains extensive explanatory notes.
Ordinances; contracts; other instruments; how executed. 61.50(1)(1)
Publication of notice of ordinances.
Every contract, conveyance, commission, license or other written instrument shall be executed on the part of the village by the president and clerk, unless otherwise provided by resolution or ordinance, sealed with corporate seal, and in pursuance only of authority therefor from the village board. All ordinances and bylaws shall be signed by the president and countersigned by the clerk; and, if any penalty or forfeiture is thereby imposed, the ordinance or bylaw shall be published either in its entirety, as a class 1 notice, under ch. 985
, or as a notice, as described under sub. (3) (b)
, and shall take effect on the day after the publication or a later date if expressly prescribed. If there is no newspaper published in the village, the village board may in lieu of newspaper publication have copies of the ordinances and bylaws posted in at least 3 public places in said village, and proof thereof filed and recorded by the village clerk, and the same shall take effect the day after the proof of posting has been filed and recorded, or at a later date if expressly provided in the ordinance or bylaw.
(1m) Indeterminate publication.
When any village ordinance is required by law to be published without express designation therein as to class of notice, the ordinance shall be published either in its entirety, as a class 1 notice under ch. 985
, or as a notice, as described under sub. (3) (b)
(2) Entitling of ordinance.
All ordinances shall be suitably entitled and in this style: "The village board of .... do ordain as follows". All authorized ordinances and bylaws shall have the force of law and remain in force until repealed.
A notice of an ordinance or bylaw that may be published under this subsection shall be published as a class 1 notice under ch. 985
and shall contain at least all of the following:
A summary of the subject matter and main points of the ordinance or bylaw.
Information as to where the full text of the ordinance or bylaw may be obtained, including the phone number of the village clerk, a street address where the full text of the ordinance or bylaw may be viewed, and a Web site, if any, at which the ordinance or bylaw may be accessed.
History: 2007 a. 72
; 2009 a. 173
Auditing accounts. 61.51(1)(1)
No account or demand against the village shall be paid until it has been audited and allowed and an order drawn on the treasurer therefor. Every such account shall be made out in items. After auditing, which, at the option of the board, may be done by the village manager or such other officer as may be designated, the board shall cause to be endorsed by the clerk, over the clerk's hand on each account, the words "allowed" or "disallowed," as the fact is, adding the amount allowed, if any, and specifying the items or parts of items disallowed, if disallowed in part only. The minutes of the proceedings of the board, or a statement attached thereto, shall show to whom and for what purpose every such account was allowed and the amount. Every such account or demand allowed in whole or in part shall be filed by the clerk, and those of each year consecutively numbered, and have endorsed the number of the order on the treasurer issued in payment, and the clerk shall take a receipt thereon for such order.
Payment of regular wages or salaries may be by payroll, verified by the proper official, and filed in time for payment on the regular pay day and such payments heretofore made are validated.
The fiscal year in each village shall be the calendar year.
See s. 66.0609
for an alternative system of approving claims.
All contracts for public construction shall be let by a village board in accordance with s. 62.15
. The village board, or a person or body designated by the village board, shall exercise the powers and duties of the board of public works under s. 62.15
. Section 62.15
applies to a village in the same manner as to a city.
History: 2009 a. 173
; 2011 a. 32
Municipal competitive bidding statutes do not apply to projects undertaken by intergovernmental agreement or when the municipalities that will perform the work have made a determination under s. 62.15 (1) to do the work themselves with their own employees. OAG 5-09
Acquisition of recycling or resource recovery facilities without bids.
A village may contract for the acquisition of any element of a recycling or resource recovery facility without submitting the contract for bids as required under s. 61.54
if the village invites developers to submit proposals to provide a completed project and evaluates proposals according to site, cost, design and the developers' experience in other similar projects.
History: 1983 a. 425
; 2009 a. 173
Village orders; borrowing money.
No village or any officer thereof shall have power to issue any time or negotiable order, or borrow money, except in the manner and for the purposes expressly declared by statute.
The village board may purchase, equip, operate and maintain ambulances and contract for ambulance service with one or more providers for conveyance of the sick or injured. The village board may determine and charge a reasonable fee for ambulance service provided under this section.
History: 1991 a. 39
Police and fire departments; pension funds. 61.65(1)(a)(a)
Except as provided under s. 61.66
, each village with a population of 5,000 or more shall, and each village with a population of under 5,000 may, provide police protection services by one of the following methods:
Contracting for police protective services with a city or town, with another village, or with a county. A village that contracts for police protective services shall pay the full cost of services provided. A village may not contract with a county to provide all of the village's police protective services under this subdivision.
Creating a joint police department with a city or town or with another village.
Abolishing its police department and entering into a contract with a county under s. 59.03 (2) (e)
for the county sheriff to provide law enforcement services in all parts of the village. If the village is located in more than one county, it may not abolish its police department under this subdivision unless the village enters into a contract under this subdivision with the county in which the greatest amount of the village's equalized value, population, or territory is located. If a village wishes to abolish its police department under this subdivision, it shall act under s. 62.13 (2s)
, and s. 62.13 (2s)
, as it applies to cities, applies to villages.
If a village establishes a police department and does not create a board of police commissioners singly or in combination with another municipality, or if a village board establishes a combined protective services department under s. 61.66
and does not create a board of police and fire commissioners, the village may not suspend, reduce, suspend and reduce, or remove any police chief, chief of a combined protective services department, or other law enforcement officer who is not probationary, and for whom there is no valid and enforceable contract of employment or collective bargaining agreement which provides for a fair review prior to that suspension, reduction, suspension and reduction or removal, unless the village does one of the following:
Establishes a committee of not less than 3 members, none of whom may be an elected or appointed official of the village or be employed by the village. The committee shall act under s. 62.13 (5)
in place of a board of police and fire commissioners. The village board may provide for some payment to each member for the member's cost of serving on the committee at a rate established by the village board.
Appoint a person who is not an elected or appointed official of the village and who is not employed by the village. The person shall act under s. 62.13 (5)
in place of a board of police and fire commissioners. The village board may provide for some payment to that person for serving under this subdivision at a rate established by the village board.
Each village with a population of 5,000 or more but less than 5,500 that creates its own police department may create or designate a committee of the board of trustees to perform any duty conferred by the board relating to police protective services, or may create a board of police commissioners to govern the department.
Each village with a population of 5,000 or more that creates a joint police department with another municipality shall create a joint board of police commissioners with that municipality to govern the joint department.
Each village with a population of 5,500 or more that creates its own police department shall create a board of police commissioners to govern the department.
Except as provided under s. 61.66
, each village with a population of 5,500 or more shall provide fire protection services by one of the following methods: