The compensation rates of pay and the number of positions established in the budget shall determine the compensation to be paid and the number of positions for the ensuing budget period except that additional positions may be established where necessary during the year by resolution adopted by three-fourths vote of all the alderpersons.
Funds, how expended. 65.06(1)(1)
Except as provided in s. 65.025 (5)
, no money may be expended and no liabilities incurred by the city or any department unless otherwise specially authorized by law during the budget period, in excess of the amounts specified or except as hereinafter provided for any other purpose than as designated therein, provided, however, that whenever the city department that is responsible for a water system desires to make a contract extending over a period of more than one year for additions to the plant in excess of the estimated revenue for the budget period, if in the opinion of the board of estimates there will be money available to meet the payments on the contract as they may come due, then, by a majority vote of the board, they may authorize the comptroller to countersign such contract.
Whenever a department is reimbursed for materials or services furnished, and the funds so received are not by law credited to some particular fund, the department may spend the money so received for the same purpose for which the money was originally appropriated in the budget.
Whenever a department whose funds are subject to the control of the common council shall find it necessary to expend a greater sum than authorized by the budget for such specific purpose, and the department shall find it unnecessary to spend a sum as authorized for some other purpose, the department may request the secretary of the board of estimates to authorize the funds unnecessary for one purpose to be transferred to the purpose for which the greater sum is needed, stating the reasons therefor in writing. The secretary shall immediately submit such request to the mayor who shall call a meeting of the board forthwith at which the board may by a majority vote authorize the change, if the change shall be deemed advisable. Thereupon the secretary shall immediately certify the action of the board to the comptroller and the change shall be made in accordance with the action of the board.
Any department authorized by law to fix its own tax levy may change at a regular meeting or one called for that purpose any appropriation specified in the budget for one purpose which is found unnecessary for that purpose to another purpose which the department shall find necessary to spend a greater sum than specified in the budget for that purpose. The department shall certify its action to the comptroller and the change shall be made accordingly.
No department shall spend a greater sum than is appropriated by the budget for that department except as provided in s. 65.025 (5)
Unexpended balances from the proceeds of bonds or mortgage certificates carried over from the preceding year may be expended for the purposes for which the bonds or certificates were issued; and
Any department whose funds are subject to the control of the common council may expend funds for the purpose appropriated by the common council from the contingent fund.
The common council by resolution adopted by a three-fourths vote of all the alderpersons, may appropriate money from its contingent fund for any lawful purpose.
The common council at any time after the adoption of the budget may, by resolution adopted by a majority vote of the members thereof direct the proper officers of any department to expend such sum or sums of money as are specially appropriated out of any specific fund under its control for any of the several purposes enumerated therein. The adoption of such resolution shall be the authority for such department to proceed and expend such specified sum for the purpose as directed therein.
Any department whose funds are not subject to the common council may by vote of three-fourths of all its members appropriate money out of its contingent fund for any purpose for which it is authorized to spend money. Before the department shall spend any such funds it shall certify to the comptroller its action and the purpose for which such sum was appropriated.
Any department charged by law with the construction, extension, operation and maintenance of a water system, lighting system or public utility may spend money from the surplus revenue of the water system, lighting system or utility in addition to the sum specified in the budget when deemed necessary to maintain the service, upon being authorized so to do by a three-fourths vote of all the alderpersons of the common council, specifying by resolution the purpose for which and the sum appropriated. Before any money shall be so expended a copy of the resolution authorizing it shall be certified to the comptroller.
Unless otherwise specifically provided by law, no municipal bonds other than those provided for in the budget shall be issued during the ensuing fiscal year, except in case of great emergency when necessary to protect the public health or safety, and then only when authorized by the common council by a three-fourths vote of all the alderpersons.
The city may expend any money or incur liabilities for any purposes which by law are assessable as benefits against parcels of land or are a legal charge against such parcels of land.
Every officer or employee who shall violate or participate in the violation of the provisions of this chapter shall be personally liable to the city for all loss or damage to the city occasioned thereby.
The adoption of the budget shall be authority for the expenditure by a department for the purposes therein provided and of the amounts assigned to the department thereby and no further action by the common council shall be necessary to authorize any department to make such expenditures, except that as provided herein it shall not authorize the expenditure of any money from the contingent fund of the common council.
The common council may at any time suspend the expenditure of any fund assigned to any department by the budget which has not been expended or reserved for the payment of indebtedness incurred by the department. Such action by the council shall be by a majority vote of all the alderpersons but shall not apply to the funds of a department which determines its own tax levy and whose funds are not subject to the control of the common council.
The adoption of the budget for any budget period shall not authorize the expenditure of any funds for the succeeding budget period except for indebtedness incurred during the budget year.
All funds subject to the control of the common council assigned by the budget to a department not expended during the budget period and not reserved for indebtedness incurred during the budget period shall revert to the general revenues of the city.
All funds of a department not subject to the control of the common council and not expended or reserved for indebtedness shall become a part of the general revenues of such department.
do not apply to the expenditure of funds, the proceeds of bonds or mortgage certificates, nor the surplus revenues of any water system, lighting system or municipally owned utility. In establishing the budget format with respect to funds and accounts related to proprietary operations, the common council may authorize accounting procedures which follow the uniform system of accounts authorized by the public service commission in the case of municipal utilities or accepted commercial accounting practices in other instances.
The omission from the budget of any of the following items shall not prevent the placing of the same on the tax roll for the levy and collection of the tax and the payment of the money therefor:
The payment of interest on or the principal of any bonded debt of the city when due;
The payment of principal and interest on mortgages or mortgage certificates when due; and
Funds required to be raised by any mandatory provision of law.
Power of council to levy taxes. 65.07(1)(1)
The common council shall have power to levy annually a tax upon all the taxable property in the city for the following purposes:
A sufficient general city fund to pay the expenses of city departments, boards and commissions which are subject to the control of the common council. The rate of taxation for the purposes enumerated in this paragraph shall be established only by affirmative vote of at least two-thirds of all members elected to the common council.
A fund to pay the city's contribution to the fire fighters' and police officers' pension fund and for any similar fund which may be created by law.
A sufficient permanent improvement fund for any purpose authorized by s. 66.0913 (1)
for which money may be borrowed or bonds issued, and for the initial furniture, fixtures, machinery and equipment required in such new facilities permitted thereunder.
A sufficient sewerage fund to maintain and operate any sewerage disposal plant.
A school operations fund, as constituted and for the purposes specified in s. 119.46 (1)
A school construction fund, as constituted and for the purposes specified in s. 119.48
, not exceeding 0.6 mills on each dollar of the assessed valuation of all taxable property in the city.
A school extension fund, as constituted and for the purposes specified in s. 119.47
A sufficient fund to pay the interest and principal on the funded debt falling due within the year.
A sufficient common council contingent fund.
Notwithstanding the provisions of s. 65.06 (14)
, the common council may by resolution authorize the carrying over of unexpended funds which have been appropriated to a department for additional periods not to exceed 3 years from the year in which they were appropriated.
An operating fund which may be carried over by the common council from year to year for the purpose of accumulating sums necessary to purchase buildings, machinery, equipment, and appurtenances thereto required for municipal purposes.
A tax equalization fund under the control of the common council. A levy for the purposes of this fund may be made against all taxable property in the city whenever as the result of any consolidation of a municipality, as defined in s. 345.05
, with the city there is included within the city any area subject to taxes levied by any municipality except a county or metropolitan sewerage district at a rate different than that which is applicable for the same purposes in the city other than the consolidated portion thereof. To create such fund the common council may levy a tax in the consolidated area equivalent to the proceeds of a city tax for the same purpose if levied in such area and in addition may levy in such city, including the consolidated area, a tax calculated to produce a sum sufficient to meet the requirements of such other municipality properly certified to such city so as to result in taxation at a uniform rate for such purposes in the city including the consolidated area. Appropriations may be made from such fund to pay certifications of school districts lying wholly or partially in the area consolidated.
This paragraph shall apply to any tax levy in a consolidated area on January 1, 1958, and thereafter.
A liability reserve fund for the purpose of paying liability claims against the city or premiums on insurance to pay such claims. The governing body may allow amounts appropriated to the fund to accumulate from year to year. The annual taxes levied for this purpose may not exceed the level necessary to collect the amount recommended by an actuary, in accordance with generally accepted actuarial principles, that will be sufficient to pay any insurance premiums and the uninsured portion of claims that are anticipated to be made based on occurrences during the year in which the tax is collected. Payment of claims and premiums may either be made directly from the reserve account or appropriations may be made from the reserve account to an operating account for such payments. No other transfers may be made from the fund except in accordance with the procedure specified in s. 65.06 (6) (a)
If the fund is to be dissolved, an actuary has determined that all claims that are to be paid from the fund have been paid or a sufficient reserve has been created from the fund to pay such claims; or
If the fund is to be continued and the types of claims or the amount of coverage of claims by the fund is to be reduced, an actuary has determined, under generally accepted actuarial principles, that the balance in the fund exceeds the amount necessary to pay claims and premiums and the amount transferred is not more than the excess amount.
History: 1971 c. 152
; 1971 c. 154
; 1973 c. 90
; 1975 c. 39
; 1977 c. 113
; 1977 c. 203
; 1977 c. 418
, 929 (42)
; 1979 c. 34
; 1981 c. 20
; 1983 a. 27
; 1983 a. 207
ss. 93 (8)
; 1985 a. 29
; 1985 a. 225
; 1987 a. 27
; 1993 a. 437
; 1995 a. 27
; 1999 a. 150
; 2005 a. 453
City officers to pay receipts monthly.
Each city officer shall keep an itemized and accurate account of all moneys received by the officer in the officer's official capacity for fees, commissions and otherwise, and shall at the end of each month, during that officer's term of office, pay into the city treasury all such money in that officer's hands and file a duly verified copy of that officer's account with the city comptroller, together with a receipt of the city treasurer showing that such money has been paid into the city treasury. Until such account and receipt are so filed, it shall not be lawful for the common council or city officer, to order, draw, countersign or deliver any warrant for the payment of the salary or allowance of any such delinquent officer.
History: 1991 a. 316
Executive budget procedures in cities of the 1st class. 65.20(1)(1)
As an alternative to any other budget procedure under this chapter, the common council of any city of the 1st class may, by adoption of a charter ordinance, permanently transfer the duties and responsibilities of the board of estimates relating to the preparation of the proposed budget under ss. 65.02
to the mayor of such city. Any charter ordinance adopted under this section shall provide that:
The functions of the board of estimates relating to the preparation of the city budget are permanently transferred to the mayor who shall prepare the proposed budget and present it to the common council. The budget presented by the mayor shall be called the “executive budget" and its contents shall comply with the requirements of ss. 65.02
in all respects, consistent with any variation that is necessary due to the common council having adopted a biennial budget procedure under s. 65.025
Any budget department existing on October 25, 1977 shall be transferred to the office of the mayor. The director and employees of the department shall retain their civil service status.
Each department shall submit to the mayor not later than the 2nd Tuesday in May of each budget period on forms approved by the budget director an estimate in detail of the department's needs for the ensuing budget period, including a statement of any permanent improvements to be made and an estimate of expenditures therefor, and including such information supplied in such form as the mayor requests.
Any department whose funds are not subject to the control of the common council may include in its estimate such sum as it deems reasonably necessary for a contingent fund for emergency purposes or other purposes which may arise during the budget period requiring the expenditure of money in addition to the sums provided for the several purposes or for purposes for which no express provision is made in the budget.
The mayor shall hold hearings with respect to departmental requests at the times and places the mayor or the common council, by ordinance, directs. All hearings shall be open to the public. The mayor shall conduct the hearings in the manner in which the mayor determines best suited to fulfilling the purpose of the hearings. For each budget period, the mayor shall prepare a requested budget summary which shall be published at least once prior to the commencement of the hearings in the newspaper having the largest circulation in the city. A complete copy of the entire requested budget shall be made available for public inspection in the office of the city clerk.
From the estimates before him or her, the mayor shall make and submit to the common council, on or before September 28 each budget period, a proposed budget setting forth in detail the amounts proposed to be spent by each department and the various purposes therefor and the amounts of money for each purpose it is proposed shall be appropriated by the council. The proposed budget shall comply with s. 65.02 (5)
. The proposed budget summary shall be published forthwith in at least one and not more than 2 daily newspapers having the largest circulation in the city as a class 1 notice, under ch. 985
, and the proposed budget summary shall be printed forthwith in the proceedings of the common council. A complete copy of the entire proposed budget shall be made available for inspection in the office of the city clerk. If any department fails to file its estimates as provided in this section, the mayor shall make a proposed budget for the department specifying the purposes for which and the amount of funds the department may expend.
The mayor may not change any sum or purpose of any department which by law is authorized to determine the purposes of its expenditures and the tax to be levied therefor, unless the department by formal resolution shall so determine by an affirmative vote of a majority of its members. The mayor shall then make the change and include a certified copy of the resolution with its estimates to be filed with the common council.
In addition to the purposes required to be set forth in detail, the mayor may provide a contingent fund for such sum as the mayor deems reasonably necessary for emergency and other purposes that may arise during the budget period requiring the expenditure of money in addition to the sums provided for the several purposes, and for purposes for which no express provision is made in the budget.
The mayor shall also include in the proposed budget the amount of bonds and the purposes for them, to be issued during the budget period, except such bonds as are authorized to be omitted by express provision of law. Bonds authorized to be omitted include bonds issued for the purpose of refunding prior indebtedness of the city.
At the meeting of the common council at which the proposed budget is submitted by the mayor, the common council shall determine the place and time of a public hearing on the budget which shall be held jointly by the common council and by the mayor not less than 10 days after the publication under par. (e)
, nor later than October 20. The common council shall cause a notice of the place and time of the hearing to be published as a class 1 notice, under ch. 985
, which hearing may not be less than 7 days after the date of the last publication of the notice in at least one and not more than 2 daily newspapers having the largest circulation in the city.
All functions of the board of estimates and the budget examining committee not related to the preparation of the proposed budget are transferred to the finance committee of the common council, except that any administrative matter shall be delegated to a budget department existing under par. (am)
or by a budget department created under sub. (2)
The operating and corporation budget shall be prepared on a program basis, a performance basis or similar basis. The budget shall be in the technical form prescribed by a budget department existing under par. (am)
or by a budget department created under sub. (2)
(2) Creation of budget department by charter ordinance.
If the city council adopts a charter ordinance under sub. (1)
, the city council may also adopt a charter ordinance which establishes a budget department in the office of the mayor and which defines the department's authority and operational procedures. A charter ordinance adopted under this subsection shall provide that:
The budget director and employees of the budget department shall be selected under civil service rules and procedures. The budget department shall assist in preparing and analyzing the budget and shall be responsible to the mayor.
The budget department shall make special studies, provide budget and management analysis and information and perform any other duties related to the department's functions, as the council determines are necessary.
Municipal budgets. 65.90(1)(1)
Unless otherwise provided, in this section, “municipality" means each county other than counties having a population of 750,000 or more, each city, excepting cities of the 1st class, village, town, school district, technical college district and all other public bodies that have the power to levy or certify a general property tax or budget. Except as provided in sub. (1m)
, every municipality shall annually, prior to the determination of the sum to be financed in whole or in part by a general property tax, funds on hand or estimated revenues from any source, formulate a budget and hold public hearings thereon.
For purposes of adopting and implementing a biennial budget as described in this subsection, “municipality” means a county other than a county having a population of 750,000 or more; a city other than a city of the 1st class; a village; or a town.
Par. (am) was created as par. (a) 1. by 2019 Wis. Act 42
and renumbered to par. (am) by the legislative reference bureau under s. 13.92 (1) (bm) 2.
A municipality may adopt a biennial budget by implementing the procedures under this subsection and using the procedures under this section. If a municipality chooses to adopt a biennial budget, it shall adopt such a budget in an odd-numbered year for the next 2 fiscal years that follow immediately the year in which the budget is adopted.
Par. (b) was created as par. (a) 2. by 2019 Wis. Act 42
and renumbered to par. (b) by the legislative reference bureau under s. 13.92 (1) (bm) 2.
For any municipality to proceed under this subsection, the governing body of the municipality shall adopt a resolution or enact an ordinance stating its intent to adopt a biennial budget. Once a resolution is adopted or an ordinance is enacted, such an action takes effect and may not be reconsidered or repealed, except as provided in par. (d)
Par. (c) was created as par. (a) 3. by 2019 Wis. Act 42
and renumbered to par. (c) by the legislative reference bureau under s. 13.92 (1) (bm) 2. The cross-reference to par. (d) was changed from subd. 4. by the legislative reference bureau under s. 13.92 (1) (bm) 2. to reflect the renumbering of subd. 4., as created by 2019 Wis. Act 42
, by the legislative reference bureau under s. 13.92 (1) (bm) 2.
The governing body of a municipality that has adopted a biennial budget procedure as provided in this subsection may return to the use of an annual budget procedure if the governing body, by a two-thirds majority vote, adopts a resolution or enacts an ordinance stating its intent to adopt an annual budget.
Par. (d) was created as par. (a) 4. by 2019 Wis. Act 42
and renumbered to par. (d) by the legislative reference bureau under s. 13.92 (1) (bm) 2.
An annual budget shall list all existing indebtedness and all anticipated revenue from all sources during the ensuing year and shall likewise list all proposed appropriations for each department, activity and reserve account during the said ensuing year. Such budget shall also show actual revenues and expenditures for the preceding year, actual revenues and expenditures for not less than the first 6 months of the current year and estimated revenues and expenditures for the balance of the current year. Such budget shall also show for informational purposes by fund all anticipated unexpended or unappropriated balances, and surpluses.
A biennial budget shall list all existing indebtedness and all anticipated revenue from all sources during the ensuing budget period and shall likewise list all proposed appropriations for each department, activity and reserve account during that period. A biennial budget shall also show actual revenues and expenditures for the preceding budget period, actual revenues and expenditures for not less than the first 18 months of the current budget period and estimated revenues and expenditures for the balance of the period to which the budget applies. Such budget shall also show for informational purposes by fund all anticipated unexpended or unappropriated balances, and surpluses.