66.0725(5) (5) Any person against whose land an assessment of benefits is made under this section may appeal as prescribed in s. 32.06 (10) within 30 days of the adoption of the resolution required under sub. (3).
66.0725 History History: 1999 a. 150 s. 546; Stats. 1999 s. 66.0725.
66.0727 66.0727 Special assessments against railroad for street improvement.
66.0727(1) (1)
66.0727(1)(a)(a) If a city, village or town improves a street, alley or public highway within its corporate limits, including by grading, curbing or paving, if the entire or partial cost of the improvement is assessed against abutting property, and if the street, alley or public highway is crossed by the track of a railroad engaged as a common carrier, the common council or board of public works of the city, or the village or town board, shall, at any time after the completion and acceptance of the improvement by the municipality, file with the local agent of the railroad corporation operating the railroad a statement showing the amount chargeable to the railroad corporation for the improvement.
66.0727(1)(b) (b) The amount chargeable to the railroad corporation is the amount equal to the cost of constructing the improvement along the street, alley or public highway immediately in front of and abutting its right-of-way on each side of the street, alley or public highway at the point where the track crosses the street, alley or public highway, based upon the price per square yard, lineal foot or other unit of value used in determining the total cost of the improvement.
66.0727(2) (2) The amount charged against a railroad corporation for improving the street, alley or public highway, fronting or abutting its right-of-way, may not exceed the average amount per front foot assessed against the remainder of the property fronting or abutting on the improved street, alley or public highway. The amount calculated under sub. (1) and contained in the statement is due and payable by the railroad corporation to the municipality filing the statement within 30 days of the date when the statement is presented to the local representative of the railroad corporation.
66.0727(3) (3) If a railroad corporation fails or refuses to pay a city, village or town the amount set forth in any statement or claim for street, alley or public highway improvements under this section within the time specified in the statement, the city, village or town has a claim for that amount against the railroad corporation and may maintain an action in any circuit court within this state to recover the amount in the statement.
66.0727(4) (4) This section does not preclude a city, village or town from using any other lawful method to compel a railroad corporation to pay its proportionate share of a street, alley or public highway improvement.
66.0727 History History: 1977 c. 72; 1993 a. 246, 490; 1995 a. 225; 1999 a. 150 ss. 209, 552, 554; Stats. 1999 s. 66.0727.
66.0729 66.0729 Improvement of streets by abutting railroad company.
66.0729(1)(1) If the track of a railroad is laid upon or along a street, alley or public highway within any city, village or town, the corporation operating the railroad shall maintain and improve the portion of the street, alley or public highway that is occupied by its tracks. The railroad corporation shall grade, pave or otherwise improve the portion of the street, alley or public highway in the manner and with the materials that the common council of the city or the village or town board determines. The railroad corporation is not required to pave or improve that portion of the street, alley or public highway occupied by it with different material or in a different manner from that in which the remainder of the street is paved or improved. The railroad corporation is liable to pay for paving, grading or otherwise improving a street, alley or public highway only to the extent that the actual cost of the improvement exceeds the estimated cost of the improvement were the street, alley or public highway not occupied by the tracks of the railroad.
66.0729(2) (2) If a city, village or town orders a street, alley or public highway to be paved, graded, curbed or improved, as provided in sub. (1), the clerk of the city, village or town shall serve the local agent of the railroad corporation a notice setting forth the action taken by the city, village or town relative to the improvement of the street, alley or public highway.
66.0729(3) (3) If the railroad corporation elects to construct the street, alley or public highway improvement, it shall within 10 days of the receipt of the notice from the clerk of the city, village or town, file with the clerk a notice of its intention to construct the street, alley or public highway improvement, and it shall be allowed until the following June 30 to complete the work, unless the work is ordered after May 20 of any year, and in that case the railroad corporation shall be allowed 40 days from the time the clerk of the municipality presents the notice to the railroad agent in which to complete the work.
66.0729(4) (4) If a city, village or town orders a street, alley or public highway improved under sub. (1) and serves notice on the railroad corporation under sub. (2) and the railroad corporation elects not to construct the improvement or elects to construct the improvement but fails to construct the improvement within the time under sub. (3), the city, village or town shall let a contract for the construction of the improvement and improve the street, alley or public highway as determined under sub. (1). When the improvement is completed and accepted by the city, village or town, the clerk of the city, village or town shall present to the local agent of the railroad corporation a statement of the actual cost of the improvement and the railroad corporation shall, within 20 days of receipt of the statement, pay the treasurer of the city, village or town the amount shown by the statement.
66.0729(5) (5) If a railroad corporation fails to pay the cost of constructing any pavement or other street improvement under sub. (1), the city, village or town responsible for the improvement may enforce collection of the amount by an action against the railroad corporation as provided in s. 66.0727 (3).
66.0729(6) (6) This section does not preclude a city, village or town from using any other lawful method to compel a railroad corporation to pay its proportionate share of a street, alley or public highway improvement.
66.0729 History History: 1977 c. 72; 1993 a. 246; 1999 a. 150 ss. 210, 555, 556, 558, 560; Stats. 1999 s. 66.0729.
66.0731 66.0731 Reassessment of invalid condemnation and public improvement assessments.
66.0731(1) (1) If in an action, other than an action under s. 66.0703 (12), involving a special assessment, special assessment certificate, bond or note or tax certificate based on the special assessment, the court determines that the assessment is invalid for any cause, it shall stay all proceedings, frame an issue and summarily try the issue and determine the amount that the plaintiff justly ought to pay or which should be justly assessed against the property in question. That amount shall be ordered to be paid into court for the benefit of the parties entitled to the amount within a fixed time. Upon compliance with the order judgment shall be entered for the plaintiff with costs. If the plaintiff fails to comply with the order the action shall be dismissed with costs.
66.0731(2) (2) If the common council, village board or town board determines that any special assessment is invalid for any reason, it may reopen and reconsider the assessment as provided in s. 66.0703 (10).
66.0731 History History: 1983 a. 532; 1987 a. 378; 1999 a. 150 s. 547; Stats. 1999 s. 66.0731.
66.0733 66.0733 Repayment of assessments in certain cases. If a contract for improvements entered into by a governmental unit authorized to levy special assessments is declared void by a court of last resort, the governing body may provide that all persons who have paid all or any part of any assessment levied against the abutting property owners because of the improvement may be reimbursed the amount of the assessment, paid from the fund, that the governing body determines. This section applies to contracts for improvements that are void for any of the following reasons:
66.0733(1) (1) There was insufficient authority to make the contract.
66.0733(2) (2) The contract was made contrary to a prohibition against contracting in other than a specified way.
66.0733(3) (3) The contract was prohibited by statute.
66.0733 History History: 1993 a. 246; 1999 a. 150 s. 501; Stats. 1999 s. 66.0733.
subch. VIII of ch. 66 SUBCHAPTER VIII
PUBLIC UTILITIES
66.0801 66.0801 Definitions; effect on other authority.
66.0801(1) (1) In this subchapter:
66.0801(1)(a) (a) “Municipal public utility" means a public utility owned or operated by a city, village or town.
66.0801(1)(b) (b) “Public utility" has the meaning given in s. 196.01 (5).
66.0801(2) (2)Sections 66.0803 to 66.0825 do not deprive the office of the commissioner of railroads, department of transportation or public service commission of any power under ss. 195.05 and 197.01 to 197.10 and ch. 196.
66.0801 History History: 1999 a. 150.
66.0803 66.0803 Acquisition of public utility or bus transportation system.
66.0803(1)(1)
66.0803(1)(a)(a) A town, village or city may construct, acquire or lease any plant and equipment located in or outside the municipality, including interest in or lease of land, for furnishing water, light, heat or power, to the municipality or its inhabitants; may acquire a controlling portion of the stock of any corporation owning private waterworks or lighting plant and equipment; and may purchase the equity of redemption in a mortgaged or bonded waterworks or lighting system, including cases where the municipality in the franchise has reserved right to purchase. The character or duration of the franchise, permit or grant under which any public utility is operated does not affect the power to acquire the public utility under this subsection. Two or more public utilities owned by the same person or corporation, or 2 or more public utilities subject to the same lien or charge, may be acquired as a single enterprise. The board or council may agree with the owner or owners of any public utility or utilities on the value of the utility or utilities and may contract to purchase or acquire at that value, upon those terms and conditions mutually agreed upon between the board or council and the owner or owners.
66.0803(1)(b) (b) A resolution, specifying the method of payment and submitting the question to a referendum, shall be adopted by a majority of all the members of the board or council at a regular meeting, after publication at least one week previous in the official paper.
66.0803(1)(c) (c) The notice of the referendum shall include a general statement of the plant and equipment proposed to be constructed, acquired or leased and of the manner of payment.
66.0803(1)(d) (d) Referenda under this section may not be held oftener than once a year, except that a referendum held for the acquisition, lease or construction of any of the types of property enumerated in par. (a) does not bar the holding of one referendum in the same year for the acquisition and operation of a bus transportation system by the municipality.
66.0803(1)(e) (e) The provisions of pars. (b) to (d) do not apply to the acquisition of any plant, equipment or public utility for furnishing water service when the plant, equipment or utility is acquired by the municipality by dedication or without monetary or financial consideration. After a public utility is constructed, acquired or leased under this subsection, pars. (b) to (d) do not apply to any subsequent construction, acquisition or lease in connection with that public utility.
66.0803(2) (2)
66.0803(2)(a)(a) A city, village or town may by action of its governing body and with a referendum vote provide, acquire, own, operate or engage in a municipal bus transportation system where no existing bus, rail or other local transportation system exists in the municipality. A city, village or town in which there exists any local transportation system by similar action and referendum vote may acquire, own, operate or engage in the operation of a municipal bus transportation system upon acquiring the local transportation system by voluntary agreement with the owners of the system, or pursuant to law, or upon securing a certificate from the department of transportation under s. 194.23.
66.0803(2)(b) (b) A street motor bus transportation company operating pursuant to ch. 194 shall, by acceptance of authority under that chapter, be deemed to have consented to a purchase of its property actually used and useful for the convenience of the public by the municipality in which the major part of the property is situated or operated.
66.0803(2)(c) (c) A city, village or town providing or acquiring a motor bus transportation system under this section may finance the construction or purchase in any manner authorized for the construction or purchase of a public utility.
66.0803 History History: 1977 c. 29 s. 1654 (9) (f); 1981 c. 347 ss. 13, 80 (2); 1985 a. 187; 1993 a. 16, 246; 1999 a. 150 ss. 172 to 174; Stats. 1999 s. 66.0803.
66.0803 Annotation This section is not a restriction upon the authority granted to the department of natural resources by s. 144.025 (2) (r) [now s. 281.19 (5)] to order the construction of a municipal water system, but constitutes merely an alternative by which a municipality may voluntarily construct or purchase a water utility. Village of Sussex v. DNR, 68 Wis. 2d 187, 228 N.W.2d 173 (1975).
66.0803 Annotation Section 66.065 [now s. 66.0803], which requires a municipality to obtain voter approval through a referendum prior to the construction or acquisition of a waterworks, does not apply when a municipality is ordered to construct a public water supply system pursuant to s. 144.025 (2) (r) [now s. 281.19 (5)]. 60 Atty. Gen. 523.
66.0805 66.0805 Management of municipal public utility by commission.
66.0805(1)(1) Except as provided in sub. (6), the governing body of a city shall, and the governing body of a village or town may, provide for the nonpartisan management of a municipal public utility by creating a commission under this section. The board of commissioners, under the general control and supervision of the governing body, shall be responsible for the entire management of and shall supervise the operation of the utility. The governing body shall exercise general control and supervision of the commission by enacting ordinances governing the commission's operation. The board shall consist of 3, 5 or 7 commissioners.
66.0805(2) (2) The commissioners shall be elected by the governing body for a term, beginning on the first day of October, of as many years as there are commissioners, except that the terms of the commissioners first elected shall expire successively one each year on each succeeding first day of October.
66.0805(3) (3) The commission shall choose a president and a secretary from its membership. The commission may appoint and establish the compensation of a manager. The commission may command the services of the city, village or town engineer and may employ and fix the compensation of subordinates as necessary. The commission may make rules for its proceedings and for the government of the department. The commission shall keep books of account, in the manner and form prescribed by the department of transportation or public service commission, which shall be open to the public.
66.0805(4) (4)
66.0805(4)(a)(a) The governing body of the city, village or town may provide that departmental expenditures be audited by the commission, and if approved by the president and secretary of the commission, be paid by the city, village or town clerk and treasurer as provided by s. 66.0607; that the utility receipts be paid to a bonded cashier appointed by the commission, to be turned over to the city, village or town treasurer at least once a month; and that the commission have designated general powers in the construction, extension, improvement and operation of the utility. Actual construction work shall be under the immediate supervision of the board of public works or corresponding authority.
66.0805(4)(b) (b) If water mains have been installed or extended in a municipality and the cost of installation or extension has been in some instances assessed against the abutting owners and in other instances paid by the municipality or a utility, the governing body of the municipality may provide that all persons who paid the assessment against any lot or parcel of land may be reimbursed the amount of the assessment regardless of when such assessment was made or paid. Reimbursement may be made from such funds or earnings of the municipal utility or from such funds of the municipality as the governing body determines.
66.0805(5) (5) Two or more public utilities acquired as a single enterprise may be operated under this section as a single enterprise.
66.0805(6) (6) In a 2nd, 3rd or 4th class city, a village or a town, the council or board may provide for the operation of a public utility or utilities by the board of public works or by another officer or officers, in lieu of the commission provided for in this section.
66.0805 History History: 1977 c. 29 s. 1654 (9) (g); 1981 c. 347 s. 80 (2); 1983 a. 207 ss. 23, 93 (1); 1983 a. 538; 1993 a. 16, 246; 1999 a. 150 ss. 179, 181, 183, 236; Stats. 1999 s. 66.0805.
66.0805 Annotation When a city council creates a board under sub. (1), the council is prohibited by sub. (3) from fixing the wages of the utility's employees. Schroeder v. City of Clintonville, 90 Wis. 2d 457, 280 N.W.2d 166 (1979).
66.0805 Annotation Although the statutes relating to public utilities and transit commissions describe certain attributes the governing commissions must have, these statutes do not call the commission into existence or endow it with authority independent of what the statutes confer on the municipality. A commission has no authority but for what it received from the municipality, and the municipality has no authority to legislate contrary to the boundaries established by the statutes. Wisconsin Carry, Inc. v. City of Madison, 2017 WI 19, 373 Wis. 2d 543, 892 N.W.2d 233, 15-0146.
66.0805 Annotation This section grants municipalities the authority to create commissions to govern public utilities, but it contains no independent grant of authority to such commissions. As a public utility, a commission exercises its authority under the supervision of the city. The city exercises its supervisory authority via ordinance. Wisconsin Carry, Inc. v. City of Madison, 2017 WI 19, 373 Wis. 2d 543, 892 N.W.2d 233, 15-0146.
66.0807 66.0807 Joint operation of public utility or public transportation system.
66.0807(1) (1) In this section, “privately owned public utility" includes a cooperative association organized under ch. 185 or 193 for the purpose of producing or furnishing utility service to its members only.
66.0807(2) (2) A city, village or town served by a privately owned public utility, motor bus or other systems of public transportation rendering local service may contract with the owner of the utility or system for the leasing, public operation, joint operation, extension and improvement of the utility or system by the municipality; or, with funds loaned by the municipality, may contract for the stabilization by municipal guaranty of the return upon or for the purchase by installments out of earnings or otherwise of that portion of the public utility or system which is operated within the municipality and any territory immediately adjacent and tributary to the municipality; or may contract for the accomplishment of any object agreed upon between the parties relating to the use, operation, management, value, earnings, purchase, extension, improvement, sale, lease or control of the utility or system property. The provisions of s. 66.0817 relating to preliminary agreement and approval by the department of transportation or public service commission apply to the contracts authorized by this section. The department of transportation or public service commission shall, when a contract under this section is approved by it and consummated, cooperate with the parties in respect to making valuations, appraisals, estimates and other determinations specified in the contract to be made by it.
66.0807 History History: 1977 c. 29 s. 1654 (9) (g); 1981 c. 347 s. 80 (2); 1985 a. 187; 1993 a. 16, 246; 1999 a 150 ss. 171, 237; Stats. 1999 s. 66.0807; 2005 a. 441.
66.0809 66.0809 Municipal public utility charges.
66.0809(1) (1) Except as provided in sub. (2), the governing body of a town, village or city operating a public utility may, by ordinance, fix the initial rates and shall provide for this collection monthly, bimonthly or quarterly in advance or otherwise. The rates shall be uniform for like service in all parts of the municipality and shall include the cost of fluorinating the water. The rates may include standby charges to property not connected but for which public utility facilities have been made available. The charges shall be collected by the treasurer or other officer or employee designated by the city, village or town.
66.0809(2) (2) If, on June 21, 1996, it is the practice of a governing body of a town, village or city operating a public utility to collect utility service charges using a billing period other than one permitted under sub. (1), the governing body may continue to collect utility service charges using that billing period.
66.0809(3) (3)
66.0809(3)(a)(a) Except as provided in subs. (4) and (5), on October 15 in each year notice shall be given to the owner or occupant of the lots or parcels of real estate to which utility service has been furnished prior to October 1 by a public utility operated by a town, city, or village and payment for which is owing and in arrears at the time of giving the notice. The department in charge of the utility shall furnish the treasurer with a list of the lots or parcels of real estate for which utility service charges are in arrears, and the notice shall be given by the treasurer, unless the governing body of the city, village, or town authorizes notice to be given directly by the department. The notice shall be in writing and shall state the amount of arrears, including any penalty assessed pursuant to the rules of the utility; that unless the amount is paid by November 1 a penalty of 10 percent of the amount of arrears will be added; and that unless the arrears, with any added penalty, are paid by November 15, the arrears and penalty will be levied as a special charge, as defined under s. 74.01 (4), against the lot or parcel of real estate to which utility service was furnished and for which payment is delinquent. The notice may be served by delivery to either the owner or occupant personally, or by letter addressed to the owner or occupant at the post-office address of the lot or parcel of real estate.
66.0809(3)(b) (b) On November 16, the officer or department issuing the notice shall certify and file with the clerk a list of all lots or parcels of real estate, giving the legal description, for which notice of arrears was given under par. (a) and for which arrears remain unpaid, stating the amount of arrears and penalty. Each delinquent amount, including the penalty, becomes a lien upon the lot or parcel of real estate to which the utility service was furnished and payment for which is delinquent, and the clerk shall insert the delinquent amount and penalty as a special charge, as defined under s. 74.01 (4), against the lot or parcel of real estate.
66.0809(3)(c) (c) All proceedings in relation to the collection of general property taxes and to the return and sale of property for delinquent taxes apply to the special charge under par. (b) if it is not paid within the time required by law for payment of taxes upon real estate.
66.0809(3)(d) (d) Under this subsection, if an arrearage is for utility service furnished and metered by the utility directly to a manufactured home or mobile home unit in a licensed manufactured and mobile home community, the notice shall be given to the owner of the manufactured home or mobile home unit and the delinquent amount becomes a lien on the manufactured home or mobile home unit rather than a lien on the parcel of real estate on which the manufactured home or mobile home unit is located. A lien on a manufactured home or mobile home unit may be enforced using the procedures under s. 779.48 (2).
66.0809(3)(e) (e) This subsection does not apply to arrearages collected using the procedure under s. 66.0627.
66.0809(3)(f) (f) In this subsection, “metered" means the use of any method to ascertain the amount of service used or the use of a flat rate billing method.
66.0809(3m) (3m)
66.0809(3m)(a)(a) If sub. (5) applies and a notice of arrears under sub. (3) (a) is given or past-due charges are certified to the comptroller under s. 62.69 (2) (f), on the date the notice of arrears is given, or the past-due charges are certified under s. 62.69 (2) (f), the municipality has a lien upon the assets of each tenant of a rental dwelling unit who is responsible for arrears in the amount of the arrears, including any penalty assessed pursuant to the rules of the utility.
66.0809(3m)(b) (b) The department in charge of the utility shall provide a notice to each tenant against whom the municipality has a lien. The notice shall be in writing and shall state the amount of arrears including any penalty assessed pursuant to the rules of the utility, that the tenant is subject to a lien upon his or her assets for arrears for which he or she is responsible, that the lien will transfer to the owner of the rental dwelling unit if the owner pays the arrears, and that the lien will be enforceable upon the filing of the lien with the clerk of courts.
66.0809(3m)(c) (c) If par. (a) applies, prior to December 17, the municipality shall file with the clerk of courts a list of tenants of rental dwelling units responsible for arrears and against whom the municipality continues to have a lien. No action to enforce a lien under par. (a) may be maintained unless a notice of lien is filed under this paragraph.
66.0809(3m)(d) (d) If par. (a) applies and the owner of the rental dwelling unit has paid the municipality the amount provided in the notice of arrears given under sub. (3) (a), or certified to the comptroller under s. 62.69 (2) (f), or the amount placed as tax against the real estate under sub. (3) (b) or s. 62.69 (2) (f), the lien under par. (a) transfers to the owner of the rental dwelling unit and the municipality no longer has a lien against the tenant.
66.0809(3m)(e) (e) An owner of a rental dwelling unit who has a lien under par. (d) may file a notice of lien with the clerk of court of the county in which the rental dwelling unit is located not more than 6 months after the date the lien arose under par. (a). The clerk of courts shall file and enter the notice of lien in the judgment and lien docket. No action to enforce a lien under par. (d) may be maintained unless a notice of lien is filed under this paragraph.
66.0809(3m)(f) (f) Within 7 days after a lien established and filed under this subsection is satisfied, the lienholder shall file with the clerk of courts a notice of lien satisfaction.
66.0809(4) (4) A municipal utility may use the procedures under sub. (3) to collect arrearages for electric service only if one of the following applies:
66.0809(4)(a) (a) The municipality has enacted an ordinance that authorizes the use of the procedures under sub. (3) for the collection of arrearages for electric service provided by the municipal utility.
66.0809(4)(b) (b) In 1996, the municipality collected arrearages for electric service provided by the municipal utility using the procedures under s. 66.60 (16), 1993 stats.
66.0809(5) (5)
66.0809(5)(a)(a) This subsection applies only if all of the following conditions are met:
66.0809(5)(a)1. 1. Water or electric utility service is provided to a rental dwelling unit.
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2015-16 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2017 Wis. Act 64 and all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders effective on or before November 20, 2017. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after November 20, 2017 are designated by NOTES. (Published 11-20-17)