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703.33 Note NOTE: 2003 Wis. Act 283, which affected this section, contains extensive explanatory notes.
703.33 Annotation Tips for Representing Condominium Sellers. Hagopian. Wis. Law. May 1993.
703.34 703.34 Blanket mortgages and other blanket liens affecting a unit at time of first conveyance. As a condition to the first transfer of title to each unit:
703.34(1) (1) Every mortgage and other lien affecting such unit, including the undivided interest in the common areas and facilities appurtenant to such unit, shall be paid and satisfied of record;
703.34(2) (2) A unit being transferred and an undivided interest in the common areas and facilities appurtenant thereto shall be released by partial release duly recorded; or
703.34(3) (3) A mortgage or other lien shall provide for or be amended to provide for a release of the unit and the undivided interest in the common areas and facilities appurtenant thereto from the lien of a mortgage or other lien upon the payment of a sum certain.
703.34 History History: 1977 c. 407.
703.35 703.35 Termination of contracts and leases. If entered into before the officers elected by the unit owners under s. 703.10 take office, any management contract, employment contract, lease of recreational or parking areas or facilities, any contract or lease to which a declarant or any person affiliated with the declarant is a party and any contract or lease which is not bona fide or which was not commercially reasonable to unit owners when entered into under the circumstances then prevailing, may be terminated by the association or its executive board at any time without penalty upon not less than 90 days' notice to the other party thereto. This section does not apply to any lease the termination of which would terminate the condominium.
703.35 History History: 1977 c. 407.
703.35 Annotation To be terminable under this section as a "contract or lease to which a declarant or any person affiliated with the declarant is a party," the contract must presently bind the condominium association contractually to the person or entity that declared the condominium or to some person or entity affiliated with the declarant. Hunt Club Condominiums, Inc. v. Mac-Gray Services, Inc. 2006 WI App 167, 295 Wis. 2d 780, 721 N.W.2d 117, 05-1674.
703.36 703.36 Provisions requiring employment of declarant or vendor to effect sale. Any provision of a declaration or other instrument made pursuant to this chapter which requires the owner of a unit to engage or employ the declarant or any subsidiary or affiliate of the declarant for the purpose of effecting a sale or lease of any unit is void. Any provision of any contract for a sale of any unit which requires a purchaser to engage or employ the vendor or any subsidiary or affiliate of the vendor for the purpose of effecting a sale or lease of any unit is void. This section applies to declarations, instruments and contracts made prior to and after August 1, 1978.
703.36 History History: 1977 c. 407.
703.365 703.365 Small condominiums.
703.365(1)(1) Applicability.
703.365(1)(a)(a) The declaration for a small condominium may provide that any or all of subs. (2) to (8) or any parts of those subsections apply to the small condominium.
703.365(1)(b) (b) If a declaration under par. (a) provides that any or all of subs. (2) to (8) or any parts of those subsections apply, then, except as provided in those subsections or parts of those subsections, this chapter applies to the small condominium in the same manner and to the same extent as to other condominiums.
703.365(2) (2)Declaration.
703.365(2)(a)(a) The declaration for a small condominium need not contain those provisions otherwise required under s. 703.09 (1) (e) to (g) and (i).
703.365(2)(b) (b) The undivided percentage interest in a small condominium is allocated equally among the units.
703.365(2)(c) (c) Each unit in a small condominium has one vote at meetings of the association.
703.365(2)(d) (d) Commercial activity is permitted in a small condominium that consists solely of units restricted to residential uses only to the extent that commercial activity is permitted in residences in a zoning ordinance adopted under s. 59.69, 60.61, 61.35, or 62.23.
703.365(2)(e) (e) All actions taken under this chapter that require a vote of units or unit owners must be approved by an affirmative vote or written consent of at least 75% of the unit votes of a small condominium, or a greater percentage if required by the declaration or this chapter.
703.365(3) (3)Bylaws.
703.365(3)(a)(a) Notwithstanding s. 703.10 (2) (a), all aspects of the management, operation, and duties of the association of a small condominium shall be delegated to the board of directors, which may retain a manager, including a master association under s. 703.155, for the small condominium, and the bylaws shall so specify.
703.365(3)(b) (b) Under s. 703.10 (2) (c), notice of meetings shall be given in a manner best calculated to assure that actual notice is received by the owners of all units of a small condominium, and the bylaws shall so specify.
703.365(3)(c) (c) Section 703.10 (2) (d) does not apply to a small condominium. The board of directors shall be composed of one representative from each unit, chosen by and from among the unit owners of that unit.
703.365(3)(d) (d) All actions taken by the board of directors of a small condominium under this chapter must be approved by an affirmative vote or written consent of at least 75% of the board.
703.365(3)(e) (e) Section 703.10 (4) does not apply to a small condominium.
703.365(3m) (3m)Agreement in lieu of bylaws. If approved by written consent of all of the unit votes of a small condominium, an agreement may be substituted for the bylaws under sub. (3). The terms of the agreement shall include the requirements of sub. (3) (a) to (d) and shall be consistent with this section. An amendment to an agreement may be made with the affirmative vote or written consent of all the unit votes of the small condominium.
703.365(4) (4)Condominium plat.
703.365(4)(a)(a) The survey under s. 703.11 (2) (b) shall be an as-built survey of the property described in the declaration, building, and other improvements on the land that are part of the small condominium.
703.365(4)(b) (b) The floor plans under s. 703.11 (2) (c) need only show the location and designation of each unit in the building and the limited common elements appurtenant to each unit of a small condominium. These plans may be supplemented by an agreement among all unit owners and mortgagees regarding the allocation of use and enjoyment of common elements, which agreement, in both its original and any amended form, shall be recorded.
703.365(5) (5)Association.
703.365(5)(a)(a) Under s. 703.15 (2), an association shall exist immediately upon establishment of a small condominium and the declarant shall have rights in the association only as an owner of a unit or units.
703.365(5)(b) (b) Directors of a small condominium shall be chosen in accordance with sub. (3) (c). The board of directors shall meet at least quarterly.
703.365(5)(c) (c) Unless included in the bylaws, s. 703.15 (4) (b) to (d) does not apply to a small condominium.
703.365(6) (6)Expenses; maintenance; operation.
703.365(6)(a)(a) Paragraphs (b) to (e) apply to a small condominium if any of the following criteria is met:
703.365(6)(a)1. 1. A proposed expenditure or action for the repair, maintenance or upkeep of the property, or for the operation of the property, is not approved by the board of directors and any unit owner believes the expenditure or action is necessary for the safety and proper use of the property or of the owner's unit.
703.365(6)(a)2. 2. An expenditure or action is approved by the board of directors and any unit owner believes the expenditure or action is contrary to the safety and proper use of the property or the owner's unit.
703.365(6)(b) (b) The unit owner or owners challenging a decision of the board of directors described under par. (a) 1. or 2. shall give written notice of the objection to all unit owners and mortgagees within 45 days after the decision but before any action is taken or expenditure is made. Upon receipt of this notice, the board of directors shall reconsider its decision and either affirm, reverse or modify the decision.
703.365(6)(c) (c) The unit owner or owners may challenge the decision after reconsideration by the board of directors under par. (b) only in an arbitration proceeding under ch. 788. Acceptance of a conveyance of a small condominium that is subject to pars. (b) to (e) is deemed to constitute an agreement by the unit owner to submit challenges to decisions of the board of directors to arbitration.
703.365(6)(d) (d) The board of directors, upon submission of the matter to arbitration as provided in par. (c), shall name a proposed arbitrator. The unit owner or owners may accept the proposed arbitrator or propose a different arbitrator. If there is no agreement on a single arbitrator, the 2 arbitrators shall select a 3rd person and the 3 shall serve as an arbitration panel chaired by the 3rd person. The expense of the arbitration shall be shared equally by the association and the unit owner or owners challenging the decision of the board of directors.
703.365(6)(e) (e) The arbitration award by the arbitration panel under par. (d) shall permit or prohibit the decision and the decision shall not be implemented, if it is an affirmative action, until the award is final unless there is a bona fide emergency requiring it.
703.365(7) (7)Expanding condominiums. Section 703.26 does not apply to a small condominium.
703.365(8) (8)Disclosure requirements. The disclosure required for a small condominium under s. 703.33 is limited to the disclosure required under s. 703.33 (1) (a) to (e), if applicable, and a copy of the condominium plat.
703.365 History History: 1985 a. 188, 332; 1995 a. 201; 2003 a. 283.
703.365 Note NOTE: 2003 Wis. Act 283, which affected this section, contains extensive explanatory notes.
703.37 703.37 Interpretation. For purposes of interpretation of this chapter, a condominium is a form of ownership, not a form of land use, and is not a subdivision as defined in ch. 236.
703.37 History History: 1977 c. 407; 2003 a. 283.
703.37 Note NOTE: 2003 Wis. Act 283, which affected this section, contains extensive explanatory notes.
703.37 Annotation Condominiums are not a form of land use. A condominium unit set aside for commercial use runs afoul of a zoning ordinance prohibiting commercial use. When an intended commercial use did not comport with a town's zoning restrictions, approval of the condominium by the town was de facto rezoning. A town could not seek to avoid the restrictions of applicable extraterritorial zoning by aiming to define its action as something other than a zoning change. Village of Newburg v. Town of Trenton, 2009 WI App 139, 321 Wis. 2d 424, 773 N.W.2d 500, 08-2997.
703.38 703.38 Applicability to existing condominiums.
703.38(1)(1) Except as otherwise provided in this section and s. 30.1335, this chapter is applicable to all condominiums, whether established before or after August 1, 1978. However, with respect to condominiums existing on August 1, 1978, the declaration, bylaws or condominium plat need not be amended to comply with the requirements of this chapter.
703.38(2) (2)Section 703.10 (5) is not applicable to a condominium existing on August 1, 1978 if the existing declaration or bylaws provide otherwise.
703.38(3) (3)Section 703.15 (4) (c) and (d) 2. are not applicable to a condominium existing on August 1, 1978 if the existing declaration or bylaws provide otherwise.
703.38(4) (4)Section 703.18 is applicable only to those condominiums which are damaged or destroyed on or after August 1, 1978.
703.38(5) (5)Section 703.19 is applicable only to those eminent domain proceedings filed on or after August 1, 1978.
703.38(6) (6) Unless a declarant elects to conform to the requirements of s. 703.26, s. 703.26 is not applicable to those condominiums created prior to August 1, 1978 under circumstances where the declarant reserved the right to expand the condominium.
703.38(7) (7)Section 703.33 is applicable only to contracts executed after August 1, 1978.
703.38(8) (8)Section 703.35 is applicable only to leases or management and similar contracts executed after August 1, 1978.
703.38(9) (9) Unless the declaration is amended as provided under s. 703.09 (2), 1983 stats., to provide otherwise, a condominium created prior to April 22, 1986, is subject to s. 703.09 (2), 1983 stats., rather than s. 703.09 (2).
703.38(10) (10)
703.38(10)(a)(a) Except as provided in par. (b), s. 703.02 (14m), 2001 stats., and s. 703.365, 2001 stats., apply to condominiums created on or after April 22, 1986, and before November 1, 2004, and to condominiums created before April 22, 1986, that elect to be subject to s. 703.02 (14m), 2001 stats., and s. 703.365, 2001 stats.
703.38(10)(b) (b) Sections 703.02 (14m) and 703.365 apply to condominiums created on or after November 1, 2004, and to condominiums created before November 1, 2004, that elect to be subject to ss. 703.02 (14m) and 703.365.
703.38 History History: 1977 c. 407; 1985 a. 188; 2003 a. 283; 2007 a. 20.
703.38 Note NOTE: 2003 Wis. Act 283, which affected this section, contains extensive explanatory notes.
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated though 2013 Wis. Act 380 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before June 30, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after July 1, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 7-1-14)