71.28(5b)(b)1.1. For taxable years beginning after December 31, 2004, subject to the limitations provided under this subsection and s. 238.15 or s. 560.205, 2009 stats., and except as provided in subd. 2., a claimant may claim as a credit against the tax imposed under s. 71.23, up to the amount of those taxes, 25 percent of the claimant's investment paid to a fund manager that the fund manager invests in a business certified under s. 238.15 (1) or s. 560.205 (1), 2009 stats.
71.28(5b)(b)2. 2. In the case of a partnership, limited liability company, or tax-option corporation, the computation of the 25 percent limitation under subd. 1. shall be determined at the entity level rather than the claimant level and may be allocated among the claimants who make investments in the manner set forth in the entity's organizational documents. The entity shall provide to the department of revenue and to the department of commerce or the Wisconsin Economic Development Corporation the names and tax identification numbers of the claimants, the amounts of the credits allocated to the claimants, and the computation of the allocations.
71.28(5b)(c) (c) Limitations. Partnerships, limited liability companies, and tax-option corporations may not claim the credit under this subsection, but the eligibility for, and the amount of, the credit are based on their payment of amounts under par. (b). A partnership, limited liability company, or tax-option corporation shall compute the amount of credit that each of its partners, members, or shareholders may claim and shall provide that information to each of them. Partners, members of limited liability companies, and shareholders of tax-option corporations may claim the credit in proportion to their ownership interest or as specially allocated in their organizational documents.
71.28(5b)(d) (d) Administration.
71.28(5b)(d)1.1. Subsection (4) (e) to (h), as it applies to the credit under sub. (4), applies to the credit under this subsection.
71.28(5b)(d)2. 2. The Wisconsin adjusted basis of any investment for which a credit is claimed under par. (b) shall be reduced by the amount of the credit that is offset against Wisconsin income taxes. The Wisconsin basis of a partner's interest in a partnership, a member's interest in a limited liability company, or stock in a tax-option corporation shall be adjusted to reflect adjustments made under this subdivision.
71.28(5b)(d)3. 3. Except as provided under s. 238.15 (3) (d), for investments made after December 31, 2007, if an investment for which a claimant claims a credit under par. (b) is held by the claimant for less than 3 years, the claimant shall pay to the department, in the manner prescribed by the department, the amount of the credit that the claimant received related to the investment.
71.28(5e) (5e)Internet equipment credit.
71.28(5e)(a) (a) Definitions. In this subsection:
71.28(5e)(a)1. 1. “Claimant" means a person who files a claim under this subsection.
71.28(5e)(a)2. 2. “Internet equipment used in the broadband market" means equipment that is capable of transmitting data packets or Internet signals at speeds of at least 200 kilobits per second in either direction.
71.28(5e)(b) (b) Filing claims. Subject to the limitations provided in this subsection and subject to 2005 Wisconsin Act 479, section 17, beginning in the first taxable year following the taxable year in which the claimant claims a deduction under s. 77.585 (9), a claimant may claim as a credit against the taxes imposed under s. 71.23, up to the amount of those taxes, in each taxable year for 2 years, the amount of sales and use tax certified by the department of commerce that resulted from the claimant claiming a deduction under s. 77.585 (9).
71.28(5e)(c) (c) Limitations.
71.28(5e)(c)1.1. No credit may be allowed under this subsection unless the claimant satisfies the requirements under s. 77.585 (9).
71.28(5e)(c)2. 2. Partnerships, limited liability companies, and tax-option corporations may not claim the credit under this subsection, but the eligibility for, and the amount of, the credit are based on their use of sales and use tax exemptions certified by the department of commerce as described under par. (b). A partnership, limited liability company, or tax-option corporation shall compute the amount of credit that each of its partners, members, or shareholders may claim and shall provide that information to each of them. Partners, members of limited liability companies, and shareholders of tax-option corporations may claim the credit in proportion to their ownership interests.
71.28(5e)(c)3. 3. The total amount of the credits and the sales and use tax resulting from the deductions claimed under s. 77.585 (9) that may be claimed by all claimants under this subsection and ss. 71.07 (5e), 71.47 (5e), and 77.585 (9) is $7,500,000, as determined by the department of commerce.
71.28(5e)(d) (d) Administration.
71.28(5e)(d)1.1. Subsection (4) (e) to (h), as it applies to the credit under sub. (4), applies to the credit under this subsection.
71.28(5e)(d)2. 2. No credit may be claimed under this subsection for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2013. Credits under this subsection for taxable years that begin before January 1, 2014, may be carried forward to taxable years that begin after December 31, 2013.
71.28(5g) (5g)Health Insurance Risk-Sharing Plan assessments credit.
71.28(5g)(a)(a) Definitions. In this subsection, “claimant" means an insurer, as defined in s. 149.10 (5), 2011 stats., who files a claim under this subsection.
71.28(5g)(b) (b) Filing claims. Subject to the limitations provided under this subsection, for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2005, and before January 1, 2015, a claimant may claim as a credit against the taxes imposed under s. 71.23 an amount that is equal to the amount of assessment under s. 149.13, 2011 stats., that the claimant paid in the claimant's taxable year, multiplied by the percentage determined under par. (c) 1.
71.28(5g)(c) (c) Limitations.
71.28(5g)(c)1.1. The department of revenue, in consultation with the office of the commissioner of insurance, shall determine the percentage under par. (b) for each claimant for each taxable year. The percentage shall be equal to $5,000,000 divided by the aggregate assessment under s. 149.13, 2011 stats., except that for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2013, and before January 1, 2015, the percentage shall be equal to $1,250,000 divided by the aggregate assessment under s. 149.13, 2011 stats., and shall not exceed 100 percent. The office of the commissioner of insurance shall provide to each claimant that participates in the cost of administering the plan the aggregate assessment at the time that it notifies the claimant of the claimant's assessment. The aggregate amount of the credit under this subsection and ss. 71.07 (5g), 71.47 (5g), and 76.655 for all claimants participating in the cost of administering the plan under ch. 149, 2011 stats., shall not exceed $5,000,000 in each fiscal year.
71.28(5g)(c)2. 2. Partnerships, limited liability companies, and tax-option corporations may not claim the credit under this subsection, but the eligibility for, and the amount of, the credit are based on their payment of amounts described under par. (b). A partnership, limited liability company, or tax-option corporation shall compute the amount of credit that each of its partners, members, or shareholders may claim and shall provide that information to each of them. Partners, members of limited liability companies, and shareholders of tax-option corporations may claim the credit in proportion to their ownership interests.
71.28(5g)(c)3. 3. The amount of any credits that a claimant is awarded under this subsection for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2005, and before January 1, 2008, may first be claimed against the tax imposed under this subchapter for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2007, and in the manner determined by the department of revenue.
71.28(5g)(d) (d) Administration.
71.28(5g)(d)1.1. Subsection (4) (e) to (h), as it applies to the credit under sub. (4), applies to the credit under this subsection.
71.28(5g)(d)2. 2. No credit may be claimed under this subsection for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2014. Credits under this subsection for taxable years that begin before January 1, 2015, may be carried forward to taxable years that begin after December 31, 2014.
71.28(5i) (5i)Electronic medical records credit.
71.28(5i)(a)(a) Definitions. In this subsection, “claimant" means a person who files a claim under this subsection.
71.28(5i)(b) (b) Filing claims. Subject to the limitations provided in this subsection, for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2011, and before January 1, 2014, a claimant may claim as a credit against the taxes imposed under s. 71.23, up to the amount of those taxes, an amount equal to 50 percent of the amount the claimant paid in the taxable year for information technology hardware or software that is used to maintain medical records in electronic form, if the claimant is a health care provider, as defined in s. 146.81 (1) (a) to (p).
71.28(5i)(c) (c) Limitations.
71.28(5i)(c)1.1. The maximum amount of the credits that may be claimed under this subsection and ss. 71.07 (5i) and 71.47 (5i) in a taxable year is $10,000,000, as allocated under s. 73.15 or s. 560.204, 2009 stats.
71.28(5i)(c)2. 2. Partnerships, limited liability companies, and tax-option corporations may not claim the credit under this subsection, but the eligibility for, and the amount of, the credit are based on their payment of amounts under par. (b). A partnership, limited liability company, or tax-option corporation shall compute the amount of credit that each of its partners, members, or shareholders may claim and shall provide that information to each of them. Partners, members of limited liability companies, and shareholders of tax-option corporations may claim the credit in proportion to their ownership interests.
71.28(5i)(c)3. 3. No credit may be claimed under this subsection based on an amount paid under par. (b) after December 31, 2013.
71.28(5i)(d) (d) Administration. Subsection (4) (e) to (h), as it applies to the credit under sub. (4), applies to the credit under this subsection.
71.28(5j) (5j)Ethanol and biodiesel fuel pump credit.
71.28(5j)(a)(a) Definitions. In this subsection:
71.28(5j)(a)1. 1. “Biodiesel fuel" has the meaning given in s. 168.14 (2m) (a).
71.28(5j)(a)2. 2. “Claimant" means a person who files a claim under this subsection.
71.28(5j)(a)2d. 2d. “Diesel replacement renewable fuel" includes biodiesel and any other fuel derived from a renewable resource that meets all of the applicable requirements of ASTM International for that fuel and that the department of agriculture, trade and consumer protection designates by rule as a diesel replacement renewable fuel.
71.28(5j)(a)2m. 2m. “Gasoline replacement renewable fuel" includes ethanol and any other fuel derived from a renewable resource that meets all of the applicable requirements of ASTM International for that fuel and that the department of agriculture, trade and consumer protection designates by rule as a gasoline replacement renewable fuel.
71.28(5j)(a)3. 3. “Motor vehicle fuel" has the meaning given in s. 78.005 (13).
71.28(5j)(b) (b) Filing claims. Subject to the limitations provided in this subsection, for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2007, and before January 1, 2014, a claimant may claim as a credit against the taxes imposed under s. 71.23, up to the amount of the taxes, an amount that is equal to 25 percent of the amount that the claimant paid in the taxable year to install or retrofit pumps located in this state that dispense motor vehicle fuel marketed as gasoline and 85 percent ethanol or a higher percentage of ethanol or motor vehicle fuel marketed as diesel fuel and 20 percent biodiesel fuel or that mix fuels from separate storage tanks and allow the end user to choose the percentage of gasoline replacement renewable fuel or diesel replacement renewable fuel in the motor vehicle fuel dispensed.
71.28(5j)(c) (c) Limitations.
71.28(5j)(c)1.1. The maximum amount of the credit that a claimant may claim under this subsection in a taxable year is an amount that is equal to $5,000 for each service station for which the claimant has installed or retrofitted pumps as described under par. (b).
71.28(5j)(c)2. 2. Partnerships, limited liability companies, and tax-option corporations may not claim the credit under this subsection, but the eligibility for, and the amount of, the credit are based on their payment of amounts under par. (b). A partnership, limited liability company, or tax-option corporation shall compute the amount of credit that each of its partners, members, or shareholders may claim and shall provide that information to each of them. Partners, members of limited liability companies, and shareholders of tax-option corporations may claim the credit in proportion to their ownership interests.
71.28(5j)(c)3. 3. The department of agriculture, trade and consumer protection shall establish standards to adequately prevent, in the distribution of conventional fuel to an end user, the inadvertent distribution of fuel containing a higher percentage of renewable fuel than the maximum percentage established by the federal environmental protection agency for use in conventionally-fueled engines.
71.28(5j)(d) (d) Administration.
71.28(5j)(d)1.1. Subsection (4) (e) to (h), as it applies to the credit under sub. (4), applies to the credit under this subsection.
71.28(5j)(d)2. 2. No credit may be claimed under this subsection for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2013. Credits under this subsection for taxable years that begin before January 1, 2014, may be carried forward to taxable years that begin after December 31, 2013.
71.28(5k) (5k)Community rehabilitation program credit.
71.28(5k)(a)(a) Definitions. In this subsection:
71.28(5k)(a)1. 1. “Claimant" means a person who files a claim under this subsection.
71.28(5k)(a)2. 2. “Community rehabilitation program" means a nonprofit entity, county, municipality, or state or federal agency that directly provides, or facilitates the provision of, vocational rehabilitation services to individuals who have disabilities to maximize the employment opportunities, including career advancement, of such individuals.
71.28(5k)(a)3. 3. “Vocational rehabilitation services" include education, training, employment, counseling, therapy, placement, and case management.
71.28(5k)(a)4. 4. “Work" includes production, packaging, assembly, food service, custodial service, clerical service, and other commercial activities that improve employment opportunities for individuals who have disabilities.
71.28(5k)(b) (b) Filing claims. Subject to the limitations provided in this subsection, for taxable years beginning after July 1, 2011, a claimant may claim as a credit against the tax imposed under s. 71.23, up to the amount of those taxes, an amount equal to 5 percent of the amount the claimant paid in the taxable year to a community rehabilitation program to perform work for the claimant's business, pursuant to a contract.
71.28(5k)(c) (c) Limitations.
71.28(5k)(c)1.1. The maximum amount of the credit that any claimant may claim under this subsection in a taxable year is $25,000 for each community rehabilitation program for which the claimant enters into a contract to have the community rehabilitation program perform work for the claimant's business.
71.28(5k)(c)2. 2. No credit may be claimed under this subsection unless the claimant submits with the claimant's return a form, as prescribed by the department of revenue, that verifies that the claimant has entered into a contract with a community rehabilitation program and that the program has received payment from the claimant for work provided by the program, consistent with par. (b).
71.28(5k)(c)3. 3. Partnerships, limited liability companies, and tax-option corporations may not claim the credit under this subsection, but the eligibility for, and the amount of, the credit are based on their payment of amounts under par. (b). A partnership, limited liability company, or tax-option corporation shall compute the amount of credit that each of its partners, members, or shareholders may claim and shall provide that information to each of them. Partners, members of limited liability companies, and shareholders of tax-option corporations may claim the credit in proportion to their ownership interests.
71.28(5k)(d) (d) Administration. Subsection (4) (e) to (h), as it applies to the credit under sub. (4), applies to the credit under this subsection.
71.28(5n) (5n)Manufacturing and agriculture credit.
71.28(5n)(a)(a) Definitions. In this subsection:
71.28(5n)(a)1.a.a. “Agriculture property factor" means a fraction, the numerator of which is the average value of the claimant's real property and improvements assessed under s. 70.32 (2) (a) 4., owned or rented and used in this state by the claimant during the taxable year to produce, grow, or extract qualified production property, and the denominator of which is the average value of all of the claimant's real property and improvements owned or rented during the taxable year and used by the claimant to produce, grow, or extract qualified production property.
71.28(5n)(a)1.b. b. For purposes of subd. 1. a., property owned by the claimant is valued at its original cost and property rented by the claimant is valued at an amount equal to the annual rental paid by the claimant, less any annual rental received by the claimant from sub-rentals, multiplied by 8.
71.28(5n)(a)1.c. c. For purposes of subd. 1. a., the average value of property is determined by averaging the values at the beginning and ending of the taxable year, except that the secretary of revenue may require the averaging of monthly values during the taxable year, if such averaging is reasonably required to properly reflect the average value of the claimant's property.
71.28(5n)(a)2. 2. “Claimant" means a person who files a claim under this subsection.
71.28(5n)(a)3. 3. “Direct costs" includes all of the claimant's ordinary and necessary expenses paid or incurred during the taxable year in carrying on the trade or business that are deductible as business expenses under the Internal Revenue Code and identified as direct costs in the claimant's managerial or cost accounting records.
71.28(5n)(a)4. 4. “Indirect costs" includes all of the claimant's ordinary and necessary expenses paid or incurred during the taxable year in carrying on the trade or business that are deductible as business expenses under the Internal Revenue Code, other than cost of goods sold and direct costs, and identified as indirect costs in the claimant's managerial or cost accounting records.
71.28(5n)(a)5.a.a. “Manufacturing property factor" means a fraction, the numerator of which is the average value of the claimant's real and personal property assessed under s. 70.995, owned or rented and used in this state by the claimant during the taxable year to manufacture qualified production property, and the denominator of which is the average value of all the claimant's real and personal property owned or rented during the taxable year and used by the claimant to manufacture qualified production property.
71.28(5n)(a)5.b. b. For purposes of subd. 5. a., property owned by the claimant is valued at its original cost and property rented by the claimant is valued at an amount equal to the annual rental paid by the claimant, less any annual rental received by the claimant from sub-rentals, multiplied by 8.
71.28(5n)(a)5.c. c. For purposes of subd. 5. a., the average value of property is determined by averaging the values at the beginning and ending of the taxable year, except that the secretary of revenue may require the averaging of monthly values during the taxable year, if such averaging is reasonably required to properly reflect the average value of the claimant's property.
71.28(5n)(a)5.d. d. For purposes of subd. 5. a., a claimant who the department approves to be classified as a manufacturer for purposes of s. 70.995, but who is not eligible to be listed on the department's manufacturing roll until January 1 of the following year, may claim the credit in the year in which the manufacturing classification is approved.
71.28(5n)(a)6. 6. “Production gross receipts" means:
71.28(5n)(a)6.a. a. For taxable years beginning before January 1, 2019, gross receipts from the lease, rental, license, sale, exchange, or other disposition of qualified production property.
71.28(5n)(a)6.b. b. For taxable years beginning after December 31, 2018, the sum of gross receipts from the lease, rental, license, sale, exchange, or other disposition of qualified production property and insurance proceeds received as a result of the destruction of, or damage to, crops to the extent the proceeds are included in federal taxable income for the taxable year.
71.28(5n)(a)7. 7. “Production gross receipts factor" means a fraction, the numerator of which is production gross receipts and the denominator of which is all gross income from whatever source, except for those items specifically excluded under the Internal Revenue Code as adopted by this state and otherwise excluded under Wisconsin law. For purposes of the denominator, income includes gross sales, gross dividends, gross interest income, gross rents, gross royalties, the gross sales price from the disposition of capital assets and business assets, gross income from pass-through entities, and all other gross receipts that are included in income, before apportionment for Wisconsin tax purposes under s. 71.25 (6).
71.28(5n)(a)8. 8. “Qualified production activities income" means the amount of the claimant's production gross receipts for the taxable year that exceeds the sum of the cost of goods sold that are allocable to such receipts, the direct costs that are allocable to such receipts, and the indirect costs multiplied by the production gross receipts factor. “Qualified production activities income" does not include any of the following:
71.28(5n)(a)8.a. a. Income from film production.
71.28(5n)(a)8.b. b. Income from producing, transmitting, or distributing electricity, natural gas, or potable water.
71.28(5n)(a)8.c. c. Income from constructing real property.
71.28(5n)(a)8.d. d. Income from engineering or architectural services performed with respect to constructing real property.
71.28(5n)(a)8.e. e. Income from the sale of food and beverages prepared by the claimant at a retail establishment.
71.28(5n)(a)8.f. f. Income from the lease, rental, license, sale, exchange, or other disposition of land.
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2017-18 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2019 Wis. Act 184 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on March 28, 2020. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after March 28, 2020, are designated by NOTES. (Published 3-28-20)