71.49(1)(eh) (eh) Development zones location credit under s. 71.47 (1dL).
71.49(1)(ei) (ei) Development zone capital investment credit under s. 71.47 (1dm).
71.49(1)(ej) (ej) Development zones day care credit under s. 71.28 (1dd).
71.49(1)(ek) (ek) Development zones environmental remediation credit under s. 71.28 (1de).
71.49(1)(eL) (eL) Development zones credit under s. 71.47 (1dx).
71.49(1)(ema) (ema) Economic development tax credit under s. 71.47 (1dy).
71.49(1)(eon) (eon) Technology zones credit under s. 71.47 (3g).
71.49(1)(eop) (eop) Early stage seed investment credit under s. 71.47 (5b).
71.49(1)(ep) (ep) Supplement to federal historic rehabilitation credit under s. 71.47 (6).
71.49(1)(epa) (epa) Electronic medical records credit under s. 71.47 (5i).
71.49(1)(es) (es) Internet equipment credit under s. 71.47 (5e).
71.49(1)(ex) (ex) Relocated business credit under s. 71.47 (9s).
71.49(1)(f) (f) The total of farmland preservation credit under subch. IX, farmland tax relief credit under s. 71.47 (2m), dairy manufacturing facility investment credit under s. 71.47 (3p), jobs credit under s. 71.47 (3q), meat processing facility investment credit under s. 71.47 (3r), woody biomass harvesting and processing credit under s. 71.47 (3rm), food processing plant and food warehouse investment credit under s. 71.47 (3rn), enterprise zone jobs credit under s. 71.47 (3w), film production services credit under s. 71.47 (5f), film production company investment credit under s. 71.47 (5h), beginning farmer and farm asset owner tax credit under s. 71.47 (8r), and estimated tax payments under s. 71.48.
71.49(2) (2)Elections under internal revenue code. Elections authorized by and made in accordance with the internal revenue code, except an election to file consolidated returns or to claim a credit against federal tax liability rather than a deduction from income, shall be deemed elections for the purpose of applying this chapter.
71.49(3) (3)Penalties. Unless specifically provided in this subchapter, the penalties under subch. XIII apply for failure to comply with this subchapter unless the context requires otherwise.
subch. VIII of ch. 71 SUBCHAPTER VIII
HOMESTEAD CREDIT
Subch. VIII of ch. 71 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. Tax 14, Wis. adm. code.
71.51 71.51 Purpose. The purpose of this subchapter is to provide credit to certain persons who own or rent their homestead, through a system of income tax credits and refunds, and appropriations from the general fund.
71.51 History History: 1987 a. 312.
71.52 71.52 Definitions. In this subchapter, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise:
71.52(1) (1) "Claimant" means a person who has filed a claim under this subchapter and who was domiciled in this state during the entire calendar year to which the claim for credit under this subchapter relates. When 2 individuals of a household are able to meet the qualifications for a claimant, they may determine between them as to who the claimant is. If they are unable to agree, the matter shall be referred to the secretary of revenue and the secretary's decision is final.
71.52(2) (2) "Gross rent" means rental paid at arm's length, solely for the right of occupancy of a homestead. "Gross rent" does not include, whether expressly set out in the rental agreement or not, charges for any medical services; other personal services such as laundry, transportation, counseling, grooming, recreational and therapeutic services; shared living expenses, including but not limited to food, supplies and utilities unless utility payments are included in the gross rent paid to the landlord; and food furnished by the landlord as a part of the rental agreement. "Gross rent" includes the rental paid to a landlord for parking of a mobile home or manufactured home, exclusive of any charges for food furnished by the landlord as a part of the rental agreement, plus monthly municipal permit fees paid under s. 66.0435 (3) (c) for a rented mobile home or manufactured home. If a homestead is an integral part of a multipurpose or multidwelling building, "gross rent" is the percentage of the gross rent on that part of the multipurpose or multidwelling building occupied by the household as a principal residence plus the same percentage of the gross rent on the land surrounding it, not exceeding one acre, that is reasonably necessary for use of the multipurpose or multidwelling building as a principal residence, except as the limitations under s. 71.54 (2) (b) apply. If the homestead is part of a farm, "gross rent" is the rent on up to 120 acres of the land contiguous to the claimant's principal residence plus the rent on all improvements to real property on that land, except as the limitations under s. 71.54 (2) (b) apply. If a claimant and persons who are not members of the claimant's household reside in a homestead, the claimant's "gross rent" is the gross rent paid by the claimant to the landlord for the homestead.
71.52(3) (3) "Homestead" means the dwelling, whether rented or owned, including owned as a joint tenant or tenant in common, or occupied as a buyer in possession under a land contract, and the land surrounding it, not exceeding one acre, that is reasonably necessary for use of the dwelling as a home, and may consist of a part of a multidwelling or multipurpose building and a part of the land upon which it is built.
71.52(4) (4) "Household" means a claimant and an individual related to the claimant as husband or wife.
71.52(5) (5) "Household income" means all income received by all persons of a household in a calendar year while members of the household, less $500 for each of the claimant's dependents, as defined in section 152 of the internal revenue code, who have the same principal abode as the claimant for more than 6 months during the year to which the claim relates.
71.52(6) (6) "Income" means the sum of Wisconsin adjusted gross income and the following amounts, to the extent not included in Wisconsin adjusted gross income: maintenance payments (except foster care maintenance and supplementary payments excludable under section 131 of the internal revenue code), support money, cash public assistance (not including credit granted under this subchapter and amounts under s. 46.27), cash benefits paid by counties under s. 59.53 (21), the gross amount of any pension or annuity (including railroad retirement benefits, all payments received under the federal social security act and veterans disability pensions), nontaxable interest received from the federal government or any of its instrumentalities, nontaxable interest received on state or municipal bonds, worker's compensation, unemployment insurance, the gross amount of "loss of time" insurance, compensation and other cash benefits received from the United States for past or present service in the armed forces, scholarship and fellowship gifts or income, capital gains, gain on the sale of a personal residence excluded under section 121 of the internal revenue code, dividends, income of a nonresident or part-year resident who is married to a full-year resident, housing allowances provided to members of the clergy, the amount by which a resident manager's rent is reduced, nontaxable income of an American Indian, nontaxable income from sources outside this state and nontaxable deferred compensation. Intangible drilling costs, depletion allowances and depreciation, including first-year depreciation allowances under section 179 of the internal revenue code, amortization, contributions to individual retirement accounts under section 219 of the internal revenue code, contributions to Keogh plans, net operating loss carry-backs and carry-forwards and capital loss carry-forwards deducted in determining Wisconsin adjusted gross income shall be added to "income". "Income" does not include gifts from natural persons, cash reimbursement payments made under title XX of the federal social security act, surplus food or other relief in kind supplied by a governmental agency, the gain on the sale of a personal residence deferred under section 1034 of the internal revenue code or nonrecognized gain from involuntary conversions under section 1033 of the internal revenue code. Amounts not included in adjusted gross income but added to "income" under this subsection in a previous year and repaid may be subtracted from income for the year during which they are repaid. Scholarship and fellowship gifts or income that are included in Wisconsin adjusted gross income and that were added to household income for purposes of determining the credit under this subchapter in a previous year may be subtracted from income for the current year in determining the credit under this subchapter. A marital property agreement or unilateral statement under ch. 766 has no effect in computing "income" for a person whose homestead is not the same as the homestead of that person's spouse.
71.52(7) (7) "Property taxes accrued" means real or personal property taxes or monthly municipal permit fees under s. 66.0435 (3) (c), exclusive of special assessments, delinquent interest and charges for service, levied on a homestead owned by the claimant or a member of the claimant's household. "Real or personal property taxes" means those levied under ch. 70, less the tax credit, if any, afforded in respect of such property by s. 79.10. If a homestead is owned by 2 or more persons or entities as joint tenants or tenants in common or is owned as marital property or survivorship marital property and one or more such persons, entities or owners is not a member of the claimant's household, property taxes accrued is that part of property taxes accrued levied on such homestead, reduced by the tax credit under s. 79.10, that reflects the ownership percentage of the claimant and the claimant's household, except that if a homestead is owned by 2 or more natural persons or if 2 or more natural persons have an interest in a homestead, one or more of whom is not a member of the claimant's household, and the claimant has a present interest, as that term is used in s. 700.03 (1), in the homestead and is required by the terms of a will that transferred the homestead or interest in the homestead to the claimant to pay the entire amount of property taxes levied on the homestead, property taxes accrued is property taxes accrued levied on such homestead, reduced by the tax credit under s. 79.10. A marital property agreement or unilateral statement under ch. 766 has no effect in computing property taxes accrued for a person whose homestead is not the same as the homestead of that person's spouse. For purposes of this subsection, property taxes are "levied" when the tax roll is delivered to the local treasurer for collection. If a homestead is sold or purchased during the calendar year of the levy, the property taxes accrued for the seller and the buyer are the amount of the tax levy prorated to each in proportion to the periods of time each both owned and occupied the homestead during the year to which the claim relates. The seller may use the closing agreement pertaining to the sale of the homestead, the property tax bill for the year before the year to which the claim relates or the property tax bill for the year to which the claim relates as the basis for computing property taxes accrued, but those taxes are allowable only for the portion of the year during which the seller owned and occupied the sold homestead. If a household owns and occupies 2 or more homesteads in the same calendar year, property taxes accrued is the sum of the prorated property taxes accrued attributable to the household for each of such homesteads. If the household owns and occupies the homestead for part of the calendar year and rents a homestead for part of the calendar year, it may include both the proration of taxes on the homestead owned and rent constituting property taxes accrued with respect to the months the homestead is rented in computing the amount of the claim under s. 71.54 (1). If a homestead is an integral part of a multipurpose or multidwelling building, property taxes accrued are the percentage of the property taxes accrued on that part of the multipurpose or multidwelling building occupied by the household as a principal residence plus that same percentage of the property taxes accrued on the land surrounding it, not exceeding one acre, that is reasonably necessary for use of the multipurpose or multidwelling building as a principal residence, except as the limitations of s. 71.54 (2) (b) apply. If the homestead is part of a farm, property taxes accrued are the property taxes accrued on up to 120 acres of the land contiguous to the claimant's principal residence and include the property taxes accrued on all improvements to real property located on such land, except as the limitations of s. 71.54 (2) (b) apply.
71.52(8) (8) "Rent constituting property taxes accrued", except as provided in ss. 71.54 (2) and 71.55 (8), means 25%, or 20% if heat is included, of the gross rent actually paid in cash or its equivalent by a claimant and his or her household solely for the right of occupancy of their Wisconsin homestead during the calendar year to which the claim relates if that rent constitutes the basis, in the succeeding calendar year, of a claim for relief under this subchapter by such claimant. A marital property agreement or unilateral statement under ch. 766 has no effect in computing rent constituting property taxes accrued for a person whose homestead is not the same as the homestead of that person's spouse.
71.52 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. Tax 14, Wis. adm. code.
71.53 71.53 Filing claims.
71.53(1)(1) Eligibility for credit.
71.53(1)(a)(a) Subject to the limitations provided in this subchapter and s. 71.80 (3) and (3m), a claimant may claim as a credit against Wisconsin income taxes otherwise due, Wisconsin property taxes accrued, or rent constituting property taxes accrued, or both. If the allowable amount of claim exceeds the income taxes otherwise due on the claimant's income or if there are no Wisconsin income taxes due on the claimant's income, the amount of the claim not used as an offset against income taxes shall be certified to the department of administration for payment to the claimant by check, share draft or other draft drawn on the general fund.
71.53(1)(b) (b) The right to file a claim under this subchapter is personal to the claimant and does not survive the claimant's death. When a claimant dies after having filed a timely claim the amount thereof shall be disbursed under s. 71.75 (10). The right to file a claim under this subchapter may be exercised on behalf of a living claimant by the claimant's legal guardian or attorney-in-fact.
71.53(1)(c) (c) Only one claimant per household per year shall be entitled to credit under this subchapter.
71.53(2) (2)Ineligible claims. No claim under this subchapter may be allowed if any of the following conditions applies:
71.53(2)(a) (a) Such claim is not filed with the department of revenue in conformity with the filing requirements in s. 71.03 (6) and (7).
71.53(2)(b) (b) The department finds that the claimant received title to his or her homestead primarily for the purpose of receiving benefits under this subchapter.
71.53(2)(c) (c) The claimant was under 18 years of age at the close of the year to which the claim relates.
71.53(2)(d) (d) The claimant was claimed as a dependent for federal income tax purposes by another person during the year to which the claim relates but this limitation shall not apply if the claimant was 62 years of age or older at the close of the year to which the claim relates.
71.53(2)(e) (e) The claimant resided for the entire calendar year to which the claim relates in housing which was exempt from taxation under ch. 70 other than housing for which payments in lieu of taxes are made under s. 66.1201 (22) except as provided under s. 71.54 (2) (c) 2.
71.53(2)(f) (f) The claimant resides in a nursing home and receives assistance under s. 49.45 at the time of filing.
71.53 History History: 1987 a. 312; 1989 a. 31, 198; 1991 a. 39; 1999 a. 150 s. 672.
71.53 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ss. Tax 14.02, 14.05, and 14.06, Wis. adm. code.
71.54 71.54 Computation of credit.
71.54(1) (1) Household income.
71.54(1)(a)(a) 1985 and 1986. The amount of any claim filed in 1985 or 1986 and based on property taxes accrued or rent constituting property taxes accrued during the previous year is limited as follows:
71.54(1)(a)1. 1. If the household income was $7,400 or less in the year to which the claim relates, the claim is limited to 80% of the property taxes accrued or rent constituting property taxes accrued or both in that year on the claimant's homestead.
71.54(1)(a)2. 2. If the household income was more than $7,400 in the year to which the claim relates, the claim is limited to 80% of the amount by which the property taxes accrued or rent constituting property taxes accrued or both in that year on the claimant's homestead exceeds 13.187% of the household income exceeding $7,400.
71.54(1)(a)3. 3. No credit may be allowed if the household income of a claimant exceeds $16,500.
71.54(1)(b) (b) 1987 to 1989. The amount of any claim filed in 1987 to 1989 and based on property taxes accrued or rent constituting property taxes accrued during the previous year is limited as follows:
71.54(1)(b)1. 1. If the household income was $7,600 or less in the year to which the claim relates, the claim is limited to 80% of the property taxes accrued or rent constituting property taxes accrued or both in that year on the claimant's homestead.
71.54(1)(b)2. 2. If the household income was more than $7,600 in the year to which the claim relates, the claim is limited to 80% of the amount by which the property taxes accrued or rent constituting property taxes accrued or both in that year on the claimant's homestead exceeds 13.483% of the household income exceeding $7,600.
71.54(1)(b)3. 3. No credit may be allowed if the household income of a claimant exceeds $16,500.
71.54(1)(c)1990. 1990. The amount of any claim filed in 1990 and based on property taxes accrued or rent constituting property taxes accrued during the previous year is limited as follows:
71.54(1)(c)1. 1. If the household income was $8,000 or less in the year to which the claim relates, the claim is limited to 80% of the property taxes accrued or rent constituting property taxes accrued or both in that year on the claimant's homestead.
71.54(1)(c)2. 2. If the household income was more than $8,000 in the year to which the claim relates, the claim is limited to 80% of the amount by which the property taxes accrued or rent constituting property taxes accrued or both in that year on the claimant's homestead exceeds 13.5% of the household income exceeding $8,000.
71.54(1)(c)3. 3. No credit may be allowed if the household income of a claimant exceeds $18,000.
71.54(1)(d) (d) 1991 to 1999. The amount of any claim filed in 1991 to 1999 and based on property taxes accrued or rent constituting property taxes accrued during the previous year is limited as follows:
71.54(1)(d)1. 1. If the household income was $8,000 or less in the year to which the claim relates, the claim is limited to 80% of the property taxes accrued or rent constituting property taxes accrued or both in that year on the claimant's homestead.
71.54(1)(d)2. 2. If the household income was more than $8,000 in the year to which the claim relates, the claim is limited to 80% of the amount by which the property taxes accrued or rent constituting property taxes accrued or both in that year on the claimant's homestead exceeds 13% of the household income exceeding $8,000.
71.54(1)(e)2000.2000. The amount of any claim filed in 2000 and based on property taxes accrued or rent constituting property taxes accrued during the previous year is limited as follows:
71.54(1)(e)1. 1. If the household income was $8,000 or less in the year to which the claim relates, the claim is limited to 80% of the property taxes accrued or rent constituting property taxes accrued or both in that year on the claimant's homestead.
71.54(1)(e)2. 2. If the household income was more than $8,000 in the year to which the claim relates, the claim is limited to 80% of the amount by which the property taxes accrued or rent constituting property taxes accrued or both in that year on the claimant's homestead exceeds 11.8% of the household income exceeding $8,000.
71.54(1)(e)3. 3. No credit may be allowed if the household income of a claimant exceeds $20,290.
71.54(1)(f) (f) 2001 to 2011. Subject to sub. (2m), the amount of any claim filed in 2001 to 2011 and based on property taxes accrued or rent constituting property taxes accrued during the previous year is limited as follows:
71.54(1)(f)1. 1. If the household income was $8,000 or less in the year to which the claim relates, the claim is limited to 80% of the property taxes accrued or rent constituting property taxes accrued or both in that year on the claimant's homestead.
71.54(1)(f)2. 2. If the household income was more than $8,000 in the year to which the claim relates, the claim is limited to 80% of the amount by which the property taxes accrued or rent constituting property taxes accrued or both in that year on the claimant's homestead exceeds 8.788% of the household income exceeding $8,000.
71.54(1)(f)3. 3. No credit may be allowed if the household income of a claimant exceeds $24,500.
71.54(1)(g) (g) 2012 and thereafter. The amount of any claim filed in 2012 and thereafter and based on property taxes accrued or rent constituting property taxes accrued during the previous year is limited as follows:
71.54(1)(g)1. 1. If the household income was $8,060 or less in the year to which the claim relates, the claim is limited to 80 percent of the property taxes accrued or rent constituting property taxes accrued or both in that year on the claimant's homestead.
71.54(1)(g)2. 2. If the household income was more than $8,060 in the year to which the claim relates, the claim is limited to 80 percent of the amount by which the property taxes accrued or rent constituting property taxes accrued or both in that year on the claimant's homestead exceeds 8.785 percent of the household income exceeding $8,060.
71.54(1)(g)3. 3. No credit may be allowed if the household income of a claimant exceeds $24,680.
71.54(2) (2)Property taxes accrued limitations.
71.54(2)(a)(a) Property taxes accrued or rent constituting property taxes accrued shall be reduced by one-twelfth for each month or portion of a month for which the claimant received relief from any county under s. 59.53 (21) equal to or in excess of $400, participated in Wisconsin works under s. 49.147 (4) or (5) or 49.148 (1m) or received assistance under s. 49.19, except assistance received:
71.54(2)(a)2. 2. As a relative, other than a parent, with whom any dependent child is living, if the assistance does not include aid to meet the needs of the claimant or the claimant's spouse or children.
71.54(2)(b) (b) In any case in which property taxes accrued, or rent constituting property taxes accrued, or both, in respect of any one household exceeds the following, the amount thereof shall, for purposes of this subchapter, be deemed to have been the following:
71.54(2)(b)1. 1. In calendar years 1984 to 1988, $1,200.
71.54(2)(b)2. 2. In calendar year 1989, $1,350.
71.54(2)(b)3. 3. Subject to sub. (2m), in calendar years 1990 to 2010, $1,450.
71.54(2)(b)4. 4. In calendar years 2011 or any subsequent calendar year, $1,460.
71.54(2)(c)1.1. If the claimant lived in a homestead that was subject to taxation under ch. 70 for any part of the year to which the claim relates, the property taxes accrued or rent constituting property taxes accrued or both on that homestead shall be allowed for that part of the year.
71.54(2)(c)2. 2. In addition to property taxes accrued or rent constituting property taxes accrued under subd. 1., if the claimant moves from a homestead owned by the claimant to housing that is exempt from taxation under ch. 70, other than housing for which payments in lieu of taxes are made under s. 66.1201 (22) and other than a correctional or detention facility, a claim may be allowed based on property taxes accrued on that former homestead for the length of time, up to the first 12 months, that the claimant resides in the tax-exempt housing and owns the former homestead, if the claimant has attempted to sell the former homestead but has not rented it out or leased it out.
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2013 Wis. Act 380 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before Dec. 13, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after Dec. 13, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 12-13-14)