778.103 History History: 1971 c. 278; 1979 c. 32 s. 56; Stats. 1979 s. 778.103; 1981 c. 165.
778.104 778.104 Department of natural resources forfeitures; how recovered. If there is a conflict with this chapter, the procedure in ss. 23.50 to 23.85 shall be followed in actions to recover forfeitures for the violation of those natural resources laws enumerated in s. 23.50.
778.104 History History: 1975 c. 365; 1979 c. 32 s. 56; Stats. 1979 s. 778.104.
778.105 778.105 Disposition of forfeitures. Revenues from forfeitures imposed by any court or any branch thereof for the violation of any municipal or county ordinance shall be paid to the municipality or county. Costs, fees, and surcharges imposed under ch. 814 shall be paid as required by that chapter.
778.105 History History: 1977 c. 29; 1979 c. 32 s. 56; Stats. 1979 s. 778.105; 1987 a. 27; 1989 a. 107; 1991 a. 39; 1993 a. 16; 1997 a. 27; 1999 a. 9; 2001 a. 16; 2003 a. 139.
778.11 778.11 Duty of town officers. The chairperson of the town shall cause an action to be commenced under this chapter for the recovery of any forfeiture which he or she knows or has reason to believe has been incurred in the town, if the forfeiture is recoverable before a municipal court, and every other town officer knowing or having reason to believe that any forfeiture has been incurred shall forthwith notify the town chairperson.
778.11 History History: 1977 c. 305; 1979 c. 32 s. 56; Stats. 1979 s. 778.11; 1989 a. 56 s. 258.
778.12 778.12 Duty of district attorney. The town chairperson shall forthwith notify the district attorney of the county of every forfeiture which he or she knows, has reason to believe or which he or she has been so informed has been incurred in the town, which cannot be recovered before a municipal court, who shall forthwith cause an action to be commenced for the recovery thereof as well as for the recovery of every forfeiture which he or she otherwise knows or has reason to believe has been incurred; and the district attorney shall attend to and conduct any action so commenced by the chairperson, when requested by him or her so to do.
778.12 History History: 1977 c. 305; 1979 c. 32 s. 56; Stats. 1979 s. 778.12; 1989 a. 56 s. 258.
778.13 778.13 Forfeitures collected, to whom paid. All moneys collected in favor of the state for forfeiture, except the portion to be paid to any person who sues with the state, plus costs, fees, and surcharges imposed under ch. 814, shall be paid by the officer who collects the forfeiture, costs, fees, and surcharges to the treasurer of the county within which the forfeiture was incurred within 20 days after its receipt. In case of any failure in the payment, the county treasurer may collect the payment of the officer by action, in the name of the office and upon the official bond of the officer, with interest at the rate of 12% per year from the time when it should have been paid.
778.135 778.135 Campaign finance, lobbying, and ethics forfeitures; how recovered. Notwithstanding s. 778.13, whenever any action or proposed action by the government accountability board under s. 5.05 (1) (c) is settled as a result of agreement between the parties without approval of the court, the moneys accruing to the state on account of such settlement shall be paid to the board and deposited with the secretary of administration.
778.135 History History: 1977 c. 427; 1979 c. 32 ss. 56, 92 (8); Stats. 1979 s. 778.135; 1999 a. 182; 2003 a. 33; 2007 a. 1.
778.14 778.14 Treasurers to collect. Every town, village and city treasurer shall demand of and recover from each municipal judge of the town, village or city, respectively, all moneys received by the municipal judge upon judgments rendered in actions under this chapter, and every municipal judge shall, on demand of a town, village or city treasurer, produce to the treasurer the court record for examination and all process and papers concerning or in the actions. In case of refusal or neglect by the municipal judge to pay over promptly the moneys upon demand the treasurer shall cause an action to be instituted for the recovery of the moneys against the municipal judge and the sureties upon the municipal judge's official bond.
778.14 History History: 1977 c. 305; 1979 c. 32 s. 56; Stats. 1979 s. 778.14; 1995 a. 224.
778.15 778.15 Payment to county treasurer. On or before the first Monday of February in each year every such town, village and city treasurer shall pay to the treasurer of the county all moneys so collected by him or her accruing to the state, taking a receipt therefor; and at the same time shall file with the county clerk of the county a statement, upon oath, containing the names of the municipal judges of the town, village and city, respectively, the amount of moneys so collected from each, the date of collection, the name of the defendant in each case, the cause of action and date of the summons and judgment.
778.15 History History: 1977 c. 305; 1979 c. 32 s. 56; Stats. 1979 s. 778.15.
778.16 778.16 Neglect of duty. The treasurer of any town, village or city who neglects or refuses to perform any of the duties required by this chapter shall, upon conviction, be punished by imprisonment in the county jail not less than 3 nor more than 6 months or by fine not less than $50 nor more than $300, or both. The county treasurer shall forthwith bring an action upon the bond of such treasurer, against the treasurer and sureties, for the recovery of any moneys which he or she has neglected or refused to pay over as required by this chapter.
778.16 History History: 1979 c. 32 s. 56; 1979 c. 176, 355; Stats. 1979 s. 778.16.
778.17 778.17 Statement to county board; payment to state. Every county treasurer shall, on the first day of the annual meeting of the county board, submit to it a verified statement of all moneys received by the county treasurer during the year next preceding from town, village, and city treasurers under this chapter, containing the names of such treasurers, the amount received from each, and the date of receipt. The county clerk shall deduct all expenses incurred by the county in recovering such forfeitures from the aggregate amount so received, and shall immediately certify to the county treasurer the amount of clear proceeds of such forfeitures, so ascertained, who shall pay the same to the secretary of administration.
778.17 History History: 1979 c. 32 s. 56; 1979 c. 176; Stats. 1979 s. 778.17; 2003 a. 33.
778.18 778.18 Penalty upon municipal judge. If any municipal judge, of his or her own will, dismisses any action brought before the judge under this chapter, unless by order of the district attorney or attorney general or the person joined as plaintiff with the state, or renders a lesser judgment therein than is prescribed by law, or releases or discharges any such judgment or part thereof without payment or collection, the judge and the judge's sureties shall be liable, in an action upon the judge's bond, for the full amount of the forfeitures imposed by law or of the forfeiture imposed by the judge and for the costs, fees, and surcharges imposed under ch. 814, or for an amount equal to the amount in which any such judgment or any part thereof is released or discharged. If any municipal judge gives time or delay to any person against whom any such judgment is rendered by the judge, or takes any bond or security for its future payment, the judge and the judge's sureties shall also be liable for the payment of the judgment upon the judge's bond.
778.18 History History: 1977 c. 29; 1979 c. 32 s. 56; Stats. 1979 s. 778.18; 1987 a. 27; 1989 a. 107; 1991 a. 39; 1993 a. 16; 1997 a. 27; 1999 a. 9; 2001 a. 16; 2003 a. 139.
778.19 778.19 Recovery of property forfeited to state. If property is forfeited to this state or to any officer for its use, an action for the recovery of the property may be brought in circuit court.
778.19 History History: 1977 c. 449; 1979 c. 32 s. 56; Stats. 1979 s. 778.19.
778.195 778.195 Clerk's fees. Fees in forfeiture actions under this chapter are prescribed in s. 814.63.
778.195 History History: 1981 c. 317.
778.20 778.20 Who liable for costs. In all actions brought under s. 778.10 the town, city, village or corporation in whose name such action is brought shall be liable for the costs of prosecution; and, if judgment be for defendant, for all the costs of the action, and judgment shall be entered accordingly. In all other actions brought under the provisions of this chapter, except as provided in s. 778.04, the county in which the forfeiture was incurred shall be liable for the costs of the prosecution, and, if judgment be for defendant, for all the costs of the action.
778.20 History History: 1979 c. 32 ss. 56, 92 (8); Stats. 1979 s. 778.20.
778.25 778.25 Citation procedure for certain limited violations.
778.25(1)(1)
778.25(1)(a)(a) The citation procedures established by this section may be used only in an action to recover a forfeiture:
778.25(1)(a)1. 1. Under s. 125.07 (4) (a) or (b), 125.085 (3) (b), or 125.09 (2) or under a local ordinance strictly conforming to one of those statutes brought against an adult in circuit court or against a minor in the court assigned to exercise jurisdiction under chs. 48 and 938.
778.25(1)(a)1m. 1m. Under s. 961.573 (2), 961.574 (2), or 961.575 (2) brought against a minor in the court assigned to exercise jurisdiction under chs. 48 and 938 or under a local ordinance enacted under s. 59.54 (25m) or 66.0107 (1) (bp) brought against an adult in circuit court or against a minor in the court assigned to exercise jurisdiction under chs. 48 and 938.
778.25(1)(a)2. 2. Under s. 947.013 (1m) or a local ordinance strictly conforming to s. 947.013 (1m) brought against an adult in circuit court.
778.25(1)(a)3. 3. Under s. 167.32 or under a local ordinance strictly conforming to s. 167.32 brought against an adult in circuit court.
778.25(1)(a)4. 4. Under s. 254.92 or under a local ordinance strictly conforming to s. 254.92 brought against an adult in circuit court or against a minor in the court assigned to exercise jurisdiction under chs. 48 and 938.
778.25(1)(a)5. 5. Under administrative rules promulgated by the board of regents under s. 36.11 (1) (c) brought against an adult in circuit court or against a minor in the court assigned to exercise jurisdiction under chs. 48 and 938.
778.25(1)(a)6. 6. Under an administrative rule promulgated by the department of administration under s. 16.846 brought against an adult in circuit court or against a minor in the court assigned to exercise jurisdiction under chs. 48 and 938.
778.25(1)(b) (b) The citation form provided by this section may serve as the initial pleading for the action and, except as provided in par. (c), is adequate process to give a court jurisdiction over the person if the citation is filed with the court.
778.25(1)(c) (c) If served as provided under s. 801.11, the citation form issued under par. (a) 7. is adequate process to give a court jurisdiction over the person.
778.25(2) (2) A citation under this section shall be signed by the issuing agent or officer or by an officer who has authority to make arrests for the violation and shall contain substantially the following information:
778.25(2)(a) (a) The name, address and date of birth of the defendant and the name and address of the defendant's parents or guardian, if a minor.
778.25(2)(b) (b) The name and department of the issuing agent or officer.
778.25(2)(c) (c) The violation alleged, the time and place of occurrence, a statement that the defendant committed the violation, the statute, rule or ordinance violated and a designation of the violation in language which can be readily understood.
778.25(2)(d) (d) A date, time and place for the court appearance, and a notice to appear.
778.25(2)(f) (f) Provisions for deposit in lieu of a court appearance.
778.25(2)(g) (g) Notice that if the defendant makes a deposit and fails to appear in court at the time fixed in the citation, the failure to appear will be considered tender of a plea of no contest and submission to a forfeiture, plus costs, fees, and surcharges imposed under ch. 814, not to exceed the amount of the deposit. The notice shall also state that the court may decide to summon the defendant or, if the defendant is an adult, issue an arrest warrant for the defendant rather than accept the deposit and plea.
778.25(2)(i) (i) Notice that the defendant may by mail prior to the court appearance enter a plea of not guilty and request another date for a court appearance.
778.25(2)(j) (j) Notice that if the defendant does not make a deposit and fails to appear in court at the time fixed in the citation, the court may consider the nonappearance to be a plea of no contest and enter judgment accordingly or the court may issue a summons or an arrest warrant.
778.25(2)(k) (k) Any other pertinent information.
778.25(3) (3) If a person is issued a citation under this section, the person may deposit the amount of money that the issuing agent or officer directs by mailing or delivering the deposit and a copy of the citation to the clerk of court of the county where the violation occurred or the office or headquarters of the agent or officer who issued the citation prior to the court appearance date. The basic amount of the deposit shall be determined under a deposit schedule established by the judicial conference. The judicial conference shall annually review and revise the schedule. In addition to the basic amount determined by the schedule, the deposit shall include costs, fees, and surcharges imposed under ch. 814.
778.25(5) (5) A person receiving a deposit shall prepare a receipt in triplicate showing the purpose for which the deposit is made, stating that the defendant may inquire at the office of the clerk of court regarding the disposition of the deposit, and notifying the defendant that if he or she fails to appear in court at the time fixed in the citation he or she will be deemed to have tendered a plea of no contest and submitted to a forfeiture, plus costs, fees, and surcharges imposed under ch. 814, not to exceed the amount of the deposit which the court may accept. The original of the receipt shall be delivered to the defendant in person or by mail. If the defendant pays by check, the check is the receipt.
778.25(7) (7) If a citation is issued to a minor the issuing agency shall, within 7 days, mail or deliver a copy of the citation to the child's parent or guardian.
778.25(8) (8) If a defendant issued a citation under this section fails to appear in court at the time fixed in the citation or by subsequent postponement, the following procedure applies:
778.25(8)(a)1.1. If the defendant has not made a deposit, the court may consider the nonappearance to be a plea of no contest and enter judgment accordingly or the court may issue a summons or an arrest warrant, except if the defendant is a minor the court shall proceed under s. 938.28. Chapter 938 governs taking and holding a minor in custody.
778.25(8)(a)2. 2. If the court considers the nonappearance to be a plea of no contest and enters judgment accordingly, the court shall promptly mail a copy or notice of the judgment to the defendant. The judgment shall allow the defendant not less than 20 working days from the date the judgment copy or notice is mailed to pay the forfeiture, plus costs, fees, and surcharges imposed under ch. 814.
778.25(8)(b) (b) If the defendant has made a deposit, the citation may serve as the initial pleading and the defendant shall be considered to have tendered a plea of no contest and submitted to a forfeiture, plus costs, fees, and surcharges imposed under ch. 814, not exceeding the amount of the deposit. The court may either accept the plea of no contest and enter judgment accordingly, or reject the plea and issue a summons or arrest warrant, except that if the defendant is a minor the court shall proceed under s. 938.28. Chapter 938 governs taking and holding a minor in custody.
778.25(8)(c) (c) If the court accepts a plea of no contest, the defendant may move within 90 days after the date set for appearance to withdraw the plea of no contest, open the judgment, and enter a plea of not guilty if the defendant shows to the satisfaction of the court that failure to appear was due to mistake, inadvertence, surprise, or excusable neglect. If a party is relieved from the plea of no contest, the court or judge may order a written complaint or petition to be filed. If on reopening the defendant is found not guilty, the court shall delete the record of conviction and shall order the defendant's deposit returned.
778.25(9) (9) If a citation or summons is issued to a defendant under this section and he or she is unable to appear in court on the day specified, the defendant may enter a plea of not guilty by mailing a letter stating that inability to the court at the address indicated on the citation. The letter must show the defendant's return address. The letter may include a request for trial during normal daytime business hours. Upon receipt of the letter, the court shall reply by notice to the defendant's address setting forth a time and place for trial, and the time shall be during normal business hours if so requested. The date of the trial shall be at least 10 days after the date on which the court sent the notice. Nothing in this subsection forbids the setting of the trial at any time convenient to all parties concerned.
778.25(10) (10) An officer collecting moneys for a forfeiture, plus costs, fees, and surcharges imposed under ch. 814, under this section shall pay the same to the appropriate municipal or county treasurer within 20 days after their receipt by the officer, except that all jail surcharges imposed under ch. 814 shall be paid to the county treasurer. If the officer fails to make timely payment, the municipal or county treasurer may collect the payment from the officer by an action in the treasurer's name of office and upon the official bond of the officer, with interest at the rate of 12% per year from the time when it should have been paid.
778.25 Annotation Civil discovery procedures are available to persons subject to an action to recover a forfeiture commenced under this section because the legislature has not prescribed a different procedure for such forfeitures. State v. Bausch, 2014 WI App 12, 352 Wis. 2d 500, 842 N.W.2d 654, 13-0752.
778.26 778.26 Citation procedure; violation of land trespass laws.
778.26(1)(1) The citation procedures established by this section may be used only in an action to recover a forfeiture under s. 943.13. The citation form provided by this section may serve as the initial pleading for the action and is adequate process to give a court jurisdiction over the person if the citation is filed with the circuit court.
778.26(2) (2) A citation under this section shall be signed by an officer who has authority to make arrests for the violation and shall contain substantially the following information:
778.26(2)(a) (a) The name, address and date of birth of the defendant.
778.26(2)(b) (b) The name and department of the issuing officer.
778.26(2)(c) (c) The violation alleged, the time and place of occurrence, a statement that the defendant committed the violation, the statute violated and a designation of the violation in language which can be readily understood by a person making a reasonable effort to do so.
778.26(2)(d) (d) A date, time and place for the court appearance, and a notice to appear.
778.26(2)(e) (e) The maximum forfeiture, plus costs, fees, and surcharges imposed under ch. 814, for which the defendant is liable.
778.26(2)(f) (f) Provisions for deposit and stipulation in lieu of a court appearance.
778.26(2)(g) (g) Notice that, if the defendant makes a deposit and fails to appear in court at the time specified in the citation, the failure to appear will be considered tender of a plea of no contest and submission to a forfeiture, plus costs, fees, and surcharges imposed under ch. 814, not to exceed the amount of the deposit. The notice shall also state that the court, instead of accepting the deposit and plea, may decide to summon the defendant or may issue an arrest warrant for the defendant upon failure to respond to a summons.
778.26(2)(h) (h) Notice that, if the defendant makes a deposit and signs the stipulation, the stipulation will be treated as a plea of no contest and submission to a forfeiture, plus costs, fees, and surcharges imposed under ch. 814, not to exceed the amount of the deposit. The notice shall also state that the court, instead of accepting the deposit and stipulation, may decide to summon the defendant or issue an arrest warrant for the defendant upon failure to respond to a summons, and that the defendant may, at any time prior to or at the time of the court appearance date, move the court for relief from the effect of the stipulation.
778.26(2)(i) (i) Notice that the defendant may, by mail prior to the court appearance, enter a plea of not guilty and request another date for a court appearance.
778.26(2)(j) (j) Notice that if the defendant does not make a deposit and fails to appear in court at the time specified in the citation, the court may issue a summons or an arrest warrant.
778.26(3) (3) A defendant issued a citation under this section may deposit the amount of money that the issuing officer directs by mailing or delivering the deposit and a copy of the citation prior to the court appearance date to the clerk of the circuit court in the county where the violation occurred or to the sheriff's office or police headquarters of the officer who issued the citation. The basic amount of the deposit shall be determined under a deposit schedule established by the judicial conference. The judicial conference shall annually review and revise the schedule. In addition to the basic amount determined by the schedule, the deposit shall include the costs, fees, and surcharges imposed under ch. 814.
778.26(4) (4) A defendant may make a stipulation of no contest by submitting a deposit and a stipulation in the manner provided by sub. (3) prior to the court appearance date. The signed stipulation is a plea of no contest and submission to a forfeiture, plus the costs, fees, and surcharges imposed under ch. 814, not to exceed the amount of the deposit.
778.26(5) (5) Except as provided by sub. (6), a person receiving a deposit shall prepare a receipt in triplicate showing the purpose for which the deposit is made, stating that the defendant may inquire at the office of the clerk of the circuit court regarding the disposition of the deposit, and notifying the defendant that if he or she fails to appear in court at the time specified in the citation he or she shall be considered to have tendered a plea of no contest and submitted to a forfeiture, plus costs, fees, and surcharges imposed under ch. 814, not to exceed the amount of the deposit and that the court may accept the plea. The original of the receipt shall be delivered to the defendant in person or by mail. If the defendant pays by check, the canceled check is the receipt.
778.26(6) (6) The person receiving a deposit and stipulation of no contest shall prepare a receipt in triplicate showing the purpose for which the deposit is made, stating that the defendant may inquire at the office of the clerk of the circuit court regarding the disposition of the deposit, and notifying the defendant that if the stipulation of no contest is accepted by the court the defendant will be considered to have submitted to a forfeiture, plus costs, fees, and surcharges imposed under ch. 814, not to exceed the amount of the deposit. Delivery of the receipt shall be made in the same manner as provided in sub. (5).
778.26(7) (7) If a defendant issued a citation under this section fails to appear in court at the time specified in the citation or by subsequent postponement, the following procedure applies:
778.26(7)(a) (a) If the defendant has not made a deposit, the court may issue a summons or an arrest warrant.
778.26(7)(b) (b) If the defendant has made a deposit, the citation may serve as the initial pleading and the defendant shall be considered to have tendered a plea of no contest and submitted to a forfeiture, plus costs, fees, and surcharges imposed under ch. 814, not to exceed the amount of the deposit. The court may either accept the plea of no contest and enter judgment accordingly, or reject the plea and issue a summons. If the defendant fails to appear in response to the summons, the court shall issue an arrest warrant. If the court accepts the plea of no contest, the defendant may, within 90 days after the date set for appearance, move to withdraw the plea of no contest, open the judgment, and enter a plea of not guilty if the defendant shows to the satisfaction of the court that failure to appear was due to mistake, inadvertence, surprise, or excusable neglect. If a defendant is relieved from the plea of no contest, the court may order a written complaint or petition to be filed. If on reopening the defendant is found not guilty, the court shall delete the record of conviction and shall order the defendant's deposit returned.
778.26(7)(c) (c) If the defendant has made a deposit and stipulation of no contest, the citation serves as the initial pleading and the defendant shall be considered to have tendered a plea of no contest and submitted to a forfeiture, plus costs, fees, and surcharges imposed under ch. 814, not to exceed the amount of the deposit. The court may either accept the plea of no contest and enter judgment accordingly, or reject the plea and issue a summons or an arrest warrant. After signing a stipulation of no contest, the defendant may, at any time prior to or at the time of the court appearance date, move the court for relief from the effect of the stipulation. The court may act on the motion, with or without notice, for cause shown by affidavit and upon just terms, and relieve the defendant from the stipulation and the effects of the stipulation.
778.26(8) (8) If a citation or summons is issued to a defendant under this section and he or she is unable to appear in court on the day specified, the defendant may enter a plea of not guilty by mailing a letter stating that inability to the judge at the address indicated on the citation. The letter must show the defendant's return address. The letter may include a request for trial during normal daytime business hours. Upon receipt of the letter, the judge shall reply by letter to the defendant's address setting a time and place for trial. The time shall be during normal business hours if so requested. The date of the trial shall be at least 10 days from the date the letter was mailed by the judge. Nothing in this subsection forbids the setting of the trial at any time convenient to all parties concerned.
778.26(9) (9) An officer who collects a forfeiture, and costs, fees, and surcharges imposed under ch. 814, under this section shall pay the money to the county treasurer within 20 days after its receipt. If the officer fails to make timely payment, the county treasurer may collect the payment from the officer by an action in the treasurer's name of office and upon the official bond of the officer, with interest at the rate of 12% per year from the time when it should have been paid.
Loading...
Loading...
2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2013 Wis. Act 380 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before Dec. 13, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after Dec. 13, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 12-13-14)