779.80(6) (6) No hospital is entitled to any lien under this section if the person injured is eligible for compensation under ch. 102 or any other worker's compensation act.
779.80 History History: 1975 c. 147 s. 54; 1979 c. 32 s. 57; 1979 c. 89; 1979 c. 102 s. 236 (3); 1979 c. 176; Stats. 1979 s. 779.80; 1981 c. 317; 1991 a. 179; 1995 a. 224.
779.80 Annotation Under s. 609.91, an HMO enrollee has no personal liability for the costs of covered health care received. A hospital only has recourse against the HMO and may not assert its lien rights under this section against insurance proceeds paid by a tortfeasor's insurer to the HMO enrollee. Dorr v. Sacred Heart Hospital, 228 Wis. 2d 425, 597 N.W.2d 462 (Ct. App. 1999), 98-1772.
779.80 Annotation The circuit court did not err in interpreting federal Medicare law to allow a hospital to enforce a lien under this section after expiration of the time period within which the hospital could have billed Medicare for the plaintiff's treatment. Laska v. General Casualty Company of Wisconsin, 2013 WI App 42, 347 Wis. 2d 356, 830 N.W.2d 252, 10-2410.
779.80 Annotation An attorney or law firm who receives and then distributes a settlement payment on a personal injury claim is not, under sub. (4), a person making any payment to the injured person as compensation for the injuries sustained. The tortfeasor's insurer who made a payment to the injured person through the injured party's attorney is such a person because it made payment to the injured person as compensation for the injuries sustained. Watertown Regional Medical Center v. General Casualty Insurance Co. 2014 WI App 62, 354 Wis. 2d 195, 848 N.W.2d 890, 13-2324.
subch. X of ch. 779 SUBCHAPTER X
PREPAID MAINTENANCE LIEN
779.85 779.85 Definitions. In ss. 779.85 to 779.94:
779.85(1) (1) "Creditor" has the meaning set forth in s. 421.301 (16).
779.85(2) (2) "Customer" means a person who seeks or acquires maintenance on behalf of himself or herself or another person for personal, family, household or agricultural purposes.
779.85(3) (3) "Goods" has the meaning set forth in s. 402.105 (1) (c) except that this term does not include a "motor vehicle" as defined in s. 218.0101 (22).
779.85(4) (4) "Maintenance" means any repair or other services to be performed on goods after the goods have been initially delivered to the premises designated by a customer following its sale, but this term does not include installation, set up charges or delivery charges.
779.85(5) (5) "Prepaid maintenance agreement" means any agreement in which a customer agrees to make prepayment for maintenance to be performed by a seller.
779.85(6) (6) "Prepayment" means any full or partial payment received by a seller or an obligation incurred by a customer to a creditor or to a seller or to a seller's assignee for maintenance to be performed by a seller if payment is made before the maintenance is rendered or received. This term does not include prepayment for maintenance under an insurance policy. Except with regard to a warranty under s. 101.953, this term does not include prepayment for maintenance to be provided under a manufacturer's warranty on goods or maintenance unless there is a prepayment made for maintenance to be rendered under the warranty separate from the payment for the goods themselves.
779.85(7) (7) "Regulated prepaid maintenance agreement" means a prepaid maintenance agreement meeting the following requirements:
779.85(7)(a) (a) The total prepayment exceeds $100; and
779.85(7)(b) (b) The total period during which the seller is obligated to provide maintenance exceeds one year whether the obligation is initially for more than one year or is extended or renewed beyond one year.
779.85 History History: 1977 c. 296; 1979 c. 32 ss. 57, 92 (9); Stats. 1979 s. 779.85; 1983 a. 189 s. 329 (24), (30); 1999 a. 9, 31.
779.86 779.86 Records. A seller shall retain records for 60 days following completion of the time period for which prepaid maintenance is to be performed under a prepaid maintenance agreement including but not limited to records showing the amount of prepayment, the period for which maintenance is to be performed, all contracts relating to such maintenance and all records pertaining to the escrow account or bond required under s. 779.87.
779.86 History History: 1977 c. 296; 1979 c. 32 ss. 57, 92 (9); Stats. 1979 s. 779.86.
779.87 779.87 Escrow account or bond requirement.
779.87(1)(1) Requirement. A seller who enters a regulated prepaid maintenance agreement shall either maintain an escrow account or maintain a bond.
779.87(2) (2)Escrow account.
779.87(2)(a)(a) Surety. If a seller maintains an escrow account, all proceeds received under any regulated prepaid maintenance agreement shall be deposited in the escrow account for the benefit of any customer who suffers a loss of prepayments for maintenance due to the bankruptcy or cessation of business by the seller.
779.87(2)(b) (b) Not to be commingled. The seller shall not commingle the proceeds received under a regulated prepaid maintenance agreement with any other funds and any other funds which are commingled become a part of and shall be deposited in the escrow account. The seller may aggregate the proceeds received under several prepaid maintenance agreements in one escrow account.
779.87(2)(c) (c) Interest. The seller may withdraw and retain for his or her own use any interest payments received on the escrow account.
779.87(2)(d) (d) Not to be used prior to discharge. The seller may not withdraw or use the proceeds received under a regulated prepaid maintenance agreement which are deposited in an escrow account prior to the discharge of the prepaid maintenance lien under s. 779.91.
779.87(2)(e) (e) Not subject to attachment. Until all prepaid maintenance liens are discharged, the escrow account is not subject to garnishment, execution, levy, attachment or foreclosure except as provided under s. 779.92.
779.87(3) (3)Bond.
779.87(3)(a)(a) Surety. If a seller maintains a bond, it shall be issued by a surety company licensed to do business in this state.
779.87(3)(b) (b) Amount; filed. The principal sum of the bond shall be $25,000 at all times. A copy of the bond shall be filed with the department of financial institutions.
779.87(3)(c) (c) For benefit of customer. The bond shall be in favor of the state for the benefit of any customer who suffers a loss of prepayments for maintenance due to the bankruptcy or cessation of business by the seller. Any customer claiming against the bond may maintain an action against the seller and the surety.
779.87(3)(d) (d) Surety's obligation. If the seller fails to perform maintenance under a regulated prepaid maintenance agreement, the surety shall either perform or procure the performance of that maintenance or pay the customer the amount of the prepayment made under the agreement.
779.87(3)(e) (e) No lien. If a seller maintains a bond under this subsection, a customer does not have a prepaid maintenance lien under s. 779.88.
779.87 History History: 1977 c. 296; 1979 c. 32 ss. 57, 92 (9); Stats. 1979 s. 779.87; 1995 a. 27.
779.88 779.88 Prepaid maintenance lien. Except as provided under s. 779.87 (3), a customer who makes a prepayment under a regulated prepaid maintenance agreement has a lien designated as a prepaid maintenance lien in the amount of the prepayment on all the proceeds contained in the escrow account, including all after acquired proceeds. This lien is preferred to all other liens, security interests and claims on such proceeds except other prepaid maintenance liens which attached at an earlier time.
779.88 History History: 1977 c. 296; 1979 c. 32 ss. 57, 92 (9); Stats. 1979 s. 779.88.
779.89 779.89 Attachment and preservation. All prepaid maintenance liens attach at the time of the first prepayment and shall be preserved from the time the lien attaches. It is not necessary to file or record any notice of the lien in order to preserve or perfect the lien although a customer may file this lien in the manner prescribed for perfecting liens under subch. III of ch. 409 regarding debtors who are located in this state.
779.89 History History: 1977 c. 296; 1979 c. 32 s. 57; Stats. 1979 s. 779.89; 2001 a. 10.
779.90 779.90 Notice of existence of lien. A person is deemed to have notice of a prepaid maintenance lien if:
779.90(1) (1) That person has actual knowledge or reason to know that the lien exists on the seller's property;
779.90(2) (2) That person has reason to know that the seller regularly demands or accepts prepayments for maintenance;
779.90(3) (3) The seller engages in a type of business that generally requests or demands prepayment for maintenance; or
779.90(4) (4) The lien was filed as permitted in s. 779.89.
779.90 History History: 1977 c. 296; 1979 c. 32 ss. 57, 92 (9); Stats. 1979 s. 779.90.
779.91 779.91 Discharge of lien.
779.91(1)(1) A prepaid maintenance lien is discharged by:
779.91(1)(a) (a) Returning the amount of the prepayment to the customer who made the prepayment;
779.91(1)(b) (b) The expiration of the time period for the performance of all contract or other obligations secured by the prepayment; or
779.91(1)(c) (c) Lapse of the right to maintain an action.
779.91(2) (2) Upon discharge of a prepaid maintenance lien, any customer who filed the lien as permitted in s. 779.89 is subject to the requirements of s. 409.513.
779.91 History History: 1977 c. 296; 1979 c. 32 ss. 57, 92 (9); Stats. 1979 s. 779.91; 2001 a. 10.
779.92 779.92 Enforceability of lien. A prepaid maintenance lien is enforceable from the time it attaches until it is discharged. Any enforcement and foreclosure of a prepaid maintenance lien shall be in one civil action and shall be against the proceeds of the escrow account.
779.92 History History: 1977 c. 296; 1979 c. 32 s. 57; Stats. 1979 s. 779.92.
779.93 779.93 Duties of the department of agriculture, trade and consumer protection.
779.93(1) (1) The department of agriculture, trade and consumer protection shall investigate violations of this subchapter and attempts to circumvent this subchapter. The department of agriculture, trade and consumer protection may subpoena persons and records to facilitate its investigations, and may enforce compliance with such subpoenas as provided in s. 885.12.
779.93(2) (2) The department of agriculture, trade and consumer protection may in behalf of the state or in behalf of any person who holds a prepaid maintenance lien:
779.93(2)(a) (a) Bring an action in any court of competent jurisdiction to enforce and foreclose a prepaid maintenance lien under s. 779.92.
779.93(2)(b) (b) Bring an action for temporary or permanent injunctive or other relief in any court of competent jurisdiction for any violation of this chapter or attempt to circumvent this chapter. The court may in its discretion, prior to the entry of final judgment, award restitution to any customer suffering loss because of violations of this subchapter if proof of that loss is submitted to the satisfaction of the court.
779.93(2)(c) (c) Bring an action in any court of competent jurisdiction for recovery of civil forfeitures against any seller who violates this subchapter.
779.93 History History: 1977 c. 296; 1979 c. 32 ss. 57, 92 (9); Stats. 1979 s. 779.93; 1995 a. 27.
779.94 779.94 Penalties.
779.94(1)(1) Generally. A person who violates this subchapter shall forfeit not less than $100 nor more than $10,000 for each violation.
779.94(2) (2)Misuse of escrow funds. The use of the proceeds in an escrow account by a seller for any purpose prior to the discharge of the prepaid maintenance lien is theft by the seller and is punishable under s. 943.20. If the seller is a corporation, such misuse is also deemed theft by any officer, director or agent of the corporation responsible for the misappropriation. Any of the misappropriated proceeds which have been received as salary, dividend, loan repayment, capital distribution or otherwise by any shareholder of the corporation not responsible for the misappropriation is a civil liability of the shareholder and may be recovered and restored to the escrow account by action brought by any interested party.
779.94 History History: 1977 c. 296; 1979 c. 32 s. 57; Stats. 1979 s. 779.94.
subch. XI of ch. 779 SUBCHAPTER XI
FEDERAL LIEN REGISTRATION
779.97 779.97 Uniform federal lien registration act.
779.97(1) (1) Scope. This section applies only to:
779.97(1)(a) (a) Federal tax liens; and
779.97(1)(b) (b) Other federal liens, if any act of congress or any regulation adopted under an act of congress requires or permits notices of such liens to be filed in the same manner as notices of federal tax liens.
779.97(2) (2)Place of filing.
779.97(2)(a)(a) Notices of liens, certificates and other notices affecting federal tax liens or other federal liens shall be filed under this section.
779.97(2)(b) (b) Notices of liens upon real property for obligations payable to the United States, and certificates and notices affecting the liens shall be filed in the office of the register of deeds of the county in which real property subject to the liens is situated.
779.97(2)(c) (c) Notices of liens upon personal property, whether tangible or intangible, for obligations payable to the United States and certificates and notices affecting the liens shall be filed as follows:
779.97(2)(c)1. 1. If the person against whose interest the lien applies is a partnership or a corporation, as defined in 26 USC 7701 (a) (2) and (3), whose principal executive office is in this state, with the department of financial institutions.
779.97(2)(c)2. 2. If the person against whose interest the lien applies is a trust not covered under subd. 1., with the department of financial institutions.
779.97(2)(c)3. 3. If the person against whose interest the lien applies is the estate of a decedent, with the department of financial institutions.
779.97(2)(c)4. 4. In all other cases in the office of the register of deeds of the county where the person against whose interest the lien applies resides at the time of filing of the notice of lien.
779.97(3) (3)Execution of notices and certificates. Certification of notices of liens, certificates or other notices affecting federal liens by the secretary of the U.S. treasury, by the secretary's designee or by any other official or entity of the United States responsible for filing or certifying notice of any other lien entitles them to be filed and no other attestation, certification or acknowledgment is necessary.
779.97(4) (4)Duties of filing officer.
779.97(4)(a)(a) If a notice of federal tax lien or a notice of revocation of a certificate of release is presented to the filing officer who is:
779.97(4)(a)1. 1. With the department of financial institutions, the filing officer shall cause the notice to be dealt with in accordance with s. 409.519 as if the notice were a financing statement within the meaning of chs. 401 to 411; or
779.97(4)(a)2. 2. Any other officer described in sub. (2), the officer shall make the endorsements required under s. 59.43 (1) (e) and (f) and forthwith file or record the notice and enter it in the index under s. 59.43 (9). Notices under this subdivision are subject to s. 59.43 (4) (a).
779.97(4)(b)1.1. If a refiling of a notice of lien is presented to the department of financial institutions for filing, the filing officer shall cause the refiled notice of federal lien to be dealt with in accordance with s. 409.519 as if the refiling were a continuation statement within the meaning of chs. 401 to 411.
779.97(4)(b)2. 2. If a certificate of release is presented to the department of financial institutions for filing, the filing officer shall cause the certificate to be dealt with in accordance with s. 409.513 as if the certificate were a termination statement within the meaning of chs. 401 to 411, and the filing officer may remove the notice of federal lien and any related refiling of a notice of lien, certificate of nonattachment, discharge or subordination from the files at any time after receipt of the certificate of release, but the department of financial institutions shall keep the certificate of release or a microfilm or other photographic record or optical disk or electronic record of the certificate of release in a file, separate from those containing currently effective notices of liens, for a period of 30 years after the date of filing of the certificate of release.
779.97(4)(b)3. 3. If a certificate of discharge is presented to the department of financial institutions for filing, the filing officer shall cause the certificate to be dealt with as if the certificate were an amendment that deletes collateral within the meaning of chs. 401 to 411.
779.97(4)(b)4. 4. If a certificate of nonattachment or subordination of any lien is presented to the department of financial institutions for filing, the filing officer shall cause the certificate to be dealt with as if the certificate were an amendment that deletes collateral within the meaning of chs. 401 to 411.
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2013 Wis. Act 380 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before Oct. 4, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after Oct. 4, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 10-4-14)