History: 1993 a. 486
; 1997 a. 188
Creditor's action for property fraudulently sold by decedent.
Whenever there is reason to believe that the estate of a decedent as set forth in the inventory may be insufficient to pay the decedent's debts, and the decedent conveyed any property with intent to defraud the decedent's creditors or to avoid any duty, or executed conveyances void as against creditors, any creditor whose claim has been allowed may, on behalf of all, bring an action to reach any property and subject it to sale. The creditor's action shall not be brought to trial until the insufficiency of the estate in the hands of the personal representative is ascertained; if found likely that the assets may be insufficient, the action shall be brought to trial. If the action is tried any property which ought to be subjected to the payment of the debts of the decedent shall be sold in the action and the net proceeds used to pay such debts and to reimburse the creditor for the reasonable expenses and attorney fees incurred by the creditor in such action as approved by the court.
History: 1993 a. 486
; 1997 a. 188
Encumbered assets; payment of debt. 859.43(1)(1)
Rights of secured creditors not affected.
Nothing in this chapter shall affect or prevent any action or proceeding to enforce any mortgage, pledge, lien or other security agreement against property of the estate.
When any property in the estate is encumbered by mortgage, pledge, lien or other security agreement, the personal representative may pay the encumbrance or any part thereof, renew or extend any obligation secured by the encumbrance or may convey or transfer the encumbered assets to the creditor in satisfaction of the creditor's lien, in whole or in part, whether or not the holder of the encumbrance has filed a claim.
History: 1993 a. 486
See s. 863.13
, which deals with exoneration of encumbered property.
See s. 859.19
, which deals with the payment of secured claims which have been filed.
Filed within time limited.
If a claim based on a cause of action in tort or for contribution resulting from a cause of action in tort is filed on or before the deadline for filing a claim under s. 859.01
or a continuance is secured under s. 859.03
, the claimant will receive the same protection in regard to payment as a claimant who has filed a claim which was required to be filed.
(2) Not filed within time limited.
A cause of action against a decedent in tort or for contribution resulting from a cause of action in tort is not defeated by failure to file the claim or commence or continue an action against the personal representative on or before the deadline for filing a claim under s. 859.01
against an estate, but the failure relieves the court of all responsibility to protect the rights of the claimant and the claimant shall not be granted any of the protections under s. 859.21
. If the claim is made absolute through court approved settlement or adjudication and a certified copy of the settlement or judgment is filed in the court in which the estate is being administered prior to the approval of the final account, it shall be paid prior to the distribution of the estate, otherwise the estate may be distributed as though the claim did not exist. After the final account has been approved, a claimant whose claim has been made absolute through court approved settlement or through adjudication may proceed against the distributees, but no distributee may be liable for an amount greater than that allowed under s. 859.23
History: 1977 c. 449
; 1989 a. 96
deals with actions against distributees.
The testator's breach of contract in failing to make certain provisions by will was not actionable in tort. Landwehr v. Citizens Trust Co. 110 Wis. 2d 716
, 329 N.W.2d 411
Payment of unfiled claims.
If a personal representative has in good faith paid unfiled claims against the estate, the payments may be allowed upon proof that they were just demands against the estate and that they were paid on or before the deadline for filing claims under s. 859.01
, or at any time with the consent of the heirs or beneficiaries affected by the payment. Notice that application will be made for such allowance shall be given under s. 879.03
. Payment shall be allowed on a proportional basis with other claims of the same class if the estate is insolvent.
Claims of creditors without notice. 859.48(2)
The claimant shall file the claim in the court in which the estate is administered within one year after the decedent's death and within 30 days after the earlier of the following:
The date that the personal representative gives notice to the potential claimant of the deadline for filing a claim against the estate under s. 859.01
or this section and of the court in which the estate is administered.
The date that the claimant first acquires actual knowledge that the estate is being or was administered and of the court in which the estate is administered.
The claimant shall serve a copy of the claim upon or mail a copy of the claim to the personal representative or the attorney for the estate within 10 days after the claim is filed.
In any proceeding under this section, the claimant shall have the burden of establishing by the greater weight of the credible evidence that all of the circumstances under s. 859.02 (2) (b)
If the claim is allowed, it shall be paid to the same extent as other claims of the same class. If allowed after the assets of the estate have been partially or fully distributed, any unpaid portion of the claim may be enforced by separate action against the distributees. No distributee is liable for any amount greater than that allowed under s. 859.23
This section does not extend the time for commencement of a claim beyond the time provided by any statute of limitations applicable to that claim.
History: 1989 a. 96
Last illness and funeral expense of deceased spouse.
The reasonable expense of the last illness and funeral may, if properly presented, be paid by the personal representative of the estate of a deceased spouse and if so paid shall be allowed as a proper expenditure even though the surviving spouse could have been held liable for the expense.
History: 1975 c. 94
s. 91 (3)
, (13); 1975 c. 199
No impediment to summary settlement.
Nothing in this chapter shall impede the summary procedure provided by ss. 867.01
for closing small estates.