92.10(6) (6)Implementation; committee duties.
92.10(6)(a)(a) Plan preparation. A land conservation committee shall prepare a land and water resource management plan that, at a minimum, does all of the following:
92.10(6)(a)1. 1. Includes an assessment of water quality and soil erosion conditions throughout the county, including any assessment available from the department of natural resources.
92.10(6)(a)2. 2. Specifies water quality objectives for each water basin, priority watershed, as defined in s. 281.65 (2) (c), and priority lake, as defined in s. 281.65 (2) (be).
92.10(6)(a)3. 3. Identifies the best management practices to achieve the objectives under subd. 2. and to achieve the tolerable erosion level under s. 92.04 (2) (i).
92.10(6)(a)4. 4. Identifies applicable performance standards and prohibitions related to the control of pollution from nonpoint sources, as defined in s. 281.65 (2) (b), and to soil erosion control, including those under this chapter and chs. 281 and 283 and ss. 59.692 and 59.693.
92.10(6)(a)5. 5. Includes a multiyear description of planned county activities, and priorities for those activities, related to land and water resources, including those designed to meet the objectives specified under subd. 2. and to ensure compliance with the standards and prohibitions identified under subd. 4.
92.10(6)(a)6. 6. Describes a system to monitor the progress of activities described in the plan.
92.10(6)(a)7. 7. Includes a strategy to provide information and education related to soil and water resource management.
92.10(6)(a)8. 8. Describes methods for coordinating activities described in the plan with programs of other local, state and federal agencies.
92.10(6)(b) (b) Notification. A land conservation committee shall notify landowners and land users of the results of any determinations concerning soil erosion rates and nonpoint source water pollution, and provide an opportunity for landowners and land users to present information relating to the accuracy of the determinations during preparation of the land and water resource management plan.
92.10(6)(c) (c) Hearings. A land conservation committee shall hold one or more public hearings on the land and water resource management plan.
92.10(6)(d) (d) Plan submission. A land conservation committee shall submit the land and water resource management plan to the board and department.
92.10(8) (8)Duties of the department of natural resources. The department of natural resources shall provide counties with assistance in land and water resource management planning, including providing available water quality data and information, providing training and support for water resource assessments and appraisals and providing related program information.
92.11 92.11 Regulation of local soil and water resource management practices.
92.11(1)(1) Proposed ordinances. To promote soil and water conservation or nonpoint source water pollution abatement, a county, city, village or town may enact ordinances for the regulation of land use, land management and pollutant management practices.
92.11(2) (2)Applicability; contents.
92.11(2)(a)(a) An ordinance enacted under this section may be applicable throughout the county or to any part of the county, including both incorporated and unincorporated areas.
92.11(2)(b) (b) An ordinance enacted under this section may prohibit land uses and land management practices which cause excessive soil erosion, sedimentation, nonpoint source water pollution or storm water runoff.
92.11(3) (3)Presentation; notice; hearing; county board adoption. Any ordinance proposed by the land conservation committee under this section shall be presented to the county board together with a report on the need for the ordinance and its expected economic and environmental impact. Within 2 weeks after its receipt, the county board shall publish the proposed ordinance as a class 2 notice, under ch. 985, in a newspaper having general circulation throughout the county and make the report available for public inspection. The county board shall hold one or more public hearings on the proposed ordinance before taking final action. The county board shall adopt, adopt with revisions or disapprove the ordinance.
92.11(4) (4)Referendum; local approval required.
92.11(4)(a)(a) Definition. As used in this subsection, "affected area" means the entire town, all of a village within the county or all of a city within a county if an ordinance adopted under this section or a revision to an ordinance adopted under this section is applicable to any part of the town, village or city.
92.11(4)(b) (b) Referendum required. No ordinance adopted under this section and no revision to an ordinance adopted under this section may take effect in any affected area in that county unless the ordinance or revision is approved by referendum.
92.11(4)(c) (c) Wording of ballot question; procedure. The county board shall include the wording of the question to be placed before the electors in the referendum as a part of the ordinance adopted under this section or the revision to an ordinance adopted under this section. Upon the adoption of the ordinance or revision the county board shall forward a copy of the ordinance or revision to the county clerk who shall cause the question to be placed before the voters of the affected area in the next spring or general election occurring not less than 70 days after the adoption of the ordinance or revision. The form of the ballot shall correspond substantially to the form prescribed under s. 5.64 (2).
92.11(4)(d) (d) Approval; disapproval. If the question placed before the electors in the referendum is approved by a majority of all votes cast on that subject in an affected area in that county, the ordinance adopted under this section or the revision to an ordinance adopted under this section takes effect in that affected area. Otherwise, the ordinance or revision does not take effect in that affected area.
92.11(5) (5)Enforcement.
92.11(5)(a)(a) The county board shall by ordinance prescribe administrative procedures and provide personnel necessary for the enforcement of any ordinance enacted under this section. Ordinances enacted under this section may be enforced through civil forfeiture or through issuance of an injunction by the circuit court in an action initiated by the county or land conservation committee. The court may award reasonable attorney fees to any plaintiff in a successful action for enforcement through injunction.
92.11(5)(b) (b) At least one year before the county or land conservation committee may initiate an action for enforcement, the land conservation committee shall make a reasonable effort to contact the landowner or land user in person and to furnish the landowner or land user all of the following:
92.11(5)(b)1. 1. An explanation orally and in writing of the reasons for the excessive soil erosion.
92.11(5)(b)2. 2. A management plan which, if followed, would reduce soil erosion to a rate established as acceptable by the land conservation committee. The management plan shall, with reasonable limits, set forth all of the options which are available to the landowner or land user to achieve acceptable soil erosion rates.
92.11(5)(b)3. 3. An explanation of the financial aids and technical assistance which are available to the landowner or land user. These may include, but are not necessarily limited to, cost-sharing, loans, tax incentives and technical assistance available from the land conservation committee and other agencies.
92.11(6) (6)Board of adjustment. The county board shall provide for the appointment of a board of adjustment in any county which adopts an ordinance under this section.
92.11(7) (7)Construction. Any ordinance enacted under this section shall be liberally construed in favor of the county. It shall be construed as setting minimum requirements for the purposes stated and not as a limitation on other powers granted the county board and land conservation committee.
92.11 Annotation An ordinance passed under this section may be applicable to incorporated as well as unincorporated areas of the county. 77 Atty. Gen. 87.
92.115 92.115 Municipal soil conservation on private lands. Any city, village or town by its governing body or through a committee designated by it for the purpose, may contract to do soil conservation work on privately owned lands but no contract may involve more than $1,000 for any one person and the amount of work done for any one person may not exceed $1,000 annually.
92.115 History History: 1975 c. 312; 1981 c. 317, 346; 1999 a. 150 s. 371; Stats. 1999 s. 92.115.
92.12 92.12 Intergovernmental cooperation. Counties, cities, villages, towns and public agencies with natural resource responsibilities in the same or different counties may cooperate in carrying out the purposes of this chapter. If a problem of soil or water conservation is defined in part by drainage basin boundaries beyond a single county's borders or otherwise transcends these borders, the respective counties, cities, villages, towns and public agencies with natural resource responsibilities may enter into mutually binding agreements and contracts containing, but not limited to, provisions for mutually enforced and administered regulatory ordinances and cost-sharing distribution arrangements.
92.12 History History: 1981 c. 346; 1983 a. 410 s. 2200 (2); 1985 a. 332 s. 251 (8).
92.13 92.13 State and local agencies to cooperate. Agencies of the state having jurisdiction over, or charged with the administration of any state-owned lands, and any county or other governmental subdivision of the state having jurisdiction over, or charged with the administration of any county-owned or other publicly owned lands, shall cooperate to the fullest extent with the land conservation committee in carrying out programs under this chapter. The land conservation committee may enter and perform work upon these publicly owned lands. The provisions of land conservation practices ordinances enacted under s. 92.11 are applicable to these publicly owned lands, and shall be in all respects observed by the agencies administering the lands.
92.13 History History: 1981 c. 346; 1983 a. 410 s. 2200 (2); 1985 a. 332 s. 251 (8).
92.14 92.14 Soil and water resource management program.
92.14(1)(1) Definitions. In this section:
92.14(1)(a) (a) "Best management practices" has the meaning given under s. 281.65 (2) (a).
92.14(1)(b) (b) "Nonpoint source" has the meaning given under s. 281.65 (2) (b).
92.14(1)(c) (c) "Priority watershed" has the meaning given under s. 281.65 (2) (c).
92.14(2) (2)Establishment. There is created a soil and water resource management program, which has all of the following purposes:
92.14(2)(a) (a) Enhancing protection of surface water and groundwater resources in this state.
92.14(2)(c) (c) Providing statewide financial and technical assistance for land and water conservation activities at the county level.
92.14(2)(d) (d) Promoting cost-effective land and water conservation activities.
92.14(2)(e) (e) Promoting soil and water conservation by persons claiming farmland preservation tax credits under subch. IX of ch. 71.
92.14(2)(g) (g) Promoting and attaining the soil erosion control goals specified under s. 92.025.
92.14(2)(h) (h) Encouraging innovative local strategies, regulations and incentives to address soil and source water conservation activities.
92.14(2)(i) (i) Increasing local technical assistance to address soil and water resource problems.
92.14(2)(j) (j) Enhancing the administration and coordination of state nonpoint source water pollution abatement activities by the department and the department of natural resources, including providing a single process for grant application, funding allocation, reporting and evaluation.
92.14(3) (3)Basic allocations to counties. To help counties fund their land and water conservation activities, the department shall award an annual grant from the appropriation under s. 20.115 (7) (c), (qe), or (qf) or s. 20.866 (2) (we) to any county land conservation committee that has a land and water resource management plan approved by the department under s. 92.10 (4) (d), and that, by county board action, has resolved to provide any matching funds required under sub. (5g). The county may use the grant for land and water resource management planning and for any of the following purposes, consistent with the approved land and water resource management plan:
92.14(3)(a) (a) County land conservation personnel to administer and implement activities directly related to any of the following:
92.14(3)(a)1. 1. Compliance with soil and water conservation requirements applicable to persons claiming farmland preservation tax credits under subch. IX of ch. 71.
92.14(3)(a)2. 2. Animal waste management activities and ordinances under s. 92.16.
92.14(3)(a)4. 4. Nonpoint source water pollution abatement activities.
92.14(3)(a)5. 5. Other conservation activities determined by the county to be necessary for conservation and resource management in that county.
92.14(3)(b) (b) Grants to farmers for implementing best management practices required under a shoreland management ordinance enacted under s. 92.17, including reimbursement for all of the following:
92.14(3)(b)1. 1. The cost of fencing that the landowner installs in order to comply with the ordinance.
92.14(3)(b)2. 2. The cost of providing a well for livestock if, as a result of complying with the ordinance, the livestock does not have adequate access to water for drinking purposes.
92.14(3)(c) (c) Implementing land and water resource management projects approved in plans under s. 92.10.
92.14(3)(d) (d) Implementing land and water resource management projects undertaken to comply with soil and water conservation requirements applicable to persons claiming farmland preservation tax credits under subch. IX of ch. 71.
92.14(3)(e) (e) Construction of a facility or system related to animal waste management by a farmer who has received a notice of discharge under ch. 283 or management practices required under a notice to a farmer under s. 281.20 (3). The amount of a grant for management practices required under a notice to a farmer under s. 281.20 (3) shall be based on the cost of the method of controlling nonpoint source pollution that the department determines to be the most cost-effective.
92.14(3)(f) (f) Training required under s. 92.18 or any other training necessary to prepare personnel to perform job duties related to this section or s. 281.65.
92.14(3)(g) (g) Technical assistance, education and training, ordinance development or administration related to this chapter or s. 281.65.
92.14(5g) (5g)Matching funds.
92.14(5g)(a)(a) Except as provided in par. (b), if a grant under sub. (3) provides funding for salary and fringe benefits for more than one county staff person, a county shall provide matching funds, as determined by the department by rule, equal to 30% of the cost of salary and fringe benefits for the 2nd staff person and 50% of the cost of salary and fringe benefits for any additional staff persons for whom the grant provides funding.
92.14(5g)(b) (b) For a grant awarded for a year before 2010, the department shall require a county to provide matching funds for priority watershed project staff equal to not less than 10% nor more than 30% of the staff funding that was provided to the county for 1997 for a priority watershed that was designated before July 1, 1998. This paragraph does not apply to matching funds for priority watershed project staff after the termination date that was in effect on October 6, 1998, for the priority watershed project.
92.14(5r) (5r)Annual grant request. Every land conservation committee shall prepare annually a grant request that describes the land and water resource staffing needs and activities to be undertaken or funded by the county under this chapter and ss. 281.65 and 281.66 and the funding needed for those purposes. The grant request shall be consistent with the county's plan under s. 92.10. The land conservation committee shall submit the grant request to the department.
92.14(6) (6)Administration of grants.
92.14(6)(b)(b) The department and the department of natural resources shall prepare an annual grant allocation plan identifying the amounts to be provided to counties under this section and ss. 281.65 and 281.66. In the allocation plan, the departments shall attempt to provide funding under this section for an average of 3 staff persons per county with full funding for the first staff person, 70% funding for the 2nd staff person and 50% funding for any additional staff persons and to provide an average of $100,000 per county for cost-sharing grants. The department shall submit that plan to the board.
92.14(6)(d) (d) The board shall review the annual allocation plan submitted to it under par. (b) and make recommendations to the department of agriculture, trade and consumer protection and the department of natural resources on approval, modification or disapproval of the plan.
92.14(6)(g) (g) Every grant awarded to a county under this section and s. 281.65 shall be consistent with the plans under s. 92.15, 1985 stats., and under this section and ss. 92.10 and 281.65.
92.14(6)(gm) (gm) A county may not provide cost-sharing funds using funds provided under this section in an amount that exceeds 70% of the cost of a project, except in cases of economic hardship, as defined by the department by rule.
92.14(6)(h)1.1. A county may not provide cost-sharing funds using funds provided under this section for the construction of any facility or system related to animal waste management unless all of the following conditions are met:
92.14(6)(h)1.a. a. The facility or system is necessary to meet surface water or groundwater quality objectives.
92.14(6)(h)1.b. b. The facility or system is designed consistent with rules of the department and with the technical standards of the county and is designed to be constructed and operated to avoid water pollution.
92.14(6)(h)1.c. c. The facility or system will use the most cost-effective method to meet water quality standards.
92.14(6)(h)1.d. d. The grant for the facility or system, combined with all other governmental funding, is no more than an amount specified by the department by rule, except that there is no limit on the amount of the grant if the principal purpose of the facility or system is to prevent or control barnyard runoff.
92.14(6)(h)3. 3. Nothing in this paragraph affects the authority of the department of natural resources to act under ch. 283.
92.14(6)(i) (i) No cost-sharing funds from any grant awarded under this section may be distributed to a landowner or land user unless he or she, by contract with the grant recipient, agrees to do all of the following:
92.14(6)(i)1. 1. Maintain any funded practice for its normal expected life, replace it with an equally effective practice or improvement or repay the cost-sharing funds to the grant recipient.
92.14(6)(i)2. 2. Conduct all land management and pollutant management activities in substantial accordance with the performance standards, prohibitions, conservation practices and technical standards under s. 281.16 and with plans approved under this section, under s. 92.15, 1985 stats., and under ss. 92.10 and 281.65, or to repay the cost-sharing funds.
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2013 Wis. Act 380 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before Dec. 13, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after Dec. 13, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 12-13-14)