938.069(4) (4)Qualifications of disposition staff. Disposition staff employed to perform the duties specified in sub. (1) after November 18, 1978, shall have the qualifications required under the county merit system.
938.069 History History: 1995 a. 77; 1997 a. 205; 1999 a. 9; 2005 a. 344; 2015 a. 55.
938.07 938.07 Additional sources of court services. If the county board of supervisors has complied with s. 938.06, the court may obtain supplementary services for investigating cases and providing supervision of cases from one or more of the following sources:
938.07(2) (2)Licensed child welfare agency. The court may request the services of a child welfare agency licensed under s. 48.60 in accordance with procedures established by that agency. The agency shall receive no compensation for these services but may be reimbursed out of funds made available to the court for the actual and necessary expenses incurred in the performance of duties for the court.
938.07(3) (3)County department in populous counties. In counties having a population of 500,000 or more, the court may order the director of the county department to provide emergency shelter care services to any juvenile whose need for the services, either by reason of need of protection and services or delinquency, is determined by the intake worker under s. 938.205. The court may authorize the director to appoint members of the county department to furnish emergency shelter care services for the juvenile. The emergency shelter care may be provided under s. 938.207.
938.07(4) (4)County departments that provide developmental disabilities, mental health or alcohol and other drug abuse services. Within the limits of available state and federal funds and of county funds appropriated to match state funds, the court may order county departments established under s. 51.42 or 51.437 to provide special treatment or care to a juvenile if special treatment or care has been ordered under s. 938.34 (6) and if s. 938.362 (4) applies.
938.07 History History: 1995 a. 77; 2005 a. 344; 2011 a. 260 s. 81.
938.08 938.08 Duties of person furnishing services to court.
938.08(1)(1)Investigations; reports. A person appointed to furnish services to the court under ss. 938.06 and 938.07 shall make any investigations and exercise any discretionary powers that the court may direct, keep a written record of the investigations, and submit a report to the court. The person shall keep informed concerning the conduct and condition of the juvenile under the person's supervision and shall report on the conduct and condition as the court directs.
938.08(2) (2)Power to take juvenile into custody; limits. Except as provided in sub. (3) and ss. 938.355 (6d) and 938.534 (1), a person authorized to provide or providing intake or dispositional services for the court under s. 938.067 or 938.069 has the power of police officers and deputy sheriffs only for the purpose of taking a juvenile into physical custody when the juvenile comes voluntarily, is suffering from illness or injury, or is in immediate danger from his or her surroundings and removal from the surroundings is necessary.
938.08(3) (3)Conditions for certain other persons to take juvenile into custody.
938.08(3)(a)(a) In addition to the law enforcement authority under sub. (2), personnel of the department of corrections designated by that department and personnel of an agency contracted with under s. 301.08 (1) (b) 3. and designated by agreement between the agency and the department of corrections have the power of law enforcement authorities to take a juvenile into physical custody under the following conditions:
938.08(3)(a)1. 1. If they are in prompt pursuit of a juvenile who has run away from a juvenile correctional facility or a residential care center for children and youth.
938.08(3)(a)2. 2. If the juvenile has failed to return to a juvenile correctional facility or a residential care center for children and youth after any authorized absence.
938.08(3)(b) (b) A juvenile who is taken into custody under par. (a) may be returned directly to the juvenile correctional facility or residential care center for children and youth and shall have a hearing regarding placement in disciplinary status in accordance with ch. 227.
938.09 938.09 Representation of the interests of the public. The interests of the public shall be represented in proceedings under this chapter as follows:
938.09(1) (1)Delinquency. By the district attorney, in any matter under s. 938.12.
938.09(2) (2)Civil law violation. By the district attorney or, if designated by the county board of supervisors, by the corporation counsel, in any matter concerning a civil law violation under s. 938.125. If the county board transfers this authority to or from the district attorney on or after May 11, 1990, the board may do so only if the action is effective on September 1 of an odd-numbered year and the board notifies the department of administration of that change by January 1 of that year.
938.09(3) (3)Municipal ordinance violation. By the city, village, or town attorney, in any matter concerning a city, village, or town ordinance violation, respectively, under s. 938.125.
938.09(4) (4)County ordinance violation. By an appropriate person designated by the county board of supervisors in any matter concerning a county ordinance violation under s. 938.125.
938.09(5) (5)Juvenile in need of protection or services. By the district attorney or, if designated by the county board of supervisors, by the corporation counsel, in any matter under s. 938.13. If the county board transfers this authority to or from the district attorney on or after May 11, 1990, the board may do so only if the action is effective on September 1 of an odd-numbered year and the board notifies the department of administration of that change by January 1 of that year.
938.09(6) (6)Interstate compact. By an appropriate person designated by the county board of supervisors in any matter arising under s. 938.14.
938.09 History History: 1995 a. 77; 2005 a. 344; 2015 a. 197 s. 51.
938.10 938.10 Power of the judge to act as intake worker. The duties of the intake worker may be carried out by the judge at his or her discretion, except that if a request to file a petition is made, a citation is issued, or a deferred prosecution agreement is entered into, the judge is disqualified from participating further in the proceedings.
938.10 History History: 1995 a. 77; 1997 a. 80; 2005 a. 344.
subch. III of ch. 938 SUBCHAPTER III
JURISDICTION
938.12 938.12 Jurisdiction over juveniles alleged to be delinquent.
938.12(1)(1)In general. The court has exclusive jurisdiction, except as provided in ss. 938.17, 938.18, and 938.183, over any juvenile 10 years of age or older who is alleged to be delinquent.
938.12(2) (2)Seventeen-year-olds. If a petition alleging that a juvenile is delinquent is filed before the juvenile is 17 years of age, but the juvenile becomes 17 years of age before admitting the facts of the petition at the plea hearing or if the juvenile denies the facts, before an adjudication, the court retains jurisdiction over the case.
938.12 History History: 1995 a. 77; 2005 a. 344.
938.12 Annotation The state may not delay in charging a child in order to avoid juvenile court jurisdiction. State v. Becker, 74 Wis. 2d 675, 247 N.W.2d 495 (1976).
938.12 Annotation Notwithstanding s. 48.13 (12), 1979 Stats., the court had jurisdiction under s. 48.12 (1), 1979 Stats., over a child who committed a delinquent act before his 12th birthday but was charged after his 12th birthday. In Matter of D.V. 100 Wis. 2d 363, 302 N.W.2d 64 (Ct. App. 1981).
938.12 Annotation Under the facts of the case, the court retained jurisdiction to determine waiver although the juvenile turned 18 after the proceedings were commenced. In Interest of TDP, 109 Wis. 2d 495, 326 N.W.2d 741 (1982).
938.12 Annotation A contempt of court allegation did not support a determination of delinquency. In Interest of V.G. 111 Wis. 2d 647, 331 N.W.2d 632 (Ct. App. 1983).
938.12 Annotation A prior adult proceeding that litigated the question of the respondent's age collaterally estopped the state from relitigating the same question in juvenile court, and the juvenile court had subject matter jurisdiction of the case. In Interest of H.N.T. 125 Wis. 2d 242, 371 N.W.2d 395 (Ct. App. 1985).
938.12 Annotation Juvenile court proceedings are commenced under sub. (2) upon filing the petition. The child need not appear in juvenile court before reaching age 18 for the court to retain jurisdiction. In Interest of D.W.B. 158 Wis. 2d 398, 462 N.W.2d 520 (1990).
938.12 Annotation When a juvenile turns 18 during the pendency of proceedings, the filing of a waiver petition prior to a plea hearing is not required for waiver of jurisdiction under sub. (2). In Interest of K.A.P. 159 Wis. 2d 384, 464 N.W.2d 106 (Ct. App. 1990).
938.12 Annotation The age of the defendant at the time of charging determines juvenile court jurisdiction regardless of the defendant's age at the time of the offense. State v. Annola, 168 Wis. 2d 453, 484 N.W.2d 138 (1992).
938.12 Annotation Wisconsin courts have jurisdiction over resident juveniles alleged to be delinquent because they violated another state's criminal laws. 70 Atty. Gen. 143.
938.12 Annotation Greater Jurisdiction Discretion. Schneider & Harrison. Wis. Law. Apr. 1996.
938.12 Note NOTE: The above annotations cite to s. 48.12, the predecessor statute to s. 938.12.
938.12 Annotation A defendant is not entitled to an evidentiary hearing as a matter of right whenever there is a mere allegation that the state intentionally “manipulated the system" to avoid juvenile court jurisdiction. The standard for determining when a hearing should be granted is articulated. State v. Velez, 224 Wis. 2d 1, 589 N.W.2d 9 (1999), 96-2430.
938.12 Annotation The state does not have jurisdiction over delinquent acts committed by Menominee tribal members within reservation boundaries, but does have jurisdiction over acts committed off the reservation. State v. Elmer J.K. 224 Wis. 2d 372, 591 N.W.2d 176 (Ct. App. 1999), 98-2067.
938.12 Annotation After the filing of a delinquency petition, a juvenile court may waive its jurisdiction over juveniles of certain ages who have been charged with certain crimes. The juvenile's age on the date of the alleged offense mandates whether the juvenile court has competency to consider waiver. An order is not valid when issued by a court that lacks competency due to the failure to follow fundamental statutory requirements. In this case, where the juvenile was below the age for waiver, the waiver order by the juvenile court was invalid and the adult court never obtained jurisdiction. State v. Phillips, 2014 WI App 3, 352 Wis. 2d 493, 842 N.W.2d 504, 12-2103.
938.12 Annotation Under In the Matter of D.V. 100 Wis. 2d 363, the competency of a circuit court to address criminal acts of an individual is determined by the individual's age when a legal action is filed and not when he or she committed the wrongful acts at issue. State v. Sanders, 2017 WI App 22, 375 Wis. 2d 248, 895 N.W.2d 41, 15-2328.
938.125 938.125 Jurisdiction over juveniles alleged to have violated civil laws or ordinances. The court has exclusive jurisdiction over a juvenile alleged to have violated a law punishable by forfeiture or a county, town, or other municipal ordinance, except as follows:
938.125(1) (1) As provided under s. 938.17.
938.125(2) (2) The court has exclusive jurisdiction over a juvenile alleged to have violated an ordinance enacted under s. 118.163 (2) only if evidence is provided by the school attendance officer that the activities under s. 118.16 (5) have been completed or were not required to be completed as provided in s. 118.16 (5m).
938.125 History History: 1995 a. 77; 1997 a. 35, 239; 2005 a. 344.
938.13 938.13 Jurisdiction over juveniles alleged to be in need of protection or services. Except as provided in s. 938.028 (3), the court has exclusive original jurisdiction over a juvenile alleged to be in need of protection or services which can be ordered by the court if any of the following conditions applies:
938.13(4) (4)Uncontrollable. The juvenile's parent or guardian signs the petition requesting jurisdiction under this subsection and is unable or needs assistance to control the juvenile.
938.13(6) (6)Habitually truant from school. Except as provided under s. 938.17 (2), the juvenile is habitually truant from school and evidence is provided by the school attendance officer that the activities under s. 118.16 (5) have been completed or were not required to be completed as provided in s. 118.16 (5m).
938.13(6m) (6m)School dropout. The juvenile is a school dropout, as defined in s. 118.153 (1) (b).
938.13(7) (7)Habitually truant from home. The juvenile is habitually truant from home and either the juvenile, a parent or guardian, or a relative in whose home the juvenile resides signs the petition requesting jurisdiction and attests in court that reconciliation efforts have been attempted and have failed.
938.13(12) (12)Delinquent act before age 10. The juvenile is under 10 years of age and has committed a delinquent act.
938.13(14) (14)Not responsible or not competent. The juvenile has been determined, under s. 938.30 (5) (c), to be not responsible for a delinquent act by reason of mental disease or defect or has been determined, under s. 938.30 (5) (d), to be not competent to proceed.
938.13 History History: 1995 a. 77, 275; 1997 a. 35, 239; 2005 a. 344; 2009 a. 94.
938.13 Annotation Sub. (6) specifically requires that the school attendance officer provide evidence that the activities under s. 118.16 (5) have been completed or were not required due to an exception under s. 118.16 (5m). Sub. (6) does not state that a protective services order requires a school attendance officer to provide evidence that all of the requirements under s. 118.16 were met. Richland County Health and Human Services v. Brandon L.Y. 2008 WI App 73, 312 Wis. 2d 406, 753 N.W.2d 529, 07-0834.
938.135 938.135 Referral of juveniles to proceedings under ch. 51 or 55.
938.135(1)(1)Juvenile with developmental disability, mental illness, or alcohol or drug dependency. If a juvenile alleged to be delinquent or in need of protection or services is before the court and appears to have a developmental disability or mental illness or to be drug dependent or suffering from alcoholism, the court may proceed under ch. 51 or 55.
938.135(2) (2)Admissions, placements, and commitments to inpatient facilities. Any voluntary or involuntary admissions, placements, or commitments of a juvenile made in or to an inpatient facility, as defined in s. 51.01 (10), other than a commitment under s. 938.34 (6) (am), are governed by ch. 51 or 55.
938.135 History History: 1995 a. 77; 2005 a. 344.
938.14 938.14 Jurisdiction over interstate compact proceedings. The court has exclusive jurisdiction over proceedings under the Interstate Compact for Juveniles under s. 938.999.
938.14 History History: 1995 a. 77; 2005 a. 234; 2015 a. 159.
938.15 938.15 Jurisdiction of other courts to determine legal custody. Except as provided in s. 938.028 (3), nothing in this chapter deprives another court of the right to determine the legal custody of a juvenile by habeas corpus or to determine the legal custody or guardianship of a juvenile if the legal custody or guardianship is incidental to the determination of an action pending in that court. Except as provided in s. 938.028 (3), the jurisdiction of the court assigned to exercise jurisdiction under this chapter and ch. 48 is paramount in all cases involving juveniles alleged to come within the provisions of ss. 938.12 to 938.14.
938.15 History History: 1995 a. 77; 2005 a. 344; 2009 a. 94.
938.17 938.17 Jurisdiction over traffic, boating, snowmobile, all-terrain vehicle, and utility terrain vehicle violations and over civil law and ordinance violations.
938.17(1) (1)Traffic, boating, snowmobile, all-terrain vehicle, utility terrain vehicle, and limited use off-highway motorcycle violations. Except for violations of ss. 342.06 (2) and 344.48 (1), and violations of ss. 30.67 (1) and 346.67 (1) when death or injury occurs, courts of criminal and civil jurisdiction have exclusive jurisdiction in proceedings against juveniles 16 years of age or older for violations of ss. 23.33 and 23.335, of ss. 30.50 to 30.80, of chs. 341 to 351, and of traffic regulations, as defined in s. 345.20, and nonmoving traffic violations, as defined in s. 345.28 (1). A juvenile charged with a traffic, boating, snowmobile, all-terrain vehicle, utility terrain vehicle, or limited use off-highway motorcycle offense in a court of criminal or civil jurisdiction shall be treated as an adult before the trial of the proceeding except that the juvenile may be held in secure custody only in a juvenile detention facility. A juvenile convicted of a traffic, boating, snowmobile, all-terrain vehicle, utility terrain vehicle, or limited use off-highway motorcycle offense in a court of criminal or civil jurisdiction shall be treated as an adult for sentencing purposes except as follows:
938.17(1)(a) (a) The court may disregard any minimum period of incarceration specified for the offense.
938.17(1)(b) (b) If the court orders the juvenile to serve a period of incarceration of less than 6 months, the juvenile may serve that period of incarceration only in a juvenile detention facility.
938.17(1)(c) (c) If the court of civil or criminal jurisdiction orders the juvenile to serve a period of incarceration of 6 months or more, that court shall petition the court assigned to exercise jurisdiction under this chapter and ch. 48 to order one or more of the dispositions under s. 938.34, including placement of the juvenile in a juvenile correctional facility or a secured residential care center for children and youth, if appropriate.
938.17(2) (2)Civil law and ordinance violations.
938.17(2)(a)(a) Concurrent municipal and juvenile court jurisdiction; ordinance violations.
938.17(2)(a)1.1. Except as provided in subd. 1m. and sub. (1), municipal courts have concurrent jurisdiction with the court assigned to exercise jurisdiction under this chapter and ch. 48 in proceedings against juveniles 12 years of age or over for violations of county, town, or other municipal ordinances. If evidence is provided by the school attendance officer that the activities under s. 118.16 (5) have been completed or were not required to be completed as provided in s. 118.16 (5m), the municipal court specified in subd. 2. may exercise jurisdiction in proceedings against a juvenile for a violation of an ordinance enacted under s. 118.163 (2) regardless of the juvenile's age and regardless of whether the court assigned to exercise jurisdiction under this chapter and ch. 48 has jurisdiction under s. 938.13 (6).
938.17(2)(a)1m. 1m. Except as provided in sub. (1), municipal courts have exclusive jurisdiction in proceedings against juveniles 12 years of age or over for violations of municipal ordinances enacted under ch. 349 that are in conformity with chs. 341 to 349. When a juvenile 12 years of age or over is alleged to have violated a municipal ordinance enacted under ch. 349 that is in conformity with chs. 341 to 349, the juvenile may be issued a citation directing the juvenile to appear in municipal court or make a deposit or stipulation and deposit in lieu of appearance or, if there is no municipal court in the municipality that enacted the ordinance, the juvenile may be issued a citation or referred to intake as provided in par. (b). If a municipal court finds that a juvenile has violated a municipal ordinance enacted under ch. 349 that is in conformity with chs. 341 to 349, the court shall enter any of the dispositional orders permitted under s. 938.343 that are authorized under sub. (2) (cm).
938.17(2)(a)2.a.a. In this subdivision, “ administrative center" means the main administrative offices of a school district.
938.17(2)(a)2.b. b. The municipal court that may exercise jurisdiction under subd. 1. is the municipal court that is located in the same municipality as the administrative center of the school district in which the juvenile is enrolled, if that municipality has adopted an ordinance under s. 118.163.
938.17(2)(a)2.c. c. If the municipality specified under subd. 2. b. has not adopted an ordinance under s. 118.163, the municipal court that may exercise jurisdiction under subd. 1. is the municipal court that is located in the municipality where the school in which the juvenile is enrolled is located, if that municipality has adopted an ordinance under s. 118.163.
938.17(2)(a)2.d. d. If the municipality specified under subd. 2. b. or c. has not adopted an ordinance under s. 118.163, the municipal court that may exercise jurisdiction under subd. 1. is the municipal court that is located in the municipality where the juvenile resides, if that municipality has adopted an ordinance under s. 118.163.
938.17(2)(a)3. 3. Except as provided in subd. 1m., when a juvenile is alleged to have violated a municipal ordinance, one of the following may occur:
938.17(2)(a)3.a. a. The juvenile may be issued a citation directing the juvenile to appear in municipal court or make a deposit or stipulation and deposit in lieu of appearance.
938.17(2)(a)3.b. b. The juvenile may be issued a citation directing the juvenile to appear in the court assigned to exercise jurisdiction under this chapter and ch. 48 or make a deposit or stipulation and deposit in lieu of appearance as provided in s. 938.237.
938.17(2)(a)3.c. c. The juvenile may be referred to intake for a determination whether a petition should be filed in the court assigned to exercise jurisdiction under this chapter and ch. 48 under s. 938.125.
938.17(2)(b) (b) Juvenile court jurisdiction; civil law and ordinance violations. When a juvenile 12 years of age or older is alleged to have violated a civil law punishable by a forfeiture or to have violated a municipal ordinance but there is no municipal court in the municipality, one of the following may occur:
938.17(2)(b)1. 1. The juvenile may be issued a citation directing the juvenile to appear in the court assigned to exercise jurisdiction under this chapter and ch. 48 or make a deposit or stipulation and deposit in lieu of appearance as provided in s. 938.237.
938.17(2)(b)2. 2. The juvenile may be referred to intake for a determination whether a petition under s. 938.125 should be filed in the court assigned to exercise jurisdiction under this chapter and ch. 48.
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2015-16 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2017 Wis. Act 58 and all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders effective on or before September 20, 2017. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after September 20, 2017 are designated by NOTES. (Published 9-20-17)