Represented to be certified seed by means of any labeling, advertisement or other representations unless it is certified and bears an official certification label.
Having attached thereto a blue label, unless such label is an official certification label authorized for use on such seed by a seed certifying agency.
When the inoculum applied to preinoculated seed is ineffective as determined by standards established by rules of the department.
Not certified by an official seed certifying agency, if labeled under the variety name of a variety of seed which is protected by and can only be sold as a class of certified seed under a certificate of plant variety protection issued under the federal plant variety protection act (7 USC 2321
et. seq.), provided that seed from a certified lot may be labeled as to variety name when used in a mixture by, or with the approval of, the owner of the variety.
It is unlawful for any person:
To detach, alter, deface or destroy any label attached to or accompanying seed, or to alter or substitute seed in a manner which would defeat the purposes of the rules of the department relating to the labeling of seed or result in the sale or distribution of seed in violation of ss. 94.38
or rules promulgated under those sections.
To disseminate any false or misleading advertisements, or make any false or misleading claims concerning agricultural or vegetable seeds in any manner or by any means.
To hinder or obstruct in any way, any authorized person in the performance of the person's duties under ss. 94.38
To fail to comply with a "stop sale" order or to make any other disposition of any lot of seed contrary to the provisions of such order.
To use the word "trace" as a substitute for any labeling required under rules of the department relating to the composition of seeds or seed mixtures.
To use the word "type" in any labeling in connection with the name of any agricultural seed variety.
To make a false declaration of gross annual sales on any application for a seed labeler's license or to fail to keep available for inspection by the department accurate records of gross annual sales of seeds sold in this state as a labeler.
The provisions of ss. 94.38
do not apply to:
Seed or grain not intended for sowing purposes, except where it is made to appear by labeling, advertising or other representations that it is available for purchase or is being sold, distributed or offered or exposed for sale as seed; or where it is represented as being suitable for use as seed by such terms as cleaned, processed, treated, tested, certified or terms of similar import.
To seed in storage in, or being transported or consigned to, a cleaning or processing establishment for cleaning or processing; but any labeling or other representation which may be made with respect to the uncleaned or unprocessed seed shall be subject to ss. 94.38
Any carrier in respect to any seed delivered or consigned to it by others for transportation in the ordinary course of its business as a carrier.
Any person in respect to any seed sold, distributed or offered or exposed for sale which was incorrectly labeled or represented as to kind, variety or origin, provided that the seeds cannot be identified by examination thereof, unless the person has failed to obtain an invoice, genuine grower's declaration or other labeling information reasonably necessary to insure the seed is as represented.
History: 1985 a. 138
Seed labeler's license. 94.43(1)
Every person whose name and address are required to appear on the label of any seed as the labeler or person responsible for the labeling of the seed under the rules of the department relating to the labeling of seed, and every person who opens any bag or container of seed and sells any part of the seed contained therein, shall obtain a seed labeler's license from the department before selling, distributing or offering or exposing, the seed for sale in this state.
No person may sell, distribute or offer or expose for sale in this state any seed not labeled by the holder of a seed labeler's license whose name and address are on the label, except that no license shall be required to sell seed of one's own production if it is delivered to the purchaser only on the farm premises where grown or to sell seed only in bags or other closed containers labeled by the holder of a seed labeler's license. Labels are not required for seed packaged at time of sale at retail by the holder of a seed labeler's license if the bin or other container from which the seed is sold bears a label and the seed with its labeling may be readily examined by the purchaser prior to sale. Seed sold by a licensed labeler under this exception shall be considered as having been sold under his or her label for purposes of computing license fees under sub. (3)
Application for a seed labeler's license shall be submitted on a form prescribed by the department and shall be accompanied by a fee based on the gross sales of seed within the state by the applicant under his or her own label during the previous 12 months prior to filing the application. Fees for a labeler's license shall be computed on gross sales according to the following schedule, except that the department may specify different fees by rule:
For gross sales that are less than $10,000: $25.
For gross sales that are $10,000 or more but less than $50,000: $50.
For gross sales that are $50,000 or more but less than $100,000: $100.
For gross sales that are $100,000 or more but less than $250,000: $300.
For gross sales that are $250,000 or more but less than $500,000: $500.
For gross sales that are $500,000 or more but less than $1,000,000: $750.
For gross sales that are $1,000,000 or more but less than $10,000,000: $1,000.
For gross sales that are $10,000,000 or more but less than $100,000,000: $1,500.
For gross sales that are $100,000,000 or more: $2,500.
The license fee for a new applicant or for a person who did not sell seed under his or her own label during the previous 12 months shall be the minimum fee of $25 for the first year or any part thereof.
The licenses shall expire on December 31 of each year. Licenses shall not be transferable and no fee or any portion thereof shall be refunded after the license has been issued.
Each person whose name is required to appear on the label as the labeler of agricultural or vegetable seeds under rules of the department shall maintain complete records of each lot of seed sold or labeled for a period of 2 years after final sale or disposition of the seed, except that a file sample of the seed need be kept for only one year and except that this section does not require a record of the sale or disposal of each portion of a lot sold at retail in quantities of less than 40 pounds. All records and samples pertaining to any lot of seed shall be accessible for inspection by the department during customary business hours.
History: 2009 a. 28
Powers and authority of the department. 94.45(1)
The department is authorized:
To enter during regular business hours all places of business, warehouses, freight depots, cars, trucks and all other places where seed is stored, transported, sold or exposed for sale. The department is empowered to sample any container of seed, analyze and test the samples and inspect all records relating to any lot of seed in order to secure evidence of violation of ss. 94.38
To establish and maintain a seed laboratory for the testing and analysis of seed.
To make purity and germination tests of seed for persons on request and for this purpose may prescribe rules governing such testing and fix and collect charges for tests made.
To cooperate with the U.S. department of agriculture and other agencies in seed law enforcement.
To publish at least once a year, in such form as the department deems proper, information concerning the inspection and sales of seed and the results of the analysis of official samples of agricultural and vegetable seeds distributed within the state.
The department shall promulgate rules that do all of the following:
Prescribe standards for the labeling, distribution, and sale of agricultural seed and vegetable seed.
Govern methods of sampling, inspecting, analyzing, testing, and examining agricultural seed and vegetable seed.
Prescribe tolerances for purity and rate of germination of agricultural seed and vegetable seed.
Prescribe tolerances for the occurrence of noxious weed seeds in agricultural seed and vegetable seed.
Identify noxious weeds and prohibited noxious weeds.
Govern the issuance of seed labeler licenses.
See also ch. ATCP 20
, Wis. adm. code.
Stop sale; penalties; enforcement. 94.46(1)
The department may issue a written or printed "stop sale" order to the owner or custodian of any lot of agricultural or vegetable seed not conforming with ss. 94.38
, or rules thereunder. The order shall specify the sections of the law or rules violated and shall prohibit the sale or other disposition of the seed except as the department authorizes or directs. Unless the seed is brought into compliance with the law or rules and is released from the "stop sale" order, or other disposition is agreed upon in writing within 30 days after service of the order, the seed shall be disposed of as the department by notice in writing may direct. This shall not preclude the voluntary signing of a disposal agreement without the issuance of a "stop sale" order. Any notice or order hereunder may be served personally or by mail and shall have the effect of a special order under s. 93.18
subject to review under ch. 227
if within 10 days after service of any notice or order, the owner or custodian files with the department a written request for a hearing. Final disposition of the seed shall be stayed during pendency of the hearing but the "stop sale" order shall remain in effect.
Any lot of agricultural or vegetable seed not in compliance with ss. 94.38
, or rules thereunder, or not disposed of in accordance with any disposal agreement or order under sub. (1)
, shall be subject to seizure on complaint of the department to a court of competent jurisdiction. If the court finds the seed to be in violation of law and orders the condemnation of said seed, it shall be denatured, processed, destroyed, relabeled or otherwise disposed of as the court directs.
In addition to or in lieu of other remedies provided for enforcement of ss. 94.38
, the department may apply to the circuit court for a temporary or permanent injunction to prevent, restrain, or enjoin any person from violating ss. 94.38
or any rules or orders issued thereunder.
Any person violating ss. 94.38
or rules promulgated thereunder shall forfeit not less than $100 nor more than $500 for the first offense. For any subsequent offense occurring within 5 years of a previous offense, the person shall forfeit, for each offense, not less than $200 nor more than $1,000. The 5-year period shall be measured from the dates of the violations which resulted in convictions.
Any person who knowingly violates ss. 94.38
or rules promulgated thereunder may be fined not more than $500 or imprisoned not more than 6 months or both.
History: 1985 a. 138
Cultivated ginseng. 94.50(1)(1)
In this section:
"Cultivated ginseng" means ginseng dry root, live root, tissue culture or seed that is grown or nurtured in this state by a person.
"Dealer" means a person who buys cultivated ginseng for the purpose of resale, except that it does not include a person who buys cultivated ginseng dry root solely for the purpose of final retail sale to consumers in the United States.
"Grower" means a person who grows cultivated ginseng and who sells cultivated ginseng to a dealer.
"Out-of-state cultivated ginseng" means ginseng that is grown or nurtured outside this state by a person.
(2) Growers and dealers; registration.
No person may act as a grower or a dealer unless he or she is registered with the department. Any person who acts as a dealer and a grower shall register as both. Registrations shall be made annually on a form provided by the department. Registrations expire on December 31 of each year. A dealer, other than an individual who is eligible for the veterans fee waiver program under s. 45.44
, shall pay to the department an annual registration fee of $25. The department shall assign a registration number to each person registered under this subsection. All moneys collected under this subsection shall be credited to the appropriation account under s. 20.115 (7) (ga)
(3) Sale or shipment of cultivated ginseng. 94.50(3)(a)(a)
Except as provided in par. (f)
, no person may sell or ship cultivated ginseng to a dealer or ship cultivated ginseng out of this state unless the cultivated ginseng is accompanied by a valid completed shipment certificate which specifies the year of harvest. The person selling or shipping the cultivated ginseng shall complete a valid shipment certificate provided by the department. The person selling or shipping the cultivated ginseng shall on a valid form provided by the department report to the department within 30 days after the sale or shipment, the source of all of the cultivated ginseng included in the sale or shipment. Each person who completes a shipment certificate or report form shall retain a duplicate copy.
The department shall upon request provide each registered grower and dealer with shipment certificates and report forms required under par. (a)
. The department shall stamp each shipment certificate and report form with the registration number of the grower or dealer. A shipment certificate and report form is valid only if used during the registration period for which the stamp registration number of the grower or dealer was issued. The department may charge a reasonable fee to recover the costs related to providing shipment certificates and report forms. All moneys collected under this paragraph shall be credited to the appropriation account under s. 20.115 (7) (ga)
No dealer may purchase or receive cultivated ginseng unless it is accompanied by a completed shipment certificate. A dealer shall retain the original copy of each shipment certificate he or she receives.
No dealer may purchase or receive out-of-state cultivated ginseng unless the ginseng is accompanied by a valid written certificate, issued by the state of origin, certifying that the shipment consists solely of out-of-state cultivated ginseng. The certificate shall include the source, year of harvest, and dry weight of the out-of-state cultivated ginseng included in the shipment. A dealer shall retain a copy of each written certificate he or she receives.
No person may import out-of-state cultivated ginseng into this state, unless the imported shipment is accompanied by a valid shipment certificate issued by the state of origin. No person may ship out-of-state cultivated ginseng under a shipment certificate issued by this state.
(f) Paragraph (a)
does not apply to a person who sells or ships cultivated ginseng dry root to a person outside of this state who is buying or receiving the cultivated ginseng dry root solely for the purpose of final retail sale to consumers in the United States, if the person selling or shipping keeps a written record of the sale or shipment which shall include all of the following:
The name and address of the purchaser or recipient.
The dry weight of the cultivated ginseng dry root included in the sale or shipment.
The source of all of the cultivated ginseng dry root included in the sale or shipment.
The year in which the cultivated ginseng dry root was harvested.
(4) Inspection or submission of records.
A dealer or grower shall make all records that are required to be kept under this section available upon request to the department for inspection and copying. A dealer or grower registered in this state shall submit all records upon request to the department that are kept outside of this state and that are required to be kept under this section.
(5) False information.
No person may include false information on any document or record required under this section, or submit false information to the department in connection with a registration under sub. (2)
. No person may knowingly accept or retain a document or record required under this section that contains false information to facilitate the sale or shipment of ginseng in violation of this section or s. 29.611
(6) Public inspection of documents and records. 94.50(6)(a)(a)
Documents and records relating to transactions in cultivated ginseng dry root submitted under this section by a grower or dealer to the department are not open to public inspection.
Documents and records relating to transactions in cultivated ginseng live root, tissue culture or seed which are submitted by a grower or dealer to the department under this section shall be open to public inspection under subch. II of ch. 19
(7) Enforcement actions.
The department may by an order deny, suspend or revoke the registration of a dealer or a grower and may invalidate shipment certificates completed by the dealer or grower, if the department finds that the dealer or grower has violated this section. The department may by a summary order and without prior notice or hearing, suspend or invalidate the registration and shipment certificates of a dealer or grower if the department finds that there is a need for immediate action to prevent a violation of this section. An order issued under this subsection shall be in writing, have the force and effect of an order issued under s. 93.18
, and is subject to a right of hearing before the department, if requested within 10 days after service. Hearings on summary orders shall be conducted within 10 days after receipt of a request for hearing. Enforcement of a summary order shall not be stayed pending the hearing.