940.302(2)(a)1. 1. One of the following applies:
940.302(2)(a)1.a. a. The trafficking is for the purposes of labor or services.
940.302(2)(a)1.b. b. The trafficking is for the purposes of a commercial sex act.
940.302(2)(a)2. 2. The trafficking is done by any of the following:
940.302(2)(a)2.a. a. Causing or threatening to cause bodily harm to any individual.
940.302(2)(a)2.b. b. Causing or threatening to cause financial harm to any individual.
940.302(2)(a)2.c. c. Restraining or threatening to restrain any individual.
940.302(2)(a)2.d. d. Violating or threatening to violate a law.
940.302(2)(a)2.e. e. Destroying, concealing, removing, confiscating, or possessing, or threatening to destroy, conceal, remove, confiscate, or possess, any actual or purported passport or any other actual or purported official identification document of any individual.
940.302(2)(a)2.f. f. Extortion.
940.302(2)(a)2.g. g. Fraud or deception.
940.302(2)(a)2.h. h. Debt bondage.
940.302(2)(a)2.i. i. Controlling or threatening to control any individual's access to an addictive controlled substance.
940.302(2)(a)2.j. j. Using any scheme, pattern, or other means to directly or indirectly coerce, threaten, or intimidate any individual.
940.302(2)(a)2.k. k. Using or threatening to use force or violence on any individual.
940.302(2)(a)2.L. L. Causing or threatening to cause any individual to do any act against the individual's will or without the individual's consent.
940.302(2)(b) (b) Whoever benefits in any manner from a violation of par. (a) is guilty of a Class D felony if the person knows or reasonably should have known that the benefits come from or are derived from an act or scheme described in par. (a).
940.302(2)(c) (c) Whoever knowingly receives compensation from the earnings of debt bondage, a prostitute, or a commercial sex act, as described in sub. (1) (a) 1. and 2., is guilty of a Class F felony.
940.302(3) (3) Any person who incurs an injury or death as a result of a violation of sub. (2) may bring a civil action against the person who committed the violation. In addition to actual damages, the court may award punitive damages to the injured party, not to exceed treble the amount of actual damages incurred, and reasonable attorney fees.
940.302 History History: 2007 a. 116; 2013 a. 362 ss. 27 to 33, 37.
940.302 Annotation Halting Modern Slavery in the Midwest: The Potential of Wisconsin Act 116 to Improve the State and Federal Response to Human Trafficking. Ozalp. 2009 WLR 1391.
940.305 940.305 Taking hostages.
940.305(1)(1) Except as provided in sub. (2), whoever by force or threat of imminent force seizes, confines or restrains a person without the person's consent and with the intent to use the person as a hostage in order to influence a person to perform or not to perform some action demanded by the actor is guilty of a Class B felony.
940.305(2) (2) Whoever commits a violation specified under sub. (1) is guilty of a Class C felony if, before the time of the actor's arrest, each person who is held as a hostage is released without bodily harm.
940.305 History History: 1979 c. 118; 1993 a. 194; 2001 a. 109.
940.305 AnnotationThe constitutionality of s. 940.305 is upheld. State v. Bertrand, 162 Wis. 2d 411, 469 N.W.2d 873 (Ct. App. 1991).
940.31 940.31 Kidnapping.
940.31(1)(1) Whoever does any of the following is guilty of a Class C felony:
940.31(1)(a) (a) By force or threat of imminent force carries another from one place to another without his or her consent and with intent to cause him or her to be secretly confined or imprisoned or to be carried out of this state or to be held to service against his or her will; or
940.31(1)(b) (b) By force or threat of imminent force seizes or confines another without his or her consent and with intent to cause him or her to be secretly confined or imprisoned or to be carried out of this state or to be held to service against his or her will; or
940.31(1)(c) (c) By deceit induces another to go from one place to another with intent to cause him or her to be secretly confined or imprisoned or to be carried out of this state or to be held to service against his or her will.
940.31(2) (2)
940.31(2)(a)(a) Except as provided in par. (b), whoever violates sub. (1) with intent to cause another to transfer property in order to obtain the release of the victim is guilty of a Class B felony.
940.31(2)(b) (b) Whoever violates sub. (1) with intent to cause another to transfer property in order to obtain the release of the victim is guilty of a Class C felony if the victim is released without permanent physical injury prior to the time the first witness is sworn at the trial.
940.31 History History: 1977 c. 173; 1993 a. 194, 486; 2001 a. 109.
940.31 Annotation A conviction under sub. (1) (c) does not require proof of express or implied misrepresentations. State v. Dalton, 98 Wis. 2d 725, 298 N.W.2d 398 (Ct. App. 1980).
940.31 Annotation "Service," as used in this section includes acts done at the command of another and clearly embraces sexual acts performed at the command of another. State v. Clement, 153 Wis. 2d 287, 450 N.W.2d 789 (Ct. App. 1989).
940.31 Annotation Parental immunity does not extend to an agent acting for the parent. State v. Simplot, 180 Wis. 2d 383, 509 N.W.2d 338 (Ct. App. 1993).
940.31 Annotation Forced movement of a person from one part of a building to another satisfies the "carries another from one place to another" element of sub. (1) (a). State v. Wagner, 191 Wis. 2d 322, 528 N.W.2d 85 (Ct. App. 1995).
940.31 Annotation Confinement is the intentional, unlawful, and uncontested restraint by one person of the physical liberty of another. State v. Burroughs, 2002 WI App 18, 250 Wis. 2d 180, 640 N.W.2d 190, 01-0738.
940.31 Annotation Sub. (2) (b) allows for a lesser degree of kidnapping if two additional elements are present: 1) the victim is released prior to the first witness testimony, and 2) there is no permanent physical injury to the victim. Once there is some evidence of the mitigating factor of no permanent injury, the burden is on the state to prove the absence of that factor and a court accepting a guilty plea to a charged kidnapping offense under sub. (2) (a) should ascertain a factual basis for excluding the lesser-related offense under sub. (2) (b). State v. Ravesteijn, 2006 WI App 250, 297 Wis. 2d 663, 727 N.W.2d 53, 05-1955.
940.32 940.32 Stalking.
940.32(1)(1) In this section:
940.32(1)(a) (a) "Course of conduct" means a series of 2 or more acts carried out over time, however short or long, that show a continuity of purpose, including any of the following:
940.32(1)(a)1. 1. Maintaining a visual or physical proximity to the victim.
940.32(1)(a)2. 2. Approaching or confronting the victim.
940.32(1)(a)3. 3. Appearing at the victim's workplace or contacting the victim's employer or coworkers.
940.32(1)(a)4. 4. Appearing at the victim's home or contacting the victim's neighbors.
940.32(1)(a)5. 5. Entering property owned, leased, or occupied by the victim.
940.32(1)(a)6. 6. Contacting the victim by telephone or causing the victim's telephone or any other person's telephone to ring repeatedly or continuously, regardless of whether a conversation ensues.
940.32(1)(a)6m. 6m. Photographing, videotaping, audiotaping, or, through any other electronic means, monitoring or recording the activities of the victim. This subdivision applies regardless of where the act occurs.
940.32(1)(a)7. 7. Sending material by any means to the victim or, for the purpose of obtaining information about, disseminating information about, or communicating with the victim, to a member of the victim's family or household or an employer, coworker, or friend of the victim.
940.32(1)(a)8. 8. Placing an object on or delivering an object to property owned, leased, or occupied by the victim.
940.32(1)(a)9. 9. Delivering an object to a member of the victim's family or household or an employer, coworker, or friend of the victim or placing an object on, or delivering an object to, property owned, leased, or occupied by such a person with the intent that the object be delivered to the victim.
940.32(1)(a)10. 10. Causing a person to engage in any of the acts described in subds. 1. to 9.
940.32(1)(am) (am) "Domestic abuse" has the meaning given in s. 813.12 (1) (am).
940.32(1)(ap) (ap) "Domestic abuse offense" means an act of domestic abuse that constitutes a crime.
940.32(1)(c) (c) "Labor dispute" includes any controversy concerning terms, tenure or conditions of employment, or concerning the association or representation of persons in negotiating, fixing, maintaining, changing or seeking to arrange terms or conditions of employment, regardless of whether the disputants stand in the proximate relation of employer and employee.
940.32(1)(cb) (cb) "Member of a family" means a spouse, parent, child, sibling, or any other person who is related by blood or adoption to another.
940.32(1)(cd) (cd) "Member of a household" means a person who regularly resides in the household of another or who within the previous 6 months regularly resided in the household of another.
940.32(1)(cg) (cg) "Personally identifiable information" has the meaning given in s. 19.62 (5).
940.32(1)(cr) (cr) "Record" has the meaning given in s. 19.32 (2).
940.32(1)(d) (d) "Suffer serious emotional distress" means to feel terrified, intimidated, threatened, harassed, or tormented.
940.32(2) (2) Whoever meets all of the following criteria is guilty of a Class I felony:
940.32(2)(a) (a) The actor intentionally engages in a course of conduct directed at a specific person that would cause a reasonable person under the same circumstances to suffer serious emotional distress or to fear bodily injury to or the death of himself or herself or a member of his or her family or household.
940.32(2)(b) (b) The actor knows or should know that at least one of the acts that constitute the course of conduct will cause the specific person to suffer serious emotional distress or place the specific person in reasonable fear of bodily injury to or the death of himself or herself or a member of his or her family or household.
940.32(2)(c) (c) The actor's acts cause the specific person to suffer serious emotional distress or induce fear in the specific person of bodily injury to or the death of himself or herself or a member of his or her family or household.
940.32(2e) (2e) Whoever meets all of the following criteria is guilty of a Class I felony:
940.32(2e)(a) (a) After having been convicted of sexual assault under s. 940.225, 948.02, 948.025, or 948.085 or a domestic abuse offense, the actor engages in any of the acts listed in sub. (1) (a) 1. to 10., if the act is directed at the victim of the sexual assault or the domestic abuse offense.
940.32(2e)(b) (b) The actor knows or should know that the act will cause the specific person to suffer serious emotional distress or place the specific person in reasonable fear of bodily injury to or the death of himself or herself or a member of his or her family or household.
940.32(2e)(c) (c) The actor's act causes the specific person to suffer serious emotional distress or induces fear in the specific person of bodily injury to or the death of himself or herself or a member of his or her family or household.
940.32(2m) (2m) Whoever violates sub. (2) is guilty of a Class H felony if any of the following applies:
940.32(2m)(a) (a) The actor has a previous conviction for a violent crime, as defined in s. 939.632 (1) (e) 1., or a previous conviction under this section or s. 947.013 (1r), (1t), (1v), or (1x).
940.32(2m)(b) (b) The actor has a previous conviction for a crime, the victim of that crime is the victim of the present violation of sub. (2), and the present violation occurs within 7 years after the prior conviction.
940.32(2m)(c) (c) The actor intentionally gains access or causes another person to gain access to a record in electronic format that contains personally identifiable information regarding the victim in order to facilitate the violation.
940.32(2m)(d) (d) The person violates s. 968.31 (1) or 968.34 (1) in order to facilitate the violation.
940.32(2m)(e) (e) The victim is under the age of 18 years at the time of the violation.
940.32(3) (3) Whoever violates sub. (2) is guilty of a Class F felony if any of the following applies:
940.32(3)(a) (a) The act results in bodily harm to the victim or a member of the victim's family or household.
940.32(3)(b) (b) The actor has a previous conviction for a violent crime, as defined in s. 939.632 (1) (e) 1., or a previous conviction under this section or s. 947.013 (1r), (1t), (1v) or (1x), the victim of that crime is the victim of the present violation of sub. (2), and the present violation occurs within 7 years after the prior conviction.
940.32(3)(c) (c) The actor uses a dangerous weapon in carrying out any of the acts listed in sub. (1) (a) 1. to 9.
940.32(3m) (3m) A prosecutor need not show that a victim received or will receive treatment from a mental health professional in order to prove that the victim suffered serious emotional distress under sub. (2) (c) or (2e) (c).
940.32(4) (4)
940.32(4)(a)(a) This section does not apply to conduct that is or acts that are protected by the person's right to freedom of speech or to peaceably assemble with others under the state and U.S. constitutions, including, but not limited to, any of the following:
940.32(4)(a)1. 1. Giving publicity to and obtaining or communicating information regarding any subject, whether by advertising, speaking or patrolling any public street or any place where any person or persons may lawfully be.
940.32(4)(a)2. 2. Assembling peaceably.
940.32(4)(a)3. 3. Peaceful picketing or patrolling.
940.32(4)(b) (b) Paragraph (a) does not limit the activities that may be considered to serve a legitimate purpose under this section.
940.32(5) (5) This section does not apply to conduct arising out of or in connection with a labor dispute.
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2013 Wis. Act 380 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before Dec. 13, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after Dec. 13, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 12-13-14)