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961.495   Possession or attempted possession of a controlled substance on or near certain places.
961.50   Suspension or revocation of operating privilege.
SUBCHAPTER V
ENFORCEMENT AND ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS
961.51   Powers of enforcement personnel.
961.52   Administrative inspections and warrants.
961.53   Violations constituting public nuisance.
961.54   Cooperative arrangements and confidentiality.
961.55   Forfeitures.
961.555   Forfeiture proceedings.
961.56   Burden of proof; liabilities.
961.565   Enforcement reports.
SUBCHAPTER VI
DRUG PARAPHERNALIA
961.571   Definitions.
961.572   Determination.
961.573   Possession of drug paraphernalia.
961.574   Manufacture or delivery of drug paraphernalia.
961.575   Delivery of drug paraphernalia to a minor.
961.576   Advertisement of drug paraphernalia.
961.577   Municipal ordinances.
SUBCHAPTER VII
MISCELLANEOUS
961.65   Possessing materials for manufacturing methamphetamine.
961.67   Possession and disposal of waste from manufacture of methamphetamine.
Ch. 961 Note NOTE: See Chapter 161, 1993-94 Stats., for detailed notes on actions by the Controlled Substances Board. (Chapter 961 was renumbered from ch. 161 by 1995 Wis. Act 448.)
961.001 961.001 Declaration of intent. The legislature finds that the abuse of controlled substances constitutes a serious problem for society. As a partial solution, these laws regulating controlled substances have been enacted with penalties. The legislature, recognizing a need for differentiation among those who would violate these laws makes this declaration of legislative intent:
961.001(1g) (1g) Many of the controlled substances included in this chapter have useful and legitimate medical and scientific purposes and are necessary to maintain the health and general welfare of the people of this state.
961.001(1m) (1m) The manufacture, distribution, delivery, possession and use of controlled substances for other than legitimate purposes have a substantial and detrimental effect on the health and general welfare of the people of this state.
961.001(1r) (1r) Persons who illicitly traffic commercially in controlled substances constitute a substantial menace to the public health and safety. The possibility of lengthy terms of imprisonment must exist as a deterrent to trafficking by such persons. Upon conviction for trafficking, such persons should be sentenced in a manner which will deter further trafficking by them, protect the public from their pernicious activities, and restore them to legitimate and socially useful endeavors.
961.001(2) (2) Persons who habitually or professionally engage in commercial trafficking in controlled substances and prescription drugs should, upon conviction, be sentenced to substantial terms of imprisonment to shield the public from their predatory acts. However, persons addicted to or dependent on controlled substances should, upon conviction, be sentenced in a manner most likely to produce rehabilitation.
961.001(3) (3) Upon conviction, persons who casually use or experiment with controlled substances should receive special treatment geared toward rehabilitation. The sentencing of casual users and experimenters should be such as will best induce them to shun further contact with controlled substances and to develop acceptable alternatives to drug abuse.
961.001 History History: 1971 c. 219; 1995 a. 448 ss. 107 to 110, 462, 463; Stats. 1995 s. 961.001.
961.003 961.003 Uniformity of interpretation. This chapter shall be so applied and construed as to effectuate its general purpose to make uniform the law with respect to the subject of this chapter among those states which enact it.
961.003 History History: 1971 c. 219; 1995 a. 448 s. 322; Stats. 1995 s. 961.61; 2005 a. 14 s. 39; Stats. 2005 s. 961.003.
961.005 961.005 Short title. This chapter may be cited as the "Uniform Controlled Substances Act".
961.005 History History: 1971 c. 219; 1995 a. 448 s. 323; Stats. 1995 s. 961.62; 2005 a. 14 s. 40; Stats. 2005 s. 961.005.
subch. I of ch. 961 SUBCHAPTER I
DEFINITIONS
961.01 961.01 Definitions. As used in this chapter:
961.01(1g) (1g) "1,4-butanediol" means 1,4-butanediol as packaged, marketed, manufactured, or promoted for human consumption, but does not include 1,4-butanediol intended for use or consumption in or for mechanical, industrial, manufacturing, or scientific applications or purposes.
961.01(1r) (1r) "Administer", unless the context otherwise requires, means to apply a controlled substance, whether by injection, inhalation, ingestion or any other means, to the body of a patient or research subject by:
961.01(1r)(a) (a) A practitioner or, in the practitioner's presence, by the practitioner's authorized agent; or
961.01(1r)(b) (b) The patient or research subject at the direction and in the presence of the practitioner.
961.01(2) (2) "Agent", unless the context otherwise requires, means an authorized person who acts on behalf of or at the direction of a manufacturer, distributor or dispenser. "Agent" does not include a common or contract carrier, public warehouse keeper or employee of the carrier or warehouse keeper while acting in the usual and lawful course of the carrier's or warehouse keeper's business.
961.01(2m) (2m)
961.01(2m)(a)(a) "Anabolic steroid" means any drug or hormonal substance, chemically or pharmacologically related to testosterone, except estrogens, progestin, and corticosteroids, that promotes muscle growth. The term includes all of the substances included in s. 961.18 (7), and any of their esters, isomers, esters of isomers, salts and salts of esters, isomers and esters of isomers, that are theoretically possible within the specific chemical designation, and if such esters, isomers, esters of isomers, salts and salts of esters, isomers and esters of isomers promote muscle growth.
961.01(2m)(b) (b) Except as provided in par. (c), the term does not include an anabolic steroid which is expressly intended for administration through implants to cattle or other nonhuman species and which has been approved by the United States Secretary of Health and Human Services for such administration.
961.01(2m)(c) (c) If a person prescribes, dispenses or distributes such steroid for human use, such person shall be considered to have prescribed, dispensed or distributed an anabolic steroid within the meaning of par. (a).
961.01(4) (4) "Controlled substance" means a drug, substance or immediate precursor included in schedules I to V of subch. II.
961.01(4m) (4m)
961.01(4m)(a)(a) "Controlled substance analog" means a substance the chemical structure of which is substantially similar to the chemical structure of a controlled substance included in schedule I or II and:
961.01(4m)(a)1. 1. Which has a stimulant, depressant, narcotic or hallucinogenic effect on the central nervous system substantially similar to the stimulant, depressant, narcotic or hallucinogenic effect on the central nervous system of a controlled substance included in schedule I or II; or
961.01(4m)(a)2. 2. With respect to a particular individual, which the individual represents or intends to have a stimulant, depressant, narcotic or hallucinogenic effect on the central nervous system substantially similar to the stimulant, depressant, narcotic or hallucinogenic effect on the central nervous system of a controlled substance included in schedule I or II.
961.01(4m)(b) (b) "Controlled substance analog" does not include:
961.01(4m)(b)1. 1. A controlled substance;
961.01(4m)(b)2. 2. A substance for which there is an approved new drug application;
961.01(4m)(b)3. 3. A substance with respect to which an exemption is in effect for investigational use by a particular person under 21 USC 355 to the extent that conduct with respect to the substance is permitted by the exemption; or
961.01(4m)(b)4. 4. Any substance to the extent not intended for human consumption before an exemption takes effect with respect to the substance.
961.01(5) (5) "Counterfeit substance" means a controlled substance which, or the container or labeling of which, without authorization, bears the trademark, trade name or other identifying mark, imprint, number or device, or any likeness thereof, of a manufacturer, distributor or dispenser other than the person who in fact manufactured, distributed or dispensed the substance.
961.01(6) (6) "Deliver" or "delivery", unless the context otherwise requires, means the actual, constructive or attempted transfer from one person to another of a controlled substance or controlled substance analog, whether or not there is any agency relationship.
961.01(7) (7) "Dispense" means to deliver a controlled substance to an ultimate user or research subject by or pursuant to the lawful order of a practitioner, including the prescribing, administering, packaging, labeling or compounding necessary to prepare the substance for that delivery.
961.01(8) (8) "Dispenser" means a practitioner who dispenses.
961.01(9) (9) "Distribute" means to deliver other than by administering or dispensing a controlled substance or controlled substance analog.
961.01(10) (10) "Distributor" means a person who distributes.
961.01(10m) (10m) "Diversion" means the transfer of any controlled substance from a licit to an illicit channel of distribution or use.
961.01(11) (11)
961.01(11)(a)(a) "Drug" means any of the following:
961.01(11)(a)1. 1. A substance recognized as a drug in the official United States Pharmacopoeia, official Homeopathic Pharmacopoeia of the United States or official National Formulary or any supplement to any of them.
961.01(11)(a)2. 2. A substance intended for use in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment or prevention of disease in humans or animals.
961.01(11)(a)3. 3. A substance, other than food, intended to affect the structure or any function of the body of humans or animals.
961.01(11)(a)4. 4. A substance intended for use as a component of any article specified in subd. 1., 2. or 3.
961.01(11)(b) (b) "Drug" does not include devices or their components, parts or accessories.
961.01(11m) (11m) "Drug enforcement administration" means the drug enforcement administration of the U.S. department of justice or its successor agency.
961.01(11s) (11s) "Gamma-butyrolactone" means gamma-butyrolactone as packaged, marketed, manufactured, or promoted for human consumption, but does not include gamma-butyrolactone intended for use or consumption in or for mechanical, industrial, manufacturing, or scientific applications or purposes.
961.01(11t) (11t) "Ephedrine product" means any material, compound, mixture, or preparation that contains any quantity of ephedrine or any of its salts, isomers, and salts of isomers.
961.01(12) (12) "Immediate precursor" means a substance which the controlled substances board has found to be and by rule designates as being the principal compound commonly used or produced primarily for use, and which is an immediate chemical intermediary used or likely to be used in the manufacture of a controlled substance, the control of which is necessary to prevent, curtail or limit manufacture.
961.01(12g) (12g) "Isomer" means an optical isomer, but in ss. 961.14 (2) (er) and (qs) and 961.16 (2) (b) 1. "isomer" includes any geometric isomer; in ss. 961.14 (2) (cg), (tg) and (xm) and 961.20 (4) (am) "isomer" includes any positional isomer; and in ss. 961.14 (2) (rj) and (4) and 961.18 (2m) "isomer" includes any positional or geometric isomer.
961.01(12m) (12m) "Jail or correctional facility" means any of the following:
961.01(12m)(a) (a) A Type 1 prison, as defined in s. 301.01 (5).
961.01(12m)(b) (b) A jail, as defined in s. 302.30.
961.01(12m)(c) (c) A house of correction.
961.01(12m)(d) (d) A Huber facility under s. 303.09.
961.01(12m)(e) (e) A lockup facility, as defined in s. 302.30.
961.01(12m)(f) (f) A work camp under s. 303.10.
961.01(12t) (12t) "Liquid-filled pseudoephedrine gelcap" means a soft, liquid-filled gelatin capsule that is intended to be sold at retail and that contains pseudoephedrine or any of its salts, isomers, or salts of isomers.
961.01(13) (13) "Manufacture" means the production, preparation, propagation, compounding, conversion or processing of, or to produce, prepare, propagate, compound, convert or process, a controlled substance or controlled substance analog, directly or indirectly, by extraction from substances of natural origin, chemical synthesis or a combination of extraction and chemical synthesis, including to package or repackage or the packaging or repackaging of the substance, or to label or to relabel or the labeling or relabeling of its container. "Manufacture" does not mean to prepare, compound, package, repackage, label or relabel or the preparation, compounding, packaging, repackaging, labeling or relabeling of a controlled substance:
961.01(13)(a) (a) By a practitioner as an incident to the practitioner's administering or dispensing of a controlled substance in the course of the practitioner's professional practice; or
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated though 2013 Wis. Act 380 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before June 30, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after July 1, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 7-1-14)