The apparent failure of Illinois prison authorities to comply with the IAD by failing to notify the defendant of Wisconsin charges does not warrant dismissal of the Wisconsin charge. State v. Townsend, 2006 WI App 177
, 295 Wis. 2d 844
, 722 N.W. 2d 753
This section applies to detainers lodged against prisoners that are based on untried indictments, informations, or complaints. There is nothing that indicates that the rights accorded to prisoners under it attach when there are no untried charges outstanding. Status as a parolee does not keep a former prisoner within this statute. Pharm v. Bartow, 2007 WI 13
, 298 Wis. 2d 702
, 727 N.W. 2d 1
A prisoner has the following rights after he or she files a request for disposition under sub. (3): 1) transportation to a receiving state to answer pending charges; 2) commencement of a trial within 180 days in the receiving state; 3) return to the sending state to complete the prisoner's term of incarceration; and 4) upon completion of the prisoner's term of incarceration in the sending state, return to the receiving state to serve any term of incarceration that has been imposed there. Pharm v. Bartow, 2007 WI 13
, 298 Wis. 2d 702
, 727 N.W. 2d 1
Once a prisoner has properly requested a prompt and final disposition of pending criminal charges, the only way the state could avoid its obligation to bring the prisoner to trial within 180 days of the request under sub. (3) was to dismiss the untried complaint or information. Because the state only modified the arrest warrant to rule out nationwide extradition and did not withdraw the detainer and dismiss the criminal complaint, the source for the prisoner's request for a speedy trial was still in existence. State v. Tarrant, 2009 WI App 121
, 321 Wis. 2d 69
, 772 N.W.2d 750
A detainer is a notification filed with the institution in which a prisoner is serving a sentence, advising that the prisoner is wanted to face pending criminal charges in another jurisdiction. How a prison first learns of a warrant or pending charges has no bearing on whether a detainer has been lodged. What matters is whether a notification satisfying the definition of a detainer is filed. Here, the sheriff's department confirmed for the prison the existence of a nationwide arrest warrant and pending charges, and then faxed copies directly to the prison, which constituted a detainer. State v. Onheiber, 2009 WI App 180
, 322 Wis. 2d 708
, 777 N.W.2d 682
A writ of habeas corpus ad prosequendum issued by a federal court directing state authorities to produce a state prisoner for a federal criminal trial is not a detainer under this section. United States v. Mauro, 436 U.S. 340
A prisoner has a right to a pretransfer hearing. Cuyler v. Adams, 449 U.S. 433
Agreement on detainers; additional procedure.
Following receipt of the officer's written request as provided in s. 976.05 (4) (a)
, the prisoner shall forthwith be taken before a judge of a court of record of this state, who shall inform the prisoner of the request for temporary custody or availability, the crime with which charged and that the prisoner has the right to petition the governor to deny the request, to contest the request and to demand and procure legal counsel. If the prisoner or the prisoner's counsel shall state that the prisoner or the prisoner and counsel desire to test the legality of granting temporary custody or availability, the judge shall set a date for hearing which shall be not later than the expiration of the 30-day period established by s. 976.05 (4) (a)
. If a hearing is set, notice of the hearing shall be given to the appropriate officer of the state requesting temporary custody or availability and to the authorities having custody of the prisoner in this state. The scope of any hearing or ruling under this section shall be confined to the request for temporary custody or availability, and to the identification of the person sought by the requesting state, but shall not encompass the guilt or innocence of the prisoner as to the crime charged by the requesting state.
History: 1975 c. 158
; 1981 c. 390
NOTE: See drafting file in Legislative Reference Bureau for Legislative Council Note to original bill. [Bill 263-A]
The state's failure to hold a hearing within the 30-day period required discharge of the prisoner from a detainer. State v. Sykes, 91 Wis. 2d 436
, 283 N.W.2d 446
(Ct. App. 1979).
Failure to meet the 30-day time limit requires the commencement of a new proceeding in order to obtain temporary custody over the subject of the petition. State ex rel. Kerr v. McCaughtry, 183 Wis. 2d 54
, 515 N.W.2d 276
(Ct. App. 1994).
A defendant is prohibited from raising a constitutional issue on an s. 974.06 motion if the claim could have been raised in a previously filed s. 974.02 motion or a direct appeal. State v. Escalera-Naranjo, 185 Wis. 2d 169
, 517 N.W.2d 157
Agreements on extradition; Indian tribes. 976.07(1)(1)
The attorney general may negotiate an agreement with any Indian tribe within the borders of this state exercising powers of self-government within the Indian country as defined in 18 USC 1151
to which this state has retroceded jurisdiction under 25 USC 1323
, relating to the extradition of witnesses, fugitives and evidence found within the respective jurisdictions of this state and the tribe.
An agreement negotiated under sub. (1)
shall provide that a court of the sending jurisdiction, before issuing an order for the extradition of any person, shall:
Notify the person named in the extradition warrant of the right to a hearing and to legal counsel.
That the person named in the warrant is the person charged with the crime or is the witness demanded.
That there is probable cause to believe that the person named in a criminal extradition warrant was present in the demanding jurisdiction at the time of the alleged crime or that the person committed an act in any place with intent to commit a crime in the demanding jurisdiction.
If the person contests the legality of his or her arrest, allow a reasonable time within which the person may commence an action for habeas corpus.
The attorney general shall submit agreements negotiated under sub. (1)
to the governor for approval. The governor shall have 30 days in which to review the agreement. If the governor takes no action within 30 days, the agreement becomes effective.
The attorney general shall provide technical assistance and material support necessary to implement any agreement under this section.
An agreement under this section may be revoked by the governor, after consulting with the attorney general, or by the tribal chairperson upon 6 months' written notice to the other party unless a different period of time is specified in the agreement.
Enlarge the criminal or civil jurisdiction of either the state or a tribal government under federal law.
Permit an Indian tribe to enter into agreements other than those authorized by its organizational documents and laws.
Permit this state or any of its political subdivisions to enter into agreements prohibited by the state constitution.
History: 1981 c. 368
In this chapter, "prisoner" includes any person subject to an order under s. 48.366
who is confined to a Wisconsin state prison.