general environmental provisions
Laboratory certification program.
Hazardous pollution prevention.
Reports on substances used; wastewater fee.
Financial interest prohibited.
Uniform transboundary pollution reciprocal access act.
Household hazardous waste.
Collection and disposal of products containing 2,4,5-T and silvex.
Manufacture and purchase of polychlorinated biphenyls.
Medical waste management.
Confidentiality of records; used oil collection facilities and used oil fuel facilities.
Environmental protection requirements for tank vessels.
Open burning on commercial vessels.
Hearings; procedure; review.
Enforcement; duty of department of justice; expenses.
Penalties and remedies.
Ch. 299 Note
Note: 1995 Wis. Act 227
renumbered the provisions of chs. 144, 147, 159 and 162, Stats. 1993-94, to be chs. 280-299, Stats. 1995-96. For a table tracing former section numbers see the Addenda & Errata at the end of Volume 5.
In this chapter, unless the context requires otherwise:
"Department" means the department of natural resources.
"Environmental pollution" means the contaminating or rendering unclean or impure the air, land or waters of the state, or making the same injurious to public health, harmful for commercial or recreational use, or deleterious to fish, bird, animal or plant life.
"Groundwater" means any of the waters of the state occurring in a saturated subsurface geological formation of rock or soil.
"Hazardous substance" means any substance or combination of substances including any waste of a solid, semisolid, liquid or gaseous form which may cause or significantly contribute to an increase in mortality or an increase in serious irreversible or incapacitating reversible illness or which may pose a substantial present or potential hazard to human health or the environment because of its quantity, concentration or physical, chemical or infectious characteristics. This term includes, but is not limited to, substances which are toxic, corrosive, flammable, irritants, strong sensitizers or explosives as determined by the department.
"Industrial wastes" include liquid or other wastes resulting from any process of industry, manufacture, trade or business or the development of any natural resource.
"Municipality" means any city, town, village, county, county utility district, town sanitary district, public inland lake protection and rehabilitation district or metropolitan sewage district.
"Other wastes" include all other substances, except industrial wastes and sewage, which pollute any of the surface waters of the state. The term also includes unnecessary siltation resulting from operations such as the washing of vegetables or raw food products, gravel washing, stripping of lands for development of subdivisions, highways, quarries and gravel pits, mine drainage, cleaning of vehicles or barges or gross neglect of land erosion.
"Person" means an individual, owner, operator, corporation, limited liability company, partnership, association, municipality, interstate agency, state agency or federal agency.
"Sewage" means the water-carried wastes created in and to be conducted away from residences, industrial establishments and public buildings, as defined in s. 101.01 (12)
, with such surface water or groundwater as may be present.
"Sewerage system" means all structures, conduits and pipe lines by which sewage is collected and disposed of, except plumbing inside and in connection with buildings served, and service pipes from building to street main.
History: 1995 a. 227
Laboratory certification program. 299.11(1)
As used in this section:
"Accuracy" means the closeness of a measured value to its generally accepted value or its value based upon an accepted reference standard.
"Certified laboratory" means a laboratory which performs tests for hire in connection with a covered program and which receives certification under sub. (7)
or receives recognition as a certified laboratory under sub. (5)
"Covered program" means test results submitted in connection with any of the following:
A feasibility report, plan of operation or the condition of any license issued for a solid waste facility under subch. III of ch. 289
, or hazardous waste facility under s. 291.25 (2)
Monitoring required by terms and conditions of a permit issued under ch. 283
The terms of department contracts when specifically required in the contracts.
A regulatory program specified by the department by rule if, after consultation with the council, the department finds that existing quality control programs do not provide consistent and reliable results and the best available remedy is to require that all laboratories performing the tests for that regulatory program be certified or registered.
"Laboratory" means a facility which performs tests in connection with a covered program.
"Precision" means the closeness of repeated measurements of the same parameter within a sample.
"Registered laboratory" means a laboratory which is registered under sub. (8)
or receives recognition as a registered laboratory under sub. (5)
"Results" includes measurements, determinations and information obtained or derived from tests.
"Test" means any chemical, bacteriological, biological, physical, radiation or microscopic test, examination or analysis conducted by a laboratory on water, wastewater, waste material, soil or hazardous substance.
"Test category" means one type of test or group of tests specified by rule under sub. (4)
for similar materials or classes of materials or which utilize similar methods or related methods.
(2) Coordination with department of agriculture, trade and consumer protection. 299.11(2)(a)(a)
The department shall submit to the department of agriculture, trade and consumer protection and to the state laboratory of hygiene any rules proposed under this section that affect the laboratory certification program under s. 93.12 (5)
, for review and comment. These rules may not take effect unless they are approved by the department of agriculture, trade and consumer protection within 6 months after submission.
The department shall enter into a memorandum of understanding with the department of agriculture, trade and consumer protection setting forth the responsibilities of each department in administering the laboratory certification programs under s. 93.12 (5)
and this section. The memorandum of understanding shall include measures to be taken by each department to avoid duplication of application and compliance procedures for laboratory certification.
(3) Certification standards review council.
The council shall review the laboratory certification and registration program and shall make recommendations to the department concerning the specification of test categories, reference sample testing and standards for certification, registration, suspension and revocation and other aspects of the program.
(4) Department may require certification or registration. 299.11(4)(a)(a)
Except as provided in subs. (5)
, if results from a test in a specified test category in a covered program are required to be submitted to the department, the department may require by rule that the test be conducted by a laboratory which is certified or registered to conduct tests in that specified category. The department may require that tests be conducted by a certified laboratory if the requirements for registration do not meet the requirements of an applicable federal law.
Specification of test categories.
After considering any recommendations by the council, the department may identify by rule specified test categories.
Delayed effective date.
A rule identifying specified test categories for which tests are required to be conducted by a certified or registered laboratory may not take effect until at least 120 days after publication. The department may not require a person to resubmit results of tests which were not required to be conducted by a certified or registered laboratory at the time of the original submission merely because of that fact.
(5) Recognition of other certification or registration. 299.11(5)(a)(a)
Laboratories certified by the department of agriculture, trade and consumer protection.
The department shall recognize the certification of a laboratory by the department of agriculture, trade and consumer protection under s. 93.12
and shall accept the results of any test conducted by a laboratory certified to conduct that category of test under that section.
Reciprocity with laboratories certified or registered by other governments.
The department may recognize the certification, registration, licensure or approval of a laboratory by another state or an agency of the federal government if the standards for certification, registration, licensure or approval are substantially equivalent to those established under this section. The department shall negotiate with and attempt to enter into acceptable agreements with federal agencies and agencies of other states for the purpose of reciprocal recognition of laboratory certification and registration under this section. The department may not recognize the certification, registration, licensure or approval of a laboratory by another state or an agency of the federal government unless that state or federal agency recognizes laboratories certified under this section. The department may accept the results of any tests conducted by a laboratory which it recognizes under an agreement. The department shall publish periodically a list of those agencies whose certifications, approvals or registrations it accepts. Any laboratory which is registered, certified or approved by any such agency may apply to the department to have the same recognized under this section.
Private organization agreements.
The department may recognize the certification, accreditation or approval of a laboratory by a private nonprofit organization if the organization's standards for certification, accreditation or approval are substantially equivalent to those established under this section. The department may negotiate with and attempt to enter into acceptable agreements with private nonprofit organizations for the purpose of recognition under this paragraph. The department shall publish periodically a list of those organizations whose certifications, accreditations or approvals it accepts. The department may accept the results of any tests conducted by a laboratory that it recognizes under an agreement. Any laboratory that is certified, accredited or approved by an organization with which the department has an agreement may apply to the department to be recognized under this paragraph.
The department may accept the results of a test in a specified test category even though the test was not conducted by a certified or registered laboratory. The department may charge an extra fee if it is necessary to verify the results of a test submitted under this paragraph.
(6) Not applicable to other programs.
No laboratory is required to be registered or certified under this section for any purpose other than the submission of results under a covered program.
After considering recommendations by the council, the department shall promulgate by rule uniform minimum criteria, as provided in this subsection, to be used to evaluate laboratories for certification. Criteria shall be consistent with nationally recognized criteria to the maximum extent possible and shall be designed to facilitate reciprocal agreements under sub. (5)
299.11(7)(b)1.1. `Accepted methodology.'
The department shall prescribe by rule the accepted methodology to be followed in conducting tests in each test category. The department may prescribe by rule accepted sampling protocols and documentation procedures for a specified test category to be followed by the person collecting the samples. The department may prescribe this methodology by reference to standards established by technical societies and organizations as authorized under s. 227.21 (2)
. The department shall attempt to prescribe this methodology so that it is consistent with any methodology requirements under the resource conservation and recovery act, as defined under s. 289.01 (30)
, the federal water pollution control act, as amended, 33 USC 1251
, the safe drinking water act, 42 USC 300f
, or the toxic substance control act, 15 USC 2601
2. `Revised methodology'.
The department may permit the use of a revised methodology consistent with new or revised editions or standards established by technical societies and organizations on a case-by-case basis.
The department may permit the use of an alternative methodology on a case-by-case basis if the laboratory seeking to use that methodology submits data establishing the accuracy and precision of the alternative methodology and if the accuracy and precision obtained through the use of the alternative methodology equals or exceeds that obtained through use of the accepted methodology. The department shall establish by rule the data which is required to be submitted and the criteria for evaluating accuracy and precision of alternative methods.
A laboratory seeking to use an alternative methodology may request confidential treatment of any data or information submitted to the department under this paragraph. The department shall grant confidential status for any data or information relating to unique methods or processes if the disclosure of those methods or processes would tend to adversely affect the competitive position of the laboratory.
4. `Waiver of the procedure'.
The department may waive any procedure prescribed in the accepted methodology on a case-by-case basis if the laboratory seeking this waiver establishes sufficient reasons for the waiver and that the waiver does not adversely affect the purpose for which the test is conducted.
Reference sample testing.
The department may prescribe by rule criteria for determining the accuracy of tests by certified laboratories on reference samples. The department shall provide, to the extent reasonably possible, reference samples prepared by an independent source for a representative cross section of test categories which are to be regularly and routinely performed by certified laboratories. The department may require a certified laboratory to analyze not more than 3 reference samples per year for each test category.
The department shall establish by rule minimum requirements for a quality control program which ensures that a laboratory complies with criteria for the accuracy and precision of tests in each test category and which specifies procedures to be followed if these criteria are not met. The department may accept a quality control program based upon state or federal requirements for similar test categories.
Where a particular time period is not otherwise specified by law, the department may prescribe by rule for each test category the length of time laboratory analysis records and quality control data specified in the laboratory's quality control program are to be retained by the laboratory.
Application for certification.
The department shall specify by rule the criteria and standards to be met by applicants for certification. A laboratory desiring to be certified for a specified test category shall make application on forms provided by the department.
The department shall issue an initial certification to a laboratory for a specified test category if all of the following conditions are met:
The laboratory submits an application requesting certification in a specified test category.
The laboratory specifies a methodology prescribed or permitted under par. (b)
which it intends to utilize in conducting tests in the specified test category.
If the department provides a reference sample, the laboratory conducts a test on the sample and obtains results which comply with the minimum criteria for accuracy for that specified test category.