30.93 Fox River management.
30.94 Fox-Winnebago regional management commission.
30.99 Parties to a violation.
subch. I of ch. 30 SUBCHAPTER I
30.01 30.01 Definitions. In this chapter:
30.01(1b) (1b) "Authorized base level of water loss" has the meaning given under s. 281.35 (1) (b).
30.01(1c) (1c) "Boat shelter" means a structure in navigable waters designed and constructed for the purpose of providing cover for a berth place for watercraft, which may have a roof but may not have walls or sides. Such a structure may include a boat hoist.
30.01(1d) (1d) "Boathouse" means a structure used for the storage of watercraft and associated materials which has one or more walls or sides.
30.01(1g) (1g) "Bridge" means a structure used to convey people, animals and vehicles over navigable waters and includes pipe arches and culverts.
30.01(1j) (1j) "Department" means the department of natural resources.
30.01(1m) (1m) "Designated mooring area" means a mooring area designated by a municipality under s. 30.773 (2) and (3), approved by the department and marked as a mooring area.
30.01(1p) (1p) "Fishing raft" means any raft, float or structure, including a raft or float with a superstructure and including a structure located or extending below or beyond the ordinary high-water mark of a water, which is designed to be used or is normally used for fishing, which is not normally used as a means of transportation on water and which is normally retained in place by means of a permanent or semipermanent attachment to the shore or to the bed of the waterway. "Fishing raft" does not include a boathouse or fixed houseboat regulated under s. 30.121 nor a wharf or pier regulated under s. 30.13.
30.01(1r) (1r) "Fixed houseboat" means a structure not actually used for navigation which extends beyond the ordinary high-water mark of a navigable waterway and is retained in place either by cables to the shoreline or by anchors or spudpoles attached to the bed of the waterway.
30.01(1t) (1t) "Flotation device" means any device used to provide flotation for a fishing raft, including each individual barrel or styrofoam coffin.
30.01(2) (2) "Governing body" means a town board, a village board of trustees, a city council or a county board.
30.01(3) (3) "Harbor facility" means every facility useful in the maintenance or operation of a harbor, including transportation facilities of all types, terminal and storage facilities of all types, wharves, piers, slips, basins, ferries, docks, bulkheads and dock walls, and floating and handling equipment, power stations, transmission lines and other facilities necessary for the maintenance and operation of such harbor facilities.
30.01(3e) (3e) "Mooring" when used as a noun means a mooring anchor and mooring buoy together with attached chains, cables, ropes and pennants and related equipment, unless the term is qualified or restricted.
30.01(3m) (3m) "Mooring anchor" means any anchor or weight which is designed to rest on the bed or to be buried in the bed of a navigable water, which is designed to be attached by a chain, cable, rope or other mechanism to a mooring buoy and which is designed to be left in position permanently or on a seasonal basis.
30.01(3s) (3s) "Mooring buoy" means any float or marker which is attached to a mooring anchor and either is suitable for attachment to a boat through the use of a pennant or other device or facilitates the attachment of the boat to the mooring anchor.
30.01(3w) (3w) "Motor vehicle" has the meaning designated under s. 340.01 (35) except that this term does not include snowmobiles.
30.01(4) (4) "Municipality" means any town, village, city or county in this state.
30.01(4m) (4m) "Navigable waters" or "navigable waterway" means any body of water which is navigable under the laws of this state.
30.01(4r) (4r) "Outlying waters" has the meaning designated in s. 29.01 (11).
30.01(5) (5) "Pier" means any structure extending into navigable waters from the shore with water on both sides, built or maintained for the purpose of providing a berth for watercraft or for loading or unloading cargo or passengers onto or from watercraft. Such a structure may include a boat shelter which is removed seasonally.
30.01(5m) (5m) "Piling" means a group of piles.
30.01(6) (6) "Secretary" means the secretary of natural resources.
30.01(6b) (6b) "Substantive written objection" means a written statement giving specific reasons why a proposed project under ss. 30.02 to 30.38 may violate the statutory provisions applicable to the project and specifying that the person making the objection will appear and present information supporting the objection in a contested case hearing.
30.01(6d) (6d) "Surplus water" means any water of a stream that is not being beneficially used, as determined by the department.
30.01(6e) (6e) "Swimming raft" means a floating platform without railings, roof or walls that is adequately anchored to the bed of navigable waters and is designed for swimming, diving and related activities.
30.01(7) (7) "Watercraft" means any device used and designed for navigation on water.
30.01(7m) (7m) "Water loss" has the meaning given under s. 281.35 (1) (L).
30.01(8) (8) "Wharf" means any structure in navigable waters extending along the shore and generally connected with the uplands throughout its length, built or maintained for the purpose of providing a berth for watercraft or for loading or unloading cargo or passengers onto or from watercraft.
30.01(9) (9) "Withdrawal" has the meaning given under s. 281.35 (1) (m).
30.01(10) (10) "Wolf River municipality" means any city, village or town which adjoins or includes any part of the Wolf River or its stream tributaries from the Shawano dam downstream to Lake Poygan.
30.01 Annotation No threshold showing that a waterway is actually navigated for commercial or recreational purposes is necessary in order to prove that the waterway is navigable. City of Oak Creek v. DNR, 185 W (2d) 424, 518 NW (2d) 276 (Ct. App. 1994).
30.02 30.02 General provision for notice and hearing.
30.02(1) (1) In any proceeding under this chapter where public notice is required, the department shall follow the procedures in subs. (3) and (4).
30.02(2) (2) In any proceeding under this chapter where public notice is not required, the department shall follow the procedures in subs. (3) and (4) if it determines that substantial interests of any party may be adversely affected by the proceeding.
30.02(3) (3) Upon receipt of a complete permit application, the department shall either schedule a hearing or provide notice stating that it will proceed on the application without a hearing if no substantive written objection to issuance of the permit is received within 30 days after publication of the notice. The notice shall be provided to the clerk of each municipality in which the project is located and to any other person required by law to receive notice. The department may provide notice to other persons as it deems appropriate. The department shall provide a copy of the notice to the applicant, who shall publish it as a class 1 notice under ch. 985 in a newspaper designated by the department that is likely to give notice in the area affected. The applicant shall file proof of publication with the department.
30.02(4) (4)
30.02(4)(a)(a) If a public hearing is ordered, the division of hearings and appeals shall mail a written notice at least 10 days before the hearing to each person given notice under sub. (3) and to any person who submitted a substantive written objection to issuance of the permit.
30.02(4)(b) (b) The applicant shall publish a class 1 notice under ch. 985 of the hearing in a newspaper designated by the department that is likely to give notice in the area affected. The applicant shall file proof of publication under this paragraph with the hearing examiner at or prior to the hearing.
30.02 History History: 1987 a. 374.
30.025 30.025 Optional permit procedure for certain electric generating facilities and high-voltage transmission lines.
30.025(1)(1) Any electric utility, as defined in s. 196.491 (1), proposing to construct a facility, as defined in s. 196.491 (1), which facility is to be located adjacent to a waterway in such a manner as to require one or more permits to be issued under this chapter and ch. 31 may, in lieu of separate application for permits under those chapters, submit an engineering plan together with any additional information required by the department. Such plan shall be filed with the department within 20 days after an application for a certificate of public convenience and necessity is filed with the public service commission under s. 196.491 (3). The department may require supplemental information to be furnished thereafter.
30.025(2) (2) Once electric utilities have met the requirements of sub. (1), the department shall schedule the matter for public hearing. Notice of the hearing shall be given to the applicant and shall be published as a class 1 notice under ch. 985. The department may give such further notice as it deems proper, and shall give notice to persons requesting same. One copy of the application shall be available for public inspection at the office of the department, at least one copy in the district office of the department and at least one copy at the main public library of the area affected.
30.025(3) (3) The department shall grant the necessary permits if, after hearing, it finds that the applicant has shown that the proposal:
30.025(3)(a) (a) Complies with environmental statutes administered by the department and rules promulgated thereunder, and federal environmental standards which the department has authority to enforce.
30.025(3)(b) (b) Does not unduly affect:
30.025(3)(b)1. 1. Public rights and interests in navigable waterways;
30.025(3)(b)2. 2. The effective flood flow capacity of a stream;
30.025(3)(b)3. 3. The rights of other riparian owners; or
30.025(3)(b)4. 4. Water quality.
30.025(4) (4) The permit may be issued upon stated conditions deemed necessary to assure compliance with the criteria designated under sub. (3). The department shall grant or deny the application within the time limit applicable under s. 196.491 (3) (f).
30.025 History History: 1975 c. 68; 1985 a. 332 s. 251 (1).
30.027 30.027 Lower Wisconsin State Riverway. For activities in the Lower Wisconsin State Riverway, as defined in s. 30.40 (15), no person obtaining a permit under subchs. I, II or V may start or engage in the activity for which the permit was issued unless the person obtains any permit that is required for the activity under s. 30.44 or 30.445.
30.027 History History: 1989 a. 31.
30.03 30.03 Enforcement of forfeitures; abatement of nuisances; infringement of public rights.
30.03(2) (2) The district attorney of the appropriate county or, at the request of the department, the attorney general shall institute proceedings to recover any forfeiture imposed or to abate any nuisance committed under this chapter or ch. 31.
30.03(3) (3) All forfeitures shall be recovered by civil action as provided in ch. 778 and when collected shall be paid directly into the state treasury.
30.03(4) (4)
30.03(4)(a)(a) If the department learns of a possible violation of the statutes relating to navigable waters or a possible infringement of the public rights relating to navigable waters, and the department determines that the public interest may not be adequately served by imposition of a penalty or forfeiture, the department may proceed as provided in this paragraph, either in lieu of or in addition to any other relief provided by law. The department may order a hearing under ch. 227 concerning the possible violation or infringement, and may request the hearing examiner to issue an order directing the responsible parties to perform or refrain from performing acts in order to fully protect the interests of the public in the navigable waters. If any person fails or neglects to obey an order, the department may request the attorney general to institute proceedings for the enforcement of the department's order in the name of the state. The proceedings shall be brought in the manner and with the effect of proceedings under s. 111.07 (7).
30.03(4)(b) (b) No penalty may be imposed for violation of a hearing examiner's order under this subsection, but violation of a judgment enforcing the order may be punished in civil contempt proceedings.
30.03 Annotation Initiation of proceedings under (4) discussed. Omernick v. Dept. of Natural Resources, 100 W (2d) 234, 301 NW (2d) 437 (1981).
30.03 Annotation Department of Natural Resources may enforce terms of lakebed grants under (4) (a) as long as such enforcement does not conflict with 30.05. 78 Atty. Gen. 107.
30.05 30.05 Applicability of chapter to municipally-owned submerged shorelands. Nothing in this chapter relative to the establishment of bulkhead or pierhead lines or the placing of structures or deposits in navigable waters or the removal of materials from the beds of navigable waters is applicable to submerged shorelands in Lake Michigan, the title to which has been granted by the state to a municipality.
30.056 30.056 Exemption from certain permit requirements. Notwithstanding ss. 30.12, 30.19, 30.195 and 30.294, the city of Oak Creek may not be required to remove any structure or concrete or other deposit that was placed in Crayfish Creek in the city of Oak Creek before June 1, 1991, and may continue to maintain the structure, concrete or deposit without having a permit or other approval from the department.
30.056 History History: 1995 a. 455.
30.06 30.06 Waiver of certain provisions of this chapter. The department, by rule, may waive the applicability to specified navigable waters of the United States of all or part of those provisions of this chapter which relate to the establishment of bulkhead or pierhead lines or the placing of structures or deposits in navigable waters or the removal of materials from the beds of navigable waters. The department may promulgate such rule only after it has entered into an agreement with the appropriate federal agency wherein it is agreed that the comparable federal law will be enforced on the waters in question in lieu of the state law which is being waived. The objective of such agreement shall be to avoid duplication of administration with respect to navigable waters over which this state and the U.S. government have concurrent jurisdiction, in those situations wherein administration by a single governmental agency will tend to avoid confusion and the necessity of obtaining permits from both the state and federal governments by those who are subject to the law and at the same time will adequately protect the public interest. The agreement may contain such further provisions as are designed to achieve this objective.
30.06 History History: 1981 c. 390 s. 252; 1985 a. 332 s. 251 (1).
30.07 30.07 Limits and conditions for permits and contracts.
30.07(1)(a)(a) Except as provided in par. (b), every permit or contract issued under ss. 30.01 to 30.29 for which a time limit is not provided by s. 30.20 (2) is void unless the project is completed within 3 years after the permit or contract was issued.
30.07(1)(b) (b) The department may specify a time limit of less than 3 years for a permit or contract issued under ss. 30.01 to 30.29. For good cause, the department may extend the time limit for a permit or contract issued under ss. 30.01 to 30.29 for no longer than 2 years if the grantee requests an extension prior to expiration of the initial time limit.
30.07(2) (2) For good cause, the department may modify or rescind any permit or contract issued under ss. 30.01 to 30.29 before its expiration.
30.07 History History: 1987 a. 374.
30.10 30.10 Declarations of navigability.
30.10(1) (1)Lakes. All lakes wholly or partly within this state which are navigable in fact are declared to be navigable and public waters, and all persons have the same rights therein and thereto as they have in and to any other navigable or public waters.
30.10(2) (2)Streams. Except as provided under sub. (4) (c), all streams, sloughs, bayous and marsh outlets, which are navigable in fact for any purpose whatsoever, are declared navigable to the extent that no dam, bridge or other obstruction shall be made in or over the same without the permission of the state.
30.10(3) (3)Enlargements or improvements in navigable waters. All inner harbors, turning basins, waterways, slips and canals created by any municipality to be used by the public for purposes of navigation, and all outer harbors connecting interior navigation with lake navigation, are declared navigable waters and are subject to the same control and regulation that navigable streams are subjected to as regards improvement, use and bridging.
30.10(4) (4)Interpretation.
30.10(4)(a)(a) This section does not impair the powers granted by law under s. 30.123 or by other law to municipalities to construct highway bridges, arches or culverts over streams.
30.10(4)(b) (b) The boundaries of lands adjoining waters and the rights of the state and of individuals with respect to all such lands and waters shall be determined in conformity to the common law so far as applicable, but in the case of a lake or stream erroneously meandered in the original U.S. government survey, the owner of title to lands adjoining the meandered lake or stream, as shown on such original survey, is conclusively presumed to own to the actual shorelines unless it is first established in a suit in equity, brought by the U.S. government for that purpose, that the government was in fact defrauded by such survey. If the proper claims of adjacent owners of riparian lots of lands between meander and actual shorelines conflict, each shall have his or her proportion of such shorelands.
30.10(4)(c) (c) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, farm drainage ditches are not navigable within the meaning of this section unless it is shown that the ditches were navigable streams before ditching. For purposes of this paragraph, "farm drainage ditch" means any artificial channel which drains water from lands which are used for agricultural purposes.
30.10 History History: 1977 c. 190, 272, 418; 1981 c. 339; 1991 a. 316.
This is an archival version of the Wis. Stats. database for 1995. See Are the Statutes on this Website Official?