(2) Finding and declaration of necessity. It is declared that in the cities of the state substandard and insanitary areas exist which have resulted from inadequate planning, excessive land coverage, lack of proper light, air and open space, defective design and arrangement of buildings, lack of proper sanitary facilities, and the existence of buildings, which, by reason of age, obsolescence, inadequate or outmoded design, or physical deterioration have become economic or social liabilities, or both; that such. These conditions are prevalent in areas where substandard, insanitary, outworn or outmoded industrial, commercial or residential buildings prevail; that such. These conditions impair the economic value of large areas, infecting them with economic blight, and that such these areas are characterized by depreciated values, impaired investments, and reduced capacity to pay taxes, that such. These conditions are chiefly in areas which are so subdivided into small parcels in divided ownerships and frequently with defective titles, that their assembly for purposes of clearance, replanning, rehabilitation and reconstruction is difficult and costly; that the. The existence of such these conditions and the failure to clear, replan, rehabilitate or reconstruct these areas results in a loss of population by the areas and further deterioration, accompanied by added costs to the communities for creation of new public facilities and services elsewhere; that it. It is difficult and uneconomic for individual owners independently to undertake to remedy such these conditions; that it. It is desirable to encourage owners of property or holders of claims thereon on property in such these areas to join together and with outsiders in corporate groups for the purpose of the clearance, replanning, rehabilitation and reconstruction of such these areas by joint action; that it
. It is necessary to create, with proper safeguards, inducements and opportunities for the employment of private investment and equity capital in the clearance, replanning, rehabilitation and reconstruction of such these areas; that such. These conditions require the employment of such capital on an investment rather than a speculative basis, allowing however, the widest latitude in the amortization of any indebtedness created thereby; that such. These conditions further require the acquisition at fair prices of adequate areas, the gradual clearance of such the areas through demolition of existing obsolete, inadequate, unsafe and insanitary buildings and the redevelopment of such the areas under proper supervision with appropriate planning, land use and construction policies; that the. The clearance, replanning, rehabilitation and reconstruction of such these areas on a large scale basis are necessary for the public welfare; that the. The clearance, replanning, reconstruction and rehabilitation of such these areas are public uses and purposes for which private property may be acquired; that such substandard. Substandard and insanitary areas constitute a menace to the health, safety, morals, welfare and reasonable comfort of the citizens of the state; that such. These conditions require the aid of redevelopment corporations for the purpose of attaining the ends herein recited; that the
in this subsection. The protection and promotion of the health, safety, morals, welfare and reasonable comfort of the citizens of the state are matters of public concern; and the necessity. Sections 66.1301 to 66.1329 are in the public interest for the provisions hereinafter enacted is hereby declared as a matter of legislative determination.
(2m) Discrimination. Persons otherwise entitled to any right, benefit, facility or privilege under ss. 66.405 66.1301 to 66.425 66.1329 shall not, with reference thereto, be denied them in any manner for any purpose nor be discriminated against because of sex, race, color, creed, sexual orientation or national origin.
(3) Definitions. (intro.) The following terms, as used in In ss. 66.405 66.1301 to 66.425, shall 66.1329, unless a different intent clearly appears from the context, be construed as follows:
(a) "Area" means a portion of a city which its planning commission finds to be substandard or insanitary, so that the clearance, replanning, rehabilitation or reconstruction thereof of that portion is necessary or advisable to effectuate the public purposes declared in sub. (2); and may include any. "Area" includes buildings or improvements not in themselves substandard or insanitary, and any real property, whether improved or unimproved, the inclusion of which is deemed considered necessary for the effective clearance, replanning, reconstruction or rehabilitation of the area of which such the buildings, improvements or real property form a part; and also includes vacant land which is in such proximity to other land or structures so as to impair that the economic value thereof of the other land or structures is impaired.
66.405 (3) (c) of the statutes is repealed.
Note: Repeals a provision that defines a city to be a city. The provision is unnecessary.
66.405 (3) (d) to (s) of the statutes are renumbered 66.1301 (3) (d) to (s) and amended to read:
66.1301 (3) (d) "Development" shall mean means a specific work, repair or improvement to put into effect a development plan and shall include includes the real property, buildings and improvements owned, constructed, managed or operated by a redevelopment corporation.
(e) "Development area" shall mean means that portion of an area to which a development plan is applicable.
(f) "Development cost" shall mean means the amount determined by the planning commission to be the actual cost of the development, or of the part thereof of the development for which such the determination is made, and shall include. "Development cost" includes, among other costs, all of the following:
1. The reasonable costs of planning the development, including preliminary studies and surveys, neighborhood planning, and architectural and engineering services
, and legal and incorporation expense, the.
2. The actual cost, if any, of alleviating hardship to families occupying dwelling accommodations in the development area where such hardship results from the execution of the development plan, the.
3. The reasonable costs of financing the development, including carrying charges during construction, working.
4. Working capital in an amount not exceeding 5 per cent 5% of development cost, the.
5. The actual cost of the real property included in the development, the actual cost of demolition of existing structures, the actual cost and of utilities, landscaping and roadways, the.
6. The amount of special assessments subsequently paid, the.
7. The actual cost of construction, equipment and furnishing of buildings and improvements, including architectural, engineering and builder's fees, the.
8. The actual cost of reconstruction, rehabilitation, remodeling or initial repair of existing buildings and improvements, reasonable.
9. Reasonable management costs until the development is ready for use, and the.
10. The actual cost of improving that portion of the development area which is to remain as open space, together with such additions to development cost
as shall that equal the actual cost of additions to or changes in the development in accordance with the original development plan or after approved changes in or amendments thereto to the development plan.
(g) "Development plan" shall mean means a plan for the redevelopment of all or any part of an area, and shall include includes any amendments thereto that are approved in accordance with the requirements of s. 66.407 66.1305 (1).
(h) "Local governing body" shall mean the board of alderpersons, means a common council, council, commission or other board or body vested by the charter of the a city or other law with jurisdiction to adopt or enact ordinances or local laws.
(n) "Mortgage" shall mean means a mortgage, trust indenture, deed of trust, building and loan contract or other instrument creating a lien on real property, and the indebtedness secured by each of them.
(o) "Neighborhood unit" shall mean means a primarily residential district having the facilities necessary for well-rounded family living, such as schools, parks, playgrounds, parking areas and local shopping districts.
(p) "Planning commission" shall mean means the official bureau, board, commission or agency of the
a city established under the general city law or under a general or special charter and that is authorized to prepare, adopt and, amend or modify a master plan for the development of the city.
(q) "Real property" shall include includes lands, buildings, improvements, land under water, waterfront property, and any and all easements, franchises and hereditaments, corporeal or incorporeal, and every estate, interest, privilege, easement, franchise and right therein, or appurtenant thereto in or appurtenant to the real property, legal or equitable, including rights-of-way, terms for years and liens, charges, or encumbrances by mortgage, judgment or otherwise.
(r) "Redevelopment" shall mean means the clearance, replanning, reconstruction or rehabilitation of an area or part thereof of an area, and the provision of such industrial, commercial, residential or public structures or spaces as may be appropriate, including recreational and other facilities incidental or appurtenant thereto
to the structures or spaces.
(s) "Redevelopment corporation" shall mean means a corporation carrying out a redevelopment plan under ss. 66.405 66.1301 to 66.425 66.1329.
66.406 (title) of the statutes is renumbered 66.1303 (title).
66.406 (1), (2) and (3) (intro.) and (a) to (g) of the statutes are renumbered 66.1303 (1), (2) and (3) (intro.) and (a) to (g) and amended to read:
66.1303 (1) A development plan shall contain such the information as that the planning commission shall, by rule or regulation require requires, including
all of the following:
(a) A metes and bounds description of the development area;.
(b) A statement of the real property in the development area fee title to which the city proposes to acquire and a statement of the interests to be acquired in any other real property by the city;.
(c) A statement of the various stages, if more than one is intended, by which the development is proposed to be constructed or undertaken, and the time limit for the completion of each stage, together with a metes and bounds description of the real property to be included in each stage;.
(d) A statement of the existing buildings or improvements in the development area, to be demolished immediately, if any;.
(e) A statement of the existing buildings or improvements, in the development area not to be demolished immediately, if any, and the approximate period of time during which the demolition, if any, of each such building or improvement is to take place;.
(f) A statement of the proposed improvements, if any, to each building not to be demolished immediately, any proposed repairs or alterations to such the building, and the approximate period of time during which such improvements, repairs or alterations are to be made;.
(g) A statement of the type, number and character of each new industrial, commercial, residential or other building or improvement to be erected or made; and a statement of the maximum limitations upon the bulk of such buildings or improvements to be permitted at various stages of the development plan;.
(h) A statement of those portions, if any, of the development area which may be permitted or will be required to be left as open space, the use to which each such open space is to be put, the period of time each such open space will be required to remain an open space and the manner in which it will be improved and maintained, if at all;
(i) A statement of the proposed changes, if any, in zoning ordinances or maps, necessary or desirable for the development and its protection against blighting influences;.
(j) A statement of the proposed changes, if any, in streets or street levels and any of proposed street closings;.
(k) A statement of the character of the existing dwelling accommodations, if any, in the development area, the approximate number of families residing therein in the development area, together with a schedule of the rentals being paid by them, and a schedule of the vacancies in such the accommodations, together with the rental demanded therefor; for the vacant accommodations.
(L) A statement of the character, approximate number of units, approximate rentals and approximate date of availability of the proposed dwelling accommodations, if any, to be furnished during construction and upon completion of the development;.
(m) A statement of the proposed method of financing the development, in sufficient detail to evidence the probability that the redevelopment corporation will be able to finance or arrange to finance the development;.
(n) A statement of persons who it is proposed will be active in or associated with the management of the redevelopment corporation during a period of at least one year from the date of the approval of the development plan.
(o) The development plan, and any application to the planning commission or local governing body for approval thereof, may contain in addition such other Other statements or material as may be deemed that are considered relevant by the proposer thereof applicant, including suggestions for the clearance, replanning, reconstruction or rehabilitation of one or more areas which may be larger than the development area but which include it, and any other provisions for the redevelopment of such area or areas.
(2) No development shall may be actually initiated until the adoption of a resolution of approval of the development plan therefor by both the planning commission and the local governing body.
(3) (intro.) The planning commission may approve a development plan after a public hearing, and shall determine all of the following:
(a) That the area within which the development area is included is substandard or insanitary and that the redevelopment of the development area in accordance with the development plan is necessary or advisable to effectuate the public purposes declared in s. 66.405 66.1301 (2); if the area is comprised of vacant land it shall be established that such the vacant land impairs the economic value of surrounding areas in accordance with the general purposes expressed in s. 66.405 66.1301 (2);.
(b) That the development plan is in accord with the master plan, if any, of the city;.
(c) That the development area is not less than 100,000 square feet in area, except that it may be smaller in area when undertaken in connection with a public improvement, but in any event if it is of sufficient size to allow its redevelopment in an efficient and economically satisfactory manner and to contribute substantially to the improvement of the area in which the development is located; but whenever. If the local governing body makes a finding to the effect that an area is in urgent need of development, and that such development will contribute to the progress and expansion of an area whose economic growth is vital to the community, then in such instance the development area shall may not be less than 25,000 square feet subject to the requirements of par. (d);.
(d) That the various stages, if any, by which the development is proposed to be constructed or undertaken, as stated in the development plan, are practicable and in the public interest and where the area to be developed consists either of vacant land or of substandard or insanitary buildings or structures as provided in s. 66.405 66.1301 (3) (a), and such the area is less than 100,000 square feet but more than 25,000 square feet as provided in par. (c) then the new structures to be constructed on such the vacant land shall may not be less than 1,000,000 cubic feet in area;.
(e) That the public facilities, based on whether the development be a is residential, industrial or commercial one, are presently adequate or will be adequate at the time that the development is ready for use to serve the development area;.
(f) That the proposed changes, if any, in the city map, in zoning ordinances or maps and in streets and street levels, or any proposed street closings, are necessary or desirable for the development and its protection against blighting influences and for the city as a whole;.
(g) Upon data submitted by or on behalf of the redevelopment corporation, or upon data otherwise available to the planning commission, that there will be available for occupation by families, if any, then occupying dwelling accommodations in the development area legal accommodations at substantially similar rentals in the development area or elsewhere in a suitable location in the city, and that the carrying into effect of implementing the development plan will not cause undue hardship to such those families. The notice of the public hearing to be held by the planning commission prior to its approval by it of the development plan shall contain separate statements to the effect that before the development plan is approved, the planning commission must make the determination required in this paragraph, and that if the development plan is approved, real property in the development area is subject to condemnation.
66.406 (3) (h) of the statutes is renumbered 66.1303 (3m) and amended to read:
66.1303 (3m) Any such A determination upon approval by the local governing body, shall be made under sub. (3) is conclusive evidence of the facts so determined except upon proof of fraud or wilful misfeasance. In arriving at such the determination, the planning commission shall consider only those elements of the development plan relevant to such the determination under pars. (a) to (g) sub. (3) and to the type of development which is physically desirable for the development area concerned from a city planning viewpoint, and from a neighborhood unit viewpoint, if the development plan provides that the development area is to be primarily residential.
66.406 (4) (intro.), (a) and (b) of the statutes are renumbered 66.1303 (4) (intro.), (a) and (b), and 66.1303 (4) (intro.), as renumbered, is amended to read:
66.1303 (4) (intro.) The local governing body, by a two-thirds vote of the members elect thereof members-elect, may approve a development plan, but no resolution of approval shall may be adopted by it unless and until the planning commission shall has first
have approved thereof the development plan and
there has the plan and planning commission determination have been filed with the local governing body the development plan, the determination by the planning commission, and unless and until the local governing body shall determine determines all of the following:
66.406 (4) (c) of the statutes is renumbered 66.1303 (4m) and amended to read:
66.1303 (4m) Any such A determination shall be under sub. (4) is conclusive evidence of the facts
so determined except upon proof of fraud or wilful misfeasance. In considering whether or not a resolution of approval of the development plan shall will be adopted, the local governing body shall consider those elements of the development plan relevant to such the determination under pars. (a) and (b) sub. (4).
66.406 (5) to (8) of the statutes are renumbered 66.1303 (5) to (8) and amended to read:
66.1303 (5) The planning commission and the local governing body, by a two-thirds vote of the members elect thereof members-elect, may approve an amendment or amendments to a development plan, but no such amendment to a development plan which has theretofore been approved by the planning commission and the local governing body shall be approved unless and until if an application therefor for the amendment has been filed with the planning commission by the redevelopment corporation containing that part of the material required by sub. (1) which shall be is relevant to the proposed amendment, and unless and until if the planning commission and the local governing body shall make the determinations required by sub. (3) or (4) which shall be
are relevant to the proposed amendment.
(6) The planning commission and the local governing body may, for the guidance of prospective proponents of development plans, fix general standards to which a development plan shall conform. Variations from such the standards may be allowed for the accomplishment of the purposes of ss. 66.405 66.1301 to 66.425. Such 66.1329. The standards may contain provisions more restrictive than those imposed by applicable planning, zoning, sanitary and building laws, ordinances and regulations.
(7) Local housing authorities organized under ss. 66.40 66.1201 to 66.404 66.1211, redevelopment authorities organized under s. 66.431 66.1333, and community development authorities organized under s. 66.4325 66.1335 may render such advisory services in connection with the preliminary surveys, studies and preparation of a development plan as may be requested by the city planning commission or the local governing body and charge fees for such advisory services based on the their actual cost thereof.
(8) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the local legislative body may designate, by ordinance or resolution, the local housing authority, the local redevelopment authority, or both jointly, or the local community development authority, to perform all acts, except the development of the general plan of the city, which are otherwise performed by the planning commission under ss. 66.405 66.1301 to 66.425 66.1329.
66.407 of the statutes is renumbered 66.1305, and 66.1305 (1) (intro.) and (a) to (h), as renumbered, are amended to read:
66.1305 (1) (intro.) No redevelopment corporation shall may do any of the following:
(a) Undertake any clearance, reconstruction, improvement, alteration or construction in connection with any development until the approvals required by s. 66.406 66.1303 have been made;.
(b) Change, alter, amend, add to or depart from Amend the development plan until the planning commission and the local governing body have approved that portion of such change, alteration, amendment, addition or departure the amendment relevant to the determination required to be made by it as set forth in s. 66.406; 66.1303.
(c) After a development has been commenced, sell, transfer or assign any real property in the development area without first obtaining the consent of the local governing body, which consent. Consent may be withheld only if the sale, transfer or assignment is made for the purpose of evading the provisions of ss. 66.405 66.1301 to 66.425; 66.1329.
(d) Pay as compensation for services to, or enter into contracts for the payment of compensation for services to, its officers or employes in an amount greater than the limit thereon contained in the development plan, or in if a default thereof of the development plan occurs, then in an amount greater than the reasonable value of the services performed or to be performed by such the officers or employes;.
(e) Lease an entire building or improvement in the development area to any person or corporation without obtaining the approval of the local governing body which may be withheld only if the lease is being made for the purpose of evading the provisions of ss. 66.405 66.1301 to 66.425; 66.1329.
(f) Mortgage any of its real property without obtaining the approval of the local governing body;.
(g) Make any guarantee without obtaining the approval of the local governing body;.
(h) Dissolve without obtaining the approval of the local governing body, which may be given upon such conditions as said body may deem deemed necessary or appropriate to the protection of the interest of the city in the proceeds of the sale of the real property as to any property or work turned into the development by the city. Such The approval is to shall be indorsed on the certificate of dissolution and such the certificate is may not to be filed in the office of the secretary of state in the absence of such the indorsement;.
66.408 (title) of the statutes is renumbered 66.1307 (title).
66.408 (1), (2), (3) and (4) of the statutes are renumbered 66.1307 (1), (2) (a), (3) and (4) and amended to read:
66.1307 (1) Application of other corporation laws to redevelopment corporations. The provisions of the general corporation law as presently in effect and as hereafter from time to time amended, shall apply to redevelopment corporations, except where such unless the provisions are in conflict with the provisions of ss. 66.405 66.1301 to 66.425 66.1329.
(2) (a) No redevelopment corporation shall may issue stocks, bonds or income debentures, except for money or property actually received for the use and lawful purposes of the corporation or services actually performed for the corporation.
(3) Determination of development cost. (a) Upon the completion of a development a redevelopment corporation shall, or upon the completion of a principal part of a development a redevelopment corporation may, file with the planning commission an audited statement of the development cost thereof. Within a reasonable time after the filing of such the statement, the planning commission shall determine the development cost applicable to the development or such portion thereof
of the development and shall issue to the redevelopment corporation a certificate stating the amount thereof as of the development cost so determined.
(b) A redevelopment corporation may, at any time, whether prior or subsequent to the undertaking of any contract or expense, apply to the planning commission for a ruling as to whether any particular item and amount of cost therein may be included in development cost when finally determined by the planning commission, and the amount thereof. The planning commission shall, within a reasonable time after such the application, render a ruling thereon, and in the event that it shall be if it is ruled that any item of cost may be included in development cost, the amount thereof as so determined of the cost shall be so included in development cost when finally determined.
(4) Regulation of redevelopment corporations. A redevelopment corporation shall do all of the following:
(a) Furnish to the planning commission from time to time, as required by it, but with respect to regular reports not more often than once every 6 months, such financial information, statements, audited reports or other material as such that the commission shall require requires, each of which shall conform to such standards of accounting and financial procedure as that the planning commission may by general regulation prescribe
prescribes, except that the planning commission may not require a regular report more often than once every 6 months.
(b) Establish and maintain such depreciation and other reserves, surplus and other accounts as that the planning commission reasonably requires.
66.41 (title) of the statutes is repealed.
66.41 of the statutes is renumbered 66.1307 (2) (b) and amended to read:
66.1307 (2) (b) No A redevelopment corporation shall may pay any interest on its income debentures or dividends on its stock during any dividend year, unless there shall exist, at the time of any such an intended payment, no a default
exists under any amortization requirements with respect to its indebtedness.
66.411 of the statutes is renumbered 66.1329 and amended to read: