Feed for /2001/statutes/statutes/23 PDF
23.33(3)(h) (h) On the frozen surface of public waters within 100 feet of a person not in or on an all-terrain vehicle or motor vehicle or within 100 feet of a fishing shanty at a speed exceeding 10 miles per hour.
23.33(3)(i) (i) In a manner which violates rules promulgated by the department.
23.33(3g) (3g)Use of headgear. No person may operate or be a passenger on an all-terrain vehicle without wearing protective headgear of the type required under s. 347.485 (1) (a) and with the chin strap properly fastened, unless one of the following applies:
23.33(3g)(a) (a) The person is at least 18 years of age.
23.33(3g)(b) (b) The person is traveling for the purposes of hunting or fishing and is at least 12 years of age.
23.33(3g)(c) (c) The all-terrain vehicle is being operated for an agricultural purpose.
23.33(3g)(d) (d) The all-terrain vehicle is being operated by a person on land under the management and control of the person's immediate family.
23.33(4) (4)Operation on or near highways.
23.33(4)(a)(a) Freeways. No person may operate an all-terrain vehicle upon any part of any freeway which is a part of the federal system of interstate and defense highways. No person may operate an all-terrain vehicle upon any part of any other freeway unless the department of transportation authorizes all-terrain vehicle use on that freeway.
23.33(4)(b) (b) Other highways; operation restricted. No person may operate an all-terrain vehicle on a highway except as authorized under pars. (d) and (e) or as authorized by rules promulgated by the department and approved by the department of transportation.
23.33(4)(c) (c) Exceptions; municipal, state and utility operations; races and derbies; land surveying operations.
23.33(4)(c)1.1. Paragraphs (a) and (b) do not apply to the operator of an all-terrain vehicle owned by a municipality, state agency or public utility while the operator is engaged in an emergency or in the operation of an all-terrain vehicle directly related to the functions of the municipality, state agency or public utility if safety does not require strict adherence to these restrictions.
23.33(4)(c)1m. 1m. Paragraphs (a) and (b) do not apply to the operator of an all-terrain vehicle who is engaged in land surveying operations, if safety does not require strict adherence to the restrictions under pars. (a) and (b).
23.33(4)(c)2. 2. Paragraph (b) does not apply to a highway blocked off for special all-terrain vehicle events. A county, town, city or village may block off highways under its jurisdiction for the purpose of allowing special all-terrain vehicle events. No state trunk highway or connecting highway, or part thereof, may be blocked off by any county, town, city or village for any all-terrain vehicle race or derby. A county, town, city or village shall notify the local police department and the county sheriff's office at least one week in advance of the time and place of any all-terrain vehicle race or derby which may result in any street, or part thereof, of the county, town, city or village being blocked off.
23.33(4)(d) (d) Operation on roadway. A person may operate an all-terrain vehicle on the roadway portion of any highway only in the following situations:
23.33(4)(d)1. 1. To cross a roadway. The crossing of a roadway is authorized only if the crossing is done in the most direct manner practicable, if the crossing is made at a place where no obstruction prevents a quick and safe crossing, and if the operator stops the all-terrain vehicle prior to the crossing and yields the right-of-way to other vehicles, pedestrians, and electric personal assistive mobility devices using the roadway.
23.33(4)(d)2. 2. On any roadway which is seasonally not maintained for motor vehicle traffic. Operation of an all-terrain vehicle on this type of roadway is authorized only during the seasons when no maintenance occurs and only if the roadway is not officially closed to all-terrain vehicle traffic.
23.33(4)(d)3. 3. To cross a bridge, culvert, or railroad right-of-way. The crossing of a bridge, culvert, or railroad right-of-way is not authorized if the roadway is officially closed to all-terrain vehicle traffic. The crossing is authorized only if the crossing is done in the most direct manner practicable, if the crossing is made at a place where no obstruction prevents a quick and safe crossing, and if the operator stops the all-terrain vehicle prior to the crossing, pedestrians, and electric personal assistive mobility devices using the roadway.
23.33(4)(d)4. 4. On roadways which are designated as all-terrain vehicle routes. Operation of all-terrain vehicles on a roadway which is an all-terrain vehicle route is authorized only for the extreme right side of the roadway except that left turns may be made from any part of the roadway which is safe given prevailing conditions.
23.33(4)(d)5. 5. On roadways if the all-terrain vehicle is an implement of husbandry, if the all-terrain vehicle is used exclusively for agricultural purposes and if the all-terrain vehicle is registered for private use under sub. (2) (d) or (2g). Operation of an all-terrain vehicle which is an implement of husbandry on a roadway is authorized only for the extreme right side of the roadway except that left turns may be made from any part of the roadway which is safe given prevailing conditions.
23.33(4)(d)6. 6. On roadways if the operator of the all-terrain vehicle is a person who holds a Class A permit or a Class B permit under s. 29.193 (2) and who is traveling for the purposes of hunting or is otherwise engaging in an activity authorized by the permit.
23.33(4)(d)7. 7. On roadways of highways that are all-terrain vehicle trails.
23.33(4)(e) (e) Operation adjacent to roadway. A person may operate an all-terrain vehicle adjacent to a roadway on an all-terrain vehicle route or trail if the person operates the all-terrain vehicle in the following manner:
23.33(4)(e)1. 1. At a distance of 10 or more feet from the roadway along U.S. numbered highways and state and county highways. Travel on the median of a divided highway is prohibited except to cross.
23.33(4)(e)2. 2. Outside of the roadway along town highways.
23.33(4)(e)3. 3. During hours of darkness in the same direction as motor vehicle traffic in the nearest lane, although during daylight hours travel may be in either direction regardless of the flow of motor vehicle traffic.
23.33(4)(e)4. 4. Not in excess of the speed limits of the adjacent roadway.
23.33(4)(e)5. 5. With due regard to safety and in compliance with rules promulgated by the department and approved by the department of transportation.
23.33(4c) (4c)Intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle.
23.33(4c)(a)(a) Operation.
23.33(4c)(a)1.1. `Operating while under the influence of an intoxicant.' No person may operate an all-terrain vehicle while under the influence of an intoxicant to a degree which renders him or her incapable of safe operation of an all-terrain vehicle.
23.33(4c)(a)2. 2. `Operating with alcohol concentrations at or above specified levels.' No person may engage in the operation of an all-terrain vehicle while the person has an alcohol concentration of 0.1 or more.
23.33(4c)(a)3. 3. `Operating with alcohol concentrations at specified levels; below age 19.' If a person has not attained the age of 19, the person may not engage in the operation of an all-terrain vehicle while he or she has an alcohol concentration of more than 0.0 but not more than 0.1.
23.33(4c)(a)4. 4. `Related charges.' A person may be charged with and a prosecutor may proceed upon a complaint based upon a violation of subd. 1. or 2. or both for acts arising out of the same incident or occurrence. If the person is charged with violating both subds. 1. and 2., the offenses shall be joined. If the person is found guilty of both subds. 1. and 2. for acts arising out of the same incident or occurrence, there shall be a single conviction for purposes of sentencing and for purposes of counting convictions under sub. (13) (b) 2. and 3. Subdivisions 1. and 2. each require proof of a fact for conviction which the other does not require.
23.33(4c)(b) (b) Causing injury.
23.33(4c)(b)1.1. ` Causing injury while under the influence of an intoxicant.' No person while under the influence of an intoxicant to a degree which renders him or her incapable of safe operation of an all-terrain vehicle may cause injury to another person by the operation of an all-terrain vehicle.
23.33(4c)(b)2. 2. `Causing injury with alcohol concentrations at or above specified levels.' No person who has an alcohol concentration of 0.1 or more may cause injury to another person by the operation of an all-terrain vehicle.
23.33(4c)(b)3. 3. `Related charges.' A person may be charged with and a prosecutor may proceed upon a complaint based upon a violation of subd. 1. or 2. or both for acts arising out of the same incident or occurrence. If the person is charged with violating both subds. 1. and 2. in the complaint, the crimes shall be joined under s. 971.12. If the person is found guilty of both subds. 1. and 2. for acts arising out of the same incident or occurrence, there shall be a single conviction for purposes of sentencing and for purposes of counting convictions under sub. (13) (b) 2. and 3. Subdivisions 1. and 2. each require proof of a fact for conviction which the other does not require.
23.33(4c)(b)4. 4. `Defenses.' In an action under this paragraph, the defendant has a defense if he or she proves by a preponderance of the evidence that the injury would have occurred even if he or she had been exercising due care and he or she had not been under the influence of an intoxicant or did not have an alcohol concentration of 0.1 or more.
23.33(4g) (4g)Preliminary breath screening test.
23.33(4g)(a)(a) Requirement. A person shall provide a sample of his or her breath for a preliminary breath screening test if a law enforcement officer has probable cause to believe that the person is violating or has violated the intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle law and if, prior to an arrest, the law enforcement officer requested the person to provide this sample.
23.33(4g)(b) (b) Use of test results. A law enforcement officer may use the results of a preliminary breath screening test for the purpose of deciding whether or not to arrest a person for a violation of the intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle law or for the purpose of deciding whether or not to request a chemical test under sub. (4p). Following the preliminary breath screening test, chemical tests may be required of the person under sub. (4p).
23.33(4g)(c) (c) Admissibility. The result of a preliminary breath screening test is not admissible in any action or proceeding except to show probable cause for an arrest, if the arrest is challenged, or to show that a chemical test was properly required of a person under sub. (4p).
23.33(4g)(d) (d) Refusal. There is no penalty for a violation of par. (a). Subsection (13) (a) and the general penalty provision under s. 939.61 do not apply to that violation.
23.33(4j) (4j)Applicability of the intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle law. In addition to being applicable upon highways, the intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle law is applicable upon all premises held out to the public for use of their all-terrain vehicles, whether such premises are publicly or privately owned and whether or not a fee is charged for the use thereof.
23.33(4L) (4L)Implied consent. Any person who engages in the operation of an all-terrain vehicle upon the public highways of this state, or in those areas enumerated in sub. (4j), is deemed to have given consent to provide one or more samples of his or her breath, blood or urine for the purpose of authorized analysis as required under sub. (4p). Any person who engages in the operation of an all-terrain vehicle within this state is deemed to have given consent to submit to one or more chemical tests of his or her breath, blood or urine for the purpose of authorized analysis as required under sub. (4p).
23.33(4p) (4p)Chemical tests.
23.33(4p)(a)(a) Requirement.
23.33(4p)(a)1.1. `Samples; submission to tests.' A person shall provide one or more samples of his or her breath, blood or urine for the purpose of authorized analysis if he or she is arrested for a violation of the intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle law and if he or she is requested to provide the sample by a law enforcement officer. A person shall submit to one or more chemical tests of his or her breath, blood or urine for the purpose of authorized analysis if he or she is arrested for a violation of the intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle law and if he or she is requested to submit to the test by a law enforcement officer.
23.33(4p)(a)2. 2. `Information.' A law enforcement officer requesting a person to provide a sample or to submit to a chemical test under subd. 1. shall inform the person of all of the following at the time of the request and prior to obtaining the sample or administering the test:
23.33(4p)(a)2.a. a. That he or she is deemed to have consented to tests under sub. (4L).
23.33(4p)(a)2.b. b. That a refusal to provide a sample or to submit to a chemical test constitutes a violation under par. (e) and is subject to the same penalties and procedures as a violation of sub. (4c) (a) 1.
23.33(4p)(a)2.c. c. That in addition to the designated chemical test under par. (b) 2., he or she may have an additional chemical test under par. (c) 1.
23.33(4p)(a)3. 3. `Unconscious person.' A person who is unconscious or otherwise not capable of withdrawing consent is presumed not to have withdrawn consent under this paragraph, and if a law enforcement officer has probable cause to believe that the person violated the intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle law, one or more chemical tests may be administered to the person without a request under subd. 1. and without providing information under subd. 2.
23.33(4p)(b) (b) Chemical tests.
23.33(4p)(b)1.1. `Test facility.' Upon the request of a law enforcement officer, a test facility shall administer a chemical test of breath, blood or urine for the purpose of authorized analysis. A test facility shall be prepared to administer 2 of the 3 chemical tests of breath, blood or urine for the purpose of authorized analysis. The department may enter into agreements for the cooperative use of test facilities.
23.33(4p)(b)2. 2. `Designated chemical test.' A test facility shall designate one chemical test of breath, blood or urine which it is prepared to administer first for the purpose of authorized analysis.
23.33(4p)(b)3. 3. `Additional chemical test.' A test facility shall specify one chemical test of breath, blood or urine, other than the test designated under subd. 2., which it is prepared to administer for the purpose of authorized analysis as an additional chemical test.
23.33(4p)(b)4. 4. `Validity; procedure.' A chemical test of blood or urine conducted for the purpose of authorized analysis is valid as provided under s. 343.305 (6). The duties and responsibilities of the laboratory of hygiene, department of health and family services and department of transportation under s. 343.305 (6) apply to a chemical test of blood or urine conducted for the purpose of authorized analysis under this subsection. Blood may be withdrawn from a person arrested for a violation of the intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle law only by a physician, registered nurse, medical technologist, physician assistant or person acting under the direction of a physician and the person who withdraws the blood, the employer of that person and any hospital where blood is withdrawn have immunity from civil or criminal liability as provided under s. 895.53
23.33(4p)(b)5. 5. `Report.' A test facility which administers a chemical test of breath, blood or urine for the purpose of authorized analysis under this subsection shall prepare a written report which shall include the findings of the chemical test, the identification of the law enforcement officer or the person who requested a chemical test and the identification of the person who provided the sample or submitted to the chemical test. The test facility shall transmit a copy of the report to the law enforcement officer and the person who provided the sample or submitted to the chemical test.
23.33(4p)(c) (c) Additional and optional chemical tests.
23.33(4p)(c)1.1. `Additional chemical test.' If a person is arrested for a violation of the intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle law or is the operator of an all-terrain vehicle involved in an accident resulting in great bodily harm to or the death of someone and if the person is requested to provide a sample or to submit to a test under par. (a) 1., the person may request the test facility to administer the additional chemical test specified under par. (b) 3. or, at his or her own expense, reasonable opportunity to have any qualified person administer a chemical test of his or her breath, blood or urine for the purpose of authorized analysis.
23.33(4p)(c)2. 2. `Optional test.' If a person is arrested for a violation of the intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle law and if the person is not requested to provide a sample or to submit to a test under par. (a) 1., the person may request the test facility to administer a chemical test of his or her breath or, at his or her own expense, reasonable opportunity to have any qualified person administer a chemical test of his or her breath, blood or urine for the purpose of authorized analysis. If a test facility is unable to perform a chemical test of breath, the person may request the test facility to administer the designated chemical test under par. (b) 2. or the additional chemical test under par. (b) 3.
23.33(4p)(c)3. 3. `Compliance with request.' A test facility shall comply with a request under this paragraph to administer any chemical test it is able to perform.
23.33(4p)(c)4. 4. `Inability to obtain chemical test.' The failure or inability of a person to obtain a chemical test at his or her own expense does not preclude the admission of evidence of the results of a chemical test required and administered under pars. (a) and (b).
23.33(4p)(d) (d) Admissibility; effect of test results; other evidence. The results of a chemical test required or administered under par. (a), (b) or (c) are admissible in any civil or criminal action or proceeding arising out of the acts committed by a person alleged to have violated the intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle law on the issue of whether the person was under the influence of an intoxicant or the issue of whether the person had alcohol concentrations at or above specified levels. Results of these chemical tests shall be given the effect required under s. 885.235. This subsection does not limit the right of a law enforcement officer to obtain evidence by any other lawful means.
23.33(4p)(e) (e) Refusal. No person may refuse a lawful request to provide one or more samples of his or her breath, blood or urine or to submit to one or more chemical tests under par. (a). A person shall not be deemed to refuse to provide a sample or to submit to a chemical test if it is shown by a preponderance of the evidence that the refusal was due to a physical inability to provide the sample or to submit to the test due to a physical disability or disease unrelated to the use of an intoxicant. Issues in any action concerning violation of par. (a) or this paragraph are limited to:
23.33(4p)(e)1. 1. Whether the law enforcement officer had probable cause to believe the person was violating or had violated the intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle law.
23.33(4p)(e)2. 2. Whether the person was lawfully placed under arrest for violating the intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle law.
23.33(4p)(e)3. 3. Whether the law enforcement officer requested the person to provide a sample or to submit to a chemical test and provided the information required under par. (a) 2. or whether the request and information was unnecessary under par. (a) 3.
23.33(4p)(e)4. 4. Whether the person refused to provide a sample or to submit to a chemical test.
23.33(4t) (4t)Report arrest to department. If a law enforcement officer arrests a person for a violation of the intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle law or the refusal law, the law enforcement officer shall notify the department of the arrest as soon as practicable.
23.33(4x) (4x)Officer's action after arrest for operating an all-terrain vehicle while under influence of intoxicant. A person arrested for a violation of sub. (4c) (a) 1. or 2. or a local ordinance in conformity therewith or sub. (4c) (b) 1. or 2. may not be released until 12 hours have elapsed from the time of his or her arrest or unless a chemical test administered under sub. (4p) (a) 1. shows that the person has an alcohol concentration of 0.05 or less, but the person may be released to his or her attorney, spouse, relative or other responsible adult at any time after arrest.
23.33(4z) (4z)Public education program.
23.33(4z)(a)(a) The department shall promulgate rules to provide for a public education program to:
23.33(4z)(a)1. 1. Inform all-terrain vehicle operators of the prohibitions and penalties included in the intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle law.
23.33(4z)(a)2. 2. Provide for the development of signs briefly explaining the intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle law.
23.33(4z)(b) (b) The department shall develop and issue an educational pamphlet on the intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle law to be distributed, beginning in 1989, to persons issued all-terrain vehicle registration certificates under subs. (2) and (2g).
23.33(5) (5)Age restrictions; safety certification program.
23.33(5)(a)(a) Age restriction. No person under 12 years of age may operate an all-terrain vehicle unless he or she is operating the all-terrain vehicle for an agricultural purpose and he or she is under the supervision of a person over 18 years of age or unless he or she is operating a small all-terrain vehicle on an all-terrain vehicle trail designated by the department and he or she is accompanied by his or her parent. No person who is under 12 years of age may operate an all-terrain vehicle which is an implement of husbandry on a roadway under any circumstances. No person who is under 12 years of age may operate an all-terrain vehicle on a roadway under the authorization provided under sub. (4) (d) 6. under any circumstances. No person who is under 12 years of age may rent or lease an all-terrain vehicle. For purposes of this paragraph, supervision does not require that the person under 12 years of age be subject to continuous direction or control by the person over 18 years of age.
23.33(5)(b) (b) All-terrain vehicle safety certificate. A person who is at least 12 years of age but under 16 years of age may not operate an all-terrain vehicle unless he or she holds a valid all-terrain vehicle safety certificate or is accompanied by a person over 18 years of age. A person who is at least 12 years of age but under 16 years of age may not operate an all-terrain vehicle on a roadway under the authorization provided under sub. (4) (d) 6. unless he or she holds a valid all-terrain vehicle safety certificate regardless if he or she is accompanied by a person over 18 years of age. A person who is at least 12 years of age but under 16 years of age may not operate an all-terrain vehicle which is an implement of husbandry on a roadway under the authorization provided under sub. (4) (d) 5. unless he or she holds a valid all-terrain vehicle safety certificate regardless if he or she is accompanied by a person over 18 years of age. A person who is at least 12 years of age but under 16 years of age may not rent or lease an all-terrain vehicle. A person who is at least 12 years of age but under 16 years of age who holds an all-terrain vehicle safety certificate shall carry it while he or she operates an all-terrain vehicle and shall display it to a law enforcement officer on request. Persons enrolled in a safety certification program approved by the department may operate an all-terrain vehicle in an area designated by the instructor.
23.33(5)(c) (c) Exceptions. Paragraphs (a) and (b) do not apply to a person who operates an all-terrain vehicle exclusively on land under the management and control of the person's immediate family. Paragraphs (a) and (b) do not apply to a person at least 12 years of age but under 16 years of age who holds a valid certificate issued by another state or a province of Canada.
23.33(5)(d) (d) Safety certification program established. The department shall establish or supervise the establishment of a program of instruction on all-terrain vehicle laws, including the intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle law, regulations, safety and related subjects. The department shall establish by rule an instruction fee for this program. An instructor conducting the program of instruction under this paragraph shall collect the fee from each person who receives instruction. The department may determine the portion of this fee, which may not exceed 50%, that the instructor may retain to defray expenses incurred by the instructor in conducting the program. The instructor shall remit the remainder of the fee or, if nothing is retained, the entire fee to the department.
23.33(5m) (5m)Grant program.
23.33(5m)(a)(a) The department shall establish a program to award grants to organizations that meet the eligibility requirements under par. (b).
23.33(5m)(b) (b) To be eligible for a grant under this subsection, an organization shall meet all of the following requirements:
23.33(5m)(b)1. 1. The organization is a nonstock corporation organized in this state.
23.33(5m)(b)2. 2. The organization promotes the operation of all-terrain vehicles in a manner that is safe and responsible and that does not harm the environment.
23.33(5m)(b)3. 3. The organization promotes the operation of all-terrain vehicles in a manner that does not conflict with the laws, rules, and departmental policies that relate to the operation of all-terrain vehicles.
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This is an archival version of the Wis. Stats. database for 2001. See Are the Statutes on this Website Official?