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49.45(6m)(am)2.c. c. Allowable fuel and utility costs, including the facility expenses that the department determines are allowable for the provision of electrical service, water and sewer services, and heat.
49.45(6m)(am)2.d. d. Allowable administrative and general costs, including costs related to the facility's overall management and administration and allowable expenses that are not recognized or reimbursed in other cost centers and including the costs of commercial estimators approved by the department under par. (ar) 6.
49.45(6m)(am)4. 4. Property tax or municipal service costs paid by the owner of the facility for the facility.
49.45(6m)(am)5m. 5m. Allowable interest expense of the facility, less interest income of the facility and less interest income of affiliated entities, to the extent required under the approved state plan for services under 42 USC 1396.
49.45(6m)(am)6. 6. Capital payment necessary for the provision of service over time, including allowable facility expenses for suitable space, furnishings, property insurance and movable equipment for patient care.
49.45(6m)(ap) (ap) If the bed occupancy of a nursing home is below the minimum patient day occupancy standards that are established by the department under par. (ar) (intro.), the department may approve a request by the nursing home to delicense any of the nursing home's licensed beds. If the department approves the nursing home's request, all of the following apply:
49.45(6m)(ap)1. 1. The department shall delicense the number of beds in accordance with the nursing home's request.
49.45(6m)(ap)2. 2. The department may not include the number of beds of the nursing home that the department delicenses under this paragraph in determining the costs per patient day under the minimum patient day occupancy standards under par. (ar).
49.45(6m)(ap)3. 3. The nursing home may not use or sell a bed that is delicensed under this paragraph.
49.45(6m)(ap)4.a.a. Every 12 months following the delicensure of a bed under this paragraph, for which a nursing home has not resumed licensure under subd. 5., the department shall reduce the licensed bed capacity of the nursing home by 10% of all of the nursing home's beds that remain delicensed under this paragraph or by 25% of one bed, whichever is greater. The department shall reduce the statewide maximum number of licensed nursing home beds under s. 150.31 (1) (intro.) by the number or portion of a number of beds by which the nursing home's licensed bed capacity is reduced under this subdivision.
49.45(6m)(ap)4.b. b. Subdivision 4. a. does not apply with respect to the delicensure of beds between October 14, 1997, and the date that is 60 days after October 14, 1997, during the period of any contract entered into by a nursing home prior to January 1, 1997, if the contract requires the nursing home to maintain its current licensed bed capacity.
49.45(6m)(ap)5. 5. A nursing home retains the right to resume licensure of a bed of the nursing home that was delicensed under this paragraph unless the licensed bed capacity of the nursing home has been reduced by that bed under subd. 4. The nursing home may not resume licensure of a fraction of a bed. The nursing home may resume licensure 18 months after the nursing home notifies the department in writing that the nursing home intends to resume the licensure. If a nursing home resumes licensure of a bed under this subdivision, subd. 2. does not apply with respect to that bed.
49.45(6m)(ap)6. 6. If subd. 4. b. applies and the nursing home later resumes licensure of a bed that was delicensed between October 14, 1997, and the date that is 60 days after October 14, 1997, the department shall calculate the costs per patient day using the methodology specified in the state plan that is in place at the time that the delicensed beds are resumed.
49.45(6m)(ar) (ar) In determining payments for a facility under par. (ag), the department may establish minimum patient day occupancy standards for determining costs per patient day and shall apply the following methods to calculate amounts payable for the rate year for the cost centers described under par. (am):
49.45(6m)(ar)1. 1. For direct care costs:
49.45(6m)(ar)1.a. a. The department shall establish standards for payment of allowable direct care costs under par. (am) 1. bm., for facilities that do not primarily serve the developmentally disabled, that take into account direct care costs for a sample of all of those facilities in this state and separate standards for payment of allowable direct care costs, for facilities that primarily serve the developmentally disabled, that take into account direct care costs for a sample of all of those facilities in this state. The standards shall be adjusted by the department for regional labor cost variations. The department shall treat as a single labor region the counties of Dane, Iowa, Columbia, Sauk, and Rock and shall adjust payment so that the direct care cost targets of facilities in Dane, Iowa, Columbia, and Sauk counties are not reduced as a result of including facilities in Rock County in this labor region. For facilities in Douglas, Pierce, and St. Croix counties, the department shall perform the adjustment by use of the wage index that is used by the federal department of health and human services for hospital reimbursement under 42 USC 1395 to 1395ggg.
49.45(6m)(ar)1.b. b. The department shall establish the direct care component of the facility rate for each facility by comparing actual allowable direct care cost information of that facility adjusted for inflation to the standards established under subd. 1. a.
49.45(6m)(ar)1.c. c. If a facility has an approved program for provision of service to mentally retarded residents, residents dependent upon ventilators, or residents requiring supplemental skilled care due to complex medical conditions, a supplement to the direct care component of the facility rate under subd. 1. b. may be made to that facility according to a method developed by the department.
49.45(6m)(ar)1.cm. cm. Funding distributed to facilities for the provision of active treatment to residents with a diagnosis of developmental disability shall be distributed in accordance with a method developed by the department which is consistent with a prudent buyer approach to payment for services.
49.45(6m)(ar)2. 2. For support service costs, the department shall establish one or more standards for the payment of support service costs that take into account support service costs for a sample of all facilities within the state.
49.45(6m)(ar)4. 4. For net property taxes or municipal services, payment shall be made for the amount of the previous calendar year's tax or the amount of municipal service costs for a period specified by the department, subject to a maximum limit as determined by the department.
49.45(6m)(ar)6. 6. Capital payment shall be based on a replacement value for a facility. The replacement value shall be determined by a commercial estimator contracted for by the department and paid for by the facility. The replacement value shall be subject to limitations determined by the department.
49.45(6m)(av) (av) The department shall calculate a payment rate for a facility by applying the criteria set forth under pars. (ag) 1. to 5. and 7., (am) 1. bm., 4., 5m. and 6., and (ar) 1., 4., and 6. to information from cost reports submitted by the facility, as affected by any adjustment for ancillary services and materials under par. (b).
49.45(6m)(b) (b) The charges for ancillary materials and services that would be incurred by a prudent buyer may be included as an adjustment to the rate determined by par. (av) when so determined by the department. The department may not authorize any adjustments to the rate established under par. (av) to pay for a cost overrun that the department fails to approve under s. 150.11 (3). Ancillary materials and services for which payment may be made include, if provided, oxygen, medical transportation and laboratory and X-ray services. Payment for these services and materials shall not exceed medical assistance limitations for reimbursement of the services and materials. For services in a facility for which the department may make payment to a service provider other than a facility, the department may make payment to the facility but not in excess of the estimated amount of payment available if a separate service provider provided the service. The department may promulgate rules setting forth conditions of and limitations to this paragraph.
49.45(6m)(bg) (bg) The department shall determine payment levels for the provision of skilled, intermediate, limited, personal or residential care or care for the mentally retarded in the state centers for the developmentally disabled and in a Wisconsin veterans home operated by the department of veterans affairs under s. 45.50 separately from the payment principles, applicable costs and methods established under this subsection.
49.45(6m)(bm) (bm) Except as provided in par. (bo), the department may establish payment methods for a facility for which any of the following applies:
49.45(6m)(bm)1. 1. The facility is newly constructed.
49.45(6m)(bm)2. 2. The total of licensed beds for the facility has significantly increased or decreased prior to calculation of its rate under the payment system.
49.45(6m)(bm)3. 3. The facility has undergone a change in certification or licensure level.
49.45(6m)(bm)5. 5. The facility has received approval or disapproval for provision of service to residents requiring supplemental skilled care due to complex medical conditions.
49.45(6m)(bm)6. 6. The facility has received approval or been disapproved for provision of service to residents who have any of the following:
49.45(6m)(bm)6.a. a. Brain injury, as defined in s. 51.01 (2g).
49.45(6m)(bm)6.b. b. A diagnosis of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.
49.45(6m)(bm)6.c. c. An HIV infection, as defined in s. 252.01 (2), and illness or injury associated with the development of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.
49.45(6m)(bo) (bo) The department may establish payment methods for capital payment for a newly constructed facility that first provided services after June 30, 1984.
49.45(6m)(bp) (bp) Notwithstanding pars. (am) 6. and (ar) 6., the department may establish payment methods based on actual costs for capital payment for a facility to which, after December 31, 1982, any of the following applies:
49.45(6m)(bp)1. 1. The facility was constructed.
49.45(6m)(bp)2. 2. The facility was purchased.
49.45(6m)(bp)3. 3. The facility incurred annual remodeling costs of more than $600,000.
49.45(6m)(bp)4. 4. The facility incurred remodeling costs necessary to meet physical plant requirements under 42 USC 1396a (a) (13) (A).
49.45(6m)(br) (br) If the federal department of health and human services disallows use of the allocation of matching federal medical assistance funds under applicable federal acts or programs for the reduction of operation deficits under sub. (6u), all of the following apply:
49.45(6m)(br)1. 1. Notwithstanding s. 20.410 (3) (cd), 20.435 (4) (bt) or (7) (b) or 20.437 (2) (dz), the department shall reduce allocations of funds to counties in the amount of the disallowance from the appropriation account under s. 20.435 (4) (bt) or (7) (b), or the department shall direct the department of children and families to reduce allocations of funds to counties or Wisconsin Works agencies in the amount of the disallowance from the appropriation account under s. 20.437 (2) (dz) or direct the department of corrections to reduce allocations of funds to counties in the amount of the disallowance from the appropriation account under s. 20.410 (3) (cd), in accordance with s. 16.544 to the extent applicable.
Effective date note NOTE: Subd. 1. is amended eff. 7-1-11 by 2009 Wis. Act 28 to read:
Effective date text 1. Notwithstanding s. 20.410 (3) (cd), 20.435 or (7) (b) or 20.437 (2) (dz), the department shall reduce allocations of funds to counties in the amount of the disallowance from the appropriation account under s. 20.435 (7) (b), or the department shall direct the department of children and families to reduce allocations of funds to counties or Wisconsin Works agencies in the amount of the disallowance from the appropriation account under s. 20.437 (2) (dz) or direct the department of corrections to reduce allocations of funds to counties in the amount of the disallowance from the appropriation account under s. 20.410 (3) (cd), in accordance with s. 16.544 to the extent applicable.
49.45(6m)(br)2. 2. If a city, village or town owns and operates a facility that has received funds to reduce an operating deficit, the city, village or town shall reimburse the county in which the city, village or town is located in the amount of funds so received.
49.45(6m)(c) (c) As a condition of payment under this section a facility shall:
49.45(6m)(c)1. 1. Meet the staffing standard requirements for direct care costs including the supplement, if any, made under par. (ar) 1. c. and maintain such records as prescribed by the department to document that such level of care was actually provided.
49.45(6m)(c)2. 2. Provide at the time of a patient's admission to a home, for the development and implementation of a rehabilitation plan including the development of an alternate care plan for the patient.
49.45(6m)(c)3. 3. Provide, upon request, cost information relating to the overall financial operation of the facility, including, but not limited to wages and hours worked, costs of food, housekeeping, maintenance and administration.
49.45(6m)(c)4. 4. Agree to admit patients 7 days of the week.
49.45(6m)(c)5. 5. Admit only patients assessed or who waive or are exempt from the requirement of assessment under s. 46.27 (6) (a) or, if required under s. 50.035 (4n) or 50.04 (2h), who have been referred to a resource center.
49.45(6m)(c)6. 6. Provide, upon request, such information as the department considers necessary to determine allowable interest expenses under par. (am) 5m.
49.45(6m)(d) (d) The department shall:
49.45(6m)(d)2. 2. Terminate payment to a facility for a patient, unless a utilization review team established pursuant to federal regulations upon review of the patient's needs and the implementation of a rehabilitation plan for that patient determines that the patient's need for care and services can only be provided in a facility and determines the appropriate level of care.
49.45(6m)(d)3. 3. Establish, maintain, and periodically update a patient needs evaluation system to be used in determining the need and level of care at a facility, which shall include the social and rehabilitative needs of the patient, provide levels of care to correspond to the actual staff time required to provide such care, and define the contents of the services to be provided.
49.45(6m)(d)4. 4. Periodically audit all nursing homes and intermediate care facilities receiving funds under this paragraph, and recover payments made where the home is not meeting the conditions under which the payment was made as specified in par. (c) 1. and 2. Erroneous information provided under par. (c) 3. shall constitute grounds for recovery.
49.45(6m)(d)5. 5. Beginning October 1, 1989, deny payment to a facility for a patient who is admitted to the facility after the department has provided newspaper notice and notice under s. 50.03 (2m) (b) that the facility violates 42 USC 1396 to 1396s and before the date, if any, that the department determines that the facility is in substantial compliance with 42 USC 1396 to 1396s.
49.45(6m)(g) (g) Payment under this section to a facility may not include the cost of care reimbursable for persons eligible for medicare benefits under 42 USC 1395 to 1395zz. Medical assistance recipients are not liable for these costs. The department may require that a facility recover these costs from the appropriate agencies. The department may, by rule, require medicare certification under 42 USC 1395 to 1395zz, in whole or in part, of skilled nursing facilities. Any intermediate care facility or skilled nursing facility is subject to a fine of not less than $10 nor more than $100 for each day it refuses to recover costs or refuses to obtain the required certification.
49.45(6m)(h) (h) The department may require by rule that all claims for payment of services provided facility residents under this subchapter be submitted or countersigned by the respective facility administrator. The department may specify those categories of services for which payment will be made only if the services are rendered or authorized in writing by a primary health care provider designated by the recipient for the particular category of services.
49.45(6m)(i)1.1. On or after October 1, 1981, medical assistance payment for inpatient nursing care may only be provided for persons receiving skilled, intermediate, or limited levels of nursing care as these levels are defined under s. DHS 132.13, Wis. Adm. Code.
49.45(6m)(i)2. 2. Payment for personal or residential care is available for a person in a facility certified under 42 USC 1396 to 1396p only if the person entered a facility before the date specified in subd. 1. and has continuously resided in a facility since the date specified in subd. 1. If the person has a primary diagnosis of developmental disabilities or serious and persistent mental illness, payment for personal or residential care is available only if the person entered a facility on or before November 1, 1983.
49.45(6m)(j) (j) The department may develop a separate rate of payment, under this subsection, for persons requiring intense skilled nursing care, as defined by the department.
49.45(6m)(k) (k) Notwithstanding pars. (ag) to (b), (bp) and (br), the department may participate in a demonstration project on case mix nursing home reimbursement authorized under 42 USC 1315 (a) and may modify the payment system under this section, on an experimental basis, as necessary for participation in the demonstration project.
49.45(6m)(L) (L) For purposes of ss. 46.27 (11) (c) 7. and 46.277 (5) (e), the department shall, by July 1 annually, determine the statewide medical assistance daily cost of nursing home care and submit the determination to the department of administration for review. The department of administration shall approve the determination before payment may be made under s. 46.27 (11) (c) 7. or 46.277 (5) (e).
49.45(6m)(m) (m) To hold a bed in a facility, the department may pay the full payment rate under this subsection for up to 30 days for services provided to a person during the pendency of an undue hardship determination, as provided in s. 49.453 (8) (b) 3.
49.45(6tw) (6tw)Payments to city health departments. From the appropriation account under s. 20.435 (7) (b), the department may make payments to local health departments, as defined under s. 250.01 (4) (a) 3. Payment under this subsection to such a local health department may not exceed on an annualized basis payment made by the department to the local health department under s. 49.45 (6t), 2003 stats., for services provided by the local health department in 2002.
49.45(6u) (6u)Supplemental payments to certain facilities and care management organizations.
49.45(6u)(ag)(ag) In this subsection:
49.45(6u)(ag)1. 1. "Care management organization" means a care management organization, as defined in s. 46.2805 (1), that contracts under s. 46.284 (4) (d) for provision of services with a facility that is established under s. 49.70 (2) or that is owned and operated by a city, village, or town.
49.45(6u)(ag)2. 2. "Facility" has the meaning given in sub. (6m) (a) 3.
49.45(6u)(am) (am) Notwithstanding sub. (6m), from the appropriations under s. 20.435 (4) (o), and (w), for reduction of operating deficits, as defined under the methodology used by the department in December 2000, incurred by a facility that is established under s. 49.70 (1) or that is owned and operated by a city, village, or town, and as payment to care management organizations, the department may not distribute to these facilities and to care management organizations more than $39,100,000 in each fiscal year, as determined by the department. The total amount that a county certifies under this subsection may not exceed 100% of otherwise-unreimbursed care. In distributing funds under this subsection, the department shall perform all of the following:
49.45(6u)(am)1. 1. Estimate the availability of federal medical assistance funds that may be matched to county funds or funds of a city, village or town for the reduction of operating deficits incurred by the facility.
49.45(6u)(am)2. 2. Based on the amount estimated available under subd. 1., develop a method to distribute this allocation to the individual facilities that have incurred operating deficits that shall include:
49.45(6u)(am)2.a. a. Development of criteria for determining operating deficits.
49.45(6u)(am)2.b. b. Agreement by the county in which is located the facility established under s. 49.70 (1) and agreement by the city, village, or town that owns and operates the facility that the applicable county, city, village, or town shall provide funds to match federal medical assistance matching funds under this paragraph.
49.45(6u)(am)2.bm. bm. Identification by the county in which is located the facility established under s. 49.70 (1) of all county funds expended in each calendar year to operate the facility, and certification by the county to the department of this amount.
49.45(6u)(am)2.c. c. Consideration of the size of a facility's operating deficit.
49.45(6u)(am)3. 3. Distribute the allocation under the distribution method that is developed, unless a county has failed to comply with subd. 2. bm.
49.45(6u)(am)4. 4. If the federal department of health and human services approves for state expenditure in a fiscal year amounts under s. 20.435 (4) (o) and (w) that result in a lesser allocation amount than that allocated under this paragraph, allocate not more than the lesser amount so approved by the federal department of health and human services.
49.45(6u)(am)5. 5. If the federal department of health and human services approves for state expenditure in a fiscal year amounts under s. 20.435 (4) (o) and (w) that result in a lesser allocation amount than that allocated under this paragraph, submit a revision of the method developed under subd. 2. for approval by the joint committee on finance in that state fiscal year.
49.45(6u)(am)6. 6. If the federal department of health and human services disallows use of the allocation of matching federal medical assistance funds distributed under subd. 3., apply the requirements under sub. (6m) (br).
49.45(6u)(am)7. 7. If a facility that is otherwise eligible for an allocation of funds under this section is found by the federal health care financing administration or the department to be an institution for mental diseases, as defined under 42 CFR 435.1009, cease distributing to that facility funds under this section after the date on which the finding is made.
49.45(6u)(b) (b) Notwithstanding the limitation on the amount of disbursements under par. (am) (intro.), from the appropriation under s. 20.435 (4) (wm), the department shall, using the criteria specified in par. (am) 1. to 7., disburse any federal medical assistance funds that are received by the state as federal financial participation for operating deficits incurred by a facility that is operated by a county, city, village, or town and that are in excess of the amount of federal financial participation anticipated and budgeted as revenue in the biennial budget act for the fiscal year in which the funds are received.
49.45(6v) (6v)Report.
49.45(6v)(a)(a) In this subsection, "facility" has the meaning given in sub. (6m) (a) 3.
49.45(6v)(b) (b) The department shall, each year, submit to the joint committee on finance a report for the previous fiscal year, except for the 1997-98 fiscal year, that provides information on the utilization of beds by recipients of medical assistance in facilities and a discussion and detailed projection of the likely balances, expenditures, encumbrances and carry over of currently appropriated amounts in the appropriation accounts under s. 20.435 (4) (b) and (o).
49.45(6v)(c) (c) If the report specified in par. (b) indicates that utilization of beds by recipients of medical assistance in facilities is less than estimates for that utilization reflected in the intentions of the joint committee on finance, legislature and governor, as expressed by them in the budget determinations, the department shall include a proposal to transfer moneys from the appropriation under s. 20.435 (4) (b) to the appropriation under s. 20.435 (7) (bd) for the purpose of increasing funding for the community options program under s. 46.27. The amount proposed for transfer may not reduce the balance in the appropriation account under s. 20.435 (4) (b) below an amount necessary to ensure that that appropriation account will end the current fiscal year or the current fiscal biennium with a positive balance. The secretary shall transfer the amount identified under the proposal.
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