No student may be denied admission to, participation in or the benefits of, or be discriminated against in any service, program, course or facility of the system or its institutions because of the student's race, color, creed, religion, sex, national origin, disability, ancestry, age, sexual orientation, pregnancy, marital status or parental status.
The board shall direct each institution to establish policies and procedures to protect students from discrimination under sub. (1)
. The policies and procedures shall do all of the following:
Provide criteria for determining whether sub. (1)
has been violated.
Require a complainant to file a complaint with the institution within 300 days of the alleged violation of sub. (1)
Provide periods within which the complainant and the institution must act for each procedural step leading to the issuance of a final decision and for appeal of the final decision to the chancellor of the institution.
The board shall establish policies and procedures for the appeal of the chancellor's or dean's decision to the board.
By September 1, 1991, 1992, 1993, and 1994, the board shall submit a report to the chief clerk of each house of the legislature for distribution to the appropriate standing committees under s. 13.172 (3)
. The report shall specify all of the following for the previous academic year:
The number of complaints received at each institution alleging a violation of sub. (1)
and the disposition of each such complaint.
The number of requests for review received by the board and the disposition of each such request.
History: 1989 a. 186
; 1997 a. 237
The exclusion of contraceptives from an employer or college or university sponsored benefits program that otherwise provides prescription drug coverage violates Wisconsin law prohibiting sex discrimination in employment and in higher education, ss. 111.31 to 111.395, 36.12, and 38.23. OAG 1-04
Student body diversity is a compelling state interest that can justify the use of race in university admissions. A race-conscious admissions program cannot use a quota system, but may consider race or ethnicity as a plus factor for an applicant, without insulating the individual from comparison with all other candidates for the available seats. An admissions program must be flexible enough to consider all pertinent elements of diversity in light of the particular qualifications of each applicant, and to place them on the same footing for consideration, although not necessarily according them the same weight. Race-conscious admissions policies must be limited in time. Grutter v. Bollinger, 539 U.S. 306
, 123 S. Ct. 2325
(2003). See also Gratz v. Bollinger, 539 U.S. 244
, 156 L. Ed. 2d 304
, 123 S. Ct. 2411
strict scrutiny must be applied to any university admissions program using racial categories or classifications. Once the university has established that its goal of diversity is consistent with strict scrutiny, however, there must still be a further judicial determination that the admissions process meets strict scrutiny in its implementation. The university must prove that the means chosen by the university to attain diversity are narrowly tailored to that goal. Strict scrutiny imposes on the university the ultimate burden of demonstrating, before turning to racial classifications, that available, workable race-neutral alternatives do not suffice. Grutter
did not hold that good faith would forgive an impermissible consideration of race. Fisher v. University of Texas at Austin, 570 U.S. ___, 133 S. Ct. 2411, 186 L. Ed. 2d 474 (2013).
Faculty tenure and probationary appointments. 36.13(1)(1)
In this section:
"Probationary appointment" means an appointment by the board held by a faculty member during the period which may precede a decision on a tenure appointment.
"Tenure appointment" means an appointment for an unlimited period granted to a ranked faculty member by the board.
Except as provided under par. (b)
, the board may grant a tenure appointment only upon the affirmative recommendation of the appropriate chancellor and the appropriate academic department or its functional equivalent. Neither the chancellor nor the academic department or its functional equivalent may base a tenure recommendation upon impermissible factors, as defined by the board by rule.
The board may grant a tenure appointment without the affirmative recommendation of the appropriate academic department or its functional equivalent if all of the following apply:
The board has the affirmative recommendation of the appropriate chancellor.
A faculty committee authorized by the board by rule to review the negative recommendation of the academic department or its functional equivalent finds that the decision of the academic department or its functional equivalent was based upon impermissible factors, as defined by the board by rule.
The board has the affirmative recommendation of a committee appointed according to the policies and procedures of the appropriate institution to review the individual's record with reference to criteria for tenure published by the institution under procedures established by the board by rule. No person may be appointed to the committee under this subdivision unless the person is knowledgeable or experienced in the individual's academic field or in a substantially similar academic field. No member of the committee appointed under this subdivision may be a member of the academic department, or its functional equivalent, that made the negative recommendation. The committee appointed under this subdivision may not base its tenure recommendation upon impermissible factors, as defined by the board by rule.
A tenure appointment may be granted to any ranked faculty member who holds or will hold a half-time appointment or more. The proportion of time provided for in the appointment may not be diminished nor increased without the mutual consent of the faculty member and the institution subject only to sub. (5)
and s. 36.21
A probationary appointment shall not exceed 7 consecutive academic years in a full-time position in an institution. A leave of absence, sabbatical or a teacher improvement assignment does not constitute a break in continuous service and shall not be included in the 7-year period. The board may promulgate rules specifying additional circumstances that do not constitute a break in continuous service and that shall not be included in the 7-year period.
The board and its several faculties after consultation with appropriate students shall promulgate rules for tenure and probationary appointments, for the review of faculty performance and for the nonretention and dismissal of faculty members. Such rules shall be promulgated under ch. 227
(4) Continuation of appointment. 36.13(4)(a)(a)
Any person who holds a tenure appointment under ch. 36
, 1971 stats. and ch. 37
, 1971 stats., and related rules on July 9, 1974 shall continue to hold tenure as defined under those chapters and related rules.
Any person who holds the equivalent of a probationary appointment under ch. 36
, 1971 stats., and ch. 37
, 1971 stats., and related rules on July 9, 1974 shall continue to enjoy the contractual rights and guarantees as defined under those chapters and related rules, and may elect to be considered for tenure according to the procedures existing under that appointment or under sub. (2)
Any person who is not a ranked faculty member on August 15, 1991, and who is also described under subd. 1.
shall be treated as a faculty member with the rank of associate professor for all purposes:
Any person who held an unranked faculty tenure appointment or unranked faculty concurrent tenure appointment under ch. 37
, 1971 stats., prior to July 10, 1974.
Any person who held an unranked probationary appointment under ch. 37
, 1971 stats., prior to July 10, 1974, and who subsequently received an unranked faculty tenure appointment or unranked faculty concurrent tenure appointment.
(5) Procedural guarantees.
Any person having tenure may be dismissed only for just cause and only after due notice and hearing. Any person having a probationary appointment may be dismissed prior to the end of the person's contract term only for just cause and only after due notice and hearing. The action and decision of the board in such matters shall be final, subject to judicial review under ch. 227
. The board and its several faculties shall develop procedures for the notice and hearing which shall be promulgated by rule under ch. 227
Tenure and probationary appointments are in a particular institution. A tenure appointment is limited to the institution in which the appointment is held.
See also chs. UWS 3
, and 19
, Wis. adm. code.
The due process rights of a tenured professor who was alleged to have resigned were not protected by a hearing to determine eligibility for unemployment compensation. Patterson v. University Board of Regents, 119 Wis. 2d 570
, 350 N.W.2d 612
The board did not have authority to grant tenure without the affirmative recommendation of the appropriate academic department. Trojan v. Board of Regents, 128 Wis. 2d 270
, 382 N.W.2d 75
(Ct. App. 1985).
This section specifically authorizes the board to adopt termination procedures and the board has adopted administrative rules that lay out the process to be applied in faculty dismissal cases. While sub. (5) provides that dismissal decisions are reviewed under ch. 227, other provisions of ch. 227 do not apply to faculty dismissal cases and the administrative rules do. Marder v. Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System, 2005 WI 159
, 286 Wis. 2d 252
, 706 N.W.2d 110
A nontenured teacher who is not rehired has no constitutional right to a statement of the reason for not renewing his or her contract nor to a hearing on the matter. Board of Regents v. Roth, 408 U.S. 564
Wisconsin distinguished professorships. 36.14(1)(1)
The board may establish distinguished professorships under this section.
The board may pay under this section the salary and fringe benefit costs of the professor holding the distinguished professorship and of any graduate assistant assigned to the professor, and the equipment, supplies and travel costs of the professor and the graduate assistants assigned to the professor.
The board shall ensure that at least 3 of the professors awarded distinguished professorships under this section after August 9, 1989, are not employed by the board when they are awarded the professorships.
Academic staff appointments. 36.15(1)
In this section:
"Administrative appointment" means an academic staff appointment for a fixed or indefinite term granted to a system, campus, college, school or other divisional officer involved in policy development or execution and to persons involved in directing, organizing or supervising higher education related activities.
"Professional appointment" means an academic staff appointment for a fixed or indefinite term granted to a professional employee who is involved in the guidance or counseling of students, assisting the faculty in research, public service or in the instruction of students or who is involved in other professional duties which are primarily associated with institutions of higher education; including, but not limited to, such employment titles as visiting faculty, clinical staff, lecturer, scientist, specialist and such other equivalent titles as the board approves.
Appointments under this section shall be made by the board, or by an appropriate official authorized by the board, under policies and procedures established by the board and subject to s. 36.09 (1) (i)
. The policies for indefinite appointments shall provide for a probationary period, permanent status and such other conditions of appointment as the board establishes.
Effective date text
(2) Appointments. Appointments under this section shall be made by the board, or by an appropriate official authorized by the board, under policies and procedures established by the board. The policies for indefinite appointments shall provide for a probationary period, permanent status and such other conditions of appointment as the board establishes.
(2m) Librarian appointments.
If in any institution all professional librarians with appropriate graduate degrees as determined in accordance with that institution's policies, have formerly been ranked faculty, all present and future appointments of professional librarians with appropriate graduate degrees in such institution shall be as ranked faculty, except in those institutions where the chancellor and faculty designate that such appointments shall be as academic staff.
(3) Procedural guarantees.
A person having an academic staff appointment for a term may be dismissed prior to the end of the appointment term only for just cause and only after due notice and hearing. A person having an academic staff appointment for an indefinite term who has attained permanent status may be dismissed only for just cause and only after due notice and hearing. In such matters the action and decision of the board, or the appropriate official authorized by the board, shall be final, subject to judicial review under ch. 227
. The board shall develop procedures for notice and hearing which shall be promulgated as rules under ch. 227
See also ch. UWS 3
, and 19
, Wis. adm. code.
Limited appointments. 36.17(1)
An appointment to a position listed in sub. (2)
shall be a limited appointment and the appointment shall be at the pleasure of the board. A person holding a tenured or academic staff appointment under ss. 36.13
shall not lose that appointment by accepting a limited appointment.
Limited appointments apply to the following positions: president, provost, vice president, associate vice president, assistant vice president, chancellor, vice chancellor, associate chancellor, assistant chancellor, associate vice chancellor, assistant vice chancellor, college campus dean, secretary of the board, associate secretary of the board, assistant secretary of the board, trust officer and assistant trust officer and such other administrative positions as the board determines at the time of the appointment.
History: 1973 c. 335
; 1997 a. 237
See also chs. UWS 15
, Wis. adm. code.
The board may make or authorize fixed term appointments for student assistants and employees in training, such as residents, interns, post-doctoral fellows or trainees or associates. Appointments made under this section shall not be subject to ss. 36.13
History: 1973 c. 335
See also ch. UWS 16
, Wis. adm. code.
Lapse of appointments.
Notwithstanding ss. 36.13 (4)
, the board may, with appropriate notice, terminate any faculty or academic staff appointment when a financial emergency exists. No person may be employed at the institution within 2 years to perform reasonably comparable duties to those of the person whose appointment was terminated without first offering such person a reappointment. The board, after consultation with the faculty and chancellor of each institution, shall adopt procedures to be followed in the event of termination under this section.
History: 1973 c. 335
Conflict of interest.
No regent or officer or other person appointed or employed in any position in the system may at any time act as agent for any person or organization where such act would create a conflict of interest with the terms of the person's service in the system. The board shall define conflicts of interest and promulgate rules related thereto.
History: 1973 c. 335
; 1985 a. 332
s. 251 (1)
See also ch. UWS 8
, Wis. adm. code.
A regent of the University of Wisconsin is not precluded by law from attending the university as a student or from receiving a degree from the university, but he must guard against and refrain from any possible conflict of interest. 58 Atty. Gen. 158.
Special programs. 36.25(2)(2)
Wisconsin residents preference in housing.
Preference as to rooming, boarding and apartment facilities in the use of living units operated by any university shall, for the following school year, be given to students who are residents of this state and who apply before March 15, unless a later date is set by the board. Such preference shall be granted in accordance with categories of priority established by the board. Leases or other agreements for occupancy of such living units shall not exceed a term of one calendar year. The board may promulgate rules for the execution of this subsection.
(3) Agricultural demonstration stations, experiments, demonstrations. 36.25(3)(a)(a)
The board may establish through the College of Agricultural and Life Sciences of the University of Wisconsin-Madison demonstration stations for the purpose of aiding in agricultural development. The location of the stations shall be determined by the board which shall consider the opportunities for agricultural development in various regions of the state.
The board may authorize experimental work in agriculture at points within the state and carry on demonstrations and such other extension work as it deems advisable for the improvement of agricultural knowledge. The board may conduct extension schools and courses and provide for the compensation and traveling fees of instructors whose functions shall be to assist in the improvement of agricultural education and the dissemination of agricultural knowledge.
The board shall, under the supervision of the dean of the College of Agricultural and Life Sciences of the University of Wisconsin-Madison, foster research and experimentation in the control of bovine brucellosis, which is also known as Bang's disease, at various points within this state that the board considers advisable. To facilitate the bovine brucellosis research and experimentation, contracts may be entered into with owners of bovine animals of various classes for the supervised control of the animals and for the purchase of animals under conditions to be specified in contracts that shall be retained for control purposes.
The board may establish such agriculturally related research and instructional programs at any institution as it deems advisable so long as such programs are compatible with a single statewide integrated research and extension program.
(3m) Solid waste experiment centers. 36.25(3m)(b)
The board may establish one or more solid waste experiment centers for the purpose of developing, demonstrating, promoting and assessing the costs and environmental effects of alternatives to solid waste disposal. The board shall determine the location of the solid waste experiment centers. In making the determination, the board shall consider the solid waste disposal needs of the various regions of the state. The board may establish, through cooperative agreements, solid waste experiment centers at existing publicly owned or privately owned storage, treatment or disposal facilities.
The board shall conduct research into alternatives to solid waste disposal, including the reuse and recycling of materials, composting, source separation and the disposal of household hazardous wastes. The board shall also conduct research into the safe disposal of solid waste that cannot be composted or recycled. Research conducted under this paragraph shall include technologies suitable for application to waste streams of less than 50 tons of solid waste per day and shall consider the environmental effects of the technologies being researched and measures which could be taken to mitigate such effects. Research conducted under this paragraph shall be designed for the benefit of all public and private entities responsible for the collection, storage, transportation, treatment or disposal of solid waste and all persons who generate solid waste.
The board shall appoint a solid waste research council under s. 15.04 (1) (c)
consisting of the chancellor of each institution that has faculty with expertise in solid waste disposal or his or her designee. The council shall advise the board concerning the awarding of funds for research projects under par. (c)
proposed by institutions.
(4) Dutch elm disease studies.
The board shall, through the College of Agricultural and Life Sciences of the University of Wisconsin-Madison, authorize laboratory and field studies, research, and experiments to determine the cause and control of Dutch elm disease. The various departments of the state shall cooperate with the university in this program.
(5) Broadcasting station WHA and WHA-TV, experimental television. 36.25(5)(a)(a)
The board of regents, as licensee, shall manage, operate and maintain broadcasting station WHA and WHA-TV and shall enter into an affiliation agreement with the educational communications board pursuant to s. 39.14
. Except as provided under par. (b)
, the agreement shall provide that the board of regents shall grant the educational communications board the part-time use of equipment and space necessary for the operations of the state educational radio and television networks. The board of regents shall maintain a separate account for each revenue source for broadcasting station WHA and for WHA-TV which permits identification of the functions or activities for which expenditures are made. The board of regents shall maintain annual records of its expenditures for programming purposes by type of programming and by source of revenue.
The board of regents may rent space on the Madison public broadcast transmission tower to the educational communications board and to other public and commercial broadcasters.
(6) Geological and natural history survey.