Any processing of meat or poultry products is confined to the premises where the meat or poultry product is served as part of a meal or, in the case of a vending machine commissary or catering establishment, to the premises where ready-to-eat meals are prepared for catered service or vending machine service to individual consumers.
An individual slaughtering or transporting his or her own animals, or processing or transporting his or her own meat, for the owner's consumption or consumption by members of the owner's household and the owner's nonpaying guests and employees.
An individual processing poultry products who is exempted under 21 USC 464
(c) (1) (A) to (D) and 21 USC 464
(c) (4), which exempts certain personal and custom poultry slaughter and processing from federal regulations.
ATCP 55.01 History
History: CR 01-042
: cr. Register March 2002 No. 555
, eff. 4-1-02; correction in (2) (a) (intro.) made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 6.
, Stats., Register April 2009 No. 640
; CR 17-072
: am. (1), (2) (a), (c), cr. (2) (d) Register July 2018 No. 751
, eff. 8-1-18.
In this chapter:
“Ante mortem inspection" means a pre-slaughter inspection of live food animals.
“Captive game animals” means white-tailed deer and other animals of a normally wild type that are produced in captivity for slaughter and consumption. “Captive game animals” does not include farm-raised deer, ratites, captive game birds, fish, or animals kept solely for hunting purposes at a hunting preserve.
Captive game birds” means birds of a normally wild type, including pheasant, quail, wild turkey, or migratory wildfowl that are produced in captivity for slaughter and consumption. “Captive game birds” does not include poultry, ratites, or birds kept solely for hunting purposes in a hunting preserve.
“Carcass" means all edible parts of a slaughtered animal, including edible viscera.
Community supported agriculture business” means a farm with which individuals contract to regularly receive two or more different agricultural products, which may include uncooked poultry products, originating from the farm.
“Cooperative interstate shipment program" means the program under which an establishment licensed and inspected under this chapter and complying with applicable requirements in 9 CFR 321
, or applicable requirements of 9 CFR 381
, Subparts R and Z, is allowed to distribute and sell in interstate commerce meat or poultry products manufactured bearing the mark of inspection authorized under s. ATCP 55.06 (5) (j)
“Custom processing" means slaughtering a food animal or processing meat products as a custom service for an individual who owns the animal or those meat products, and who uses all the resulting meat products for his or her own consumption. An individual's own consumption may include consumption by the owner, members of the owner's household, and the owner's nonpaying guests and employees. “Custom processing" includes mobile custom processing.
ATCP 55.02 Note
Note: A provider of custom slaughtering services does not “sell" the slaughtered food animal or the resulting meat, but merely provides a service to the meat owner. An owner's nonpaying guests may include nonpaying immediate family members.
“Denature” means to intentionally make an item unfit for human consumption by adding a substance to it to alter the item's appearance or other natural characteristics.
“Department" means the state of Wisconsin department of agriculture, trade and consumer protection.
“Diseased animal" means an animal that has been diagnosed with a disease not known to be cured, or that has exhibited signs or symptoms of a disease not known to be cured. “Diseased animal" does not include an otherwise healthy animal that suffers only from injuries such as fractures, cuts, or bruises.
“Domesticated food animal" means any of the following:
“Farm-raised deer" has the meaning given in s. 95.001 (1) (ag)
, Stats. “Farm-raised deer" does not include captive white-tailed deer.
“Food animals" means domesticated food animals, ratites, captive game animals, and captive game birds.
“Livestock" means domesticated food animals other than poultry. “Livestock” includes bison, alpacas, llamas, and rabbits.
“Meat" means the edible muscle and other edible parts of a food animal, including edible skeletal muscle, edible organs, and edible muscle found in the tongue, diaphragm, heart, or esophagus. “Meat" includes edible fat, bone, skin, sinew, nerve, or blood vessel that normally accompanies meat and is not ordinarily removed in processing.
“Meat broker" means a person who, without taking title to meat or poultry products, purchases, sells, or arranges the purchase or sale of meat or poultry products.
Meat distributor" means a person who distributes meat or poultry products at wholesale.
Meat establishment" means a permanent or mobile plant or premises where meat or poultry products for human consumption are processed for entering commerce or where meat or poultry processing services are provided.
Meat or poultry product" means any parts, including the viscera, of slaughtered livestock, poultry, or ratites that are capable of use for human food.
“Mobile custom processing" means conducting slaughter or otherwise custom processing meat or poultry products for another person at that person's premises.
“Person" means an individual, corporation, partnership, cooperative association, limited liability company, trust, or other organization or entity.
“Post mortem inspection" means the inspection of slaughtered food animal carcasses and parts thereof.
Poultry" means domesticated birds including domesticated chickens, turkeys, geese, ducks, and guineas. “Poultry" does not include captive game birds or ratites.
Process" means to slaughter an animal or bird, cut, grind, manufacture, compound, intermix, or otherwise prepare meat or poultry products.
“Ratite" means a member of the group of flightless birds that includes the ostrich, emu, cassowary, kiwi, and rhea.
“Retail” means selling food or food products directly to any consumer only for consumption by the consumer or the consumer's immediate family or non-paying guests.
“Sanitize" means to destroy pathogens and other microorganisms, to the maximum practicable extent, by applying an approved sanitizer or sanitizing method to food contact surfaces of equipment, utensils, or food packages that are otherwise clean.
“Sell" means to transfer ownership for a price, or to advertise, offer, hold, or distribute for sale.
“Specified risk materials” means tonsils and the distal ileum of the small intestine from cattle of any age. For cattle 30 months of age or older, “specified risk materials” also means each of the following:
ATCP 55.02 Note
Note: Trigeminal ganglia are the nerves attached to the brain.
Vertebral column, excluding the vertebrae of the tail, the transverse processes of the thoracic and lumbar vertebrae, and the wings of the sacrum.
ATCP 55.02 Note
Note: Dorsal root ganglia are the nerves attached to the spinal cord.
“Wholesale” means the transfer of any food to a person or commercial entity who will either re-sell it, distribute it, or use it as an ingredient in a product that will be then offered for sale or distribution. “Wholesale” also means the transfer of food from the point of production to another location for sale even if the other location is adjacent to the point of production.
“Wild game" means edible wild animals other than fish. “Wild game" does not include any of the following:
ATCP 55.02 History
History: CR 01-042
: cr. Register March 2002 No. 555
, eff. 4-1-02; correction in (11) made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 7., Stats., Register October 2004 No. 586
: emerg. cr. (4m), am. (24), eff. 9-13-12; CR 12-040
: cr. (4m), am. (24) Register May 2013 No. 689
, eff. 6-1-13; CR 14-024
: renum. (1) to (1m), cr. (1) Register May 2015 No. 713
, eff. 6-1-15; correction in (2) and (11) made under s. 35.17, Stats., Register May 2015 No. 713
; CR 17-072
: am. (1), cr. (1g), am. (1m), (2), (3), cr. (4g), am. (5), r. and recr. (6), am. (14), (16) to (19), cr. (19m), am. (20), r. (21), am. (23) to (25), cr. (26m), r. and recr. (29), (31) Register July 2018 No. 751
, eff. 8-1-18 except (14), eff. 1-1-19.
Annual license required.
Except as provided in sub. (2)
, no person may operate a meat establishment without a current annual license from the department. A license expires on June 30 of each year. A person who operates more than one meat establishment shall hold a current annual license for each meat establishment. The license, for each licensed meat establishment conducting slaughter, shall bear a livestock premises code issued under s. ATCP 17.02 (7)
. A license may not be transferred between persons or meat establishments.
The license requirement under sub. (1)
does not apply to any of the following:
The custom processing of captive game animals or captive game birds.
ATCP 55.03 Note
Under s. 97.42 (3)
, Stats., the department provides ante mortem and post mortem inspection services only to licensed meat establishments. According to federal law and s. ATCP 55.04
, captive game animals and captive game birds must be slaughtered subject to ante mortem and post mortem inspection if they are slaughtered for sale
for human consumption.
This slaughter inspection requirement does not apply to the custom
slaughter of captive game animals or captive game birds.
A person slaughtering and otherwise processing poultry produced on that person's premises, provided that all the following apply:
The person slaughters and otherwise processes no more than 1,000 poultry annually.
The person slaughters, otherwise processes, and sells the poultry at the premises where they are produced.
The person clearly and conspicuously labels each package or container of poultry meat with the processor's name and address and the words “NOT INSPECTED.”
A retail food establishment licensed under s. 97.30 (2)
, Stats., that processes meat or poultry products primarily for sale to individual consumers at the retail food establishment, provided that all the following apply:
The retail food establishment is not engaged in slaughter operations that are amenable to inspection.
The retail food establishment sells the processed meat or poultry products only to individual consumers at the retail food establishment, or to hotels, restaurants, or institutions for use in meals served at those hotels, restaurants, or institutions.
The retail food establishment's gross annual value of sales of its meat and poultry products to hotels, restaurants, or institutions does not exceed the adjusted dollar limits published by the United States department of agriculture in 9 CFR 303.1
(d) (2) (iii) (b) and 9 CFR 381.10
(d) (2) (iii) (b) or 25% by dollar volume of all meat sales from the retail establishment, whichever is less. No person exempt from licensure under this paragraph may sell any cured, smoked, canned, or cooked meat or poultry products produced by the person to hotels, restaurants, or institutions.
The retail food establishment receives meat only from meat establishments licensed under this section or inspected by the United States department of agriculture under 21 USC 451
The operator of the retail food establishment does not sell, to any person other than an individual consumer, any meat or poultry product that is cured, smoked, canned, or cooked at the retail establishment.
The operator of the retail food establishment does not sell, to any person other than an individual consumer, any meat or poultry product made by combining meat from different animal species at the retail establishment.
A person shall apply for a meat establishment license on a form provided by the department. The application shall include all the following:
The applicant's correct legal name, and any trade name under which the applicant proposes to operate a meat establishment.
The applicant's social security number if the applicant is an individual.