DWD 115.08   Owned or controlled in substantial part; the same interest or interests; employed substantially the same employees.
DWD 115.09   Determining transfer percentage; minimum transfer percentage; estimating transfer percentage; applying transfer percentage.
DWD 115.10   Effects of successorship.
DWD 115.11   Non-successor transferee.
Ch. DWD 115 Note Note: Chapter Ind-UC 115 was renumbered to be chapter ILHR 115 under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 1. and 2., Register, August, 1987, No. 380; chapter ILHR 115 as it existed on January 31, 1992 was repealed and a new chapter ILHR 115 was created effective February 1, 1992. Chapter ILHR 115 was renumbered Chapter DWD 115 under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 1., Stats., and corrections made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 6. and 7., Stats., Register, June, 1997, No. 498.
DWD 115.001 DWD 115.001Definitions.
DWD 115.001(1) (1)In general. Except as provided in sub. (2), unless the context clearly indicates a different meaning, the definitions in ch. DWD 100 apply to this chapter.
DWD 115.001(2) (2) Notwithstanding ch. DWD 100 and unless the context clearly indicates a different meaning, in this chapter “employer" means any person who is or becomes subject to the reimbursement financing or contribution requirements of ch. 108, Stats.
DWD 115.001 History History: Cr. Register, January, 1992, No. 433, eff. 2-1-92, r. (intro.), (3), (5) to (7), renum. (1), (2), (8), (11) and (12) to be 100.02 (4), (7), (43), (64) and (65), renum. (9) and (10) to be 100.02 (60) and (63) and am., renum. (4) to be (2) and am., cr. (1), Register, September, 1995, No. 477, eff. 10-1-95.
DWD 115.01 DWD 115.01Business transfer; methods used in business transfers and in the ordinary course of business; transfer of an asset; transfer of a business activity; total or partial transfer.
DWD 115.01(1) (1)Business transfer. Under s. 108.16 (8) (a), Stats., a transfer of business occurs when any asset or business activity is transferred in whole or in part by a transferor to a transferee by any method other than in the ordinary course of business.
DWD 115.01(2) (2)Methods used in business transfers. Methods of transferring assets or business activities include gift, sale, lease, inheritance, foreclosure, termination or cancellation of lease, bankruptcy sale, reorganization, merger or consolidation and receivership.
DWD 115.01(3) (3)Events which are not business transfers. Corporate name changes, the election or cancellation of subchapter S status under section 1362 of the internal revenue code by a corporation, the transfer of payroll function only and the transfer of employees between an employee service company and its clients or customers are not transfers of a business. The transfer of shares of corporate stock by a stockholder is not a transfer of business for the corporation which issued the shares. Sale of used equipment or furniture and fixtures which are being replaced or no longer being used are considered transfers in the ordinary course of business rather than business transfers under ch. 108, Stats.
DWD 115.01(4) (4)Transfer of an asset. An asset is transferred if ownership, possession or use changes from the transferor to the transferee.
DWD 115.01(5) (5)Transfer of a business activity. For a transfer of a business activity to be a business transfer under this section and s. 108.16 (8) (a), Stats., the business activity after the transfer shall be similar to the business activity before the transfer. In determining whether a business activity has been transferred, continued or resumed, the department shall consider factors which suggest a similarity in business activity including the following:
DWD 115.01(5)(a) (a) The existence of the same customers or the same type of customer after the transfer;
DWD 115.01(5)(b) (b) The closeness of the transferee's business location to that of the transferor when location is important to the business;
DWD 115.01(5)(c) (c) The continued use of the transferor's trade name by the transferee;
DWD 115.01(5)(d) (d) A lapse in operation of 6 months or less unless extensive remodeling is involved or the business is seasonal in nature but in no event shall the lapse be considered if greater than 2 years;
DWD 115.01(5)(e) (e) Few if any changes in the product or in brand names after the transfer;
DWD 115.01(5)(f) (f) The similarity in days and hours of the business under both the transferor and transferee;
DWD 115.01(5)(g) (g) The transfer of inventory, expensive plant machinery, heavy equipment or unique assets as opposed to general office furniture and fixtures;
DWD 115.01(5)(h) (h) The transfer of key employees or employees with highly technical professional skills;
DWD 115.01(5)(i) (i) The transfer of goodwill;
DWD 115.01(5)(j) (j) The existence of a noncompetition clause in the contract prohibiting the transferor from engaging in the same kind of business activity in the area; and
DWD 115.01(5)(k) (k) The transfer of a license or a franchise.
DWD 115.01(6) (6)Total or partial transfer. The transfer of a business may be a total transfer or a partial transfer. If only a portion of a business is transferred, the department shall compute and apply the transfer percentage under s. DWD 115.08.
DWD 115.01 History History: Cr. Register, January, 1992, No. 433, eff. 2-1-92.
DWD 115.02 DWD 115.02Determining date of transfer. The effective date of a transfer of business shall be the date on which the transferee first has actual operating control over business assets and business activities. In determining the effective date of a transfer of business, the department shall consider:
DWD 115.02(1) (1) Legal documents related to the transfer;
DWD 115.02(2) (2) Any statements or documents tending to show that actual operating control was transferred on a date earlier than that reflected in legal documents related to the transfer; and
DWD 115.02(3) (3) Any other relevant evidence.
DWD 115.02 History History: Cr. Register, January, 1992, No. 433, eff. 2-1-92.
DWD 115.03 DWD 115.03Notice to the department of a business transfer; required information to submit; department's investigative powers; resolution of issues.
DWD 115.03(1) (1) Any time a business is transferred under s. DWD 115.01, the transferor and transferee shall notify the department in writing within 30 days after the date of transfer under s. 108.16 (8) (k), Stats.
DWD 115.03(2) (2) The transferor and transferee shall submit in writing any information which the department may request relating to the transfer, or to any transaction which the department has reason to believe may be a transfer, to permit the department to determine if the transaction is a transfer of business and whether the transaction is a total or partial transfer under this chapter and ch. 108, Stats.
DWD 115.03(3) (3) The department may use any other relevant information, however obtained, in order to make a determination regarding a business transfer under this section. Under ss. 108.14 (2) and (2m) and 108.21, Stats., the department may, at any reasonable time, inspect the work records and any other records of an employing unit, or of any entity which the department has reason to believe may be an employing unit, which may show payments for personal services so that the department may determine the status and contribution liability of the employing unit or entity under ch. 108, Stats.
DWD 115.03(4) (4) The department may issue determinations, computations, re-computations and appeal tribunal decisions as necessary under ss. 108.09 and 108.10, Stats., in connection with any issue arising under this chapter.
DWD 115.03 History History: Cr. Register, January, 1992, No. 433, eff. 2-1-92.
DWD 115.04 DWD 115.04Transferee as successor; non-successor transferee.
DWD 115.04(1)(1)Standard for successor. The transferee becomes a successor under s. 108.16 (8), Stats., if:
DWD 115.04(1)(a) (a) A transfer of business has occurred under s. DWD 115.01; and
DWD 115.04(1)(b) (b) The department finds successorship status under s. DWD 115.05 or 115.06, or the transferee requests successorship status under s. DWD 115.07.
DWD 115.04(2) (2)Non-successor transferee. If the transferee is not a successor under sub. (1), s. DWD 115.11 applies.
DWD 115.04 History History: Cr. Register, January, 1992, No. 433, eff. 2-1-92.
DWD 115.05 DWD 115.05Mandatory successor. The department shall find that a transferee is a mandatory successor under s. 108.16 (8) (e), Stats., if the business transfer satisfies s. DWD 115.01 and if:
DWD 115.05(1) (1) At the time of business transfer, the transferor and the transferee are owned or controlled in whole or in substantial part under s. DWD 115.08, either directly or indirectly by legally enforceable means or otherwise, by the same interest or interests under s. DWD 115.08;
DWD 115.05(2) (2) The transferee has continued or resumed the business of the transferor either in the same establishment or elsewhere, or the transferee has employed substantially the same employees under s. DWD 115.08 as those the transferor had employed in connection with the business transferred; and
DWD 115.05(3) (3) The same financing provisions under s. 108.15, 108.151 or 108.18, Stats., apply to the transferee as applied to the transferor on the date of the transfer.
DWD 115.05 History History: Cr. Register, January, 1992, No. 433, eff. 2-1-92.
DWD 115.06 DWD 115.06Transfers involving fiduciaries.
DWD 115.06(1)(1)Transfer to a fiduciary. The department shall find that a transferee is a mandatory successor under s. 108.16 (8) (c), Stats., if:
DWD 115.06(1)(a) (a) The transferee is a legal representative, trustee in bankruptcy or a receiver or trustee of a person, partnership, association or corporation, or a guardian of the estate of a person, or legal representative of a deceased person;
DWD 115.06(1)(b) (b) The transferee has continued or resumed the business of the transferor, either in the same establishment or elsewhere, or the transferee has employed substantially the same employees under s. DWD 115.08 as those the transferor had employed in connection with the business transferred; and
DWD 115.06(1)(c) (c) The same financing provisions under s. 108.15, 108.151 or 108.18, Stats., apply to the transferee as applied to the transferor on the date of the transfer.
DWD 115.06(2) (2)Transfer from a fiduciary. If the business of a successor employer specified in sub. (1) is transferred, the transferee is deemed a successor under s. 108.16 (8) (d), Stats., if the transferee would have been a successor under s. DWD 115.04 except for the intervening existence of the successor employer under sub. (1).
DWD 115.06 History History: Cr. Register, January, 1992, No. 433, eff. 2-1-92.
DWD 115.07 DWD 115.07Optional successor.
DWD 115.07(1) (1)Standard. A transferee may elect to become a successor under s. 108.16 (8) (b), Stats., if the business transfer satisfies s. DWD 115.01 and if:
DWD 115.07(1)(a) (a) The transfer included at least a transfer percentage of 25% of the transferor's total business as determined under s. DWD 115.09;
DWD 115.07(1)(b) (b) The same financing provisions under s. 108.15, 108.151 or 108.18, Stats., apply to the transferee as applied to the transferor on the date of the transfer;
DWD 115.07(1)(c) (c) The transferee has continued or resumed the business of the transferor either in the same establishment or elsewhere, or the transferee has employed substantially the same employees under s. DWD 115.08 as those the transferor had employed in connection with the business transferred; and
DWD 115.07(1)(d) (d) The department has received a timely written application from the transferee requesting successorship status.
DWD 115.07(2) (2)Written application; timely receipt; withdrawal.
DWD 115.07(2)(a)(a) The department shall consider as timely under sub. (1) (d) any written application from the transferee or its representative which is received by the department on or before: July 31 of the year in which the transfer date is January 1 to March 31; October 31 of the year in which the transfer date is April 1 to June 30; January 31 of the year following the year in which the transfer date is July 1 to September 30; and April 30 of the year following the year in which the transfer date is October 1 to December 31, unless par. (b) applies. The department shall accept a late application received no more than 90 days after its due date if the transferee satisfies the department that the application was late as a result of excusable neglect.
DWD 115.07(2)(b) (b) If the due date of the written application would otherwise be a Saturday, Sunday or legal holiday under state or federal law, the due date is the next following day which is not a Saturday, Sunday or legal holiday under state or federal law. The department shall also consider as timely any application which if mailed is either postmarked no later than the applicable due date or received by the department no later than 3 days after that due date.
DWD 115.07(2)(c) (c) The transferee may withdraw its application requesting successorship status if a written withdrawal is received by the department before the issuance of an initial determination regarding its application or within 21 days after issuance.
DWD 115.07 History History: Cr. Register, January, 1992, No. 433, eff. 2-1-92; CR 13-106: am. (2) (a) Register July 2014 No. 703, eff. 8-1-14.
DWD 115.08 DWD 115.08Owned or controlled in substantial part; the same interest or interests; employed substantially the same employees.
DWD 115.08(1) (1)Owned or controlled in substantial part. The conditions of s. DWD 115.04 (1) are satisfied if 50% or more of both entities are owned or controlled, either directly or indirectly, by the same interest or interests.
DWD 115.08(2) (2)The same interest or interests. The department shall presume, unless shown to the contrary, that the same interest or interests includes the spouse, child or parent of the individual who owned or controlled the business, or any combination of more than one of them. To overcome the presumption that these are the same interest or interests, it must be established that:
DWD 115.08(2)(a) (a) Usual and customary sales procedures were followed;
DWD 115.08(2)(b) (b) All transactions were at fair market value and similar to those available to unrelated parties under similar circumstances;
DWD 115.08(2)(c) (c) The spouse, child or parent of the individual who owned or controlled the business was not employed by the business in the 12-month period prior to the transfer in a position in which he or she was able to make management decisions;
DWD 115.08(2)(d) (d) The individual who owned or controlled the business prior to the transfer has no ownership interest, either directly or indirectly, in the transferee; and
DWD 115.08(2)(e) (e) The individual who owned or controlled the business prior to the transfer is not employed by the transferee in a position in which he or she is able to make management decisions.
DWD 115.08(3) (3)Employed substantially the same employees. The conditions of s. DWD 115.05 (2), 115.06 (1) (b) or 115.07 (1) (c) that the transferee has employed substantially the same employees as those the transferor had employed are met if 50% or more of the employees employed by the transferor in connection with the business transferred work for the transferee.
DWD 115.08 History History: Cr. Register, January, 1992, No. 433, eff. 2-1-92.
DWD 115.09 DWD 115.09Determining transfer percentage; minimum transfer percentage; estimating transfer percentage; applying transfer percentage.
DWD 115.09(1) (1)Determining transfer percentage. The transfer percentage is computed by dividing the payroll in the transferred portion of the transferor's business prior to the transfer date by the transferor's total payroll. The transfer percentage is not based on the number of employees taken over by the transferee, but rather on the payroll incurred in the transferred portion prior to the transfer date. The payroll for overhead and combined positions shall be allocated in the same proportion as the direct payrolls involved, or on such other reasonable basis as may better correspond with and reflect the facts of the transfer.
DWD 115.09(2) (2)Minimum transfer percentage. Optional successorship requires a minimum transfer percentage of 25%. Mandatory successorship does not require any minimum transfer percentage.
DWD 115.09(3) (3)Estimating the transfer percentage. When the transferor does not provide information at the department's request or the information provided is not sufficiently specific or accurate, the department shall estimate the transfer percentage based on the best available information.
DWD 115.09(4) (4)Applying the transfer percentage. For any partial transfer, whether optional or mandatory, the department shall:
DWD 115.09(4)(a) (a) Apply the transfer percentage to the positive or negative balance in the employer's account of the transferor as of the transfer date and to the appropriate June 30 balances of the transferor;
DWD 115.09(4)(b) (b) Apply the transfer percentage to the transferor's payroll prior to the transfer date as needed to correctly calculate the transferee's contribution rates; and
DWD 115.09(4)(c) (c) Transfer the amounts so calculated to the employer's account of the transferee.
DWD 115.09 History History: Cr. Register, January, 1992, No. 433, eff. 2-1-92.
DWD 115.10 DWD 115.10Effects of successorship.
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Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.