Limitations on amount of investment.
A town mutual insurer may not invest in any of the following:
Except as permitted under subd. 2.
, more than 3% of assets in securities of any single issuer unless it obtains the prior written permission of the commissioner or unless the investment is in securities of the government of the United States or its instrumentalities or in securities guaranteed by the full faith and credit of the United States.
More than 10% of assets in the securities of one state, of one instrumentality of a state, or of one governmental unit of a state.
More than 20% of assets in investments sponsored or managed by any single issuer or its affiliates with respect to mutual funds and exchange-traded funds.
Transition and divestment.
Except as provided under par. (e)
, a town mutual insurer shall comply with all of the following:
A town mutual insurer that holds investments permitted under par. (d)
but no longer meets the minimum asset test of par. (c)
may continue to hold such investments so long as the town mutual insurer holds investments in accordance with par. (b)
in an amount that is no less than the sum of its liabilities plus the greatest of any of the following:
75% of the net written premiums and assessments for the 12-month period ending December 31.
33% of the direct written premiums and assessments for the 12-month period ending December 31.
A town mutual insurer shall divest of any investment which does not meet the requirements of pars. (b)
due to decline in the rating of a bond, the insurer's size, limitations on investments or any other reason, within three years of its noncompliance.
If at the time of purchase a town mutual insurer investment did not meet the requirements of pars. (b)
, then the town mutual insurer shall immediately divest of the investment.
Authorization of investments by the board of directors. Ins 6.20(6)(h)1.
The board of directors of a town mutual shall adopt a written plan for acquiring and holding investments and for engaging in investment practices which specifies guidelines as to the quality, maturity, diversification of investments and other specifications including investment strategies intended to assure that the investments and investment practices are appropriate for the business conducted by the insurer, its liquidity needs and the amount of its surplus. The board shall review and assess the company's technical and administrative capabilities and expertise with regard to investments before adopting a written plan concerning any investment strategy or investment practice. The board shall give due consideration to all commissions and expenses associated with each investment, and the effect of such costs on anticipated returns and on liquidity.
All investments acquired and held under this section shall be acquired and held under the supervision and direction of the board of directors of the town mutual insurer. The town mutual insurer board of directors shall require that all investments be authorized or approved by the board or a committee of the board charged with the responsibility to supervise and direct its investments in accordance with delegations, standards, limitations, and investment objectives prescribed by the board.
For all mutual funds held by a town mutual insurer, the insurer shall maintain in its records the fund's prospectus and latest issued annual financial statement.
If a town mutual insurer utilizes the services of an investment advisor, the town mutual shall have, and maintain, a written agreement with the investment advisor, that shall be approved by the board of directors. A separate agreement shall be entered into for each specific arrangement.
Each written agreement with an investment advisor shall include a description of the scope and nature of the services to be provided; the standard of care to be provided; how or whether the investment strategy, including asset allocations, and any applicable limitations, incorporates the board approved investment policy; the level of authority the advisor exercises over the insurer's portfolio, whether discretionary or non-discretionary; a description of all types of compensation to the investment advisor; and a description as to how investment transactions, holdings, and portfolio performance will be communicated to the company's board of directors, including the frequency, content and means of reporting.
An agreement under subd. 4. b.
shall clearly state whether the investment advisor is, or is not, acting as a fiduciary with respect to the town mutual insurer. A fiduciary is someone whose conduct is subject to the fiduciary duty standard, as defined under applicable rules, regulations, or standards of conduct promulgated by the U.S. securities and exchange commission.
In addition to the requirements of s. 610.23
, Stats., the shares of any mutual fund in which a town mutual insurer invests may be held in the direct custody of the town mutual insurer, and the shares must be maintained either in book entry form with the mutual fund's registrar and transfer agent, or in certificate form. If the town mutual insurer does not have direct custody of the shares, the shares shall be held in the custody of a bank or bank and trust company.
Direct obligations of the United States or Canada, or of other governmental units therein;
Obligations payable from and adequately secured by specifically pledged revenues of such governmental units or their instrumentalities, including corporations owned by or operated for such units; and
Evidences of indebtedness of any solvent corporation of the United States or Canada.
(8) Additional authorized investments.
An insurer may, in addition to investments authorized by s. 620.22 (1)
, Stats., invest its assets in the following classes of investments, up to the limits stated, and in the case of insurers that are subject to special restrictions under s. 620.03
, Stats., in accordance with any other rules made applicable to them:
Mortgage bonds of farm loan banks authorized under the federal farm loan act, and debentures issued by the banks for cooperatives established pursuant to the farm credit act of 1933, as amended;
Equipment securities or certificates of any equipment trust evidencing rights to receive partial payments agreed to be made upon any contract of leasing or conditional sale;
The purchase and ownership of machinery or equipment, which is or will become subject to contracts for sale or use under which contractual payments may reasonably be expected to return the principal of and provide earnings on the investment within the anticipated useful life of the property which shall be not less than 5 years but the aggregate of such investments shall not exceed 3% of the insurer's assets;
Loans upon the collateral security of any securities that the insurer could lawfully purchase, but not exceeding 90% of the market value of the securities up to an amount which, together with like securities owned, does not exceed the limits on the purchase of such securities;
Evidences of indebtedness not otherwise authorized of the kind which if held by a bank would be eligible for discount, rediscount, purchase or sale by federal reserve banks or other government agencies having similar powers and functions but the aggregate of such investments shall not exceed 1% of the insurer's assets;
Shares of savings and loan associations to the extent that they are insured or guaranteed by the United States government or any agency thereof;
The cash surrender values of life insurance policies of companies authorized to do business in Wisconsin;
For a company authorized to transact a credit insurance business, the claims and demands that it has guaranteed;
For a company authorized to transact a title insurance business, materials and plant necessary for the convenient transaction of business — not exceeding 50% of minimum capital or 5% of assets, whichever is greater;
Direct obligations of the international bank for reconstruction and development, the inter-American development bank, the African development bank and the Asian development bank but the aggregate of such investments shall not exceed 2% of the insurer's assets;
Shares of investment companies or investment trusts registered under the Federal Investment Company Act of 1940, 15 USC 80a-1
et seq., as amended — regarded as part of the common stock portfolio of the insurer.
An insurer, and in the case of insurers that are subject to special restrictions under s. 620.03
, Stats., in accordance with any other rules applicable to them, may invest in foreign investments, in addition to investments authorized by s. 620.22 (1)
, Stats., that meet the following criteria and limitations:
An insurer with assets less than $500,000,000 as of the financial statement filing date may invest up to 1% of assets in direct obligations of foreign governments.
An insurer with assets equal to at least $500,000,000 as of the financial statement filing date may invest up to 4% of assets in direct obligations of foreign governments that at the time of purchase have a 1 or 2 designation from the national association of insurance commissioners, or equivalent ratings by a NRSRO and, in addition, up to 1% of assets in the direct obligations of foreign governments without regard to ratings.
An insurer with assets less than $500,000,000 as of the financial statement filing date may invest up to 2% of assets in loans, securities or investments of foreign issuers which are of substantially the same kinds, classes and investment grades as those eligible for investment under ch. 620
, Stats., and supplementary rules.
An insurer with assets equal to at least $500,000,000 as of the financial statement filing date may invest up to 8% of assets in loans, securities or investments of foreign issuers which are substantially the same kinds, classes and investment grades as those eligible for investment under ch. 620
, Stats, and supplementary rules.
All investments in a foreign country, foreign government, and foreign issuers are subject to all of the following aggregate limits:
All investments of a single foreign issuer and its foreign issuer affiliates, 3% of assets.
All investments denominated in a single foreign currency, 5% of assets excluding investments under par. (f)
An insurer doing business in a foreign country may invest in assets in that foreign country, or in that country's currency, that are needed to meet the insurer's obligations, provided the investment would be permitted if made in this state.
An insurer are responsible for monitoring their compliance with individual and aggregate limitations on all investments in a foreign country, foreign government, and foreign issuer, including such investments held indirectly through mutual funds, and must maintain a record of all such investments, which shall be reconciled at least quarterly and be available for production upon the request of the commissioner.
An insurer, and in the case of an insurer that is subject to special restrictions under s. 620.03
, Stats., to the extent other rules are applicable to them, may invest in derivative instruments in addition to investments authorized by s. 620.22 (1)
, Stats., provided all of the following requirements are met:
Derivative instrument contracts shall be entered into to protect the investment portfolio of an insurer against the risk of changing asset values or interest rates, to enhance its liquidity, to aid in cash flow management, as a substitute for cash market transactions, and for any other purpose consistent with the investment objectives for the assets of an insurer stated in s. 620.01
The aggregate market value of all derivative instruments outstanding may not exceed 10% of the insurer's assets.
An insurer may purchase put options or sell call options only with regard to derivative instruments or financial instruments owned by the insurer, or which may be obtained through the exercise of warrants or conversion rights held by the insurer.
An insurer may purchase call options or sell put options on derivative instruments or financial instruments only if the amount of the instrument, which may be acquired upon exercise of the option, when aggregated with current holdings, would be an authorized investment under s. 620.22 (1)
, Stats., or this subsection, and would not exceed the limitations specified in s. 620.23
, Stats., or this section.
The board of directors or its authorized committee shall first approve the insurer's plan relating to such investments, which plan must contain specific policy objectives and strategies, establish aggregate maximum limits in such investments and internal control procedures, and identify the duties, expertise and limits of authority of personnel authorized by the board of directors to engage in such transactions on behalf of the insurer.
A copy of the insurer's plan shall be filed with the commissioner 30 days prior to its effective date. The commissioner may disapprove the plan within the 30-day period after receipt.
(9) Changes in qualification of investments.
Any investment originally made under s. 620.22 (9)
, Stats., may thereafter be considered as falling within any other class of investment for which it subsequently qualifies.
Security valuations contained in “Valuations of Securities", issued by the Committee on Valuation of Securities of the National Association of Insurance Commissioners, will be followed in implementing this chapter.
(b) Insurance policies.
Insurance policies purchased under sub. (8) (g)
will be valued at their cash surrender value.
(c) Claims and demands guaranteed by insurer.
When an insurer authorized to sell credit insurance purchases, under sub. (8) (h)
, claims and demands it has guaranteed, it shall value them at face value or at cost, whichever is less, and shall set up a separate and adequate “loss reserve for guaranteed claims purchased" in an amount satisfactory to the commissioner.
Ins 6.20 History
Cr. emerg. eff. 5-2-72; cr. Register, July, 1972, No. 199
, eff. 8-1-72; am. (5) (a) 1., Register, October, 1974, No. 226
, eff. 11-1-74; r. and recr. (5) (g), cr. (6) (c), Register, December, 1974, No. 228
, eff. 1-1-75; emerg. am. (6) (a), eff. 6-22-76, am. (6) (a), Register, September, 1976, No. 249
, eff. 10-1-76; am. (8) (intro.), (b), (c), (e), (j), (k) and (l), Register, August, 1981, No. 308
, eff. 9-1-81; reprinted to correct printing error in (8) (f), Register, March, 1983, No. 327
; correction in (9) made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 7., Stats., Register, December, 1984, No. 348
; renum. (3) (a) to (e) to be (3) (e) to (h) and (j), cr. (3) (a) to (d), (i), (4) (c) and (8) (o), am. (4) (a) and (b) and (8) (n), Register, April, 1987, No. 376
, eff. 5-1-87; am. (8) (l), Register, October, 1990, No. 418
, eff. 11-1-90; corrections in (4) (b) and (6) (b) 3. made under s. 13.93 (2m) (b) 5. and 7., Stats., Register, April, 1992, No. 436
; renum. (3) (f) to (j) to be (3) (g) to (k), cr. (3) (f), (L), (6) (d) to (h), am. (5) (intro.), (6) (a), r. and recr. (5) (g), (6) (b), (c), Register, December, 1996, No. 492
, eff. 1-1-97; CR 20-002
: r. (3) (a), cr. (3) (am), r. (3) (b), (d), cr. (3) (ee), (em), (es), (hg), (hr), r. (3) (j), am. (4), (5) (intro.), (a) (intro.), r. and recr. (5) (a) 1., am. (5) (a) 2. to 5., cr. (6) (a) (title), am. (6) (b) (intro.), 1. to 5., cr. (6) (b) 5g., 5r., am. (6) (b) 6., (c) (title), 1., 2., cr. (6) (d) (title), r. (6) (d) 3. (intro.), renum. (6) (d) 3. a. to c. to (6) (d) 3c., 3g., 3L and am. (6) (d) 3g., 3L., cr. (6) (d) 3p., 3t., 3x., r. (6) (d) 5., 8., am. (6) (d) 9., cons. (6) (e) (title), (intro.), 1., 2., renum. to (6) (e) and am., r. (6) (e) 3., am. (6) (f) (intro.), 1., cr. (6) (f) 3. to 5., r. and recr. (6) (g), cr. (6) (h) 4., (i), r. (8) (j), (k), (m), (o), cr. (8g), (8r) Register August 2020 No. 776
, eff. 9-1-20; correction in (3) (am), (6) (h) 4. c., made under s. 35.17, Stats., Register August 2020 No. 776
; republished to correct an error in transcription in (8) and correction in (8) (n) made under s. 35.17, Stats., Register October 2020 No. 778.
Joint underwriting and joint reinsurance associations. Ins 6.25(1)(1)
This section, pursuant to s. 625.04
, Stats., is intended to encourage an active, economical and efficient insurance market; to provide for the regulation of marketing practices; and to exempt certain insurers and organizations from the provisions of s. 625.33
, Stats., with respect to joint underwriting or joint reinsurance.
applies to joint underwriting and joint reinsurance involving the insurance of risks associated with:
Commercial property policies insuring property damage, business interruption, extra expense, rents and other time element coverages, for any policy whose total property damage limit is an amount not less than $50,000,000.
Excess and umbrella liability with limits in excess of $25 million to risks with underlying coverage or self-insured for a minimum of $25 million.
(3) Persons exempted.
If any of the following joint underwriting associations and joint reinsurance associations is licensed as a rate service organization under s. 625.32
, Stats., each insurer-member thereof shall be exempted from the provisions of s. 625.33
, Stats., with respect to agreements between or among insurer-members to adhere to certain rates and rules in providing insurance or reinsurance as members of such association:
Aircraft products insurance association
(b) Industrial risk insurers
(c) Mutual atomic energy liability underwriters
(d) Mutual atomic energy reinsurance pool
(e) American nuclear insurers
(f) Nuclear energy property insurance association
(g) Municipal bond insurance association
(h) American excess insurance association.
(4) Limitation on membership disciplinary action.
No person may impose any penalty or other adverse consequence for failure of any insurer to adhere to the rates or rules of any joint underwriting association or joint reinsurance association of which the insurer is a member, except termination of or expulsion of the insurer from membership in the association.
Violations of this section shall be subject to s. 601.64
Ins 6.25 History
Cr. Register, September, 1973, No. 213
, eff. 10-1-73; am. (2) and (3), Register, August, 1974, No. 224
, eff. 9-1-74; am. (3) (e), Register, May, 1975, No. 233
, eff. 6-1-75; am. (3), Register, February, 1976, No. 242
, eff. 3-1-76; am. (3) (e), Register, November, 1978, No. 275
, eff. 12-1-78; cr. (2) (f), Register, January, 1983, No. 325
, eff. 2-1-83; emerg. cr. (2) (g) and (3) (h), eff. 12-12-86; am. (1), (2) (intro.) to (e), (4) and (5), cr. (2) (g) and (3) (h), Register, May, 1987, No. 377
, eff. 6-1-87.
Instructions for uniform classifications of expenses of fire and marine and casualty and surety insurers.
For the purpose of establishing uniformity in classifications of expenses of fire and marine and casualty and surety insurers recorded in statements and reports filed with and statistics reported to the commissioner of insurance, all such insurers shall observe the instructions set forth below. These instructions shall not apply to single line accident and health insurance companies, assessment accident and health associations, hospital and medical service or indemnity organizations, single line title insurance companies, or town mutual insurance companies.
(a) List of operating expense classifications for annual statement purposes for fire and marine and casualty and surety insurers.