Register July 2017 No. 739
Chapter NR 16
CAPTIVE WILDLIFE
NR 16.01   Definitions.
NR 16.11   Harmful wild animals.
NR 16.12   Reptiles and amphibians.
NR 16.13   Sale and purchase of reptiles and amphibians.
NR 16.15   Captive wild animal farm.
NR 16.18   Fur farms, purpose.
NR 16.19   Bird hunting preserve licenses.
NR 16.23   Stocking license.
NR 16.26   Nonprofit educational exhibitors.
NR 16.27   Nonresident temporary exhibitors.
NR 16.30   Pen specifications, humane handling, care, treatment and transportation of captive wild animals.
NR 16.35   Exhibition of captive wild animals.
NR 16.38   Pen specifications for transportation.
NR 16.45   Farm-raised deer; white-tailed deer, specifications.
NR 16.46   Removal of wild white-tailed deer.
NR 16.50   Records and reports.
Ch. NR 16 Note Note: Subchapter I of ch. NR 16 was repealed and subchapter II of NR 16 was renumbered ss. NR 19.90 to 19.95, Register October 2003 No. 574.
NR 16.01 NR 16.01Definitions. In this chapter:
NR 16.01(1) (1) “Adult" means any animal that has reached the age of one year.
NR 16.01(2) (2) “Amphibian" means cold-blooded, smooth-skinned vertebrates of the class Amphibia and includes all life stages.
NR 16.01(3) (3) “Department" means the department of natural resources.
NR 16.01(4) (4) “Department lands" means lands under the management and control of the department.
NR 16.01(5) (5) “Enrichment" means activity that creates a beneficial environment for the well being of the captive wild animal.
NR 16.01(6) (6) “Exercise enclosure" means any structure, pen or cage used to restrict a captive wild animal to a limited amount of space for the purpose of exercise and enrichment.
NR 16.01(7) (7) “Farm-raised deer" has the meaning given in s. 95.001 (1) (ag), Stats.
NR 16.01(8) (8) “Heavily galvanized" means a zinc coating weight of 230 g/m2 or 0.8 oz/ft2.
NR 16.01(9) (9) “Herptile" means amphibians and reptiles collectively.
NR 16.01(10) (10) “High tensile" means a tensile strength of 1235 to 1450 mega pascals or 179000 to 210000 lb/in2.
NR 16.01(11) (11) “Hunt" or “hunting" includes shooting, shooting at, pursuing, taking, capturing or killing or attempting to capture or kill any wild animal.
NR 16.01(12) (12) “Licensed facility" means any land, premises, shed, barn, building, trailer or other structure used to house captive wild animals held under the authority of a license issued under ch. 169, Stats.
NR 16.01(13) (13) “Medium tensile" means a tensile strength of 700 to 850 mega pascals or 101000 to 123000 lb/in2.
NR 16.01(14) (14) “Mobile or traveling housing facility" means a transporting vehicle such as a truck, trailer or railway car, used to house captive wild animals while traveling for exhibition or public education purposes.
NR 16.01(15) (15) “Native" means indigenous and occurring or having occurred naturally within the boundaries of this state regardless of whether a particular specimen originates outside of this state.
NR 16.01(16) (16) “Outdoor housing facility" means any structure, pens, building, land or premise housing captive wild animals in which temperatures may not be controlled within set limits.
NR 16.01(17) (17) “Pen" means any cage, fenced-in plot or other enclosure in which captive wild animals are held.
NR 16.01(18) (18) “Pheasant management zone" means that area identified in s. NR 10.001 (21m).
NR 16.01(19) (19) “Primary enclosure" means any structure used as the principal housing facility to confine a captive wild animal to a limited amount of space such as a room, pen, run, cage, compartment, pool or hutch, including shelter structures.
NR 16.01(20) (20) “Protected wild animals" means animals described in s. NR 19.001 (14).
NR 16.01(21) (21) “Reptile" means cold-blooded, scaled vertebrates of the class Reptilia and includes all life stages.
NR 16.01(22) (22) “Resident deer" means a white-tailed deer 2 years of age or older that has resided in the licensed acreage area for not less than 2 years.
NR 16.01(23) (23) “Sheltered housing facility" means a housing facility, which provides the captive wild animals with shelter; protection from the elements; and protection from temperature extremes at all times. A sheltered housing facility may consist of runs or pens totally enclosed in a barn or building, or of connecting inside/outside runs or pens with the inside pens in a totally enclosed building.
NR 16.01(24) (24) “Solid fence" means a fence that meets all of the standards of s. NR 16.45 (1) (a) to (i) that is covered with a fabric or other solid material that prevents deer on opposite sides of the fence from making visual or physical contact.
NR 16.01(25) (25) “Sporting club" means a non-profit organization whose primary purpose is wildlife related outdoor recreation.
NR 16.01(26) (26) “Transportation enclosure" means any structure or device used to restrict a captive wild animal to a limited amount of space for transporting the captive wild animal from one location to another.
NR 16.01(27) (27) “Unprotected wild animals" means animals described in s. NR 19.001 (17).
NR 16.01(28) (28) “Waterfowl" means any migratory bird of family Anatidae (wild ducks, geese, brant and swans).
NR 16.01 History History: CR 03-030: cr. Register October 2003 No. 574, eff. 11-1-03; CR 06-012: am. (18) Register December 2006 No. 612, eff. 2-1-07.
NR 16.11 NR 16.11Harmful wild animals. The following wild animals are designated as harmful wild animals:
NR 16.11(1) (1)Ursidae. Members of the family ursidae commonly known as bears.
NR 16.11(2) (2)Felidae. The species felis concolor commonly known as cougars.
NR 16.11(3) (3)Suidae. Members of the family suidae including pure wild strains of swine commonly known by the name European, Eurasian, Russian or hybrids with domestic strains. Feral domestic strains include animals which are confined but which exhibit characteristics of being in an untamed state, and hybrids of wild or feral with domestic swine. Included in this definition are any swine which is captured in the wild or from an unconfined environment after it has existed in the wild or unconfined environment outside of an enclosure for more than 7 days, regardless of its physical characteristics, except that in emergency situations the department may designate a period of less than 7 days.
NR 16.11(4) (4)Anatidae. The species anserinae Cygnus, commonly known as mute swans.
NR 16.11(5) (5)Canidae. Hybrids of the species Canis lupus, C. lycaon, or C. rufus commonly known as wolves and the species Canis familiaris, domestic dogs, and subsequent generations from such matings. These animals are commonly called wolf-dog hybrids or wolf dogs.
NR 16.11(5)(a) (a) Canids may be presumed to be wolf-dog hybrids if they have some wolf-like physical characteristics and the owner presents such animals verbally or in writing to be a wolf-dog hybrid. Canids with very distinct wolf-like characteristics may be determined by the Department to be wolves or wolf-dog hybrids.
NR 16.11(5)(b) (b) An owner may challenge such a determination by providing the department with genetic testing results. The department will be responsible for the costs of testing if the animal is determined to have only the DNA of domestic dogs.
NR 16.11 History History: CR 03-030: cr. Register October 2003 No. 574, eff. 11-1-03; CR 09-052: am. (1), cr. (3) to (5) Register June 2010 No. 654, eff. 7-1-10.
NR 16.12 NR 16.12Reptiles and amphibians.
NR 16.12(1) (1)Applicability. This section applies to the collection, possession and exhibition of live or dead native wild reptiles and live or dead native wild amphibians in Wisconsin.
NR 16.12(2) (2)Possession restricted. No person may take from the wild or possess any live or dead native amphibians or reptiles or their eggs, except as provided under sub. (3) and s. NR 19.26, or turtles taken under the authority of ss. NR 19.275, 21.13 and 22.13.
NR 16.12(3) (3)Possession exemptions for native amphibians and reptiles.
NR 16.12(3)(a)(a) Endangered and threatened species. Endangered and threatened amphibians and reptiles may only be possessed as provided under s. 29.604 (6), Stats.
NR 16.12(3)(b) (b) Possession exemptions and additional restrictions.
NR 16.12(3)(b)1.1. A person may take or possess up to 5 individuals or eggs of each species of native amphibian, lizard and snake that are not endangered or threatened, except as provided under subds. 2. to 11.
NR 16.12(3)(b)2. 2. No person may take or possess gophersnakes of the species Pituophis catenifer, North American racers of the species Coluber constrictor or gray ratsnakes of the species Pantherophis spiloides taken from within the borders of the state. Persons may possess up to 2 of each of these species if legally obtained from out-of-state.
NR 16.12(3)(b)3. 3. A person may only take or possess up to 2 individuals of the following snake species: Eastern foxsnakes of the species Pantherophis vulpinus and milksnakes of the species Lampropeltis triangulum.
NR 16.12(3)(b)4. 4. A person may possess more than the legal possession limit of lizards or snakes that result from live birth or eggs delivered while in captivity. All offspring that bring the possessed total for that species to more than the legal possession limit established in subds. 1., 2. and 3., shall be given away within 3 months of their birth or hatching. These offspring may not be sold, bartered or traded. The release of offspring to the wild is not allowed unless a written request to release is submitted to the department and a license or other authorization is issued by the department as provided under ss. 169.06 and 169.23, Stats.
NR 16.12(3)(b)5. 5. A person may take or possess up to one native amphibian egg mass or the larvae from that egg mass. These may not be sold and shall be returned to the same body of water that they were taken from immediately after transforming to the adult form, except that up to 5 transformed amphibians may be possessed.
NR 16.12(3)(b)6. 6. A person may take and possess more than 5 native northern leopard frogs of the species Lithobates pipiens, 5 mudpuppies of the species Necturus maculosus, and 5 eastern tiger salamanders of the species Ambystoma tigrinum, or native amphibians and reptiles subject to s. NR 16.13 (2) (a) if authorized by the department by a class A captive wild animal farm license issued under s. 169.15, Stats.
NR 16.12(3)(b)7. 7. A non-resident may not take or possess any native amphibian, lizards, snakes or their eggs except as authorized by s. 169.04 (3) or 169.12 (3), Stats.
NR 16.12(3)(b)8. 8. Publicly owned museums and American Zoo and Aquarium Association accredited institutions are exempt from possession and size limits.
NR 16.12(3)(b)9. 9. Accredited colleges, universities and other educational or research institutions are exempt from the possession and size limits of this section for the purpose of research and education.
NR 16.12(3)(b)10. 10. A person may take and possess more than 5 individual specimens of any native amphibian not listed as threatened or endangered, which are purchased or collected as part of a shipment of live bait by a licensed bait dealer or registered fish farmer.
NR 16.12(3)(b)11. 11. A person may possess an unlimited number and size of atypically colored or patterned native amphibians and reptiles, e.g. albinos, striped snakes that are typically blotched.
NR 16.12(3)(b)12. 12. No person may take or possess Blanding's turtles of the species Emydoidea blandingii within the borders of the state. Persons may possess up to 2 of this species if legally obtained from out-of-state.
NR 16.12(4) (4)Exhibiting. The exhibiting of live native reptiles and amphibians possessed under the authority of sub. (3) (b) and s. NR 19.275 (2), does not require a license under s. 169.07, Stats., when those captive wild animals are exhibited exclusively for noncommercial, educational purposes.
NR 16.12 History History: CR 03-030: cr. Register October 2003 No. 574, eff. 11-1-03; CR 05-031: am. (3) (b) 8. 9. and 11. Register November 2005 No. 599, eff. 12-1-05; CR 14-025: am. (3) (b) 2., 3., 6., cr. (3) (b) 12. Register May 2015 No. 713, eff. 6-1-15.
NR 16.13 NR 16.13Sale and purchase of reptiles and amphibians.
NR 16.13(1)(1)Applicability. This section applies to the sale and purchase of native wild reptiles and native wild amphibians in Wisconsin.
NR 16.13(2) (2)Sale. The sale of native amphibians and reptiles is prohibited except as provided in s. 169.12, Stats., or any of the following:
NR 16.13(2)(a) (a) Out-of-state collection. Native amphibians and reptiles legally collected out-of-state or purchased from out-of-state may be sold out-of-state or to an educational or research institutions in-state if the seller possesses a class A captive wild animal farm license issued under s. 169.15, Stats., to possess and sell those species.
NR 16.13(2)(b) (b) Turtles. Dead turtles and their parts harvested, killed and possessed in accordance with ss. NR 19.275, 21.13 and 22.13 may be sold during the open season.
NR 16.13 Note Note: A class A captive wild animal farm license is not required to sell legally harvested dead turtles or their parts during the open season.
NR 16.13(3) (3)Purchase. The purchase of native amphibians and reptiles is prohibited except as provided in pars. (a) to (c), and under s. 169.12, Stats.
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Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.