NR 149.47(2)(d)2. 2. The laboratory's accreditation identification number.
NR 149.47(2)(d)3. 3. The sample identifying information provided by the client or collector.
NR 149.47(2)(d)4. 4. Identification of the methods used for preparation and analysis.
NR 149.47(2)(d)5. 5. The collection date of the samples.
NR 149.47(2)(d)6. 6. Collection, preparation, and analysis times for tests with holding times expressed in hours.
NR 149.47(2)(d)7. 7. The dates of analysis, extraction, or digestion, when a holding time has been established for the preparation step.
NR 149.47(2)(d)8. 8. When non-aqueous sample results are reported, the laboratory shall indicate whether the non-aqueous sample results were reported on a dry weight or wet weight basis.
NR 149.47(2)(d)9. 9. The LOD and LOQ for tests which the department requires reporting to the LOD.
NR 149.47(2)(d)10. 10. Except for HRGC/MS analysis, for sample results requiring adjustments, an indication of whether the LOD and LOQ have been adjusted accordingly.
NR 149.47 Note Note: Sample adjustments are any sample dilutions or sample amounts that were used differently than those used in the initial demonstration of capability and MDL studies.
NR 149.47(2)(d)11. 11. The units of measurement.
NR 149.47(2)(d)12. 12. The date of the test report.
NR 149.47(2)(d)13. 13. Any qualifiers with reported results.
NR 149.47(2)(d)14. 14. The identity of the subcontract laboratory, for each reported result generated by a subcontract laboratory.
NR 149.47(3) (3)Amendments to laboratory test reports.
NR 149.47(3)(a) (a) A laboratory may make amendments to a test report already issued by the laboratory in a manner that clearly identifies the reasons for the amendment and that references the original laboratory test report.
NR 149.47(3)(b) (b) Amended reports shall comply with the requirements of this section.
NR 149.47(4) (4)Sample rejection or qualification of results. The laboratory shall handle results for samples received with insufficient volume to complete the requested analyses, samples received beyond holding time, samples received improperly preserved, samples received in inappropriate containers, or samples received showing evidence that the samples have not been collected according to approved procedures as follows:
NR 149.47(4)(a) (a) Drinking water samples shall be rejected for analysis unless the laboratory has documented instructions from the client to proceed with analyses and all reported results are accompanied by a disclaimer attesting that the results may not be used to determine or evaluate compliance with the safe drinking water act.
NR 149.47(4)(b) (b) Non-drinking water samples shall be rejected for analysis or appropriately qualified.
NR 149.47(5) (5)Samples requiring reanalysis or qualification of results. Samples shall be re-analyzed, or the affected sample results qualified when any of the following occur:
NR 149.47(5)(a) (a) The concentration of an analyte in the ICB exceeds its LOD.
NR 149.47(5)(b) (b) A CCV standard exceeds limits.
NR 149.47(5)(c) (c) The concentration of an analyte in the CCB or method blank exceeds the criteria specified in s. NR 149.48 (5) (d).
NR 149.47(5)(d) (d) An LCS exceeds limits.
NR 149.47(5)(e) (e) Surrogates or internal standard recoveries exceed limits, unless the failures result from matrix interference, reanalysis is not required but the laboratory shall qualify the results of the affected samples.
NR 149.47(5)(f) (f) When reporting results to the LOD, the concentration of each non-spiked target element in an interference check standard exceeds 10/3 their corresponding LOD for ICP analysis.
NR 149.47 Note Note: The examples for qualifying data listed in this section are common situations. Other situations may exist that could require qualification of data.
NR 149.47 History History: CR 17-046: cr. Register February 2021 No. 782, eff. 6-29-21; correction in (2) (a) made under s. 35.17, Stats., Register February 2021 No. 782.
NR 149.48 NR 149.48Quality control requirements for chemical testing.
NR 149.48(1)(1)General requirements.
NR 149.48(1)(a)(a) A laboratory shall establish a quality control program that includes the analysis of appropriate quality control samples and quality control procedures that define their practices. These quality control procedures shall be used to assess all the following:
NR 149.48(1)(a)1. 1. The level of background contamination associated with the preparation and analysis of all samples.
NR 149.48(1)(a)2. 2. The sensitivity of all tests performed.
NR 149.48(1)(a)3. 3. The level of control of an entire analytical system.
NR 149.48(1)(a)4. 4. The bias contributed to sample results by all preparation and analysis steps.
NR 149.48(1)(a)5. 5. The reproducibility of test results.
NR 149.48(1)(a)6. 6. The selectivity of test methods.
NR 149.48(1)(b) (b) A laboratory may not adjust or correct the sample results by the recoveries of associated quality control samples or surrogates unless otherwise allowed by method, regulation, or covered program. A laboratory may not subtract analyte concentrations found in method blanks from sample results unless otherwise allowed by method, regulation, or covered program.
NR 149.48(1)(c) (c) A laboratory shall document deviations from the laboratory's quality system or exceedances of quality control samples. To the extent the department's data systems allow, the deviations shall be communicated with the results.
NR 149.48(1)(d) (d) A laboratory shall establish procedures for identifying and documenting preparation batches that facilitate determining compliance with the frequencies of quality control samples required under this chapter.
NR 149.48(2) (2)LOD.
NR 149.48(2)(a)(a) A laboratory shall determine the LOD for all tests performed except for any of the following:
NR 149.48(2)(a)1. 1. Biochemical oxygen demand and carbonaceous biochemical oxygen demand.
NR 149.48(2)(a)2. 2. Tests for which analyzing a fortified sample is impossible or impractical.
NR 149.48(2)(a)3. 3. Titrimetric tests.
NR 149.48(2)(a)4. 4. Gravimetric tests, other than oil and grease as HEM.
NR 149.48(2)(b) (b) A laboratory shall determine the LOD of an analyte annually by 40 CFR Part 136, Appendix B. All sample-processing steps of a method shall be included in the determination of a LOD.
NR 149.48 Note Note: Links to the 40 CFR Part 136, Appendix B can be found on the Wisconsin department of natural resources laboratory accreditation program website.
NR 149.48(2)(c) (c) The LOD shall meet the regulatory limits required by the covered programs.
NR 149.48 Note Note: Exemptions to LOD requirements for specific compounds are provided on the Wisconsin department of natural resources laboratory accreditation program website.
NR 149.48(2)(d) (d) The LOD shall be adjusted when the sample amounts used are different than those used for the LOD determination.
NR 149.48(2)(e) (e) For tests exempted from performing an LOD under par. (a), the laboratory shall establish a reporting limit, or an estimate of a test's sensitivity based on the intended use of the data for a given application.
NR 149.48(2)(f) (f) The LOD shall be determined each time there is a change in a method or instrumentation that affects the sensitivity of an analysis.
NR 149.48(2)(g) (g) For HRGC/MS technology, the estimated detection limit is defined in SW-846 8290A and is equivalent to the LOD.
NR 149.48(3) (3)LOQ.
NR 149.48(3)(a)(a) A laboratory shall establish the LOQ for all tests performed except for those exempted from an LOD under sub. (2) (a).
NR 149.48(3)(b) (b) The LOQ shall meet the regulatory limits required by the covered programs.
NR 149.48 Note Note: Exemptions to LOQ requirements for specific compounds are provided on the Wisconsin department of natural resources laboratory accreditation program website.
NR 149.48(3)(c) (c) Except for ICP and ICP/MS single point initial calibrations, the LOQ shall be established as 10/3 the LOD or at the concentration of the lowest standard in the initial calibration. For ICP and ICP/MS, when single point initial calibrations are utilized, the LOQ shall be established as 10/3 the LOD or at the “lower limit of quantitation.”
NR 149.48 Note Note: The “lower limit of quantitation” is referenced in SW-846 6010C, 6010D, 6020A, and 6020B.
NR 149.48(3)(d) (d) The LOQ shall be greater than the LOD.
NR 149.48(4) (4)Reporting limits.
NR 149.48(4)(a)(a) Reporting limits are reserved for those analytes exempted under sub. (2) (a) and shall be established based on a test's sensitivity and the intended use of the data.
NR 149.48(4)(b) (b) For biochemical oxygen demand and carbonaceous biochemical oxygen demand, the minimum reporting limit is 2 mg/L which is based on a 300 mL sample volume. When no dilution is equal to 300 mL, the reporting limit shall be adjusted based on the lowest dilution reported.
NR 149.48(4)(c) (c) For total suspended solids, the reporting limit shall be determined using the following formula: Reporting Limit (mg/L) = 1000 / (sample volume filtered in mL).
NR 149.48(5) (5)Method blank.
NR 149.48(5)(a)(a) The laboratory shall process method blanks along with and under the same conditions, including all sample preparation steps, as the associated samples in a preparation batch.
NR 149.48 Note Note: Method blanks are not required for analysis of pH, alkalinity, acidity, conductivity, and solids determinations.
NR 149.48(5)(b) (b) The laboratory shall process method blanks at a frequency of at least one per preparation batch up to 20 environmental samples. When samples are analyzed by methods that do not require a preparation step before analysis, a method blank shall be analyzed at the frequency of one per analytical batch up to 20 environmental samples.
NR 149.48(5)(c) (c) Whenever the concentration of the method blank contains analytes of interest greater than the LOD, the laboratory shall evaluate the nature of the interference and its effect on each sample in a preparation batch.
NR 149.48(5)(d) (d) The acceptance criteria for method blanks are analyte and sample specific and are established based on the highest of any of the following:
NR 149.48(5)(d)1. 1. The LOD.
NR 149.48(5)(d)2. 2. Five percent of the regulatory limit for that analyte.
NR 149.48(5)(d)3. 3. Ten percent of the measured concentration in the sample.
NR 149.48(6) (6)LCS.
NR 149.48(6)(a)(a) Unless otherwise exempted by this subsection, the laboratory shall process an LCS at a frequency of at least one sample per preparation batch up to 20 environmental samples, along with and under the same conditions as the associated samples in a preparation batch. These conditions shall include all sample preparation steps, except for leaching procedure extractions.
NR 149.48 Note Note: TCLP leachates for metals analysis are fortified after the leaching step is completed and before acid preservation.
NR 149.48(6)(b) (b) The laboratory shall fortify the LCS for the biochemical oxygen demand and carbonaceous biochemical oxygen demand tests with a mixture of glucose-glutamic acid as specified in approved methods of analysis. The LCS shall be processed at a frequency of at least one sample per analytical batch for a laboratory that analyzes more than 20 samples per week. A laboratory that analyzes fewer than 20 samples per week shall analyze one LCS per week.
NR 149.48(6)(c) (c) The laboratory is not required to process an LCS for tests for which analyzing a fortified sample is impossible or impractical.
NR 149.48 Note Note: An LCS need not be analyzed for the following tests: pH, solids determinations, chlorophyll a, and color.
NR 149.48(6)(d) ( d) The LCS shall be fortified with the analytes specified by method, regulation, or covered program or all reported analytes, except as allowed in par. (e).
NR 149.48(6)(e) (e) For analyses of polychlorinated biphenyls, the laboratory shall fortify an LCS with at least one aroclor per preparation batch. For other tests that determine analytes with responses that encompass more than one chromatographic peak, as in the case of toxaphene and chlordane, the laboratory may fortify an LCS with a single multi-peak analyte per preparation batch. The laboratory shall ensure that all multi-peak analytes detectable by a method are fortified in an LCS at least once every year that any of those analytes are reported at a detectable concentration.
NR 149.48(6)(f) (f) When the method, regulation, or covered program do not specify control limits, the laboratory shall evaluate LCS recoveries and generate in-house control limits, following exclusion of outliers with a statistical technique and using the mean plus or minus 3 times the sample standard deviation. Annually, the laboratory shall review its generated in-house control limits and update those limits whenever the performance characteristics change.
NR 149.48(6)(g) (g) In lieu of using generated in-house control limits for the LCS, the laboratory may opt to use the CCV standard limits.
NR 149.48(7) (7)Selectivity. The laboratory shall establish procedures to confirm the detections of organic analytes determined by technologies that, unlike mass spectrometry or diode array liquid chromatography, do not provide a positive unique identification when a covered program requires it or when the history of a sample source does not suggest the likely presence of the detected analyte.
NR 149.48(7)(a) (a) The laboratory shall develop and document acceptance criteria, which consider retention time shifts, for chromatographic retention time windows.
NR 149.48(7)(b) (b) The laboratory shall document acceptance criteria for mass spectral tuning.
NR 149.48 History History: CR 17-046: cr. Register February 2021 No. 782, eff. 6-29-21; correction in (2) (e), (3) (a), (4) (a) made under s. 35.17, Stats., Register February 2021 No. 782.
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Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.