NR 661.1064(9) (9) A remanufacturer or other person that stores or treats the hazardous secondary material shall record all of the following information in the facility operating record for valves complying with s. NR 661.1062:
NR 661.1064(9)(a) (a) A schedule of monitoring.
NR 661.1064(9)(b) (b) The percent of valves found leaking during each monitoring period.
NR 661.1064(10) (10) A remanufacturer or other person that stores or treats the hazardous secondary material shall record all of the following information in a log that is kept in the facility operating record:
NR 661.1064(10)(a) (a) Criteria required in ss. NR 661.1052 (4) (e) 2. and 661.1053 (5) (b) and an explanation of the design criteria.
NR 661.1064(10)(b) (b) Any changes to these criteria and the reasons for the changes.
NR 661.1064(11) (11) A remanufacturer or other person that stores or treats the hazardous secondary material shall record all of the following information in a log that is kept in the facility operating record for use in determining exemptions in the applicability section of this subchapter and other specific subchapters:
NR 661.1064(11)(a) (a) An analysis determining the design capacity of the hazardous secondary material management unit.
NR 661.1064(11)(b) (b) A statement listing the hazardous secondary material influent to and effluent from each hazardous secondary material management unit subject to the requirements specified in ss. NR 661.1052 to 661.1060 and an analysis determining whether these hazardous secondary materials are heavy liquids.
NR 661.1064(11)(c) (c) An up-to-date analysis and the supporting information and data used to determine whether or not equipment is subject to the requirements specified in ss. NR 661.1052 to 661.1060. The record shall include supporting documentation as required under s. NR 661.1063 (4) (c) when application of the knowledge of the nature of the hazardous secondary material stream or the process by which it was produced is used. If the remanufacturer or other person that stores or treats the hazardous secondary material takes any action, such as changing the process that produced the material, that could result in an increase in the total organic content of the material contained in or contacted by equipment determined not to be subject to the requirements specified in ss. NR 661.1052 to 661.1060, then a new determination is required.
NR 661.1064(12) (12) A remanufacturer or other person that stores or treats the hazardous secondary material shall keep records of the equipment leak information required under sub. (4) and the operating information required under sub. (5) of this section for 3 years.
NR 661.1064(13) (13) A remanufacturer or other person that stores or treats the hazardous secondary material at a facility with equipment that is subject to this subchapter and to requirements in 40 CFR part 60, 61 or 63, or to corresponding provisions of ch. NR 440, subchs. III and IV of ch. NR 446 and chs. NR 447 to 469, may elect to determine compliance with this subchapter either by documentation pursuant to s. NR 661.1064, or by documentation of compliance with the requirements 40 CFR part 60, 61 or 63, or to corresponding provisions of ch. NR 440, subchs. III and IV of ch. NR 446 and chs. NR 447 to 469, pursuant to the relevant provisions of 40 CFR part 60, 61 or 63, or to corresponding provisions of ch. NR 440, subchs. III and IV of ch. NR 446, and chs. NR 447 to 469. The documentation of compliance under the requirements in 40 CFR part 60, 61 or 63, or to corresponding provisions of ch. NR 440, subchs. III and IV of ch. NR 446, and chs. NR 447 to 469 shall be kept with or made readily available at the facility.
NR 661.1064 History History: CR 19-082: cr. Register August 2020 No. 776, eff. 9-1-20; correction in (5), (8) (intro.), (11) (b) made under s. 35.17, Stats., and corrections in (13) made under ss. 13.92 (4) (b) 4. and 35.17, Stats., Register August 2020 No. 776; correction in (2) (b) made under s. 13.92 (4) (b) 7., Stats., Register April 2020 No. 784.
subch. CC of ch. NR 661 Subchapter CC — Air Emission Standards for
Tanks and Containers
NR 661.1080 NR 661.1080Applicability.
NR 661.1080(1)(1)The requirements in this subchapter apply to tanks and containers that contain hazardous secondary material excluded under the remanufacturing exclusion specified in s. NR 661.0004 (1) (za), unless the tanks and containers are equipped with and operating air emission controls in accordance with the requirements of an applicable Clean Air Act regulation codified under 40 CFR parts 60, 61, and 63, or subject to ch. NR 440, subchs. III and IV of ch. NR 446, or chs. NR 447 to 469.
NR 661.1080 History History: CR 19-082: cr. Register August 2020 No. 776, eff. 9-1-20; correction made under s. 35.17, Stats., Register August 2020 No. 776.
NR 661.1081 NR 661.1081Definitions. As used in this subchapter, all terms not defined in this section shall have the meaning given them in ch. 291, Stats., and chs. NR 660 to 666.
NR 661.1081(1) (1) “ Average volatile organic concentration” or “average VO concentration” means the mass-weighted average volatile organic concentration of a hazardous secondary material as determined in accordance with the requirements specified in s. NR 661.1084.
NR 661.1081(2) (2) “ Closure device” means a cap, hatch, lid, plug, seal, valve, or other type of fitting that blocks an opening in a cover such that when the device is secured in the closed position it prevents or reduces air pollutant emissions to the atmosphere. A closure device includes a device that is detachable from the cover, such as a sampling port cap; manually operated, such as hinged access lid or hatch; or automatically operated, such as a spring-loaded pressure relief valve.
NR 661.1081(3) (3) “ Continuous seal” means a seal that forms a continuous closure that completely covers the space between the edge of the floating roof and the wall of a tank. A continuous seal may be a vapor-mounted seal, liquid-mounted seal, or metallic shoe seal. A continuous seal may be constructed of fastened segments so as to form a continuous seal.
NR 661.1081(4) (4) “ Cover” means a device that provides a continuous barrier over the hazardous secondary material managed in a unit to prevent or reduce air pollutant emissions to the atmosphere. A cover may have openings, such as access hatches, sampling ports, gauge wells, that are necessary for operation, inspection, maintenance, and repair of the unit on which the cover is used. A cover may be a separate piece of equipment that can be detached and removed from the unit, or a cover may be formed by structural features permanently integrated into the design of the unit.
NR 661.1081(5) (5) “ Empty hazardous secondary material container” means any of the following:
NR 661.1081(5)(a) (a) A container from which all hazardous secondary materials have been removed that can be removed using the practices commonly employed to remove materials from that type of container, such as pouring, pumping, and aspirating, and no more than 2.5 centimeters of residue remain on the bottom of the container or inner liner.
NR 661.1081(5)(b) (b) A container that is less than or equal to 119 gallons in size and no more than 3 percent by weight of the total capacity of the container remains in the container or inner liner.
NR 661.1081(5)(c) (c) A container that is greater than 119 gallons in size and no more than 0.3 percent by weight of the total capacity of the container remains in the container or inner liner.
NR 661.1081(6) (6) “ Enclosure” means a structure that surrounds a tank or container, captures organic vapors emitted from the tank or container, and vents the captured vapors through a closed-vent system to a control device.
NR 661.1081(7) (7) “ External floating roof” means a pontoon-type or double-deck type cover that rests on the surface of the material managed in a tank with no fixed roof.
NR 661.1081(8) (8) “ Fixed roof” means a cover that is mounted on a unit in a stationary position and does not move with fluctuations in the level of the material managed in the unit.
NR 661.1081(9) (9) “ Floating membrane cover” means a cover consisting of a synthetic flexible membrane material that rests upon and is supported by the hazardous secondary material being managed in a surface impoundment.
NR 661.1081(10) (10) “ Floating roof” means a cover consisting of a double deck, pontoon single deck, or internal floating cover that rests upon and is supported by the material being contained, and is equipped with a continuous seal.
NR 661.1081(11) (11) “ Hard-piping” means pipe or tubing that is manufactured and properly installed in accordance with relevant standards and good engineering practices.
NR 661.1081(12) (12) “ In light material service” means the container is used to manage a material for which all of the following conditions apply:
NR 661.1081(12)(a) (a) The vapor pressure of one or more of the organic constituents in the material is greater than 0.3 kilopascals or kPa at 20°C.
NR 661.1081(12)(b) (b) The total concentration of the pure organic constituents having a vapor pressure greater than 0.3 kPa at 20°C is equal to or greater than 20 percent by weight.
NR 661.1081(13) (13) “ Internal floating roof” means a cover that rests or floats on the material surface, but is not necessarily in complete contact with it, inside a tank that has a fixed roof.
NR 661.1081(14) (14) “ Liquid-mounted seal” means a foam or liquid-filled primary seal mounted in contact with the hazardous secondary material between the tank wall and the floating roof continuously around the circumference of the tank.
NR 661.1081(15) (15) “ Malfunction” means any sudden, infrequent, and not reasonably preventable failure of air pollution control equipment, process equipment, or a process to operate in a normal or usual manner. A failure that is caused in part by poor maintenance or careless operation is not a malfunction.
NR 661.1081(16) (16) “ Material determination” means performing all applicable procedures in accordance with the requirements specified in s. NR 661.1084 to determine whether a hazardous secondary material meets standards specified in this subchapter. Examples of a material determination include performing the procedures in accordance with the requirements specified in s. NR 661.1084 to determine the average VO concentration of a hazardous secondary material at the point of material origination; the average VO concentration of a hazardous secondary material at the point of material treatment and comparing the results to the exit concentration limit specified for the process used to treat the hazardous secondary material; the organic reduction efficiency and the organic biodegradation efficiency for a biological process used to treat a hazardous secondary material and comparing the results to the applicable standards; or the maximum volatile organic vapor pressure for a hazardous secondary material in a tank and comparing the results to the applicable standards.
NR 661.1081(17) (17) “ Maximum organic vapor pressure” means the sum of the individual organic constituent partial pressures that are exerted by the material contained in a tank, and reasonably expected to occur in the tank at the maximum vapor pressure-causing conditions, such as temperature, agitation, or pH effects of combining materials. For the purpose of this subchapter, maximum organic vapor pressure is determined using the procedures specified in s. NR 661.1084 (3).
NR 661.1081(18) (18) “ Metallic shoe seal” means a continuous seal that is constructed of metal sheets that are held vertically against the wall of the tank by springs, weighted levers, or other mechanisms and is connected to the floating roof by braces or other means. A flexible coated fabric or envelope spans the annular space between the metal sheet and the floating roof.
NR 661.1081(19) (19) “ No detectable organic emissions” means no escape of organics to the atmosphere as determined using the procedure specified in s. NR 661.1084 (4).
NR 661.1081(20) (20) “ Point of material origination” means one of the following:
NR 661.1081(20)(a) (a) When the remanufacturer or other person that stores or treats the hazardous secondary material is the generator of the hazardous secondary material, the point of material origination means the point where a material produced by a system, process, or material management unit is determined to be a hazardous secondary material excluded under s. NR 661.0004 (1) (za).
NR 661.1081 Note Note: In this case, this term is being used in a manner similar to the use of the term “point of generation” in air standards established for waste management operations in 40 CFR parts 60, 61 and 63, or subject to ch. NR 440, subchs. III and IV of ch. NR 446, or chs. NR 447 to 469.
NR 661.1081(20)(b) (b) When the remanufacturer or other person that stores or treats the hazardous secondary material is not the generator of the hazardous secondary material, point of material origination means the point where the remanufacturer or other person that stores or treats the hazardous secondary material accepts delivery or takes possession of the hazardous secondary material.
NR 661.1081(21) (21) “ Safety device” means a closure device such as a pressure relief valve, frangible disc, fusible plug, or any other type of device that functions exclusively to prevent physical damage or permanent deformation to a unit or its air emission control equipment by venting gases or vapors directly to the atmosphere during unsafe conditions resulting from an unplanned, accidental, or emergency event. For the purpose of this subchapter, a safety device is not used for routine venting of gases or vapors from the vapor headspace underneath a cover such as during filling of the unit or to adjust the pressure in this vapor headspace in response to normal daily diurnal ambient temperature fluctuations. A safety device is designed to remain in a closed position during normal operations and open only when the internal pressure, or another relevant parameter, exceeds the device threshold setting applicable to the air emission control equipment as determined by the remanufacturer or other person that stores or treats the hazardous secondary material based on manufacturer recommendations, applicable regulations, fire protection and prevention codes, standard engineering codes and practices, or other requirements for the safe handling of flammable, ignitable, explosive, reactive, or hazardous materials.
NR 661.1081(22) (22) “ Single-seal system” means a floating roof having one continuous seal. This seal may be vapor-mounted, liquid-mounted, or a metallic shoe seal.
NR 661.1081(23) (23) “Vapor-mounted seal” means a continuous seal that is mounted such that there is a vapor space between the hazardous secondary material in the unit and the bottom of the seal.
NR 661.1081(24) (24) “ Volatile organic concentration” or “VO concentration” means the fraction by weight of the volatile organic compounds contained in a hazardous secondary material expressed in terms of parts per million or ppmw as determined by direct measurement or by knowledge of the material in accordance with the requirements specified in s. NR 661.1084. For the purpose of determining the VO concentration of a hazardous secondary material, organic compounds with a Henry's law constant value of at least 0.1 mole-fraction-in-the-gas-phase/mole-fraction-in-the-liquid-phase (0.1 Y/X), which can also be expressed as 1.8 x 10-6atmospheres/gram-mole/m 3, at 25 °C shall be included.
NR 661.1081 History History: CR 19-082: cr. Register August 2020 No. 776, eff. 9-1-20; correction in (5) (a) made under s. 35.17, Stats., Register August 2020 No. 776.
NR 661.1082 NR 661.1082 Standards: general.
NR 661.1082(1)(1)This section applies to the management of hazardous secondary material in tanks and containers subject to this subchapter.
NR 661.1082(2) (2) A remanufacturer or other person that stores or treats hazardous secondary material shall control air pollutant emissions from each hazardous secondary material management unit in accordance with standards specified in ss. NR 661.1084 to 661.1087, as applicable to the hazardous secondary material management unit, except as provided for in sub. (3).
NR 661.1082(3) (3) A tank or container is exempt from standards specified in ss. NR 661.1084 to 661.1087, as applicable, provided that the hazardous secondary material management unit is a tank or container for which all hazardous secondary material entering the unit has an average VO concentration at the point of material origination of less than 500 parts per million by weight or ppmw. The average VO concentration shall be determined using the procedures specified in s. NR 661.1083 (1). The remanufacturer or other person that stores or treats the hazardous secondary material shall review and update, as necessary, this determination at least once every 12 months following the date of the initial determination for the hazardous secondary material streams entering the unit.
NR 661.1082 History History: CR 19-082: cr. Register August 2020 No. 776, eff. 9-1-20.
NR 661.1083 NR 661.1083Material determination procedures.
NR 661.1083(1)(1)Material determination procedure to determine average volatile organic (vo) concentration of a hazardous secondary material at the point of material origination.
NR 661.1083(1)(a)(a) Determining average VO concentration at the point of material origination. A remanufacturer or other person that stores or treats the hazardous secondary material shall determine the average VO concentration at the point of material origination for each hazardous secondary material placed in a hazardous secondary material management unit exempted under the provisions of s. NR 661.1082 (3) from using air emission controls in accordance with standards specified in ss. NR 661.1084 to 661.1087, as applicable to the hazardous secondary material management unit. The remanufacturer or other person that stores or treats the hazardous secondary material shall make the determinations according to all of the following:
NR 661.1083(1)(a)1. 1. Make an initial determination of the average VO concentration of the material stream before the first time any portion of the material in the hazardous secondary material stream is placed in a hazardous secondary material management unit exempted under the provisions of s. NR 661.1082 (3) from using air emission controls, and thereafter make an initial determination of the average VO concentration of the material stream for each averaging period that a hazardous secondary material is managed in the unit.
NR 661.1083(1)(a)2. 2. Perform a new material determination whenever changes to the source generating the material stream are reasonably likely to cause the average VO concentration of the hazardous secondary material to increase to a level that is equal to or greater than the applicable VO concentration limits specified in s. NR 661.1082.
NR 661.1083(1)(b) (b) Determination of average VO concentration using direct measurement or knowledge. For a material determination that is required under par. (a), the average VO concentration of a hazardous secondary material at the point of material origination shall be determined using either direct measurement as specified in par. (c) or by knowledge as specified in par. (d).
NR 661.1083(1)(c) (c) Direct measurement to determine average VO concentration of a hazardous secondary material at the point of material origination.
NR 661.1083(1)(c)1.1. `Identification.' The remanufacturer or other person that stores or treats the hazardous secondary material shall identify and record in a log that is kept at the facility the point of material origination for the hazardous secondary material.
NR 661.1083(1)(c)2. 2. `Sampling.' Samples of the hazardous secondary material stream shall be collected at the point of material origination in a manner such that volatilization of organics contained in the material and in the subsequent sample is minimized and an adequately representative sample is collected and maintained for analysis by the selected method.The remanufacturer or other person that samples the hazardous secondary material shall sample according to all of the following:
NR 661.1083(1)(c)2.a. a. The averaging period to be used for determining the average VO concentration for the hazardous secondary material stream on a mass-weighted average basis shall be designated and recorded. The averaging period can represent any time interval that the remanufacturer or other person that stores or treats the hazardous secondary material determines is appropriate for the hazardous secondary material stream but may not exceed one year.
NR 661.1083(1)(c)2.b. b. A sufficient number of samples, but no less than 4 samples, shall be collected and analyzed for a hazardous secondary material determination. All of the samples for a given material determination shall be collected within a one-hour period. The average of the 4 or more sample results constitutes a material determination for the material stream. One or more material determinations may be required to represent the complete range of material compositions and quantities that occur during the entire averaging period due to normal variations in the operating conditions for the source or process generating the hazardous secondary material stream. Examples of such normal variations are seasonal variations in material quantity or fluctuations in ambient temperature.
NR 661.1083(1)(c)2.c. c. All samples shall be collected and handled in accordance with written procedures prepared by the remanufacturer or other person that stores or treats the hazardous secondary material and documented in a site sampling plan. This plan shall describe the procedure by which representative samples of the hazardous secondary material stream are collected such that a minimum loss of organics occurs throughout the sample collection and handling process, and by which sample integrity is maintained. A copy of the written sampling plan shall be maintained at the facility. An example of acceptable sample collection and handling procedures for a total volatile organic constituent concentration may be found in Method 25D in appendix A of 40 CFR part 60, incorporated by reference in s. NR 660.11.
NR 661.1083(1)(c)2.d. d. Sufficient information, as specified in the site sampling plan required under subd. 2. c., shall be prepared and recorded to document the material quantity represented by the samples and, as applicable, the operating conditions for the source or process generating the hazardous secondary material represented by the samples.
NR 661.1083(1)(c)3. 3. `Analysis.' Each collected sample shall be prepared and analyzed in accordance with Method 25D in appendix A of 40 CFR part 60, incorporated by reference in s. NR 660.11, for the total concentration of volatile organic constituents, or using one or more methods when the individual organic compound concentrations are identified and summed and the summed material concentration accounts for and reflects all organic compounds in the material with Henry's law constant values at least 0.1 mole-fraction-in-the-gas-phase/mole-fraction-in-the-liquid-phase (0.1 Y/X), which can also be expressed as 1.8 x 10-6 atmospheres/gram-mole/m3, at 25°C. At the discretion of the remanufacturer or other person that stores or treats the hazardous secondary material, the test data obtained may be adjusted by any appropriate method to discount any contribution to the total volatile organic concentration that is a result of including a compound with a Henry's law constant value of less than 0.1 Y/X at 25°C. To adjust these data, the measured concentration of each individual chemical constituent contained in the material is multiplied by the appropriate constituent-specific adjustment factor (fm25D). If the remanufacturer or other person that stores or treats the hazardous secondary material elects to adjust the test data, the adjustment shall be made to all individual chemical constituents with a Henry's law constant value greater than or equal to 0.1 Y/X at 25°C contained in the material. Constituent-specific adjustment factors (fm25D) can be obtained by contacting the Waste and Chemical Processes Group, Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711. Other test methods may be used if they meet the requirements specified in subd. 3. a. or b. and provided the requirement to reflect all organic compounds in the material with Henry's law constant values greater than or equal to 0.1 Y/X, which can also be expressed as 1.8 x 10-6atmospheres/gram-mole/m3 at 25°C, is met.
NR 661.1083(1)(c)3.a. a. Any EPA standard method that has been validated in accordance with “Alternative Validation Procedure for EPA Waste and Wastewater Methods,” appendix D of 40 CFR part 63, incorporated by reference in s. NR 660.11.
NR 661.1083(1)(c)3.b. b. Any other analysis method that has been validated in accordance with the procedures specified in Section 5.1 or Section 5.3, and the corresponding calculations in Section 6.1 or Section 6.3 of Method 301 in appendix A of 40 CFR part 63, incorporated by reference in s. NR 660.11. The data are acceptable if they meet the criteria specified in Section 6.1.5 or Section 6.3.3 of Method 301. If correction is required under Section 6.3.3 of Method 301, the data are acceptable if the correction factor is within the range 0.7 to 1.30. Other sections of Method 301 are not required.
NR 661.1083(1)(c)4. 4. `Calculations.'
NR 661.1083(1)(c)4.a.a. The average VO concentration (C) on a mass-weighted basis shall be calculated by using the results for all material determinations conducted in accordance with subds. 2. and 3. and the following equation:
Where:
C = Average VO concentration of the hazardous secondary material at the point of material origination on a mass-weighted basis, ppmw.
i = Individual material determination “i” of the hazardous secondary material.
n = Total number of material determinations of the hazardous secondary material conducted for the averaging period (not to exceed 1 year).
Qi = Mass quantity of hazardous secondary material stream represented by Ci, kg/hr.
QT = Total mass quantity of hazardous secondary material during the averaging period, kg/hr.
Ci = Measured VO concentration of material determination “ i” as determined in accordance with the requirements specified in subd. 3., which is the average of the 4 or more samples specified in subd. 2. b., ppmw.
NR 661.1083(1)(c)4.b. b. For the purpose of determining Ci, for individual material samples analyzed in accordance with subd. 3., the remanufacturer or other person that stores or treats the hazardous secondary material shall account for VO concentrations determined to be below the limit of detection of the analytical method by using the following VO concentration:
1) If Method 25D in appendix A of 40 CFR part 60, incorporated by reference in s. NR 660.11, is used for the analysis, one-half the blank value determined in the method at Section 4.4 of Method 25D in appendix A of 40 CFR part 60.
2) If any other analytical method is used, one-half the sum of the limits of detection established for each organic constituent in the material that has a Henry's law constant values at least 0.1 mole-fraction-in-the-gas-phase/mole-fraction-in-the-liquid-phase (0.1 Y/X), which can also be expressed as 1.8 x 10-6atmospheres/gram-mole/m3 , at 25°C .
NR 661.1083(1)(d) (d) Use of knowledge by the remanufacturer or other person that stores or treats the hazardous secondary material to determine average VO concentration of a hazardous secondary material at the point of material origination.
NR 661.1083(1)(d)1. 1. The remanufacturer or other person that stores or treats the hazardous secondary material shall prepare documentation that presents the information used as the basis for the knowledge of the hazardous secondary material stream's average VO concentration. Examples of information that may be used as the basis for knowledge include material balances for the source or process generating the hazardous secondary material stream; constituent-specific chemical test data for the hazardous secondary material stream from previous testing that are still applicable to the current material stream; previous test data for other locations managing the same type of material stream; or other knowledge based on information included in shipping papers or material certification notices.
NR 661.1083(1)(d)2. 2. If test data are used as the basis for knowledge, then the remanufacturer or other person that stores or treats the hazardous secondary material shall document the test method, sampling protocol, and the means by which sampling variability and analytical variability are accounted for in the determination of the average VO concentration. For example, a remanufacturer or other person that stores or treats the hazardous secondary material may use organic concentration test data for the hazardous secondary material stream that are validated in accordance with Method 301 in appendix A of 40 CFR part 63, incorporated by reference in s. NR 660.11, as the basis for knowledge of the waste.
NR 661.1083(1)(d)3. 3. A remanufacturer or other person that stores or treats the hazardous secondary material using chemical constituent-specific concentration test data as the basis for knowledge of the hazardous secondary material may adjust the test data to the corresponding average VO concentration value that would have been obtained had the material samples been analyzed using Method 25D in appendix A of 40 CFR part 60, incorporated by reference in s. NR 660.11. To adjust these data, the measured concentration for each individual chemical constituent contained in the material is multiplied by the appropriate constituent-specific adjustment factor (fm25D).
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Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.