NR 812.07(73) (73)“Pit" means any structure that is completely or partially below the ground surface or below a building floor used for the housing of wells, off-set pumps, pressure tanks or valves. Alcoves are pits.
NR 812.07(74) (74)“Pitless adapter or unit" means a mechanical device attached to the well casing pipe, usually below the frost level, for underground conveyance of water from the well.
NR 812.07(74)(a) (a) “Weld-on pitless adapter" means a pitless adapter attached to a cut opening in the well casing pipe by a weld applied at the well site.
NR 812.07(74)(b) (b) “Pitless unit" means a pitless adapter device assembled and pressure tested for leakage at a factory and designed to be attached, in the field, to the top of the cut-off portion of the well casing pipe.
NR 812.07(74)(c) (c) “Clamp-on or bolt-on pitless adapter" is a pump installation discharge equipment device having a saddle designed to be attached to cover the outside of an opening that has been cut through the well casing pipe, to allow the saddle to be connected with nuts to the ends of a threaded U-bolt or U-strap that will surround the well casing pipe.
NR 812.07(74)(d) (d) “Bolt-through pitless adapter" is a pitless device that includes two gasketed metal segments that are to be attached with a threaded coupling and designed to extend through and plug a hole that has been cut through the polyvinyl chloride or ABS thermoplastic well casing pipe.
NR 812.07(74)(e) (e) “Pitless receiver tank" means a pitless unit having a permanently attached steel pressure tank surrounding the casing pipe as an integral part of the unit and installed, as a unit, at a factory.
NR 812.07(75) (75)“Potable" or “potable water” means water supplied for human consumption, sanitary use or for the washing or preparation of food or pharmaceutical products.
NR 812.07 Note Note: The term “water for human consumption" is used interchangeably with the term “potable water."
NR 812.07(75g) (75g)“POWTS" means a private onsite wastewater treatment system.
NR 812.07 Note Note: A “POWTS" may include, but is not limited to, a substitute for a septic tank or soil absorption field or a substitute for a holding tank.
NR 812.07(75L) (75L)“POWTS component” has the meaning specified in s. SPS 381.01 (183).
NR 812.07 Note Note: Section SPS 381.01 (183) defines “POWTS component" as any subsystem, subassembly or other system designed for use in or as part of a private onsite wastewater treatment system which may include treatment, dispersal or holding and related piping.
NR 812.07(75p) (75p)“POWTS dispersal component” has the meaning specified in s. SPS 381.01 (184).
NR 812.07 Note Note: Section SPS 381.01 (184) defines “POWTS dispersal component" as a device or method that is intended to promote the assimilation of treated wastewater by the environment. The terms “absorption field" and “sewage disposal unit" and “POWTS dispersal unit” have been used in previous versions of this rule to describe these types of units.
NR 812.07(75t) (75t)“POWTS holding component” has the meaning specified in s. SPS 381.01 (185).
NR 812.07 Note Note: Section SPS 381.01 (185) defines “POWTS holding component" as any receptacle intended to collect wastewater for a period of time, including holding and dosing tanks.
NR 812.07(75x) (75x)“POWTS treatment component” has the meaning specified in s. SPS 381.01 (186).
NR 812.07 Note Note: Section SPS 381.01 (186) defines “POWTS treatment component" as a device or method that is intended to reduce the contaminant load of wastewater.
NR 812.07(76) (76)“Preparation of food products" means washing, cooling, cooking, pasteurizing, bottling, canning or otherwise preparing food for human consumption and includes the washing of utensils and equipment used in the production or preparation of food.
NR 812.07(77) (77)“Pressure or box elbow" means a special concentric pipe fitting used to raise the horizontal pressurized concentric piping arrangement between a well and an off-set pump vertically to the specified elevation above the floor.
NR 812.07(77m) (77m)“Private on-site wastewater treatment system” has the meaning specified in s. 145.01 (12), Stats.
NR 812.07 Note Note: Section 145.01 (12), Stats., defines “private on-site wastewater treatment system” as a sewage treatment and disposal system serving a single structure with a septic tank and soil absorption field located on the same parcel as the structure. This term also means an alternative sewage system approved by the department including a substitute for the septic tank or soil absorption field, a holding tank, a system serving more than one structure or a system located on a different parcel than the structure. A private on-site wastewater treatment system may be owned by the property owner or by a special purpose district.
NR 812.07(78) (78)“Private water system" means any water system supplying water that is not a public water system.
NR 812.07(79) (79)“Privy" means a pit privy as defined in s. SPS 391.03 (6), or a vault privy as defined in s. SPS 391.03 (9).
NR 812.07 Note Note: Section SPS 391.03 (6) defines “pit privy" as an enclosed nonportable toilet into which nonwater-carried human wastes are deposited to a subsurface storage chamber that is not watertight. Section SPS 391.03 (9) defines “vault privy" as an enclosed nonportable toilet into which nonwater-carried human wastes are deposited to a subsurface storage chamber that is watertight.
NR 812.07(79e) (79e)“Pressure system" means that portion of a pump installation that is upstream of a building control valve or upstream of a pressure tank, including the pressure tank.
NR 812.07(79m) (79m)“Proposed landfill” means a landfill for which actual notice of the intention to develop the facility has been given to the owners of property located within 1,200 feet of the proposed facility or for which a request has been made under s. 289.22 (1m), Stats., provided that a feasibility report under s. 289.23, Stats., is submitted to the department within 2 years after the applicable notice or request. Proposed landfill does not include a facility the department has determined to be not feasible under s. 289.23, Stats., or a facility for which the department has determined that an approval for the facility is not being pursued with reasonable diligence.
NR 812.07(79p) (79p)“Property transfer well inspection" means an inspection, for compensation, for the purpose of locating or evaluating wells that need to be filled and sealed and water supply wells or pressure systems on real property in contemplation of a transfer of the real property.
NR 812.07(79t) (79t)“Property transfer well inspector” means an individual authorized under s. NR 812.44 (1) to conduct a property transfer well inspection.
NR 812.07(80) (80)“Public water system” has the meaning specified in s. NR 809.04 (67).
NR 812.07 Note Note: Section NR 809.04 (67) defines “public water system” as a system for the provision to the public of piped water for human consumption through pipes or other constructed conveyances, if the system has at least 15 service connections or regularly serves an average of at least 25 individuals daily at least 60 days out of the year. A public water system is either a “community water system” or a “non-community water system.” A public water system: (a) includes any collection, treatment, storage and distribution facilities under control of the water supplier for the public water system and used primarily in connection with the system; (b) includes any collection or pretreatment storage facilities not under the control of the water supplier for the public water system, which are used primarily in connection with the system; (c) does not include any “special irrigation district.”
NR 812.07(80m) (80m)“Pump installation" means the pump and its associated pressure system including any equipment and material needed to withdraw, obtain, discharge and store water from a well or a spring. The pump installation includes the spring box, reservoir, pump, pump drop pipe, check valves, well cap or seal, pitless adapter, pitless receiver tank, pitless unit, above-ground discharge unit, associated discharge piping and associated connections, valves and appurtenances, pressure tank, sampling faucet, water storage or pressure vessel or structure, the electrical wiring and controls needed to operate the pump or pressure system, and any chemical addition, water treatment device or yard hydrant upstream of the water storage or pressure vessel or building control valve.
NR 812.07(81) (81)“Pump installer" means an individual who performs pump installing.
NR 812.07(82) (82)“Pump installing" has the meaning specified in s. 280.01 (5), Stats., and includes installing, repairing, replacing or reinstalling a: spring box, reservoir, pump, pump drop pipe, check valve, well cap or seal, pitless adapter, pitless receiver tank, pitless unit, above-ground discharge unit, associated discharge piping and associated connections, valves and appurtenances, pressure tank, sampling faucet, water storage or pressure vessel or structure, the electrical wiring and controls needed to operate a pump or pressure system, and any chemical addition, water treatment device or yard hydrant upstream of the water storage or pressure vessel or building control valve; attaching well casing pipe to extend the well casing pipe to a complying height above grade, or up and out of a pit or a subsurface pumproom or alcove; or bailing or chemically conditioning a well to return it to its original capacity, production capability or water quality. Pump installing does not include installation of a temporary test pump by a well driller for the purpose of determining well capacity or water quality and does not include the installation, by a well driller, of a well cap or seal. Opening a well cap or well seal to inspect or chlorinate a well is also not considered pump installing unless the well cap or seal is replaced with a different cap or seal, or unless the well has a hand pump installed on it.
NR 812.07 Note Note: Section 280.01 (5), Stats., defines “Pump installing" to mean the industry and procedure employed in the placement and preparation for operation of equipment and materials utilized in withdrawing or obtaining water from a well for consumption or use, including all construction involved in making entrance to the well and establishing such seals and safeguards as are necessary to protect such water from contamination.
NR 812.07(83) (83)“Pumping water level" means the elevation of the surface of the water in a well after a period of pumping at a given rate.
NR 812.07(84) (84)“Quarry" means an open or surface working in bedrock for the extraction of nonmetallic materials, usually construction stone, including those no longer in operation.
NR 812.07(85) (85)“Reconstruction" means modifying the original construction of a well. Reconstruction includes, but is not limited to deepening, lining, installing or replacing a screen, underreaming, hydrofracturing and blasting.
NR 812.07(86) (86)“Regional flood" has the meaning specified in s. NR 116.03 (41).
NR 812.07 Note Note: Section NR 116.03 (41) defines “regional flood” as a flood determined to be representative of large floods known to have occurred in Wisconsin or which may be expected to occur on a particular lake, river or stream once in every 100 years.
NR 812.07(87) (87)“Reservoir" means a closed structure for storage of water constructed entirely above or partially below the ground surface, including a constructed tank or manufactured water storage vessel.
NR 812.07(89) (89)“Salvage yard" or “junkyard” means a site or facility used for storing, processing, wrecking, dismantling, demolition, buying or selling of salvageable materials, scrap, automobile bodies or parts. This term does not include litter or debris scattered along or on a roadway, temporary outdoor storage of junk for limited duration, or smaller accumulations of junk on residential lots for personal use.
NR 812.07(90) (90)“Sanitary building drain” has the meaning specified for “building drain, sanitary” in s. SPS 381.01 (41).
NR 812.07 Note Note: Section SPS 381.01 (41) defines “building drain, sanitary" as a building drain which conveys wastewater consisting in part of domestic wastewater.
NR 812.07(91) (91)“Sanitary building sewer” has the meaning specified for “building sewer, sanitary” in s. SPS 381.01 (45).
NR 812.07 Note Note: Section SPS 381.01 (45) defines “building sewer, sanitary" as a building sewer which conveys wastewater consisting in part of domestic wastewater.
NR 812.07(92) (92)“Sanitary collector sewer" means a sanitary sewer serving 2 or more sanitary building sewers.
NR 812.07(93) (93)“Sanitary condition" means, when referring to a well, reservoir, or spring:
NR 812.07(93)(a) (a) That the construction of the well, reservoir or spring and the installation of the pumping equipment are such that the well, reservoir or spring is effectively protected against entrance of surface contamination, and
NR 812.07(93)(b) (b) That the location and the surrounding area are free from debris or filth of any character and not subject to flooding.
NR 812.07(94) (94)“School" has the meaning specified in 42 USC 300j-21 (6). “School” does not include athletic fields, school forests, environmental centers, home-based schools, and Sunday schools.
NR 812.07 Note Note: 42 USC 300j-21 (6) defines “school” as any elementary school or secondary school as defined in section 7801 of Title 20 and any kindergarten or day care facility.
NR 812.07(94b) (94b)  “School well” means a well serving a school.
NR 812.07(94g) (94g)“Scrap metal processing facility" means a facility at which machinery or equipment, or both, are used for the processing and manufacturing of iron, steel or nonferrous metallic scrap into prepared grades and whose principal product is scrap iron, scrap steel or nonferrous scrap for sale for resmelting purposes.
NR 812.07(94r) (94r)“Septage" has the meaning specified in s. NR 113.03 (55).
NR 812.07 Note Note: Section NR 113.03 (55) defines “septage” as the wastewater or contents of septic or holding tanks, dosing chambers, grease interceptors, seepage beds, seepage pits, seepage trenches, privies or portable restrooms.
NR 812.07(95) (95)“Septic tank” has the meaning specified in s. NR 113.03 (56).
NR 812.07 Note Note: Section NR 113.03 (56) defines “septic tank” as a tank which receives and partially treats sewage through processes of sedimentation, oxidation, flotation and bacterial action so as to separate solids from the liquid in the sewage and discharges the liquid to a soil absorption system.
NR 812.07(96g) (96g)“Sludge" has the meaning in s. NR 500.03 (212).
NR 812.07 Note Note: Section NR 500.03 (212) defines “sludge” as any solid, semi-solid or liquid waste generated from a municipal, commercial or industrial wastewater treatment plant, water supply treatment plant or air pollution control facility.
NR 812.07(96m) (96m)“Sodium bentonite" means a clay formed from the decomposition and recrystallization of volcanic ash and is largely composed of the clay mineral montmorillonite (Na.33 (Al1.67Mg.33) Si4O10 (OH)2), commonly referred to as “western" or “Wyoming" bentonite, and has extensive ability to absorb water and swell to many times its original volume.
NR 812.07(97) (97)“Soil absorption unit" means an absorption field, dry well, seepage bed, seepage pit, seepage mound or seepage trench designed for the disposal of wastewater effluent or clear water wastes by soil absorption. Soil absorption unit includes units both regulated and not regulated by ch. SPS 383 and units abandoned within 3 years.
NR 812.07(97m) (97m)“Solid waste processing facility” has the meaning specified for “processing facility” in s. NR 500.03 (181).
NR 812.07 Note Note: Section NR 500.03 (181) defines “processing facility” as a solid waste facility at which solid waste is baled, shredded, pulverized, composted, classified, separated, combusted or otherwise treated or altered by some means to facilitate further transfer, processing, utilization or disposal. Processing facilities do not include operations conducted by scrap metal, paper, fiber or plastic processors which are excluded from the definition of “solid waste facilities” in this section.
NR 812.07(97r) (97r)  “Solid waste storage facility” has the meaning specified for “storage facility” in s. NR 500.03 (224).
NR 812.07 Note Note: Section NR 500.03 (224) defines “storage facility” as a solid waste facility for the storage of solid waste, on a temporary basis in such a manner as not to constitute ultimate disposal of solid waste.
NR 812.07(98) (98)“Solid waste transfer facility” has the meaning specified for “transfer facility” in s. NR 500.03 (238).
NR 812.07 Note Note: Section NR 500.03 (238) defines “transfer facility” as a solid waste facility at which transferring of solid waste from one vehicle or container to another, generally of larger capacity, occurs prior to transporting to the point of processing or disposal.
NR 812.07(99) (99)“Special well casing depth area” means an area established by the department requiring greater depth of well casing pipe, sampling or other stringent well or drillhole construction methods because of contamination.
NR 812.07 Note Note: A list of established special well casing depth areas is available on the department's website at dnr.wi.gov.
NR 812.07(101) (101)“Spring" means a place where groundwater flows naturally from rock or soil onto the land surface or into a body of water.
NR 812.07(102) (102)“Standard dimension ratio" means the ratio of average outside pipe diameter to minimum pipe wall thickness.
NR 812.07(103) (103)“Static water level" means the level of the surface of the water in a well or water pressure at the top of a well, when no water flows or is being pumped. For flowing wells with a positive water pressure at the top of the well, the static water elevation is determined either by a stilling pipe or pressure gauge. Water levels are referenced to the elevation of the top of the well or the established ground surface at the well.
NR 812.07(106) (106)“Storm sewer” means a buried pipe designed or used for collecting or conveying storm water.
NR 812.07(107) (107)“Subsoil drain" means that part of a drain system that conveys groundwater to a point of discharge or dispersal.
NR 812.07(108) (108)“Sump" means a tank or pit that receives wastewater that must be emptied by mechanical means.
NR 812.07(108r) (108r)“Surface water" means all water which is open to the atmosphere and subject to surface runoff.
NR 812.07(109) (109)“Surge tank" means a tank into which overflow from a flowing well, spring or other water source is discharged and is repumped to a pressure tank or the water system.
NR 812.07(110) (110)“Telescoping method" means a method for setting a well screen where the well casing pipe is driven to the proposed screen setting depth and the well casing pipe is then pulled back to expose the screen. A packer is used to seal the annulus between the top of the screen and the bottom of the well casing pipe.
NR 812.07(110m) (110m)“Temporary manure stack" means solid manure only, piled for no more than 120 days within any one year period.
NR 812.07(110s) (110s)“Temporary outer casing" means a string of casing pipe that is driven, turned or placed from the ground surface into the surficial geological formation or formations as part of the process of constructing an upper enlarged drillhole and which is not intended to be left in place as a permanent well casing pipe.
NR 812.07(111) (111)“Top of bedrock” means the top of firm rock as determined by a change in the action of the drilling machine or a change in the type and size of the drill cuttings. The presence of bedrock shall be indicated when a majority of the drill cuttings consist of either angular rock fragments, as in the case of crystalline bedrock, or rock fragments composed of individual grains or rock particles that are cemented together to form an aggregate, as opposed to single sediment particles, such as in sand.
NR 812.07(111m) (111m)“Treatment pond" means a structure that is used for the treatment or storage of liquid waste. Treatment pond includes absorption, retention, storage and treatment ponds or lagoons.
NR 812.07(112g) (112g)  “Unconsolidated formation” means geological materials composed of clay, silt, sand, gravel, or cobbles that are not bedrock, and includes alluvium, glacial drift, glacial outwash, glacial till, lacustrine deposits, loess, and saprolite.
NR 812.07(112k) (112k)  “Upper enlarged drillhole” means a drillhole larger in diameter than the well casing pipe.
NR 812.07(112m) (112m)“Upstream" means, with respect to the pump installation discharge and pressure system, in a direction back towards the well.
NR 812.07 Note Note: In previous versions of this rule the term “prior to" was used in lieu of the term “upstream."
NR 812.07(112p) (112p)  “Valve pit” means a pit that contains only piping and valves. Valve pits do not contain pressure tanks.
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Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.