Register March 2024 No. 819
Chapter Trans 309
Subchapter I—General Provisions
Trans 309.01   Purpose and scope; construction.
Trans 309.02   Definitions.
Trans 309.03   Inspections and enforcement.
Trans 309.04   Specialized emergency medical care vehicles.
Trans 309.06   Sale or lease of new or used vehicles for use as ambulances.
Trans 309.07   Variances.
Trans 309.08   Documentation.
Subchapter II—Vehicle Standards
Trans 309.09   Patient compartment interior dimensions.
Trans 309.10   Doors.
Trans 309.11   Bumpers, steps and stepwells.
Trans 309.12   Tires and wheels.
Trans 309.13   Batteries.
Trans 309.14   Environmental climatic equipment.
Trans 309.15   Exterior ambulance lighting.
Trans 309.16   Interior ambulance lighting.
Trans 309.17   Siren and public address system.
Trans 309.18   Communications.
Trans 309.19   Lettering and markings on ambulances.
Trans 309.20   Smoking in ambulances.
Trans 309.205   Standard mandatory miscellaneous equipment.
Trans 309.207   Vehicle safe operating conditions.
Trans 309.209   Safety belts and child safety restraint systems.
Subchapter III—Medical Equipment Standards
Trans 309.21   Stretcher and chair stretcher and restraints.
Trans 309.22   Suction aspirator system.
Trans 309.23   Oxygen equipment.
Trans 309.24   Medical and surgical equipment.
Trans 309.25   Repeal of Subchapter III.
Ch. Trans 309 Note Note: Chapter Trans 309 created effective November 1, 1986 replaces ch. Trans 157.
subch. I of ch. Trans 309 Subchapter I—General Provisions
Trans 309.01 Trans 309.01Purpose and scope; construction.
Trans 309.01(1)(1)The purpose of this chapter is to prescribe minimum vehicle and medical equipment specifications for ambulances and to establish administrative procedures for implementing the ambulance inspection program under s. 341.085, Stats.
Trans 309.01 Note Note: To be licensed as an ambulance service provider in Wisconsin, all ambulances used by the ambulance service provider must be first inspected by Wisconsin DOT per ch. Trans 309.
Trans 309.01(2) (2)This chapter applies to all ambulances in service in this state.
Trans 309.01(3)(a)(a) This chapter shall be construed by the department to reasonably effectuate the legislative purpose of promoting safe, efficient emergency transportation for individuals who are sick, injured and disabled.
Trans 309.01(3)(b) (b) Vehicles subject to the standards and specifications prescribed in the chapter are also subject to any other administrative rule or statute governing motor vehicle design, construction or equipment. Unless the express terms or context requires otherwise, this chapter shall be construed as supplementing rather than conflicting with other such statutes or administrative rules.
Trans 309.01(3)(c) (c) This chapter prescribes minimum standards applicable to all ambulances subject to inspection under s. 341.085, Stats. Ambulance service providers may exceed these minimum standards. Also, some ambulances may be subject to higher or more restrictive standards imposed as conditions for receiving federal assistance in connection with the acquisition of ambulance vehicles and equipment. Ambulance service providers are responsible for complying with all conditions and requirements, including those related to color and marking, contained in federal assistance grants or agreements.
Trans 309.01 History History: Cr. Register, October, 1986, No. 370, eff. 11-1-86; am. (3) (a), Register, April, 1994, No. 460, eff. 5-1-94; am. (2), Register, February, 1999, No. 518, eff. 4-1-99; CR 22-048: am. (3) (a) Register July 2023 No. 811, eff. 8-1-23.
Trans 309.02 Trans 309.02Definitions. As used in this chapter:
Trans 309.02(1k) (1k) “ Advanced emergency medical technician” has the meaning given in s. 256.01 (1k), Stats.
Trans 309.02(1m) (1m)“Ambulance" means any authorized emergency motor vehicle as defined in s. 340.01 (3), Stats., whether privately or publicly owned, which is designed, constructed or equipped to transport patients.
Trans 309.02(2) (2)“Ambulance service provider" has the meaning given in s. 256.01 (3), Stats.
Trans 309.02(3) (3)“Department" means the department of transportation.
Trans 309.02(4) (4)“Emergency medical technician" has the meaning given in s. 256.01 (6), Stats.
Trans 309.02(5) (5)“Emergency medical technician - intermediate" has the meaning given in s. 256.01 (7), Stats.
Trans 309.02(6k) (6k) “ Gross axle weight rating” or “GAWR” means the maximum distributed weight that may be supported by an axle of a road vehicle.
Trans 309.02(6r) (6r) “ Gross vehicle weight rating” or “GVWR” means the combination of the vehicle's curb weight and total usable payload.
Trans 309.02(7) (7)“In-service ambulance" means an ambulance that is ready to take calls, including emergencies, transfers or standing by at a special function.
Trans 309.02(8) (8)“Inspector" means any officer or employee of the department who is authorized and assigned to conduct ambulance inspections under this chapter.
Trans 309.02(9) (9)“Medical director" means a medical director as defined in s. 256.01 (11), Stats.
Trans 309.02(9k) (9k) “ OEM” means original equipment manufacturer.
Trans 309.02(9r) (9r) “Paramedic" has the meaning given in s. 256.01 (14), Stats.
Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.