article i.
legislative department.
  1.   Legislative power, where vested.
  2.   House of representatives; how composed; eligibility; term; apportionment; officers; impeachment.
  3.   Senate; how composed; classification; eligibility; term; officers; impeachment.
  4.   Senators and representatives, election of; sessions of congress.
  5.   Membership; quorum; rules of order; discipline and expulsion; journals; yeas and nays; adjournments.
  6.   Compensation; privileges; ineligibility.
  7.   Revenue bills; how a bill becomes law; veto.
  8.   Powers of congress enumerated.
  9.   Limitations on power of congress; title of nobility.
  10.   Limitation on power of states.
article ii.
executive department.
  1.   Executive power vested in president; term; election; eligibility; successor; compensation; oath.
  2.   President chief of army and navy; may require opinions from cabinets, grant pardons, make treaties, appoint ambassadors, judges, etc., and fill vacancies.
  3,   President's message; he may convene and adjourn congress, receive foreign ministers; execute laws; commission officers.
  4.   Removal of president, vice president and civil officers.
article iii.
judicial department.
  1.   Judicial power; tenure and compensation of judges.
  2.   Jurisdiction; original and appellate; criminal trials, venue, jury.
  3.   Treason; proof and punishment.
article iv.
  1.   Full faith and credit provision.
  2.   Privileges of citizens; extradition of criminals and slaves.
  3.   New states; territories and property of United States.
  4.   Republican form of government and protection guaranteed to states.
article v.
    Constitution, how amended.
article vi.
    Public debt validated; supreme law defined; constitutional oath, who to take; no religious test.
article vii.
    Adoption of constitution.
  I.   State church; freedom of worship, of speech, of assemblage and of petition.
  II.   Right to keep and bear arms.
  III.   Quartering of soldiers.
  IV.   Searches and seizures.
  V.   Indictments; second jeopardy; self-incrimination; due process of law, private property for public use.
  VI.   Conduct of criminal prosecutions.
  VII.   Jury in civil cases.
  VIII.   Excessive bail and fines and cruel punishment prohibited.
  IX.   Rule of constitutional construction.
  X.   Constitutional construction; rights of states.
  XI.   Constitutional construction; judicial power limited.
  XII.   Election of president and vice president.
  XIII.   Slavery abolished.
  XIV.   Citizenship; representatives apportioned; official disability; public debt validated; confederate debt repudiated.
  XV.   Suffrage granted to Negroes.
  XVI.   Income taxes authorized.
  XVII.   Popular election of senators; vacancies in senate.
  XVIII.   Prohibition of intoxicating beverages.
  XIX.   Suffrage granted to women.
  XX.   Terms of president, vice president, senators and representatives; sessions of congress; successor to president and vice president.
  XXI.   Repeal of eighteenth amendment; importation of intoxicating liquors in violation of state laws prohibited.
  XXI.   Repeal of eighteenth amendment; importation of intoxicating liquors in violation of state laws prohibited.
  XXII.   Prohibition of third term for president.
  XXIII.   Representation granted in the electoral college to the District of Columbia.
  XXIV.   Poll taxes prohibited as to national elections.
  XXV.   Disability of president and selection of a vice president.
  XXVI.   Right to vote at 18.
  XXVII.   No compensation change between elections.
We, the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.
Section 1. All legislative powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives.
Section 2. The House of Representatives shall be composed of members chosen every second year by the people of the several states, and the electors in each state shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the state legislature.
No person shall be a representative who shall not have attained to the age of twenty-five years, and been seven years a citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an inhabitant of that state in which he shall be chosen.
Representatives and direct taxes shall be apportioned among the several states which may be included within this Union, according to their respective numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole number of free persons, including those bound to service for a term of years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three-fifths of all other persons. The actual enumeration shall be made within three years after the first meeting of the Congress of the United States, and within every subsequent term of ten years, in such manner as they shall by law direct. The number of representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty thousand, but each state shall have at least one representative; and until such enumeration shall be made, the state of New-Hampshire shall be entitled to chuse three, Massachusetts eight, Rhode-Island and Providence Plantations one, Connecticut five, New-York six, New-Jersey four, Pennsylvania eight, Delaware one, Maryland six, Virginia ten, North-Carolina five, South-Carolina five, and Georgia three.
When vacancies happen in the representation from any state, the Executive authority thereof shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies.
The House of Representatives shall chuse their Speaker and other officers; and shall have the sole power of impeachment.
Section 3. The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two senators from each state, chosen by the legislature thereof, for six years; and each senator shall have one vote.
Immediately after they shall be assembled in consequence of the first election, they shall be divided as equally as may be into three classes. The seats of the senators of the first class shall be vacated at the expiration of the second year, of the second class at the expiration of the fourth year, and of the third class at the expiration of the sixth year, so that one-third may be chosen every second year; and if vacancies happen by resignation, or otherwise, during the recess of the Legislature of any state, the Executive thereof may make temporary appointments until the next meeting of the Legislature, which shall then fill such vacancies.
No person shall be a senator who shall not have attained to the age of thirty years, and been nine years a citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an inhabitant of that state for which he shall be chosen.
The Vice-President of the United States shall be President of the senate, but shall have no vote, unless they be equally divided.
The Senate shall chuse their other officers, and also a President pro tempore, in the absence of the Vice-President, or when he shall exercise the office of President of the United States.
The Senate shall have the sole power to try all impeachments. When sitting for that purpose, they shall be on oath or affirmation. When the President of the United States is tried, the Chief Justice shall preside: And no person shall be convicted without the concurrence of two-thirds of the members present.
Judgment in cases of impeachment shall not extend further than to removal from office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy any office of honor, trust or profit under the United States; but the party convicted shall nevertheless be liable and subject to indictment, trial, judgment and punishment, according to law.
Section 4. The times, places and manner of holding elections for senators and representatives, shall be prescribed in each state by the legislature thereof; but the Congress may at any time by law make or alter such regulations, except as to the places of chusing Senators.
The Congress shall assemble at least once in every year, and such meeting shall be on the first Monday in December, unless they shall by law appoint a different day.
Section 5. Each house shall be the judge of the elections, returns and qualifications of its own members, and a majority of each shall constitute a quorum to do business; but a smaller number may adjourn from day to day, and may be authorized to compel the attendance of absent members, in such manner, and under such penalties as each house may provide.
Each house may determine the rules of its proceedings, punish its members for disorderly behaviour, and, with the concurrence of two-thirds, expel a member.
Each house shall keep a journal of its proceedings, and from time to time publish the same, excepting such parts as may in their judgment require secrecy; and the yeas and nays of the members of either house on any question shall, at the desire of one-fifth of those present, be entered on the journal.
Wisconsin Constitution updated by the Legislative Reference Bureau. Published February 7, 2023. Click for the Coverage of Annotations for the Annotated Constitution. Report errors at 608.504.5801 or lrb.legal@legis.wisconsin.gov.