100.187(1)(a) (a) Establish standards for products sold as honey that are consistent with the standard for honey under the Codex Alimentarius of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and the World Health Organization, number 12-1981, as revised in 2001.
100.187(1)(b) (b) Establish standards for testing by private laboratories of samples submitted by persons who intend to sell honey produced in this state as Wisconsin certified honey to determine whether the samples meet the standards established under par. (a).
100.187(2) (2)
100.187(2)(a)(a) No person may label a product as Wisconsin certified honey or imply that a product is Wisconsin certified honey unless all of the following apply:
100.187(2)(a)1. 1. The product has been determined to meet the standards established under sub. (1) (a) by a laboratory whose testing procedures meet standards established under sub. (1) (b).
100.187(2)(a)2. 2. A summary of the results of the testing performed under subd. 1. has been submitted to the department and approved by the department.
100.187(2)(a)3. 3. The product was produced in this state.
100.187(2)(b) (b) The department shall investigate violations of this subsection and may bring an action for permanent or temporary injunctive or other relief in any circuit court against a person who violates this subsection.
100.187(3) (3)
100.187(3)(a)(a) No person may label a product as honey or imply that a product is honey unless the product meets the standards established under sub. (1) (a).
100.187(3)(b) (b) Any person who suffers damages as a result of a violation of this subsection may bring an action for damages against the violator for the amount of the person's damages or $1,000, whichever is greater. Notwithstanding s. 814.04 (1), a court shall award to a prevailing plaintiff in an action under this paragraph reasonable attorney fees.
100.187 History History: 2009 a. 169; 2011 a. 258.
100.187 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. ATCP 87, Wis. adm. code.
100.19 100.19 Distribution methods and practices.
100.19(1) (1) The methods of distribution and practices in the distribution of food products and fuel shall be free from needless waste and needless duplication which tend to increase the cost of such products to the consuming public. Methods of distribution and practices in the distribution of food products and fuel, wherever such waste or duplication tends to increase the costs of such products to the consuming public, are hereby prohibited.
100.19(2) (2) The department, after public hearing, may issue general orders forbidding methods of distribution or practices in distribution which are found by the department to cause waste or duplication as defined herein. The department, after public hearing, may issue general orders prescribing methods of distribution or practices in distribution which are found by the department to avoid waste or duplication as defined herein.
100.19(3) (3) The department, after public hearing, may issue a special order against any person, enjoining such person from employing any method of distribution or practice in distribution which is found by the department to cause waste or duplication as defined herein. The department, after public hearing, may issue a special order against any person, requiring such person to employ the method of distribution or practice in distribution which is found by the department to avoid waste or duplication as defined herein.
100.195 100.195 Unfair billing for consumer goods or services.
100.195(1)(1) Definitions. In this section:
100.195(1)(a) (a) "Bill" means to represent to any consumer, directly or by implication, that the consumer is obligated to pay a stated amount for consumer goods or services. "Bill" includes to refer a payment to a collection agency or to make a statement representing that a payment obligation has been or may be referred to a collection agency or credit reporting agency.
100.195(1)(b) (b) "Consumer" means an individual to whom a seller sells or leases, or offers to sell or lease, consumer goods or services at retail.
100.195(1)(c) (c) "Consumer goods or services" means goods or services that are used or intended for use for personal, family, or household purposes. "Consumer goods or services" does not include any of the following:
100.195(1)(c)1. 1. The treatment of disease, as defined in s. 448.01 (2), by a health care provider, as defined in s. 155.01 (7), or the provision of emergency medical care.
100.195(1)(c)2. 2. Telecommunications services or television services.
100.195(1)(c)3. 3. Goods or services whose delivery is required by law even though the consumer has not agreed to purchase or lease those goods or services.
100.195(1)(c)4. 4. The sale or lease of a motor vehicle by a licensed motor vehicle dealer, as defined in s. 218.0101 (23) (a).
100.195(1)(c)5. 5. Services provided pursuant to an attorney-client relationship.
100.195(1)(d) (d) "Delivery" means transferring to a consumer's custody or making available for use by a consumer.
100.195(1)(e) (e) "Disclosure" means a clear and conspicuous statement that is designed to be readily noticed and understood by the consumer.
100.195(1)(f) (f) "Seller" means a seller or lessor of consumer goods or services, and includes any employee, agent, or representative acting on behalf of the seller.
100.195(1)(g) (g) "Telecommunications service" has the meaning given in s. 196.01 (9m).
100.195(1)(h) (h) "Television service" means all of the following:
100.195(1)(h)1. 1. Video service, as defined in s. 66.0420 (2) (y).
100.195(1)(h)2. 2. Services billed to consumers by a multichannel video programming distributor as defined under 47 USC 522 (13).
100.195(2) (2)Prohibitions. No seller may:
100.195(2)(a) (a) Bill a consumer for consumer goods or services that the consumer has not agreed to purchase or lease.
100.195(2)(b) (b) Bill a consumer for consumer goods or services at a price that is higher than a price previously agreed upon between the seller and consumer unless the consumer agrees to the higher price before the seller bills the consumer. This paragraph does not prohibit a seller from increasing the price of goods or services under a sale or lease agreement of indefinite duration if the seller gives the consumer reasonable disclosure of the proposed increase and the opportunity to cancel the agreement without penalty at or before the time of a delivery at the increased price. If a seller proposes an increased price at the time of a delivery of goods or services and the consumer elects to cancel the agreement, the seller shall pay the costs of returning the goods or services.
100.195(2)(c) (c) Bill a consumer for a delivery of consumer goods or services that the seller initiates under an agreement that is no longer in effect when the seller initiates the delivery.
100.195(2)(d) (d) Offer a consumer a prize or prize opportunity or free or reduced-price goods or services, the acceptance of which commits the consumer to receive or pay for other consumer goods or services, unless the seller makes a disclosure of that commitment at or before the time the consumer agrees to purchase the goods or services.
100.195(2)(e) (e) Misrepresent to a consumer, directly or by implication, that the consumer's failure to reject or return a delivery of consumer goods or services that was not authorized by the consumer constitutes an acceptance that obligates the consumer to pay for those goods or services.
100.195(3) (3)Exceptions.
100.195(3)(a)(a) Subsection (2) does not apply to the conduct of an agent or representative of a seller when providing billing services if the agent or representative did not know or have reason to know that its conduct violates sub. (2).
100.195(3)(b) (b) Subsection (2) (a) and (b) do not apply to any of the following:
100.195(3)(b)1. 1. A negative option plan, as defined in 16 CFR 425.1, if the negative option plan meets the requirements of 16 CFR 425.1.
100.195(3)(b)2. 2. A contractual plan or arrangement under which a seller, on a periodic basis, ships a similar type of goods to a consumer who has consented in advance to receive the goods on a periodic basis, if the plan or arrangement does not impose a binding commitment period or require a minimum purchase amount.
100.195(4) (4)Acceptance of free goods or services. For purposes of sub. (2), the acceptance of free goods or services does not, of itself, constitute an agreement to purchase or lease the goods or services.
100.195(5m) (5m)Penalties and remedies.
100.195(5m)(a)(a) The department may exercise its authority under ss. 93.14 and 93.15 to investigate violations of this section.
100.195(5m)(b) (b) Any person suffering pecuniary loss because of a violation of this section may commence an action to recover the pecuniary loss. If the person prevails, the person shall recover twice the amount of the pecuniary loss, or $200 for each violation, whichever is greater, together with costs, including reasonable attorney fees.
100.195(5m)(c) (c) The department may commence an action in the name of the state to restrain by temporary or permanent injunction a violation of this section. Before entry of final judgment, the court may make any necessary orders to restore to a person any pecuniary loss suffered by the person because of the violation.
100.195(5m)(d) (d) The department or a district attorney may commence an action in the name of the state to recover a forfeiture to the state of not less than $100 nor more than $10,000 for each violation of this section.
100.195(5m)(e) (e) A person who violates this section is subject to a fine of not less than $25 nor more than $5,000 or imprisonment not to exceed one year or both for each violation.
100.195 History History: 2005 a. 458; 2007 a. 42.
100.197 100.197 Patent notifications.
100.197(1) (1) Definitions. In this section:
100.197(1)(a) (a) "Patent notification" means a letter, e-mail, or other written communication attempting in any manner to enforce or assert rights in connection with a patent or pending patent.
100.197(1)(b) (b) "Target" means a person who meets at least one of the conditions described in s. 801.05 (1) (b), (c), and (d) and satisfies at least one of the following:
100.197(1)(b)1. 1. The person has received a patent notification.
100.197(1)(b)2. 2. One or more of the person's customers has received a patent notification concerning a product, service, process, or technology of the person.
100.197(2) (2)Patent notification requirements.
100.197(2)(a)(a) A patent notification shall contain all of the following:
100.197(2)(a)1. 1. The number of each patent or patent application that is the subject of the patent notification.
100.197(2)(a)2. 2. A physical or electronic copy of each patent or pending patent.
100.197(2)(a)3. 3. The name and physical address of the owner of each patent or pending patent and all other persons having a right to enforce the patent or pending patent.
100.197(2)(a)4. 4. An identification of each claim of each patent or pending patent being asserted and the target's product, service, process, or technology to which that claim relates.
100.197(2)(a)5. 5. Factual allegations and an analysis setting forth in detail the person's theory of each claim identified under subd. 4., if any, and how that claim relates to the target's product, service, process, or technology.
100.197(2)(a)6. 6. An identification of each pending or completed court or administrative proceeding, including any proceeding before the U.S. patent and trademark office, concerning each patent or pending patent.
100.197(2)(b) (b) A patent notification may not contain false, misleading, or deceptive information.
100.197(2)(c)1.1. If a patent notification lacks any of the information required under par. (a), the target may notify the person who made the patent notification that the patent notification is incomplete.
100.197(2)(c)2. 2. Within 30 days after the date on which a target notifies a person under subd. 1., the person shall provide the target with the information required under par. (a) that is necessary to complete the patent notification.
100.197(3) (3)Enforcement and remedies.
100.197(3)(a)1.1. The department or the attorney general may investigate an alleged violation of sub. (2) (b) or (c) 2.
100.197(3)(a)2. 2. The attorney general may commence an action in the name of the state to restrain by temporary or permanent injunction a violation of sub. (2) (b) or to compel a person who has violated sub. (2) (c) 2. with respect to a target to provide the target with the information specified in sub. (2) (c) 2. Before entry of final judgment in an action commenced under this subdivision, the court may make any necessary orders to restore to any person any pecuniary loss the person has suffered because of the violation of sub. (2) (b) or (c) 2.
100.197(3)(a)3. 3. The attorney general may commence an action in the name of the state to recover a forfeiture to the state of not more than $50,000 for each violation of sub. (2) (b) or (c) 2.
100.197(3)(b) (b) A target or other person aggrieved because of a violation of sub. (2) (b) or (c) 2. may commence an action for the following:
100.197(3)(b)1. 1. A temporary or permanent injunction restraining a violation of sub. (2) (b) or compelling a person who has violated sub. (2) (c) 2. with respect to a target to provide the target with the information specified in sub. (2) (c) 2.
100.197(3)(b)2. 2. An appropriate award of damages.
100.197(3)(b)3. 3. The person's costs and, notwithstanding the limitations under s. 814.04 (1), reasonable attorney fees.
100.197(3)(b)4. 4. An award of punitive damages not to exceed $50,000 for each violation or 3 times the aggregate amount awarded for all violations under subds. 2. and 3., whichever is greater.
100.197(3)(c) (c) Each patent notification that violates sub. (2) (b) or is the subject of a violation of sub. (2) (c) 2. is a separate violation.
100.197(4) (4)Exemptions. Subsection (2) does not apply to any of the following:
100.197(4)(a) (a) A patent notification of an institution of higher education or of a technology transfer organization that is owned, controlled, or operated by, or associated with, an institution of higher education.
100.197(4)(ag) (ag) A patent notification of a health care or research institution that has annual expenditures of at least $10,000,000 and that receives federal funding.
100.197(4)(ar) (ar) A patent notification of an organization that is owned, controlled, or operated by an institution specified in par. (ag).
100.197(4)(b) (b) A patent notification attempting to enforce or assert a right in connection with a patent or pending patent on a device, or a component of that device, that is subject to approval by the federal food and drug administration or the federal department of agriculture.
100.197(4)(c) (c) A patent notification attempting to enforce or assert a right arising under 35 USC 271 (e) (2) or 42 USC 262.
100.197(5) (5)No limitation of rights and remedies under other law. Nothing in this section may be construed to limit rights and remedies available to the state or any person under any other law.
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2013-14 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2013 Wis. Act 380 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before Jan. 1, 2015. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after Jan. 1, 2015 are designated by NOTES. (Published 1-1-15)