101.9219   Withholding certificate of title; bond.
101.922   Suspension or revocation of certificate.
101.9221   Grounds for refusing issuance of certificate of title.
101.9222   Previously certificated manufactured homes.
101.933   Manufactured housing code council duties.
101.934   Manufactured housing rehabilitation and recycling.
101.935   Manufactured home community regulation.
101.937   Water and sewer service to manufactured home communities.
101.94   Manufactured home and mobile home manufacturers, distributors and dealers: design and construction of manufactured homes and mobile homes.
101.95   Manufactured home manufacturers regulated.
101.951   Manufactured home dealers regulated.
101.952   Manufactured home salespersons regulated.
101.953   Warranty and disclosure.
101.954   Sale or lease of used manufactured homes.
101.955   Jurisdiction and venue over out-of-state manufacturers.
101.96   Manufactured home installation regulated.
101.965   Penalties.
101.981   Definitions; modification by rule.
101.982   Conveyance safety code.
101.983   Approvals and permits for conveyances required.
101.984   Licenses and supervision required.
101.985   Licensing qualifications and procedure.
101.986   Conveyance safety code council duties.
101.988   Enforcement and penalties.
subch. I of ch. 101 SUBCHAPTER I
101.01 101.01 Definitions. In this chapter, the following words and phrases have the designated meanings unless a different meaning is expressly provided:
101.01(1g) (1g)“Commercial building code” means the code adopted by the department under this subchapter for the design, construction, maintenance, and inspection of public buildings and places of employment.
101.01(1m) (1m)“Department" means the department of safety and professional services.
101.01(2m) (2m)“Deputy" means any person employed by the department designated as a deputy, who possesses special, technical, scientific, managerial or personal abilities or qualities in matters within the jurisdiction of the department, and who may be engaged in the performance of duties under the direction of the secretary, calling for the exercise of such abilities or qualities.
101.01(3) (3)“Employee" means any person who may be required or directed by any employer, in consideration of direct or indirect gain or profit, to engage in any employment, or to go or work or be at any time in any place of employment.
101.01(4) (4)“Employer" means any person, firm, corporation, state, county, town, city, village, school district, sewer district, drainage district, long-term care district and other public or quasi-public corporations as well as any agent, manager, representative or other person having control or custody of any employment, place of employment or of any employee.
101.01(5) (5)“Employment" means any trade, occupation or process of manufacture, or any method of carrying on such trade, occupation or process of manufacture in which any person may be engaged, except in such private domestic service as does not involve the use of mechanical power and in farm labor as used in sub. (11).
101.01(6) (6)“Frequenter" means every person, other than an employee, who may go in or be in a place of employment or public building under circumstances which render such person other than a trespasser. Such term includes a pupil or student when enrolled in or receiving instruction at an educational institution.
101.01(7) (7)“General order" means such order as applies generally throughout the state to all persons, employments, places of employment or public buildings, or all persons, employments or places of employment or public buildings of a class under the jurisdiction of the department. All other orders of the department shall be considered special orders.
101.01(8) (8)“Local order" means any ordinance, order, rule or determination of any common council, board of alderpersons, board of trustees or the village board, of any village or city, a regulation or order of the local board of health, as defined in s. 250.01 (3), or an order or direction of any official of a municipality, upon any matter over which the department has jurisdiction.
101.01(8m) (8m)“Multifamily dwelling" means an apartment building, rowhouse, town house, condominium, or modular home, as defined in s. 101.71 (6), that does not exceed 60 feet in height or 6 stories and that consists of 3 or more attached dwelling units, as defined in s. 101.61 (1), the initial construction of which is begun on or after January 1, 1993. “Multifamily dwelling" does not include a facility licensed under ch. 50.
101.01(9) (9)“Order" means any decision, rule, regulation, direction, requirement or standard of the department, or any other determination arrived at or decision made by the department.
101.01(10) (10)“Owner" means any person, firm, corporation, state, county, town, city, village, school district, sewer district, drainage district and other public or quasi-public corporations as well as any manager, representative, officer, or other person having ownership, control or custody of any place of employment or public building, or of the construction, repair or maintenance of any place of employment or public building, or who prepares plans for the construction of any place of employment or public building. This subchapter shall apply, so far as consistent, to all architects and builders.
101.01(11) (11)“Place of employment" includes every place, whether indoors or out or underground and the premises appurtenant thereto where either temporarily or permanently any industry, trade, or business is carried on, or where any process or operation, directly or indirectly related to any industry, trade, or business, is carried on, and where any person is, directly or indirectly, employed by another for direct or indirect gain or profit, but does not include any place where persons are employed in private domestic service which does not involve the use of mechanical power or in farming. “Farming" includes those activities specified in s. 102.04 (3), and also includes the transportation of farm products, supplies, or equipment directly to the farm by the operator of the farm or employees for use thereon, if such activities are directly or indirectly for the purpose of producing commodities for market, or as an accessory to such production. When used with relation to building codes, “place of employment" does not include any of the following:
101.01(11)(a) (a) An adult family home, as defined in s. 50.01 (1).
101.01(11)(b) (b) Except for the purposes of s. 101.11, a previously constructed building used as a community-based residential facility, as defined in s. 50.01 (1g), which serves 20 or fewer residents who are not related to the operator or administrator.
101.01(11)(c) (c) A home-based business, as defined by the department by rule.
101.01(11)(d) (d) A not-for-profit facility with the primary purpose of housing or rehabilitating abandoned, injured, or sick wildlife.
101.01(12) (12)“Public building" means any structure, including exterior parts of such building, such as a porch, exterior platform, or steps providing means of ingress or egress, used in whole or in part as a place of resort, assemblage, lodging, trade, traffic, occupancy, or use by the public or by 3 or more tenants. When used in relation to building codes, “public building" does not include any of the following:
101.01(12)(a) (a) A previously constructed building used as a community-based residential facility as defined in s. 50.01 (1g) which serves 20 or fewer residents who are not related to the operator or administrator.
101.01(12)(b) (b) An adult family home, as defined in s. 50.01 (1).
101.01(12)(c) (c) A home-based business, as defined by the department by rule.
101.01(12)(d) (d) A not-for-profit facility with the primary purpose of housing or rehabilitating abandoned, injured, or sick wildlife.
101.01(13) (13)“Safe" or “safety", as applied to an employment or a place of employment or a public building, means such freedom from danger to the life, health, safety or welfare of employees or frequenters, or the public, or tenants, or fire fighters, and such reasonable means of notification, egress and escape in case of fire, and such freedom from danger to adjacent buildings or other property, as the nature of the employment, place of employment, or public building, will reasonably permit.
101.01(14) (14)“Secretary" means the secretary of safety and professional services.
101.01(15) (15)“Welfare" includes comfort, decency and moral well-being.
101.01 Annotation In a safe place action by a plaintiff injured through contact with home power lines while installing aluminum trim on the premises, the power lines did not constitute a place of employment under sub. (2) (a) [now sub. (11)]. Although a “process or operation" was carried on by the transmission of electricity through the lines, no person was employed by the power company on the premises at the time of the injury. Barthel v. Wisconsin Electric Power Co., 69 Wis. 2d 446, 230 N.W.2d 863 (1975).
101.01 Annotation A vocational school was not a place of employment. Korenak v. Curative Workshop Adult Rehabilitation Center, 71 Wis. 2d 77, 237 N.W.2d 43 (1976).
101.01 Annotation The right to make progress inspections and to stop construction for noncompliance with specifications is not an exercise of control sufficient to make an architect an owner under sub. (2) (i) [now sub. (10)]. Luterbach v. Mochon, Schutte, Hackworthy, Juerisson, Inc., 84 Wis. 2d 1, 267 N.W.2d 13 (1978).
101.01 Annotation Distinguishing “safe employment" and “safe place of employment." There is a duty to provide safe employment to employees that does not extend to frequenters, while the duty to provide a safe place of employment does extend to frequenters. Leitner v. Milwaukee County, 94 Wis. 2d 186, 287 N.W.2d 803 (1980).
101.01 Annotation An Elks Club was a “place of employment." Schmorrow v. Sentry Insurance Co., 138 Wis. 2d 31, 405 N.W.2d 672 (Ct. App. 1987).
101.01 Annotation A person seeking directions to the location of an intended, but unknown, destination is a frequenter under sub. (2) (d) [now sub. (6)]. When such inquiry is not made, or has concluded, and the person deviates into an area the person is not explicitly or impliedly invited into, frequenter status is lost. Monsivais v. Winzenried, 179 Wis. 2d 758, 508 N.W.2d 620 (Ct. App. 1993).
101.01 Annotation The duty of an owner of a multiple-unit residential dwelling under the safe place statute extends only to common areas. Antwaun A. v. Heritage Mutual Insurance Co., 228 Wis. 2d 44, 596 N.W.2d 456 (1999), 97-0332.
101.01 Annotation “Tenants" under sub. (12) refers to the number of units available in the building, not to the number of individuals in the building. Raymaker v. American Family Mutual Insurance Co., 2006 WI App 117, 293 Wis. 2d 392, 718 N.W.2d 154, 05-1557.
101.02 101.02 Powers, duties and jurisdiction of department.
101.02(1)(a) (a) In this subsection:
101.02(1)(a)1. 1. “Credential” has the meaning given in s. 440.01 (2) (a).
101.02(1)(a)2. 2. “Occupational license” means a license, permit, certificate, registration, or other approval for an occupation, trade, or profession issued by the department under this chapter, under ch. 145, under rules promulgated under this chapter or ch. 145, or under s. 167.10 (6m).
101.02(1)(b) (b) The department shall adopt reasonable and proper rules and regulations relative to the exercise of its powers and authorities and proper rules to govern its proceedings and to regulate the mode and manner of all investigations and hearings, subject to par. (c).
101.02(1)(c) (c) If the department promulgates rules under s. 440.03 (1) defining uniform procedures to be used by the department for receiving, filing, and investigating complaints against holders of credentials, for commencing disciplinary proceedings against holders of credentials, and for conducting hearings on matters relating to credentials, the department's rules under par. (b) with respect to occupational licenses shall conform with the rules promulgated under s. 440.03 (1).
101.02(1m) (1m)Notwithstanding sub. (1) (b), the department may not promulgate or enforce a rule related to fire safety that prohibits the seasonal placement of a Christmas tree in the rotunda of the state capitol building or in a church.
101.02(1r) (1r)Notwithstanding sub. (1) (b), the department may not promulgate or enforce a rule establishing building codes that prohibit or otherwise limit the use of a refrigerant designated as acceptable for use pursuant to 42 USC 7671k, provided that any equipment containing the refrigerant is listed and installed in accordance with safety standards and use conditions imposed pursuant to the designation of the refrigerant as acceptable for use.
101.02(2) (2)The department may sue and be sued.
101.02(3) (3)The department shall employ, promote and remove deputies, clerks and other assistants as needed, to fix their compensation, and to assign to them their duties; and shall appoint advisers who shall, without compensation except reimbursement for actual and necessary expenses, assist the department in the execution of its duties.
101.02(4) (4)The department shall collect, collate and publish statistical and other information relating to the work under its jurisdiction and shall make public reports in its judgment necessary.
101.02(5) (5)
101.02(5)(a)(a) The department shall conduct such investigations, hold such public meetings and attend or be represented at such meetings, conferences and conventions inside or outside of the state as may, in its judgment, tend to better the execution of its functions.
101.02(5)(b) (b) For the purpose of making any investigation with regard to any employment or place of employment or public building, the secretary may appoint, by an order in writing, any deputy who is a citizen of the state, or any other competent person as an agent whose duties shall be prescribed in such order.
101.02(5)(c) (c) In the discharge of his or her duties such agent shall have every power of an inquisitorial nature granted in this subchapter to the department, the same powers as a supplemental court commissioner with regard to the taking of depositions and all powers granted by law to a supplemental court commissioner relative to depositions.
101.02(5)(d) (d) The department may conduct any number of such investigations contemporaneously through different agents, and may delegate to such agent the taking of all testimony bearing upon any investigation or hearing. The decision of the department shall be based upon its examination of all testimony and records. The recommendations made by such agents shall be advisory only and shall not preclude the taking of further testimony if the department so orders nor preclude further investigation.
101.02(5)(e) (e) The secretary may direct any deputy who is a citizen to act as special prosecutor in any action, proceeding, investigation, hearing or trial relating to the matters within its jurisdiction.
101.02(5)(f) (f) Upon the request of the department, the department of justice or district attorney of the county in which any investigation, hearing or trial had under this subchapter is pending, shall aid the department in the investigation, hearing or trial and, under the supervision of the department, prosecute all necessary actions or proceedings for the enforcement and punishment of violations of this subchapter and all other laws of this state relating to the protection of life, health, safety and welfare.
101.02(6) (6)
101.02(6)(a)(a) All orders of the department in conformity with law shall be in force, and shall be prima facie lawful; and all such orders shall be valid and in force, and prima facie reasonable and lawful until they are found otherwise upon judicial review thereof pursuant to ch. 227 or until altered or revoked by the department.
101.02(6)(b) (b) All general orders shall take effect as provided in s. 227.22. Special orders shall take effect as therein directed.
101.02(6)(c) (c) The department shall, upon application of any employer or owner, grant such time as may be reasonably necessary for compliance with any order.
101.02(6)(d) (d) Any person may petition the department for an extension of time, which the department shall grant if it finds such an extension of time necessary.
101.02(6)(e) (e) Any employer or other person interested either because of ownership in or occupation of any property affected by any such order, or otherwise, may petition for a hearing on the reasonableness of any order of the department in the manner provided in this subchapter.
2021-22 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2023 Wis. Act 240 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on May 30, 2024. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after May 30, 2024, are designated by NOTES. (Published 5-30-24)