115.92   Establishment of programs; rules.
115.93   State aid.
115.95   Legislative findings and declaration of policy.
115.955   Definitions.
115.96   Establishment of programs.
115.97   Bilingual-bicultural education programs required.
115.977   Contracting; continued eligibility.
115.98   Bilingual-bicultural advisory committee.
115.99   Preschool and summer school programs.
115.991   Training programs.
115.993   Report on bilingual-bicultural education.
115.995   State aids.
115.996   Report to the legislature.
115.997   Interstate compact on educational opportunity for military children.
115.999   Opportunity schools and partnership program.
subch. I of ch. 115 SUBCHAPTER I
115.001 115.001 Definitions. In chs. 115 to 121:
115.001(1) (1) Charter school. “Charter school" means a school under contract with a school board under s. 118.40, with one of the entities under s. 118.40 (2r) (b) 1., or with the director under s. 118.40 (2x), or a school established and operated by one of the entities under s. 118.40 (2r) (b) 1. a. to d.
115.001(2) (2) Department. “Department" means the department of public instruction.
115.001(3) (3) Energy emergency. “Energy emergency" means a period of disruption of energy supplies which poses a serious risk to the economic well-being, health or welfare of the citizens of this state, as certified by executive order of the governor.
115.001(3d) (3d) Governing body of a private school. “Governing body of a private school" and “governing body of a new private school" means a board elected or appointed to govern the private school or, if no board is appointed or elected to govern the school, any other person having direct charge of the private school.
115.001(3g) (3g) Home-based private educational program. “Home-based private educational program" means a program of educational instruction provided to a child by the child's parent or guardian or by a person designated by the parent or guardian. An instructional program provided to more than one family unit does not constitute a home-based private educational program.
115.001(3m) (3m) Interim session. “Interim session" means a period of time in a school year when school is held by a school in a school district to provide hours of direct pupil instruction in addition to the hours of direct pupil instruction provided by the school district as required under s. 121.02 (1) (f).
115.001(3r) (3r) Private school. “Private school" means an institution with a private educational program that meets all of the criteria under s. 118.165 (1) or is determined to be a private school by the state superintendent under s. 118.167.
115.001(7) (7) School board. “School board" means the school board or board of school directors in charge of the schools of a school district.
115.001(8) (8) School district administrator. “School district administrator" means the school district superintendent, supervising principal or other person who acts as the administrative head of a school district.
115.001(10) (10) School district clerk. “School district clerk" means the school district clerk of a 3-member school board elected by the electors in a common or union high school district, the school district clerk elected by the school board in a unified, common or union high school district having a school board of more than 3 members and the clerk designated by the school board in a 1st class city school district.
115.001(11) (11) School nurse. “School nurse" means a registered nurse who is licensed under ch. 441 or who holds a multistate license, as defined in s. 441.51 (2) (h), issued in a party state, as defined in s. 441.51 (2) (k), who submits evidence satisfactory to the department that he or she has successfully completed a course, determined to be satisfactory to the department, in public health or community health.
115.001(12) (12) School term. “School term" means the time commencing with the first school day and ending with the last school day that the schools of a school district are in operation for attendance of pupils in a school year, other than for the operation of summer classes.
115.001(13) (13) School year. “School year" means the time commencing with July 1 and ending with the next succeeding June 30.
115.001(14) (14) Session. “Session" means the time during a school term that the schools of a school district are operated for the attendance of pupils.
115.001(15) (15) State superintendent. “State superintendent" means the state superintendent of public instruction.
115.001(15m) (15m) Tribal school. “Tribal school" means an institution with an educational program that has as its primary purpose providing education in any grade or grades from kindergarten to 12 and that is one of the following:
115.001(15m)(a) (a) Controlled by the elected governing body of a federally recognized American Indian tribe or band in this state.
115.001(15m)(b) (b) Jointly controlled by the elected governing bodies of 2 or more federally recognized American Indian tribes or bands in this state.
115.001(15m)(c) (c) Controlled by a tribal educational authority established by a federally recognized American Indian tribe or band in this state.
115.001(15m)(d) (d) Controlled by a tribal educational authority established jointly by 2 or more federally recognized American Indian tribes or bands in this state.
115.001(16) (16) Virtual charter school. “Virtual charter school" means a charter school under contract with a school board under s. 118.40 in which all or a portion of the instruction is provided through means of the Internet, and the pupils enrolled in and instructional staff employed by the school are geographically remote from each other.
115.01 115.01 Classifications. In chs. 115 to 121:
115.01(1) (1) Public schools. Public schools are the elementary and high schools supported by public taxation.
115.01(2) (2) Grades. The educational work of the public schools is divided into 12 grades, besides kindergarten, which are numbered from one to 12 beginning with the lowest. The first 8 grades are the elementary grades. Where reference is made to “elementary grades", the reference includes kindergarten, where applicable. Where reference is made to “kindergarten", the reference includes both 4-year-old and 5-year-old kindergarten, except as otherwise specifically provided. The last 4 grades are the high school grades. A middle school is a school in which grades 5 to 8 are taught. A junior high school is a school in which grades 7 to 9 are taught. A senior high school is a school in which grades 10 to 12 are taught. This classification is not a limitation of the character of work or the studies that may be carried on in either the elementary or the high schools.
115.01(3) (3) School districts. The school district is the territorial unit for school administration. School districts are classified as common, union high, unified and 1st class city school districts. A joint school district is one the territory of which is not wholly in one municipality.
115.01(5) (5) Name.
115.01(5)(a)(a) Except as provided under par. (b):
115.01(5)(a)1. 1. Each school district shall be known by the designation “School District of" followed by the name of the municipalities in which any high schools operated by the district lie.
115.01(5)(a)2. 2. A school district which does not operate a high school shall be known by number and by the name of the municipalities in which it lies.
115.01(5)(b) (b) A school board may by resolution designate a different name for the school district if the revised name contains the words “school district".
115.01(10) (10) School day. School days are days on which school is actually taught and the following days on which school is not taught:
115.01(10)(a) (a) Days on which school is closed by order of the school district administrator because of inclement weather and days on which parent-teacher conferences are held, not to exceed 5 days during the school term.
115.01(10)(b) (b) Days on which school is closed by order of a local health officer, as defined in s. 250.01 (5), or the department of health services.
115.01(10)(c) (c) Days on which school is closed by order of the school district administrator because of a threat to the health or safety of pupils or school personnel, but not including inclement weather, unless the school board determines that the days will not count as school days.
115.01(12) (12) Distance. The distance between home and school shall be measured from building to building along the usually traveled route.
115.01(13) (13) Electors.
115.01(13)(a)(a) Whenever an action may be taken by a percentage of electors in an area, that percentage shall be based on the number of electors who voted for governor at the last general election in that area.
115.01(13)(b) (b) If the area does not coincide with a municipality or part thereof for which election statistics are kept, the number of electors shall be determined as follows:
115.01(13)(b)1. 1. The area of the school district in square miles shall be divided by the area of the municipality in square miles in which it lies.
115.01(13)(b)2. 2. The vote for governor at the last general election in the municipality within which the school district lies shall be multiplied by the quotient determined under subd. 1. to determine the required number of electors.
115.01(13)(c) (c) If a school district is in more than one municipality, the method of determination under par. (b) shall be used for each part of the school district which constitutes only a fractional part of any area for which election statistics are kept.
subch. II of ch. 115 SUBCHAPTER II
Subch. II of ch. 115 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also PI, Wis. adm. code.
115.28 115.28 General duties. The state superintendent shall:
115.28(1) (1) General supervision. Ascertain the condition of the public schools, stimulate interest in education and spread as widely as possible a knowledge of the means and methods which may be employed to improve the schools.
115.28(2) (2) Sectarianism. Exclude all sectarian books and instruction from the public schools.
115.28(3) (3) Supervision of schools. Supervise and inspect the public schools and day schools for children with disabilities, advise the principals and local authorities thereof and give assistance in organizing such schools.
115.28(3m) (3m) Supervision of cooperative educational service agencies; rules.
115.28(3m)(a) (a) Supervise and audit the receipts and expenditures of the cooperative educational service agencies, conduct program review of the agencies, supervise boundary reorganization where necessary, advise the administrators of the agencies and provide assistance in organizing the agencies throughout the state.
115.28(3m)(b) (b) Promulgate rules establishing procedures for the reorganization of cooperative educational service agencies and boundary appeals.
115.28(4) (4) Public information. By reports, bulletins, circulars, correspondence and public addresses, give the public information upon the different methods of school organization and management and the subject of education generally.
115.28(5) (5) Appeals. Examine and determine all appeals which by law are made to the state superintendent and prescribe rules of practice in respect thereto, not inconsistent with law.
115.28 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. PI 1, Wis. adm. code.
115.28(6) (6) Annual conventions. Annually, hold conventions of school district administrators, supervisors and agency coordinators.
115.28(7) (7) Licensing of teachers.
115.28(7)(a)(a) License all teachers for the public schools of the state; make rules establishing standards of attainment and procedures for the examination and licensing of teachers within the limits prescribed in ss. 118.19 (3), 118.191, 118.1915, 118.192, 118.193, 118.194, 118.195, and 118.197; prescribe by rule standards, requirements, and procedures for the approval of teacher preparatory programs leading to licensure, including a requirement that, to be approved by the state superintendent, a teacher preparatory program shall demonstrate that it provides instruction that prepares teachers to teach reading and language arts using science-based early reading instruction, as defined in s. 118.015 (1c) (b), and does not provide instruction on teaching reading and language arts that incorporates 3-cueing, as defined in s. 118.015 (1c) (c), and a requirement that, beginning on July 1, 2012, and annually thereafter, each teacher preparatory program located in this state shall submit to the department a list of individuals who have completed the program and who have been recommended by the program for licensure under this subsection, together with each individual's date of program completion, from each term or semester of the program's most recently completed academic year; file in the state superintendent's office all papers relating to state teachers' licenses; and register each such license.
115.28(7)(b) (b) Subject to the same rules and laws concerning qualifications of applicants and granting and revocation of licenses or certificates under par. (a), the state superintendent shall grant certificates and licenses to teachers in private schools and tribal schools, except that teaching experience requirements for such certificates and licenses may be fulfilled by teaching experience in public, private, or tribal schools. An applicant is not eligible for a license or certificate unless the state superintendent finds that the private school or tribal school in which the applicant taught offered an adequate educational program during the period of the applicant's teaching therein. Private schools are not obligated to employ only licensed or certified teachers.
115.28(7)(c) (c) Subject to s. 118.19 (4m), license and make rules for the examination and licensing of persons, including teachers, employed to provide publicly funded special education and related services, as those terms are defined in s. 115.76 (14) and (15).
115.28(7)(d) (d) Annually, establish fees for the certification or licensure of school and public library personnel sufficient to fund certification and licensing administrative costs.
115.28(7)(e)1.1. In this paragraph, “ alternative education program" means an instructional program, approved by the school board, that utilizes successful alternative or adaptive school structures and teaching techniques and that is incorporated into existing, traditional classrooms or regularly scheduled curricular programs or that is offered in place of regularly scheduled curricular programs. “Alternative educational program" does not include a private school, a tribal school, or a home-based private educational program.
2021-22 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2023 Wis. Act 272 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on July 9, 2024. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after July 9, 2024, are designated by NOTES. (Published 7-9-24)