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117.22(2)(cm) (cm) No election under par. (b) may be held after February 1 and before the date of the spring election, nor after September 1 and before the date of a general election held in the same year.
117.22(2)(d) (d) At least 12 weeks prior to the date of the election, the school district clerk shall publish a type A notice of the school board election, under s. 10.01 (2) (a). No later than 5 p.m. on the date 10 weeks prior to the election, any qualified elector of the school district created by the reorganization may file with the school district clerk a sworn declaration of candidacy for the school board and, if required, nomination papers, as provided under s. 120.06 (6) (b). For purposes of this paragraph, a candidate who resides in the territory of the school district created pursuant to a reorganization under s. 117.105 and is otherwise a qualified elector shall be considered a qualified elector for a school board election under par. (bm). A candidate shall file an amended declaration with the school district clerk as provided in s. 120.06 (6) (b) 5. Within 8 days after the first election in the newly created school district, the school district clerk shall notify the successful candidates of their election. On the 2nd Tuesday following the election, the clerk shall administer or receive the official oath and the newly elected members shall take office.
117.22(2)(e) (e) If a primary election for the school board positions is required under s. 120.06 (7) (b), it shall be held on the day which is 4 weeks before the election, except that if the school board election is held on the day of the general election, the primary shall be held on the day of the partisan primary, and if the school board election is held on the day of the spring election, the primary shall be held on the day of the spring primary. The school district clerk shall notify the clerk of each city, village or town, any part of which is contained within an affected school district, of the primary election. The school district clerk shall give the notices under s. 120.06 (8) (c) on the Monday before the primary election, if one is held, and on the Monday before the school board election.
117.22(2)(f) (f) Costs chargeable to the school district under ss. 5.68 and 7.03 shall become a charge upon the new school district and the school board of the new school district shall pay all such costs.
117.22(3) (3)Ineligibility. Any person elected to a school board in an election under sub. (2) (bm) who is also a member of the school board of an affected school district is not eligible to serve as a member of the school board for the school district created by the reorganization unless the person resigns as a member of the school board of the affected school district prior to receiving the official oath of office under sub. (2) (d).
117.25 117.25 Transfer of assets, liabilities and employees; agreements between consolidating school districts.
117.25(1)(1) Consolidations. On the effective date of a consolidation of school districts under s. 117.08 or 117.09, all of the following apply:
117.25(1)(a) (a) The school districts that were consolidated cease to exist.
117.25(1)(b) (b) Title to all property and the assets of the school districts under par. (a) become vested in the new consolidated school district.
117.25(1)(c) (c) Claims, obligations and contracts of the school districts under par. (a) become claims, obligations and contracts of the new consolidated school district.
117.25(1)(d)1.1. Employees of the school districts under par. (a) become employees of the new consolidated school district.
117.25(1)(d)2. 2. The new consolidated school district assumes the rights and obligations of the school districts under par. (a), under the provisions of any collective bargaining agreement that applies to these employees.
117.25(1)(d)3. 3. The collective bargaining agreement remains in effect until the expiration date of the agreement or until a new collective bargaining agreement between the school district and representatives of these employees is effective, whichever occurs first.
117.25(1m) (1m)Consolidations; agreements to continue programs or facilities.
117.25(1m)(a)(a) A written agreement between the school boards of 2 or more school districts that are considering consolidating under s. 117.08 or 117.09 to continue operating a program or facility at a specific location for a specified period after consolidation, not to exceed 5 years, shall be binding upon the joint interim school board of the new school district under s. 117.22 and any subsequently elected school board of the new school district. The school district clerk of the school district with the largest equalized valuation shall file a copy of the agreement with the state superintendent.
117.25(1m)(b) (b) Ten or more electors of the new school district may jointly petition the circuit court of the county in which any portion of the new school district is located to enforce an agreement under par. (a).
117.25(2) (2)Detachment and attachment of territory. When territory is detached from one school district and attached to an adjoining school district under ss. 117.11 to 117.132, all of the following apply:
117.25(2)(a) (a) Assets and liabilities are assigned to the school districts under s. 66.0235 on the effective date of the reorganization.
117.25(2)(b)1.1. Any employee of the school district from which territory is detached who is laid off as a result of the reorganization has priority over other persons, except employees of the school district to which the territory is attached and former employees of that school district who were laid off from that school district, for 3 years after the effective date of the reorganization for new positions and vacant positions for which he or she is qualified in the school district to which the territory is attached.
117.25(2)(b)2. 2. Any person who wishes to exercise his or her priority under subd. 1. shall notify the school district to which the territory is attached, in writing, that he or she wishes to be considered for any new position or vacant position and shall include in the notice the address to be used by the school district to notify the person of such positions.
117.25(3) (3)Dissolutions. If the board affirms the school board's dissolution order under s. 117.10 (4), the board's order shall specify that either sub. (1) (d) 1. or (2) (b) applies to employees of the dissolved school district and shall identify the other school district or school districts that shall be treated as the new consolidated school district or school district to which territory is attached for the purposes of sub. (1) (d) 1. or (2) (b). If the board's order identifies more than one such school district, it shall also identify which of the employees of the dissolved school district become employees of which of the identified school districts under sub. (1) (d) 1., or have priority for employment in which of the identified school districts under sub. (2) (b).
117.25(4) (4)Creations. When a school district is created under s. 117.105, all of the following apply:
117.25(4)(a) (a) Any employee of a school district from which territory is detached by the reorganization who is laid off as a result of the reorganization has priority over other persons for 3 years after the effective date of the reorganization for new positions and vacant positions for which he or she is qualified in the school district that is created by the reorganization.
117.25(4)(b) (b) Any person who wishes to exercise his or her priority under par. (a) shall notify the school district that is created by the reorganization, in writing, that he or she wishes to be considered for any new position or vacant position and shall include in the notice the address to be used by the school district to notify the person of such positions.
117.25 History History: 1989 a. 114, 287; 1995 a. 27 s. 9145 (1); 1997 a. 27, 286; 1999 a. 150 s. 672.
117.25 Annotation The relief afforded in sub. (2) (b) applies to teachers laid off after May 8, 1990 as the result of reorganization, regardless of the authority under which the reorganization was initiated. Laid off teachers may maintain a private action for damages for a violation of sub. (2) (b), as that provision creates a right to hiring priority, but not a remedy. Anderson v. School District of Ashland, 181 Wis. 2d 502, 510 N.W.2d 822 (Ct. App. 1993).
117.27 117.27 Change of district type.
117.27(1) (1) A common or union high school district may be changed into a unified school district, a unified school district operating only high school grades may be changed into a union high school district, and a unified school district operating only elementary grades or both elementary and high school grades may be changed into a common school district, if at least 30 days prior to the spring election a petition conforming to the requirements of s. 8.40 requesting the change is filed with the school district clerk signed by at least 10% of the electors residing in the school district. The validity of the petition shall be governed by the rules promulgated under s. 8.40 (3).
117.27(2) (2)
117.27(2)(a)(a) The petition shall state that the school board of the predecessor school district shall become the first school board of the successor school district. Upon receipt of the petition, the school district clerk shall publish a class 1 notice, under ch. 985, of the filing of the petition. The notice shall include the date, time and place at which the school board shall hold a public hearing on the proposed change. The public hearing shall be held at least 7 days prior to the date of the spring election.
117.27(2)(b) (b) The school district clerk shall include in the notice of the spring election a statement that the election ballot will include a question on the change requested by the petition. The form of the ballot shall correspond to the form prescribed by the government accountability board under ss. 5.64 (2) and 7.08 (1) (a) and the question on the ballot shall be:
"Shall the .... (name of school district) be a .... (type of school district structure set forth in the petition)?
Yes ....  No ...."
117.27(3) (3) If a majority of the electors voting at the spring election vote in favor of the change, the school board shall issue an order of school district reorganization effective on the July 1 following the spring election. A certified copy of the order shall be filed as provided under s. 117.17 (2).
117.27(4) (4) When the type of school district is changed, all property, assets, claims, contracts, liabilities and obligations of the predecessor school district become the property, assets, claims, contracts, liabilities and obligations of the successor school district.
117.27 History History: 1983 a. 27; 1985 a. 218; 1985 a. 225 ss. 57, 82; 1985 a. 332; 1989 a. 114 s. 11; Stats. 1989 s. 117.27; 1989 a. 192; 2007 a. 1.
117.27 Annotation A nonbinding resolution declaring an intent to purchase real estate in the future does not create an "obligation" under sub. (4). Perritt Limited Partnership v. Kenosha Unified School District #1, 153 F.3d 489 (1998).
117.30 117.30 Attachment upon failure to operate school.
117.30(1)(1)
117.30(1)(a) (a) Except as provided under pars. (b) and (c), if a school district for 2 or more successive years has failed to operate sufficient classes at each grade level to provide all pupils who reside in the school district an opportunity to attend class at the appropriate grade level, the board shall attach the territory of the school district to one or more school districts that do so. Within 60 days of the date on which a school district becomes subject to this section, the state superintendent shall so notify the school district clerk and the clerk of each municipality in which part of the school district lies. Prior to August 30 of the year in which the school district becomes subject to this section, the board shall issue an order of school district reorganization attaching the school district to one or more operating school districts. Orders issued under this section take effect upon being filed as provided in s. 117.17 (2). The school board of each district to which any territory is attached under this section shall levy and collect a special tax against the property in the territory so attached for such amount as is payable for tuition and transportation, at the time of the attachment, by the school district in which the attached territory was located prior thereto, in the proportion that the equalized valuation of the attached territory bears to the total equalized valuation of the school district in which such territory was located prior to such attachment.
117.30(1)(b) (b) Before the end of the first school year beginning after the effective date of a reorganization under s. 117.105, the school board of the school district created by the reorganization may request the department to extend the 2-year time period under par. (a) by one year. The department may grant the extension, and may renew the extension for additional one-year periods, if the department determines that the school board has adequate plans and is making adequate progress toward operating sufficient classes at each grade level to provide all pupils who reside in the school district an opportunity to attend class at the appropriate grade level.
117.30(1)(c) (c) If a school district created under s. 117.105 fails to operate sufficient classes at each grade level to provide all pupils who reside in the school district an opportunity to attend class at the appropriate grade level before the end of the first school year beginning after the effective date of the reorganization under s. 117.105, plus the period of any extension granted under par. (b), the board's order under par. (a) shall reattach the territory of the school district to each of the school districts from which the territory was detached by the reorganization under s. 117.105, unless the school district from which the territory was detached is no longer an operating school district.
117.30(3) (3) If an order issued under this section is voided, the nonoperating school district shall arrange for the attendance of its pupils at the schools of one or more other school districts on a nonresident tuition basis, and shall provide transportation to and from such schools by the methods provided in s. 121.55 for all of its pupils who reside 2 miles or more from the school they attend. Until a valid order has been issued, the nonoperating school district may use such funds on hand as have been raised or appropriated for operation and maintenance or levy taxes to pay for such tuition and transportation. If an order is voided, the board shall issue new orders of school district reorganization within the succeeding year.
117.30 History History: 1979 c. 303; 1983 a. 27; 1989 a. 114 s. 13; Stats. 1989 s. 117.30; 1995 a. 27 s. 9145 (1); 1997 a. 27, 286; 1999 a. 32.
117.35 117.35 School district boundary disputes.
117.35(1) (1) School board action.
117.35(1)(a)(a) If there is a boundary dispute, the school boards of the interested school districts may resolve the dispute by the adoption, by each of the school boards, of a resolution resolving the dispute. Before adopting such a resolution, the school boards jointly shall notify the electors residing in and owners of real property located in the disputed territory by certified mail. The notice shall include a description of the territory, as certified by the clerk of each city, town or village within which all or any part of the territory is located, shall indicate that the school boards are considering resolving the boundary dispute and shall specify the time and place of the school board meeting at which the boundary dispute will be discussed.
117.35(1)(b) (b) Each of the resolutions adopted under par. (a) shall include a legal description of the territory in dispute and a legal description of that portion of the disputed territory that is to be included in each interested school district. The school district clerk of each school board that adopts a resolution under this subsection shall, within 5 days after adopting the resolution, send a certified copy of the resolution to the school board of each of the other interested school districts, file a certified copy of the resolution as provided in s. 117.17 (2) and notify the electors residing in and owners of real property located in the disputed territory. If the school board of each of the interested school districts adopts a resolution under this subsection, the resolution of the dispute shall take effect on the first July 1 after the March 1 following the adoption of the resolutions.
117.35(2) (2)Request for resolution.
117.35(2)(a)(a) If there is a boundary dispute, the school board of any interested school district may submit a written request to the board for the resolution of the boundary dispute. The request shall state the particulars of the boundary dispute, including a legal description of the territory involved and the names of all interested school districts. The school board making the request shall send a copy of the request by 1st class mail to each interested school district at the time that the request is submitted to the board.
117.35(2)(b) (b) Upon receipt of a request under par. (a), the board shall determine or request the school boards of the interested school districts to provide all of the following:
117.35(2)(b)1. 1. A description of the territory in dispute, as certified by the clerk of each city, town or village within which all or any part of the territory is located.
117.35(2)(b)2. 2. The number of pupils residing in the disputed territory who, on the most recent of the preceding 3rd Friday of September or 2nd Friday of January, were enrolled in each interested school district.
117.35(3) (3)Order.
117.35(3)(a)(a) Unless the school boards of the interested school districts have resolved the boundary dispute under sub. (1), within 60 days after receipt of a request under sub. (2) (a) the board shall issue an order resolving the boundary dispute. The board shall send a certified copy of the order to the school board of each interested school district and shall file a certified copy of the resolution as provided in s. 117.17 (2). The order shall take effect on the following July 1 unless the board stays the effective date of the order until the 2nd following July 1.
117.35(3)(b) (b) In making a decision under par. (a), the board shall consider and give the greatest weight to decisions made previously by the board or any predecessor body. The board shall also consider the criteria specified in s. 117.15 and other evidence, including applicable property tax records.
117.35(3)(c) (c) If the order under par. (a) takes effect on the following July 1, the board may specify in the order that pupils residing in the disputed territory may continue to attend school in the school district that they are attending before the order takes effect until the July 1 following the effective date of the order. The board shall base its decision on the estimated fiscal and other effects of the decision on the interested school districts.
117.35(4) (4)Limitation on court action. If there is a boundary dispute, the school board of any interested school district may not commence court action regarding that dispute until an order issued under sub. (3) is filed with the secretary of the board under s. 117.17 (2).
117.35 History History: 1999 a. 18.
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated though 2013 Wis. Act 200 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before April 18, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after April 18, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 4-18-14)