Human growth and development instruction. 118.019(1)(1)
The purpose of this section is to foster a partnership between parents of pupils attending schools in the school district and the schools in the school district to promote the optimal health and well-being of the pupils. The provisions of this section are in addition to, and do not supplant, the requirements under ss. 118.01 (2) (d) 2. c.
and 118.13 (1)
, which are critical to maintaining the physical and psychological health of each pupil.
“Age-appropriate" means suitable to a particular age group of pupils based on their developing cognitive and emotional capacity and consistent with adolescent development and community standards.
“Medically accurate information" means information that is scientifically-based and published, where appropriate, in peer-reviewed journals and textbooks.
A school board may provide an instructional program in human growth and development in grades kindergarten to 12. If the school board elects to provide an instructional program under this section, when the school board establishes the curriculum for the instructional program, the school board shall make determinations as to whether and, if so, for what subjects covered in the curriculum the pupils shall be separated by gender. If an instructional program is provided, the following instructional program is recommended:
Present medically accurate information to pupils and, when age-appropriate, address the following topics:
The importance of communication about sexuality between the pupil and the pupil's parents or guardians.
Reproductive and sexual anatomy and physiology, including biological, psychosocial, emotional, and intellectual changes that accompany maturation.
The benefits of and reasons for abstaining from sexual activity. Instruction under this subdivision shall stress the value of abstinence as the only reliable way to prevent pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections, and shall identify the skills necessary to remain abstinent.
Methods for developing healthy life skills, including setting goals, making responsible decisions, communicating, and managing stress.
How alcohol and drug use affect responsible decision making.
The impact of media and one's peers on thoughts, feelings, and behaviors related to sexuality.
The nature and treatment of sexually transmitted infections.
Address self-esteem and personal responsibility, positive interpersonal skills, and healthy relationships.
Identify counseling, medical, and legal resources for survivors of sexual abuse and assault, including resources for escaping violent relationships.
Address the positive connection between marriage and parenting.
Present information about avoiding stereotyping and bullying, including how to refrain from making inappropriate remarks, avoiding engaging in inappropriate physical or sexual behaviors, and how to recognize, rebuff, and report any unwanted or inappropriate remarks or physical or sexual behaviors.
An instructional program under this section shall use instructional methods and materials that, consistent with s. 118.13 (1)
, do not discriminate against a pupil based upon the pupil's race, gender, religion, sexual orientation, or ethnic or cultural background or against sexually active pupils or children with disabilities. Nothing in this subsection shall be construed to prohibit a school board from approving an instructional program under this section that includes instruction on abstinence from sexual activity or that is abstinence-centered.
(2m) Required subjects.
If a school board provides instruction in any of the areas under sub. (2) (a)
, the school board shall ensure that instruction conforms to s. 118.13 (1)
and that the following is provided, when age appropriate, in the same course and during the same year:
Presents abstinence from sexual activity as the preferred choice of behavior for unmarried pupils.
Emphasizes that abstinence from sexual activity before marriage is the only reliable way to prevent pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases, including human immunodeficiency virus and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.
Provides instruction in parental responsibility and the socioeconomic benefits of marriage for adults and their children.
Explains pregnancy, prenatal development, and childbirth.
Explains the criminal penalties under ch. 948
for engaging in sexual activities involving a child.
Explains the sex offender registration requirements under s. 301.45
. Instruction under this paragraph shall include who is required to report under s. 301.45
, what information must be reported, who has access to the information reported, and the implications of being registered under s. 301.45
Provides medically accurate information about the human papilloma virus and the human immunodeficiency virus and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.
(2s) Provision of instruction.
Subject to s. 120.13 (37m)
, nothing in this section prohibits a school district from providing instruction under this section, in whole or in part, to pupils while the pupils are separated from members of the opposite sex.
(3) Distribution of curriculum to parents; notice.
Each school board that provides an instructional program in human growth and development shall annually provide the parents or guardians of each pupil enrolled in the school district with an outline of the human growth and development curriculum used in the pupil's grade level, information regarding how the parent or guardian may inspect the complete curriculum and instructional materials, an explanation of the exemption under sub. (4)
, and a statement that pupils exempted from instruction under this section will still receive instruction in the subjects under s. 118.01 (2) (d) 2. c.
, unless exempted, and s. 118.01 (2) (d) 8.
The school board shall make the complete human growth and development curriculum and all instructional materials available for inspection by a parent or guardian upon his or her request at any time, including prior to their use in the classroom.
(4) Exemption for individual pupils.
No pupil may be required to take instruction in human growth and development or in the specific subjects under subs. (2)
if the pupil's parent or guardian files with the teacher or school principal a written request that the pupil be exempted.
(5) Advisory committee.
In any school district that offers a human growth and development curriculum, the school board shall appoint an ad hoc advisory committee whose role is to advise the school board on the design and implementation of the human growth and development curriculum and to review the curriculum. Parents, teachers, school administrators, pupils, health care professionals, members of the clergy, and other residents of the school district shall comprise the committee. No one category of member shall constitute more than one-fifth of the membership of the committee, except that parents may comprise more than one-fifth of the membership of the committee. No more than one quarter of the members of the committee may be made up of employees of the school district or their spouses or members of the school board or their spouses.
Special observance days.
On the following days when school is held or, if the day falls on a Saturday or Sunday, on a school day immediately preceding or following the respective day, the day shall be appropriately observed:
January 15, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Day.
February 12, Abraham Lincoln's birthday.
February 15, Susan B. Anthony's birthday.
February 22, George Washington's birthday.
March 17, for “The Great Hunger" in Ireland from 1845 to 1850.
April 9, Prisoners of War Remembrance Day.
April 22, Environmental Awareness Day.
The last Friday in April, Arbor Day, except that if the governor by proclamation sets apart one day to be designated as Arbor and Bird Day under s. 14.16 (1)
, that day shall be appropriately observed.
June 14, if school is held, Robert M. La Follette, Sr. Day.
September 16, Mildred Fish Harnack Day.
September 17, U.S. Constitution Day.
Wednesday of the 3rd week in September, as part of Wonderful Wisconsin Week under s. 14.16 (8)
, Wisconsin Day.
Friday of the 3rd week in September, POW-MIA Recognition Day.
Wednesday of the 4th week in September, Bullying Awareness Day.
September 28, Frances Willard Day.
October 12, Christopher Columbus' birthday.
History: 1975 c. 204
; 1979 c. 214
; 1985 a. 232
; 1987 a. 11
; 1989 a. 146
; 1993 a. 333
; 1999 a. 83
; 2001 a. 16
; 2003 a. 305
; 2005 a. 149
; 2009 a. 309
Arbor day observance.
The principal of a public, private, or tribal school may request one free tree provided from state forest nurseries by the department of natural resources under s. 28.06
for each 4th grade pupil in the school for planting in conjunction with an annual observance and celebration of arbor day.
History: 1981 c. 59
; 2009 a. 302
The school board shall adopt all the textbooks necessary for use in the schools under its charge. The list of the adopted books shall be filed with the school district clerk.
The school board may purchase textbooks and sell them to the pupils at cost or it may designate agents of the school district to sell the textbooks to the pupils. The agents, at stated times, shall make settlement with the school district for books sold. The agents may add a selling commission which shall not exceed 10 percent of the net price.
No dealer in textbooks may sell any books at a price to exceed 15 percent above the net list prices, transportation added thereto.
Any person violating this section may be fined not less than $25 nor more than $100.
History: 1983 a. 412
In this section, “school" means a public school and includes a charter school other than a charter school under s. 118.40 (2r)
A school board may adopt a policy that requires all pupils enrolled in school in the school district, or all pupils enrolled in one or more schools in the school district, to wear a uniform while in school or while under the supervision of a school authority.
If a school board adopts a policy under sub. (2)
, it shall do all of the following:
Establish a method whereby the parent or guardian of a pupil enrolled in a school in which the policy is in effect may exempt his or her child from complying with the policy.
Ensure that no pupil is penalized academically or otherwise discriminated against because the pupil's parent or guardian has chosen to exempt the pupil from complying with the policy.
Notify each parent or guardian of a pupil enrolled in a school in which the policy will be implemented of the policy at least 3 months before the school board implements the policy.
Assist economically disadvantaged pupils to obtain the uniforms.
The requirements under sub. (3)
do not apply to any school board that has in effect on September 1, 2001, a school uniform policy for pupils enrolled in a school in the school district and has had such a policy in effect continuously since that date.
Nothing in this section affects the authority of a school board to require pupils to wear uniforms for extracurricular activities, and the provisions of sub. (3)
do not apply to such a requirement.
Any school board may elect to operate summer classes or to permit pupils to attend summer classes operated by another school district on a tuition basis if the school district of operation will accept them. Sections 118.15
shall not apply to summer classes. Every school board electing to operate summer classes:
Shall make rules governing attendance and cause them to be spread on the school board minutes.
May accord to children living in the school district during the summer session the status of residents of the school district for the purpose of attendance at summer classes, even though the children were not regular residents of the school district during the preceding regular school session, but any such children who are not legal residents of the state shall not be counted in computing the state aid to which the school district is entitled.
May permit children from another school district to attend summer classes upon payment of nonresident tuition.
Shall not charge tuition for attendance at summer classes or interim session classes of pupils who are residents of the school district if the school board receives aid for such classes under s. 121.14 (1) (a)
. The school board may establish and collect reasonable fees for social, recreational, or extracurricular summer classes or interim session classes and programs which are neither credited toward graduation nor aided under s. 121.14
History: 1983 a. 27
; 2013 a. 257
Commencement of school term. 118.045(1)(1)
Except as provided in subs. (2)
, beginning in the year 2000, no public school may commence the school term until September 1.
does not prohibit a school board from doing any of the following:
Holding athletic contests or practices before September 1.
Scheduling in-service days or work days before September 1.
A school board may commence the school term before September 1 in any school year if the school board requests the department to allow it to commence the school term before September 1 and the school board includes reasons with its request. The department may grant a request only if it determines that there are extraordinary reasons for granting it. The department shall promulgate rules to implement and administer this subsection.
History: 1999 a. 9
; 2001 a. 16