118.16(2m)(a)2. 2. An employee of the school district who is directly involved in the provision of a modified program or curriculum under s. 118.15 (1) (d), a program for children at risk under s. 118.153 or an alternative educational program under s. 119.82 or any other alternative educational program to children who attend the school attended by the truant child, if the school district administrator believes that the program or curriculum may be appropriate for the truant child.
118.16(2m)(a)3. 3. A school social worker employed by the school district who provides services to children attending the school attended by the truant child, if the school district administrator believes that the services provided by the social worker may be appropriate for the truant child.
118.16(2m)(a)4. 4. An employee of a social services agency who is directly involved in the provision of social services to the truant child or the child's family.
118.16(2m)(a)5. 5. A school attendance officer, but only if the school attendance officer meets the criteria specified in subds. 1., 2. or 3.
118.16(2m)(b) (b) A designation under par. (a) shall be in writing and shall specifically identify the child whom the individual is authorized to take into custody.
118.16(2m)(c) (c) A school district administrator may not designate an individual under par. (a) unless the individual agrees to the designation in writing.
118.16(2m)(d) (d) A school district administrator who makes a designation under par. (a) shall provide each individual so designated with an identification card of a form determined by the school board. The designee shall carry the identification card on his or her person at all times while the designee is on official duty under s. 938.19 (1m) and shall exhibit the identification card to any person to whom the designee represents himself or herself as a person authorized to take a child into custody under s. 938.19 (1m).
118.16(2m)(e) (e) A school district administrator who makes a designation under par. (a) or the individual designated under par. (a) shall immediately attempt to notify, by personal contact or telephone call, the child's parent, guardian and legal custodian that the designation has been made and that the child may be taken into custody under s. 938.19 (1m). The school district administrator, or the designee, is not required to notify a parent, guardian or legal custodian under this paragraph if the parent, guardian or legal custodian is the person who requested that the child be taken into custody under s. 938.19 (1m).
118.16(3) (3)All private schools shall keep a record containing the information required under ss. 115.30 (2) and 120.18. The record shall be open to the inspection of school attendance officers at all reasonable times. When called upon by any school attendance officer, the school shall furnish, on forms supplied by the school attendance officer, the information required under ss. 115.30 (2) and 120.18 in regard to any child between the ages of 6 and 18 who is a resident of the school district or who claims or is claimed to be in attendance at the school.
118.16(4) (4)
118.16(4)(a)(a) The school board shall establish a written attendance policy specifying the reasons for which pupils may be permitted to be absent from a public school under s. 118.15 and shall require the teachers employed in the school district to submit to the school attendance officer daily attendance reports on all pupils under their charge.
118.16(4)(b) (b) No public school may deny a pupil credit in a course or subject solely because of the pupil's unexcused absences or suspensions from school. The attendance policy under par. (a) shall specify the conditions under which a pupil may be permitted to take examinations missed during absences, other than suspensions, and the conditions under which a pupil shall be permitted to take any quarterly, semester or grading period examinations and complete any course work missed during a period of suspension.
118.16(4)(c) (c) The school board may establish policies which provide that as a consequence of a pupil's truancy the pupil may be assigned to detention or to a supervised, directed study program. The program need not be held during the regular school day. The policies under this paragraph shall specify the conditions under which credit may be given for work completed during the period of detention or assignment to a supervised, directed study program. A pupil shall be permitted to take any examinations missed during a period of assignment to a supervised, directed study program.
118.16(4)(cm)1.1. The school board may establish policies which provide that a pupil of an age eligible for high school enrollment in the school district, as determined by the school board, may be assigned to a period of assessment as a consequence of the pupil's truancy or upon the pupil's return to school from placement in a correctional facility, mental health treatment facility, alcohol and other drug abuse treatment facility or other out-of-school placement. The policies shall specify the conditions under which a pupil may participate in the assessment without being in violation of s. 118.15 and the maximum length of time that a pupil may be assigned to an assessment period.
118.16(4)(cm)2. 2. A school board may not assign a pupil to an assessment period without the written approval of the pupil's parent or guardian. A school board may not assign a pupil to an assessment period for longer than the time necessary to complete the assessment and place the pupil in an appropriate education program or 8 weeks, whichever is less. A school board may not assign a pupil to an assessment period more than once and may not assign a pupil to an assessment period if the school district has an alternative education program, as defined in s. 115.28 (7) (e) 1., available for the pupil that is appropriate for the pupil's needs. An assessment need not be conducted during the regular school day.
118.16(4)(cm)3. 3. The goals of an assessment period are to develop an educational plan for the pupil, implement an appropriate transitional plan and facilitate the pupil's placement in an education program in which the pupil will be able to succeed. The school board shall provide pupils who are assigned to an assessment period with information on other education programs that the school district or other community providers have available for the pupil. The assessment may include any of the following new or previously completed activities:
118.16(4)(cm)3.a. a. An assessment for problems with alcohol or other drugs.
118.16(4)(cm)3.b. b. An assessment of individual educational needs.
118.16(4)(cm)3.c. c. An assessment of whether the pupil is encountering problems in the community or at home that require intervention by a social worker.
118.16(4)(cm)3.d. d. A vocational assessment, which may include career counseling.
118.16(4)(cm)3.e. e. A medical assessment.
118.16(4)(d) (d) The school board shall provide each pupil enrolled in the public schools in the district with a copy of the policies established under this subsection and shall file a copy of the policies in each school in the district. In addition, the school board shall make copies available upon request.
118.16(4)(e) (e) Except as provided under s. 119.55, a school board may establish one or more youth service centers for the counseling of children who are taken into custody under s. 938.19 (1) (d) 10. for being absent from school without an acceptable excuse under s. 118.15.
118.16(5) (5)Except as provided in sub. (5m), before any proceeding may be brought against a child under s. 938.13 (6) for habitual truancy or under s. 938.125 (2) or 938.17 (2) for a violation of an ordinance enacted under s. 118.163 (2) or against the child's parent or guardian under s. 118.15 for failure to cause the child to attend school regularly, the school attendance officer shall provide evidence that appropriate school personnel in the school or school district in which the child is enrolled have, within the school year during which the truancy occurred, done all of the following:
118.16(5)(a) (a) Met with the child's parent or guardian to discuss the child's truancy or attempted to meet with the child's parent or guardian and received no response or were refused.
118.16(5)(b) (b) Provided an opportunity for educational counseling to the child to determine whether a change in the child's curriculum would resolve the child's truancy and have considered curriculum modifications under s. 118.15 (1) (d).
118.16(5)(c) (c) Evaluated the child to determine whether learning problems may be a cause of the child's truancy and, if so, have taken steps to overcome the learning problems, except that the child need not be evaluated if tests administered to the child within the previous year indicate that the child is performing at his or her grade level.
118.16(5)(d) (d) Conducted an evaluation to determine whether social problems may be a cause of the child's truancy and, if so, have taken appropriate action or made appropriate referrals.
118.16(5m) (5m)Subsection (5) (a) does not apply if a meeting under sub. (2) (cg) 3. is not held within 10 school days after the date that the notice under sub. (2) (cg) is sent. Subsection (5) (b), (c) and (d) does not apply if the school attendance officer provides evidence that appropriate school personnel were unable to carry out the activity due to the child's absences from school.
118.16(6) (6)
118.16(6)(a)(a) If the school attendance officer receives evidence that activities under sub. (5) have been completed or were not required to be completed as provided in sub. (5m), the school attendance officer may do any of the following:
118.16(6)(a)1. 1. File information on any child who continues to be truant with the court assigned to exercise jurisdiction under chs. 48 and 938 in accordance with s. 938.24. Filing information on a child under this subdivision does not preclude concurrent prosecution of the child's parent or guardian under s. 118.15 (5).
118.16(6)(a)2. 2. Refer the child to a teen court program if all of the following conditions apply:
118.16(6)(a)2.a. a. The chief judge of the judicial administrative district has approved a teen court program established in the child's county of residence and has authorized the school attendance officer to refer children to the teen court program and the school attendance officer determines that participation in the teen court program will likely benefit the child and the community.
118.16(6)(a)2.b. b. The child and the child's parent, guardian and legal custodian consent to the child's participation in the teen court program.
118.16(6)(a)2.c. c. The child has not successfully completed participation in a teen court program during the 2 years before the date on which the school attendance officer received evidence that activities under sub. (5) have been completed or were not completed due to the child's absence from school as provided in sub. (5m).
118.16(6)(b) (b) If a child who is referred to a teen court program under par. (a) 2. is not eligible for participation in the teen court program or does not successfully complete participation in the teen court program, the person administering the teen court program shall file information on the child with the court assigned to exercise jurisdiction under chs. 48 and 938 in accordance with s. 938.24. Filing information on a child under this paragraph does not preclude concurrent prosecution of the child's parent or guardian under s. 118.15 (5).
118.16(7) (7)Any school district administrator, principal, teacher or school attendance officer who violates this section shall forfeit not less than $5 nor more than $25.
118.16 Note NOTE: 1993 Wis. Act 339, which created sub. (4) (cm), contains explanatory notes.
118.16 Annotation A court must consider evidence under sub. (5) prior to entering a finding of contempt based on truancy from school. T. J. N. v. Winnebago County Social Services Dept. 141 Wis. 2d 838, 416 N.W.2d 632 (Ct. App. 1987).
118.16 Annotation Sub. (5) does not limit a court's discretion in setting school attendance requirements in a dispositional order for a delinquent juvenile and in imposing sanctions if the order is violated. By its terms, sub. (5) is limited to children who are habitual truants and therefore in need of protection and services. State v. Jason R.N. 201 Wis. 2d 646, 549 N.W.2d 752 (Ct. App. 1996), 95-1728.
118.16 Annotation When under school board policy a suspension is not an excused absence, an absence as a result of the suspension is not an “acceptable excuse" under sub. (1) (a) or “legal cause" under sub. (1) (c) and may result in a finding of habitual truancy. State v. Isaac, 220 Wis. 2d 251, 582 N.W.2d 476 (Ct. App. 1998), 97-1611.
118.162 118.162 Truancy committee and plan.
118.162(1)(1)At least once every 4 years, in each county, the school district administrator of the school district which contains the county seat designated under s. 59.05, or his or her designee, shall convene a committee to review and make recommendations to the school boards of all of the school districts in the county on revisions to the school districts' truancy plans under sub. (4m). The committee shall consist of the following members:
118.162(1)(a) (a) A representative from each school district in the county, designated by the school board of the school district that he or she represents, who may be a school board member, school administrator, teacher, pupil services professional or parent of a child enrolled in the school district. If the territory of a school district lies in more than one county, the school district shall have a representative on the committee for the county in which the largest portion of the school district's equalized valuation is located.
118.162(1)(am) (am) A representative from each tribal school in the county, designated by the governing body of the tribal school that he or she represents, who may be a member of the tribal school governing body, school administrator, teacher, pupil services professional, or parent of a child enrolled in that tribal school.
118.162(1)(b) (b) A representative of the office of the district attorney, designated by the district attorney.
118.162(1)(c) (c) A representative of the sheriff's department, designated by the sheriff.
118.162(1)(d) (d) A representative of the local law enforcement agency, other than the sheriff's department, with jurisdiction over the county seat, designated by the chief administrative officer of the law enforcement agency.
118.162(1)(e) (e) A representative of the circuit court for the county, designated by the chief judge of the judicial administrative district.
118.162(1)(f) (f) A representative of the county department of social services under s. 46.22, designated by the county social services director, or, if the duties of the department under s. 46.22 have been transferred to a department under s. 46.23, a representative of the county department of human services under s. 46.23, designated by the county human services director.
118.162(1)(g) (g) A representative of the juvenile court intake unit, designated by the county social services director, or, if the duties of the department under s. 46.22 have been transferred to a department under s. 46.23, designated by the county human services director, or designated by the chief judge of the judicial administrative district.
118.162(1)(h) (h) If a county department of human services has not been established under s. 46.23, a representative of a county department established under s. 51.42 or 51.437, designated by the director of the department established under s. 51.42 or 51.437.
118.162(1)(i) (i) Any other member as determined by the committee.
118.162(1)(j) (j) A parent of a pupil enrolled in a private school, who resides in a school district in the county, designated by the county board.
118.162(1)(k) (k) A parent of a pupil enrolled in a public school, who resides in a school district in the county, designated by the county board.
118.162(1)(L) (L) A parent of a pupil enrolled in a home-based private educational program, who resides in a school district in the county, designated by the county board.
118.162(1)(m) (m) A parent of a pupil enrolled in a tribal school located in the county, who resides in the county, designated by the county board.
118.162(2) (2)The district attorney representative on the committee shall participate in reviewing and developing any recommendations regarding revisions to the portions of the school districts' plans under sub. (4) (e).
118.162(3) (3)The committee shall write a report to accompany the recommendations under sub. (1). The report shall include a description of the factors that contribute to truancy in the county and a description of any state statutes, municipal ordinances or school, social services, law enforcement, district attorney, court or other policies that contribute to or inhibit the response to truancy in the county. A copy of the report shall be submitted to each of the entities identified in sub. (1) (b) to (h) and any other entity designating members on the committee under sub. (1) (i).
118.162(4) (4)Not later than September 1, 1989, each school board shall adopt a truancy plan which shall include all of the following:
118.162(4)(a) (a) Procedures to be followed for notifying the parents or guardians of the unexcused absences of habitual truants under s. 118.16 (2) (cr) and for meeting and conferring with such parents or guardians.
118.162(4)(b) (b) Plans and procedures for identifying truant children of all ages and returning them to school, including the identity of school personnel to whom a truant child shall be returned.
118.162(4)(c) (c) Methods to increase and maintain public awareness of and involvement in responding to truancy within the school district.
118.162(4)(d) (d) The immediate response to be made by school personnel when a truant child is returned to school.
118.162(4)(e) (e) The types of truancy cases to be referred to the district attorney for the filing of information under s. 938.24 or prosecution under s. 118.15 (5) and the time periods within which the district attorney will respond to and take action on the referrals.
118.162(4)(f) (f) Plans and procedures to coordinate the responses to the problems of habitual truants, as defined under s. 118.16 (1) (a), with public and private social services agencies.
118.162(4)(g) (g) Methods to involve the truant child's parent or guardian in dealing with and solving the child's truancy problem.
118.162(4m) (4m)At least once every 2 years, each school board shall review and, if appropriate, revise the truancy plan adopted by the school board under sub. (4).
118.162 History History: 1987 a. 285; 1995 a. 77, 201; 1997 a. 239; 2009 a. 302.
118.163 118.163 Municipal truancy and school dropout ordinances.
118.163(1)(1)In this section:
118.163(1)(a) (a) “Dropout" has the meaning given in s. 118.153 (1) (b).
118.163(1)(b) (b) “Habitual truant" has the meaning given in s. 118.16 (1) (a).
118.163(1)(c) (c) “Operating privilege" has the meaning given in s. 340.01 (40).
118.163(1)(d) (d) “Truant" means a pupil who is absent from school without an acceptable excuse under ss. 118.15 and 118.16 (4) for part or all of any day on which school is held during a school semester.
118.163(1m) (1m)A county, city, village or town may enact an ordinance prohibiting a person under 18 years of age from being a truant. The ordinance shall provide which of the following dispositions are available to the court:
118.163(1m)(a) (a) An order for the person to attend school.
118.163(1m)(b) (b) A forfeiture of not more than $50 plus costs for a first violation, or a forfeiture of not more than $100 plus costs for any 2nd or subsequent violation committed within 12 months of a previous violation, subject to s. 938.37 and subject to a maximum cumulative forfeiture amount of not more than $500 for all violations committed during a school semester. All or part of the forfeiture plus costs may be assessed against the person, the parents or guardian of the person, or both.
118.163(1m)(c) (c) An order for the person to report to a youth report center after school, in the evening, on weekends, on other nonschool days, or at any other time that the person is not under immediate adult supervision, for participation in the social, behavioral, academic, community service, and other programming of the center as described in s. 938.342 (1d) (c).
118.163(2) (2)A county, city, village or town may enact an ordinance prohibiting a person under 18 years of age from being a habitual truant. The ordinance shall provide which of the following dispositions are available to the court:
118.163(2)(a) (a) Suspension of the person's operating privilege for not less than 30 days nor more than one year. The court may take possession of any suspended license. If the court takes possession of a license, it shall destroy the license. The court shall forward to the department of transportation a notice stating the reason for and the duration of the suspension.
118.163(2)(b) (b) An order for the person to participate in counseling or a supervised work program or other community service work as described in s. 938.34 (5g). The costs of any such counseling, supervised work program or other community service work may be assessed against the person, the parents or guardian of the person, or both. Any county department of human services or social services, community agency, public agency or nonprofit charitable organization administering a supervised work program or other community service work to which a person is assigned pursuant to an order under this paragraph acting in good faith has immunity from any civil liability in excess of $25,000 for any act or omission by or impacting on that person.
118.163(2)(c) (c) An order for the person to remain at home except during hours in which the person is attending religious worship or a school program, including travel time required to get to and from the school program or place of worship. The order may permit a person to leave his or her home if the person is accompanied by a parent or guardian.
118.163(2)(d) (d) An order for the person to attend an educational program as described in s. 938.34 (7d).
118.163(2)(e) (e) An order for the department of workforce development to revoke, under s. 103.72, a permit under s. 103.70 authorizing the employment of the person.
118.163(2)(f) (f) An order for the person to be placed in a teen court program as described in s. 938.342 (1g) (f).
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2017-18 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2019 Wis. Act 7 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on July 1, 2019. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after July 1, 2019, are designated by NOTES. (Published 7-1-19)