History: 1993 a. 482
Leaving unguarded ice holes. 167.26(1b)(c)
“Water quality project" means a project that improves water quality, including a project that improves fish habitat or that reduces or prevents any of the following:
Except as provided in sub. (1m)
, any person who removes ice or causes its removal from any stream, pond or lake shall place around the margin of the opening made by such removal a fence, by setting posts of not less than 2 by 4 in size with any of the following fencings:
A fence board attached not less than 3 1/2 feet above the surface of the ice on the stream, pond or lake.
Colored plastic construction roll fencing attached to the posts.
Instead of the requirements under sub. (1g)
, any person who removes ice or causes its removal from Lake Butte des Morts, Lake Poygan, Lake Winnebago or Lake Winneconne for the spearing of sturgeon may mark the opening made by the removal without using fencing if the person uses at least 2 strips of wood that protrude at least 3 feet above the surface of the ice. The strips of wood may not exceed approximately 1.5 inches in width and approximately 0.25 inch in thickness.
Instead of the requirements under sub. (1g)
, any person creating ice holes by aeration of water may do any of the following:
Erect and maintain a barricade around the holes consisting of uprights that are spaced at adequate intervals to maintain the barricade and that are connected by a continuous rope, cord, or similar material placed at least 2.5 feet and not more than 4.5 feet off the surface.
Erect and maintain a visual warning mechanism that is highly visible and that is reflectorized, fluorescent, or lighted.
The connecting rope, cord, or similar material specified in par. (a) 1.
shall have reflectorized, fluorescent, or lighted ribbon or tape or other reflectorized devices attached to it, so as to be highly visible, and shall be of sufficient strength to permit retrieval of the barricade following melting of the ice.
Any person erecting a barricade or warning mechanism under this subsection shall remove the barricade and all parts of the barricade or mechanism immediately after the ice has melted.
Instead of the requirements under subs. (1g)
, any public inland lake protection and rehabilitation district or any nonprofit membership corporation that is creating ice holes for a lake by aeration of water for purposes of a water quality project that has been approved by the department of natural resources may provide alternative warning methods by doing all of the following:
Posting highly visible warning notices at each shoreline area through which the public has access to the lake.
Providing a written warning notice to each owner of riparian property on the lake.
Each warning notice placed by a public inland lake protection and rehabilitation district or a nonprofit membership corporation under par. (a) 1.
shall meet all of the following requirements:
The size, lettering, and format of each notice shall be designed so as to make the notice readable by the public at a distance of 60 feet.
Each notice shall contain the wording “DANGER — OPEN WATER," “WARNING — ICE HOLES," or “DANGER — THIN ICE" or wording of a similar nature.
Each notice shall replicate the wording required under subd. 2.
so that the wording on each notice is visible from the shoreline and from the water.
Each notice shall be made of durable material and lettering and shall be replaced as necessary so that the notice remains readable throughout the winter season.
The notices shall be placed no later than December 15 of each winter season.
The written notices provided to each owner of riparian property by a public inland lake protection and rehabilitation district or a nonprofit membership corporation under par. (a) 2.
shall be provided no later than December 15 of each winter season.
Except as provided in par. (b)
, a person barricading or marking an ice hole or opening in the manner specified in this section, or erecting a warning device or posting a notice for an ice hole or opening in the manner specified in this section, shall be exempt from liability for injury to or the death of any person or for damage to any property that results from creating the ice hole or opening.
Except as provided in par. (c)
, a member of a qualified lake association or of a nonprofit membership corporation shall be exempt from any liability incurred by the qualified lake association or nonprofit membership corporation in creating an ice hole or opening that is subject to the barricading, fencing, or warning requirements under this section.
Any riparian property owner who is aware of the existence of an ice hole or opening in the stream, pond, or lake to which his or her riparian property abuts shall not be exempt from liability as provided in par. (a)
if the owner fails to warn a person to whom the owner has given permission to cross the property in order to have access to the stream, pond, or lake by doing one of the following:
Directly warning the person of the existence of the ice hole or opening.
This section shall not apply to ice holes caused by hydroelectric dams or by air bubbler systems installed by the corps of engineers for navigational purposes.
This section shall apply to all navigable or public waters of the state.
Any person violating sub. (1g)
, or (2m)
shall be imprisoned for not more than 6 months or fined not more than $100. Any person who removes a barricade, fencing, a warning notice, or a warning mechanism or other barrier or marking that complies with this section during the period beginning with December 15 of a given year and ending on March 30 of the following year may be imprisoned for not more than 6 months or fined not more than $100.
Capping and filling wells or similar structures. 167.27(1)(1)
This section applies only to counties of a population of 750,000 or more.
The owner of any real estate shall securely protect any well, seepage pit, cistern, cesspool, septic tank, or other similar structures in active use with a cover of concrete, metal or wood covered with sheet metal, securely fastened and of sufficient weight so it cannot be removed by small children and so as to make it free from danger to persons going upon such real estate.
Whenever any shallow dug well, seepage pit, cistern, cesspool or septic tank is abandoned or its use discontinued, the owner of the real estate upon which it is located shall promptly fill the same to grade.
Whenever any drilled, bored or deep dug well, except test wells of 10 inches or less in diameter, is abandoned or its use discontinued, the owner of the real estate upon which it is located shall promptly fill the same, either with alternate layers of sand or clay and concrete, and seal with a concrete cover at least 5 inches thick, or in accordance with recommendations of the department of health services.
Whenever any mine shaft, exploration shaft or test well is abandoned or its use discontinued, the operator or contractor shall promptly fill same to grade or enclose the same with a fence of strong woven wire not less than 46 inches wide with one barbwire above or cap same with a reinforced concrete slab at least 6 inches thick or with a native boulder at least 3 times the diameter of the top of the shaft or test well bore. The strands of the woven wire shall not be smaller than No. 12 wire and the cross wires and meshes shall not be smaller than No. 16 wire; the strands shall not be more than 12 inches apart, and the meshes shall not exceed 8 inches square. All wires must be tightly stretched and securely fastened to sufficient posts firmly set not more than 8 feet apart. In case any person shall neglect to repair or rebuild such fence which the person is so required to build and maintain, any person may complain to the department of safety and professional services or to the local governing body, which shall give notice in writing to the person who is required to build and maintain such fence. The department of safety and professional services or the local governing body shall then proceed to examine the fence, and if it shall determine that such fence is insufficient, it shall notify the person responsible for its erection and maintenance and direct the person to repair or rebuild the fence within such time as it shall deem reasonable. Any person refusing to comply with such order shall be subject to the penalties provided.
Existing abandoned mine shafts, exploration shafts or test wells shall be securely protected by owner of the real estate upon which it is located.
Any person violating this section shall be fined not less than $10 nor more than $200 or imprisoned not exceeding 6 months, or both.
Any violation of this section coming to the attention of the department of safety and professional services or municipal authorities shall be reported to the attorney general or district attorney for prosecution.
Use of firearms, etc., near park, etc. 167.30(1)(1)
Any person who shall discharge or cause the discharge of any missile from any firearm, slung shot, bow and arrow or other weapon, within 40 rods of any public park, square or enclosure owned or controlled by any municipality within this state and resorted to for recreation or pleasure, when such park, square or enclosure is wholly situated without the limits of such municipality, shall be punished by imprisonment in the county jail not exceeding 60 days or by fine of not more than $25 nor less than one dollar.
does not apply to the discharge of a firearm if the actor's conduct is justified or, had it been subject to a criminal penalty, would have been subject to a defense described in s. 939.45
History: 2011 a. 35
Safe use and transportation of firearms and bows. 167.31(1)(b)
“Encased" means enclosed in a case that is completely zipped, snapped, buckled, tied or otherwise fastened with no part of the firearm exposed.
“Family member of the landowner" means a person who is related to the landowner as a parent, child, spouse, or sibling.
“Firearm" means a weapon that acts by force of gunpowder.
“Stationary" means not moving, regardless of whether the motor is running.
“Street" means a highway that is within the corporate limits of a city or village.
“Transmission facility" means any pipe, pipeline, duct, wire, cable, line, conduit, pole, tower, equipment, or other structure used to transmit or distribute electricity to or for the public or to transmit or distribute communications or data to or from the public.
Having no shell or cartridge in the chamber of a firearm or in the magazine attached to a firearm.
In the case of a cap lock muzzle-loading firearm, having the cap removed.
In the case of a flint lock muzzle-loading firearm, having the flashpan cleaned of powder.
In the case of an electronic ignition muzzle-loading firearm, having the battery removed and disconnected from the firearm.
(2) Prohibitions; motorboats and vehicles; highways and roadways. 167.31(2)(a)(a)
Except as provided in sub. (4)
, no person may place, possess, or transport a firearm, bow, or crossbow in or on a motorboat with the motor running, unless one of the following applies:
Except as provided in sub. (4)
, no person may place, possess, or transport a firearm, bow, or crossbow in or on a vehicle, unless one of the following applies:
Except as provided in sub. (4)
, no person may load a firearm, other than a handgun, in a vehicle or discharge a firearm or shoot a bolt or an arrow from a bow or crossbow in or from a vehicle.
Except as provided in sub. (4) (a)
, and (g)
, no person may discharge a firearm or shoot a bolt or an arrow from a bow or crossbow from or across a highway or within 50 feet of the center of a roadway.
A person who violates pars. (a)
is subject to a forfeiture of not more than $100.