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167.32 167.32 Safety at sporting events.
167.32(1) (1) Definitions. In this section:
167.32(1)(a) (a) "Alcohol beverages" means fermented malt beverages and intoxicating liquor.
167.32(1)(b) (b) "Facility" means building or stadium.
167.32(1)(c) (c) "Fermented malt beverages" has the meaning designated in s. 125.02 (6).
167.32(1)(d) (d) "Intoxicating liquor" has the meaning designated in s. 125.02 (8).
167.32(1)(e) (e) "Passing" includes pushing, pulling, throwing and moving.
167.32(1)(f) (f) "Sports facility" means a facility where sporting events are held, regardless of whether that is the exclusive use of the facility.
167.32(2) (2)Body passing.
167.32(2)(a)(a) A spectator at a sporting event at a sports facility shall not participate in the process of passing another person above the floor or ground from one location to another.
167.32(2)(b) (b) Paragraph (a) does not apply to the act of a person moving another person in order to render first aid or otherwise assist or care for that other person.
167.32(3) (3)Object passing. A spectator at a sporting event at a sports facility shall not participate in the process of passing bleachers, seats or other objects in a manner which threatens the safety of other persons.
167.32(4) (4)Alcohol consumption.
167.32(4)(a)(a) A spectator shall not bring alcohol beverages into a sports facility where there is a sporting event at the sports facility.
167.32(4)(b) (b) A spectator shall not possess or consume alcohol beverages at a sporting event at a sports facility if the alcohol beverages were brought to the facility as specified in par. (a).
167.32(4)(c) (c) This subsection does not apply to any vendor or other person who brings alcohol beverages into a sports facility with the authorization of the person in charge of the facility.
167.32(5) (5)Forfeiture. Any person who violates sub. (2), (3) or (4) shall forfeit $50.
167.32(6) (6)Citation procedure. The state may use the citation procedures under s. 778.25 to enforce this section. A county or municipality may use the citation procedures under s. 778.25 to enforce a local ordinance strictly conforming to this section.
167.32 History History: 1985 a. 254.
167.33 167.33 Snow sports.
167.33(1)(1) Definitions. In this section:
167.33(1)(a) (a) "Affiliate" means:
167.33(1)(a)1. 1. With respect to a partnership, each partner thereof.
167.33(1)(a)2. 2. With respect to a limited liability company, each member thereof.
167.33(1)(a)3. 3. With respect to a corporation, each officer, director, principal stockholder, and controlling member thereof.
167.33(1)(b) (b) "Competition" means any event authorized by a ski area operator, or by an agent of a ski area operator, that involves a comparison of skills used in one or more snow sports. "Competition" includes training sessions for such an event.
167.33(1)(c) (c) "Freestyle features" means man-made features that include boxes, jumps, hits, jibs, tabletops, spikes, take-off ramps, landings, banks, half pipes, picnic tables, logs, and pipes.
167.33(1)(d) (d) "Freestyling" means mogul jumping, mogul skiing, ski jumping, aerial skiing, ski cross, ski ballet, snowboarding, and any other similar snow sport.
167.33(1)(e) (e) "Hazard" means any man-made or natural obstacle or hazard. "Hazard" includes ridges, sharp corners, jumps, bumps, moguls, valleys, dips, cliffs, ravines, and bodies of water.
167.33(1)(f) (f) "Lift" means any aerial tramway or lift, a surface lift, a tow, or a conveyor used by a ski area operator to transport participants in snow sports at a ski area.
167.33(1)(g) (g) "Participant in a snow sport" means an individual who is engaged in a snow sport or who is walking or otherwise traveling within a ski area for purposes of engaging in the sport. "Participant in a snow sport" also means an individual who is present at a ski area to observe others engaged in a snow sport or who is a passenger on a lift. "Participant in a snow sport" includes an individual that is an employee of a ski area operator when he or she is acting outside the scope of his or her employment.
167.33(1)(h) (h) "Ski area" means trails, terrains, and other outdoor areas that are used by individuals engaged in snow sports and that is administered as a single enterprise by a ski area operator.
167.33(1)(i) (i) "Ski area infrastructure" means lifts and any associated components, snowmaking equipment and any associated components, and utility structures, buildings, huts, signs, lift mazes, fences, or other structures located within a ski area.
167.33(1)(j) (j) "Ski area operator" means a person that owns or is responsible for operating a ski area or its affiliates. "Ski area operator" includes the employees and agents of a ski area operator.
167.33(1)(k) (k) "Ski area vehicle" means a motorized vehicle used in the operation and maintenance of a ski area or used as transportation within a ski area.
167.33(1)(L) (L) "Skiing" means downhill skiing, alpine skiing, nordic skiing, cross-country skiing, telemarking, snowshoeing, or snowboarding.
167.33(1)(m) (m) "Sledding" means sliding down a prepared course on sleds, toboggans, ski bikes, or comparable devices. "Sledding" excludes tubing.
167.33(1)(n) (n) "Snowmaking equipment" includes pipes, hoses, hydrants, snow guns, fans, wands, pumps, and any other equipment associated with making snow.
167.33(1)(o) (o) "Snow sport" means skiing, sledding, tubing, or freestyling.
167.33(1)(p) (p) "Tree skiing area" means an area open to skiing, that is not groomed for skiing, and that is forested.
167.33(1)(q) (q) "Tubing" means sliding down a prepared course on inflatable tubes, minibobs, or comparable devices.
167.33(2) (2)Conditions and risks of snow sports. For purposes of this section, conditions and risks consist of all of the following:
167.33(2)(a) (a) Changes in weather or visibility.
167.33(2)(b) (b) The presence of surface or subsurface conditions, including any of the following:
167.33(2)(b)1. 1. Snow, ice, crust, slush, soft spots, holes, grooves, bare spots, cuts, rocks, boulders, or tracks from ski area vehicles.
167.33(2)(b)2. 2. Forest growth or debris, including stumps, logs, or brush.
167.33(2)(c) (c) Ridges, sharp corners, bumps, moguls, valleys, rollers, dips, cliffs, ravines, and double fall lines.
167.33(2)(d) (d) Variations in the difficulty of terrain, surface conditions, or subsurface conditions on a single trail or terrain or among trails or terrains that are designated the same level of difficulty at the ski area or at another ski area.
167.33(2)(e) (e) The risk of injury or death on trails and terrains that fall away or drop off toward hazards.
167.33(2)(f) (f) The risk of collision with other participants in snow sports, employees of a ski area operator, or ski area infrastructure.
167.33(2)(g) (g) Variation in the location, construction, configuration, or steepness of trails or terrains.
167.33(2)(h) (h) The greater risk of collision, injury, or death in treed areas, in areas where competitions are held, and in areas where freestyling is allowed.
167.33(3) (3)Duties of ski area operators; signage; notice.
167.33(3)(a)(a) Notice on tickets required. Each ski area operator shall print on each ticket or season pass that it issues to participants in snow sports the following warning:
"WARNING: Under Wisconsin law, each participant in a snow sport assumes the risk of injury or death to person or injury to property resulting from the conditions and risks that are considered to be inherent in a snow sport, has a number of duties that must be met while engaging in a snow sport, and is subject to limitations on the ability to recover damages from a ski area operator for injuries or death to a person or to property. A complete copy of this law is available for review at the main site where tickets to this ski area are sold."
167.33(3)(b) (b) Signs required; generally. Each ski area operator shall post and maintain a sign that is at least 10 square feet in size at or near each of the sites where tickets to the ski area are sold, at or near each of the entrances or lift loading areas for areas that are open to snow sports, and at or near each area open to sledding or tubing which is not served by a lift. The sign shall contain the following warning:
"WARNING — ASSUMPTION OF RISKS: Under Wisconsin law, each participant in a snow sport is considered to have accepted and to have knowledge of the risk of injury or death to person or injury to property that may result. Under Wisconsin law, each participant in a snow sport has the duty to take the precautions that are necessary to avoid injury or death to person or injury to property. Wisconsin law sets forth certain other limitations on the liability of ski area operators for injuries or death to person or injury to property. A complete copy of this law is available for review at the main site where tickets to this ski area are sold."
167.33(3)(c) (c) Copies of law. Each ski area operator shall post and maintain a current copy of all of the provisions of this section at the main site where tickets to the ski area are sold and shall make a copy of it for any individual upon request.
167.33(3)(d) (d) Signs required; skiing or sledding areas. In addition to the sign required under par. (b), each ski area operator shall post and maintain a sign that is at least 10 square feet in size at or near each entrance to a loading area of a lift that serves areas open to skiing or sledding. The sign shall contain the following warning:
"WARNING — DUTIES OF INDIVIDUALS ENGAGED IN SKIING OR SLEDDING: Under Wisconsin law, each individual engaged in skiing or sledding has a duty to do all of the following:
167.33(3)(d)1. 1. Obey all posted warnings and signs.
167.33(3)(d)2. 2. Keep off of closed trails and out of closed areas.
167.33(3)(d)3. 3. Know the range of his or her ability and engage in skiing or sledding within that ability.
167.33(3)(d)4. 4. Assess the difficulty of the trails and terrains that are open to skiing or sledding.
167.33(3)(d)5. 5. Maintain control of his or her speed and direction.
167.33(3)(d)6. 6. Be able to stop or avoid other individuals or objects.
167.33(3)(d)7. 7. Yield to other individuals engaged in skiing or sledding who are ahead or who are down the slope.
167.33(3)(d)8. 8. Not stop at a point that will result in the individual obstructing a trail or not being visible from above.
167.33(3)(d)9. 9. Yield to other individuals engaged in skiing or sledding who are uphill when starting downhill or when merging onto a trail.
167.33(3)(d)10. 10. Be able to safely board, ride, and deboard any lift serving an area open to skiing or sledding.
167.33(3)(d)11. 11. Board and deboard a lift only at designated sites."
167.33(3)(e) (e) Signs required; tubing areas. In addition to the sign required under par. (b), each ski area operator shall post and maintain a sign that is at least 10 square feet in size at or near each entrance to a loading area of a lift that serves areas open to tubing or at or near an entrance of an area open to tubing that is not served by a lift. The sign shall contain the following warning:
"WARNING — DUTIES OF INDIVIDUALS ENGAGED IN TUBING: Under Wisconsin law, each individual engaged in tubing has a duty to do all of the following:
167.33(3)(e)1. 1. Obey all posted warnings and signs.
167.33(3)(e)2. 2. Keep out of closed areas.
167.33(3)(e)3. 3. Know the range of his or her ability and engage in tubing within that ability.
167.33(3)(e)4. 4. Assess the difficulty of the terrain that is open to tubing.
167.33(3)(e)5. 5. Maintain control of the speed and direction of the tube or other device that is being used.
167.33(3)(e)6. 6. Comply with any posted limits imposed on the number of passengers or on the amount of weight of the tube or other device while it is being ridden.
167.33(3)(e)7. 7. Be able to safely board, ride, and deboard any lift serving an area open to tubing.
167.33(3)(e)8. 8. Board and deboard a lift only at designated sites.
167.33(3)(e)9. 9. Yield to other individuals engaged in tubing who are ahead or who are down the slope.
167.33(3)(e)10. 10. Look uphill and yield to oncoming tubes before leaving the bottom of the hill at the end of a run.
167.33(3)(f) (f) Signs required; trails and terrains. Each ski area operator shall designate the trails that are open for skiing in its ski area and shall determine the difficulty level of each trail. The ski area operator shall post and maintain a sign at or near the beginning of each trail. The sign shall contain the name of the trail and all of the applicable wording and emblems specified in this paragraph to describe the difficulty level of the trail or terrain. The sign shall be at least 4 square feet in size. Each sign shall contain one or more of the following designations that are applicable:
167.33(3)(f)1. 1. The word "easier" with an emblem consisting of a green circle.
167.33(3)(f)2. 2. The words "difficult" or "more difficult" with an emblem consisting of a blue square.
167.33(3)(f)3. 3. The words "most difficult" with an emblem consisting of a black diamond.
167.33(3)(f)4. 4. The word "expert" or "extreme" with an emblem consisting of 2 black diamonds.
167.33(3)(f)5. 5. The words "freestyling area ahead" with an emblem consisting of an orange oval.
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated though 2013 Wis. Act 200 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before April 18, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after April 18, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 4-18-14)