In this chapter:
“Animal" means any mammal, bird, reptile, amphibian, mollusk, or arthropod or any egg of any bird, reptile, amphibian, mollusk, or arthropod except that “animal" does not include any mollusk or arthropod, or any egg of any mollusk or arthropod, if the mollusk or arthropod is regulated under s. 93.07 (12)
, or 94.76
“Captive" means any of the following:
Restrained by a cage, pen, fence, or other enclosure.
Restrained by physical alterations that limit movement or facilitate capture.
Restrained by a leash or a tether or otherwise tied.
Held in a controlled environment that is designed to prevent the departure from the controlled environment.
“Carcass" means the dead body of any wild animal including the head, hair, skin, plumage, skeleton, meat, or any other part thereof.
“Circus" means a scheduled event staged by a traveling company with mobile facilities in which entertainment consisting of a variety of performances by acrobats, clowns, or trained animals is the primary attraction or principal business.
“Conservation warden" means a warden appointed under s. 23.10
“Department" means the department of natural resources.
“Domestic animal" means a farm-raised deer, a pet bird, a farm-raised game bird, or an animal that is listed as a domestic animal by rule by the department of agriculture, trade and consumer protection.
“Endangered or threatened species" means those species of wild animals that are indigenous to the United States or Canada and are identified on the federal list of endangered and threatened species or on the Wisconsin list of endangered and threatened species.
“Exhibit" means to display for the purpose of public viewing, regardless of whether a fee is charged.
“Farm-raised game bird" means a bird of a wild nature that is not native and that is held captive, but that is not possessed under the authority of a license issued under s. 169.15
, or 169.21
“Fur-bearing wild animal" includes badger, beaver, bobcat, coyote, fisher, red fox, gray fox, lynx, marten, mink, muskrat, opossum, otter, raccoon, skunk, weasel, and wolf.
“Harm to the environment" includes adversely affecting the natural population dynamics of wild animals or wild plants, adversely affecting the habitat of wild animals or wild plants, or displacing wild animals or wild plants from any part of their habitat.
“Introduce" means to release for the purpose of allowing the animal to establish a population in an area in the wild where that species of animal is not naturally present at the time the wild animal is released.
“Law enforcement officer" has the meaning given in s. 165.85 (2) (c)
and does not include a conservation warden.
“License year" means the year during which a license is valid.
“Municipality" means a city, village, or town.
“Native" means indigenous and occurring or having occurred naturally within the boundaries of this state.
“Nonnative wild animal" means a wild animal that is not native.
“Nonresident" means a person who is not a resident of this state.
“Person" means any individual, partnership, firm, joint stock company, corporation, association, trust, estate, or other legal entity.
“Pet bird" means a bird that is either a psittacine or a soft bill and that is not native, not identified on the federal list of endangered and threatened species, and not a migratory bird.
“Possess" means to own, control, restrain, transport, or keep.
“Propagate" means to breed, encourage, or facilitate for the purpose of generating offspring.
“Public zoo or aquarium" means a zoo or aquarium that is operated by the state or by a city, village, or county or that is an accredited member of the American Zoo and Aquarium Association.
“Purchase" means to acquire through a sale or through an exchange for consideration.
“Rehabilitate" means to provide care or treatment to an orphaned, sick, or injured wild animal for the purpose of releasing it back into the wild.
“Sell" means to transfer or exchange for consideration.
“Stock" means to release for the purpose of increasing or maintaining a population of the animal.
“Take" means to capture, but does not include killing.
“Veterinarian" means either of the following:
A veterinarian who is licensed in this state to practice veterinary medicine under ch. 89
and who is certified under rules promulgated by the department of agriculture, trade and consumer protection.
A veterinarian who is licensed by another state to practice veterinary medicine and who is accredited under 9 CFR ch. I subch.
“Wild amphibian" means a wild animal that is an amphibian.
“Wild animal" means any animal of a wild nature that is normally found in the wild and that is not a domestic animal.
“Wild bird" means a wild animal that is a bird.
“Wild reptile" means a wild animal that is a reptile.
Title to wild animals. 169.02(1)(1)
Title vested in owner.
Except as provided in sub. (3)
, legal title to a live captive wild animal or the carcass of a captive wild animal is vested in the person who owns the wild animal if the person is in compliance with this chapter and the rules promulgated under this chapter. A person holding legal title may transfer without consideration the live captive wild animal or the carcass of the captive wild animal to a person who is in compliance with this chapter and the rules promulgated under this chapter. A person holding legal title to a live captive wild animal may kill it, or have it killed, in a humane manner.
Title with state.
The department may assume on behalf of the state, or may sell or otherwise transfer to another person, legal title to any live captive wild animal, or the carcass of any captive wild animal, that is possessed by any person in violation of this chapter or the rules promulgated under this chapter.
Legal title to a live captive wild animal or the carcass of a captive wild animal that is possessed as authorized under a rehabilitation license or a scientific research license remains with the state. A person holding a rehabilitation license or a scientific research license may transfer or dispose of a live captive wild animal or the carcass of a captive wild animal only as specifically authorized by the department.
History: 2001 a. 56
The department of natural resources and the department of agriculture, trade and consumer protection shall cooperate with each other with respect to any wild animal that is subject to regulation under this chapter and under ch. 93
History: 2001 a. 56
Possession of live wild animals. 169.04(1)(a)
No person may possess any live wild animal unless the wild animal is legally obtained.
No person may possess any live wild animal unless the person holds a license or other approval to possess the wild animal as required under this chapter or under s. 29.319
and the person is otherwise in compliance with this chapter and the rules promulgated under this chapter.
A person possessing a live native wild animal for a period not to exceed 24 hours is exempt from having a license or other approval as required under sub. (1) (b)
if the person is possessing the wild animal for any of the following purposes:
To restrain or transport the wild animal for medical treatment by a veterinarian or by a person holding a rehabilitation license.
To remove or transport the wild animal from one location to a more appropriate location.
To restrain or transport the wild animal for game censuses or surveys, or other purposes authorized by the department.
If a person possessing a live native wild animal under par. (a)
determines that it is necessary to possess the wild animal for a period exceeding 24 hours after the time the wild animal was first possessed, the person shall request that the department approve an extension of the time period for the temporary possession. The department may either deny the requested extension or approve it for a specific period of time.
If a live wild animal has been exposed to or infected with any contagious or infectious disease, as defined under rules promulgated by the department of agriculture, trade and consumer protection under s. 95.001 (2)
, during the time the wild animal is being temporarily possessed, the person possessing the wild animal shall ensure that a veterinarian files with the department of agriculture, trade and consumer protection a copy of a valid certificate of veterinary inspection that certifies that the wild animal is free of any such diseases before releasing it into the wild.
No person may operate on a live skunk to remove its scent glands unless the person holds a Class A or Class B captive wild animal farm license or unless the person is a veterinarian and the person bringing the skunk to the veterinarian holds such a license. A veterinarian to whom a person brings a live skunk for removal of its scent glands shall verify whether the person holds a Class A or Class B captive wild animal farm license. If the person does not hold such a license, the veterinarian shall notify that person that possession of a live skunk is illegal and shall notify the department.
Wild animals under another jurisdiction.
A live wild animal possessed by a nonresident under the legal authority of another state, province, or country may be possessed in this state by the nonresident for not more than 60 days from the date the wild animal enters the state if all of the following apply:
The nonresident ensures that a veterinarian files a copy of a valid certificate of veterinary inspection for the wild animal with the department of agriculture, trade and consumer protection.
The nonresident holds every license or other approval that is required by the other state, province, or country.
Exemption for certain wild animals. 169.04(4)(a)
A person is exempt from holding a license or other approval as required under this chapter to possess live native wild animals if the wild animals are not endangered or threatened species and are any of the following: