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175.42 Note NOTE: This paragrph was created by 2013 Wis. Act 265 without taking into account the repeal and recreation of s. 165.85 (4) by 2013 Wis. Act 214. The cross-reference in this paragraph is to s. 165.85 (4) (b) 1., (bn) 1., and (c), 2011 stats.
175.42(2) (2)
175.42(2)(a)(a) The university may enter into an agreement with the attorney general or with the city of Milwaukee police department to establish a university police department and employ university police officers for the purposes of maintaining public order, detecting and preventing crime, and enforcing state laws and local ordinances on the grounds of the university and in adjacent areas, as provided for in the agreement. The agreement establishing the university police department is subject to review under s. 62.50 (1m) by the board of fire and police commissioners.
175.42(2)(b)1.1. Subject to the terms of the agreement under par. (a), university police officers have the same powers as law enforcement officers employed by the city of Milwaukee to maintain public order, to detect and prevent crime, to enforce state laws and local ordinances, and to make arrests for violations of state laws and local ordinances.
175.42(2)(b)2. 2. The law enforcement powers under subd. 1. of university police officers shall be concurrent with other law enforcement officers.
175.42(2)(b)3. 3. Subject to the terms of the agreement under par. (a), the university may assign additional duties to the university police department, including the enforcement of university regulations.
175.42(2)(c) (c) The university police department shall do all of the following:
175.42(2)(c)1. 1. Ensure that each university police officer meets the requirements of s. 165.85 (4) (b) 1., (bn) 1., and (c) and has agreed to accept the duties of a law enforcement officer under the laws of this state.
175.42 Note NOTE: This paragrph was created by 2013 Wis. Act 265 without taking into account the repeal and recreation of s. 165.85 (4) by 2013 Wis. Act 214. The cross-reference in this paragraph is to s. 165.85 (4) (b) 1., (bn) 1., and (c), 2011 stats.
175.42(2)(c)2. 2. Adopt and implement written policies regarding law enforcement activities and rendering aid or assistance under this section, including a policy on notification to and cooperation with a law enforcement agency in the jurisdiction in which arrests are made.
175.42(2)(c)3. 3. Maintain liability insurance, and present evidence of the insurance to the department of justice, that does all of the following:
175.42(2)(c)3.a. a. Covers the university and university police officers for acts and omissions under sub. (4).
175.42(2)(c)3.b. b. Has a limit of coverage not less than $2,000,000 for any occurrence.
175.42(2)(c)3.c. c. Provides that the insurer, in defending a claim against the policy, may not raise the defense of sovereign immunity of the insured up to the limits of the policy.
175.42(3) (3) For purposes of civil and criminal liability, a university police officer may, when in fresh pursuit, follow anywhere in the state and arrest any person for violation of the laws of this state, if the conditions of sub. (2) (c) are met.
175.42(4) (4)
175.42(4)(a)(a) Except as otherwise provided in an agreement under sub. (2) (a), the university is liable for all acts and omissions of a university police officer while acting under this section, and neither the state nor any political subdivision of the state may be held liable for any action of a university police officer taken under the authority of this section. For purposes of civil and criminal liability, a university police officer acting under this section is considered to be acting in an official capacity.
175.42(4)(b) (b) The university shall pay in full any judgment in which the university and the state or a political subdivision of the state are found jointly and severally liable for any act of a university police officer taken under this section and shall reimburse the state or political subdivision for all reasonable attorneys fees and expenses incurred in defending the action.
175.42 History History: 2013 a. 265.
175.46 175.46 Mutual aid agreements.
175.46(1) (1) In this section:
175.46(1)(a) (a) "Border county" means any of the following:
175.46(1)(a)1. 1. Any Wisconsin county that has land that is within 5 miles from any land of a physically adjacent state, as measured, where applicable, by any land that is above the ordinary high water mark.
175.46(1)(a)2. 2. Any county of a physically adjacent state which county has land that is within 5 miles from any land of Wisconsin, as measured, where applicable, by any land that is above the ordinary high water mark.
175.46(1)(b) (b) "Law enforcement agency of a physically adjacent state" means a governmental unit of one or more persons employed by a physically adjacent state or a political subdivision of a physically adjacent state for the purpose of preventing and detecting crime and enforcing state laws or local ordinances, employees of which unit are authorized to make arrests for crimes while acting within the scope of their authority.
175.46(1)(c) (c) "Law enforcement officer of a physically adjacent state" means any person employed by a physically adjacent state or any political subdivision of a physically adjacent state, for the purpose of detecting and preventing crime and enforcing laws or ordinances and who is authorized to make arrests for violations of the laws or ordinances he or she is employed to enforce.
175.46(1)(d) (d) "Physically adjacent state" means Minnesota, Iowa, Illinois or Michigan.
175.46(1)(e) (e) "Political subdivision" means a county, city, village or town.
175.46(1)(f) (f) "Wisconsin law enforcement agency" means a governmental unit of one or more persons employed by this state or a political subdivision of this state for the purpose of preventing and detecting crime and enforcing state laws or local ordinances, employees of which unit are authorized to make arrests for crimes while acting within the scope of their authority.
175.46(1)(g) (g) "Wisconsin law enforcement officer" means any person employed by this state or any political subdivision of this state, for the purpose of detecting and preventing crime and enforcing laws or ordinances and who is authorized to make arrests for violations of the laws or ordinances he or she is employed to enforce.
175.46(2) (2) Except as provided in sub. (8), a Wisconsin law enforcement agency may enter into a mutual aid agreement with a law enforcement agency of a physically adjacent state authorizing one or more of the following:
175.46(2)(a) (a) Law enforcement officers of the law enforcement agency of the physically adjacent state to act with some or all of the arrest and other police authority of a law enforcement officer of the Wisconsin law enforcement agency while within the Wisconsin law enforcement agency's territorial jurisdiction and within a border county.
175.46(2)(b) (b) Law enforcement officers of the Wisconsin law enforcement agency to act with some or all of the arrest and other police authority of a law enforcement officer of the law enforcement agency of the physically adjacent state while within that agency's territorial jurisdiction and within a border county.
175.46(3) (3) An agreement under this section shall be written and may be on an individual case-by-case basis or may be on a continuing basis until terminated by either agency.
175.46(4) (4) An agreement under this section may grant authority to an officer only to enforce laws and make arrests for violations of laws that are similar to the types of laws that he or she is authorized to enforce or make arrests for regarding violations of in his or her home state.
175.46(5) (5)
175.46(5)(a)(a) Except as provided in par. (b), any agreement under this section shall provide that any Wisconsin law enforcement officer, acting under the agreement in another state, shall continue to be covered by his or her employing agency for purposes of worker's compensation, unemployment insurance, benefits under ch. 40 and civil liability and any officer of another state acting in Wisconsin under the agreement shall continue to be covered for worker's compensation, unemployment insurance, disability and other employee benefits and civil liability purposes by his or her employing agency in his or her home state. Any Wisconsin officer acting within an adjoining state, under the agreement, is considered while so acting to be in the ordinary course of his or her employment with his or her employing Wisconsin law enforcement agency.
175.46(5)(b) (b) An agreement under this section shall provide that any Wisconsin law enforcement officer, acting under the agreement in another state, is subject to any immunity from liability or limit on liability to the same extent as any officer of the other state. An agreement under this section shall provide that any law enforcement officer of another state, acting under the agreement in Wisconsin, is subject to any immunity from liability or limit on liability to the same extent as a Wisconsin law enforcement officer.
175.46(6) (6) No law enforcement officer of a physically adjacent state, acting under an agreement under this section, may be considered, for liability purposes, as an employee or agent of this state or any Wisconsin law enforcement agency for his or her actions within this state regardless of the supervision or control of the officer's actions while within this state. The officer of the physically adjacent state is considered as continuing to be an employee of the agency employing him or her in the officer's home state.
175.46(7) (7) Any agreement under this section entered into by a Wisconsin law enforcement agency may include any terms and conditions considered appropriate by that agency, except the agreement shall comply with this section.
175.46(8) (8) At least 30 days prior to entering into an agreement under sub. (2), a Wisconsin law enforcement agency shall submit a copy of the proposed agreement to the department of justice for the department's review and comment. The department shall provide its comments to the Wisconsin law enforcement agency within 21 days after the department receives the proposed agreement. The Wisconsin law enforcement agency need not have the consent of the department to enter into the agreement. The Wisconsin law enforcement agency may revise the proposed agreement without having to resubmit the proposed agreement to the department.
175.46 History History: 1993 a. 49; 1993 a. 490 s. 154; Stats. 1993 s. 175.46; 1997 a. 39.
175.48 175.48 Law enforcement officer identification cards.
175.48(1)(1) In this section, "Wisconsin law enforcement agency" has the meaning given in s. 175.46 (1) (f).
175.48(2) (2) If a Wisconsin law enforcement agency issues photographic identification cards to its officers, it may not require an officer to relinquish his or her card when the officer separates from service with the Wisconsin law enforcement agency unless one of the following applies:
175.48(2)(a) (a) The officer may not lawfully possess a firearm under federal law.
175.48(2)(b) (b) The officer did not separate from service in good standing as a law enforcement officer with the agency.
175.48(2)(c) (c) The officer served as a law enforcement officer for an aggregate of less than 10 years. This paragraph does not apply if the officer, after completing any applicable probationary period of service with the agency, separated from service with the agency due to a service-connected disability, as determined by the agency.
175.48(2)(d) (d) Either of the following applies:
175.48(2)(d)1. 1. A qualified medical professional employed by the law enforcement agency has found the officer to be unqualified to be a law enforcement officer for reasons related to the officer's mental health.
175.48(2)(d)2. 2. The officer has entered into an agreement with the law enforcement agency from which he or she is separating from service in which the officer acknowledges that he or she is not qualified to be a law enforcement officer for reasons related to the officer's mental health and in which the officer declines the photographic identification for that reason.
175.48(3) (3) Unless sub. (2) (a), (b), (c), or (d) applies, if a Wisconsin law enforcement agency does not issue photographic identification cards to its officers, it shall issue such a card to an officer who separates from service with that agency upon the separating officer's request and at his or her expense.
175.48(4) (4) This section does not restrict the right of an officer who has separated from service to go armed with a firearm that is not concealed.
175.48 History History: 2011 a. 35.
175.49 175.49 Former law enforcement officers seeking to carry concealed weapons.
175.49(1) (1) Definitions. In this section:
175.49(1)(a) (a) "Department" means the department of justice.
175.49(1)(b) (b) "Destructive device" has the meaning given in 18 USC 921 (a) (4).
175.49(1)(c) (c) "Firearm silencer" has the meaning given in s. 941.298 (1).
175.49(1)(d) (d) "Former federal law enforcement officer" means a person who separated from service as a law enforcement officer at a federal law enforcement agency and who resides in Wisconsin.
175.49(1)(e) (e) "Former law enforcement officer" means a person who separated from service as a law enforcement officer at a state or local law enforcement agency in Wisconsin.
175.49(1)(f) (f) "Law enforcement agency" means an agency that consists of one or more persons employed by the federal government, including any agency described under 18 USC 926C (e) (2); a state, or a political subdivision of a state; the U.S. armed forces; or the national guard, that has as its purposes the prevention and detection of crime and the enforcement of laws or ordinances, and that is authorized to make arrests for crimes.
175.49(1)(g) (g) "Law enforcement officer" means a person who is employed by a law enforcement agency for the purpose of engaging in, or supervising others engaging in, the prevention, detection, investigation, or prosecution of, or the incarceration of any person for, any violation of law and who has statutory powers of arrest.
175.49(1)(h) (h) "Machine gun" has the meaning given in s. 941.27 (1).
175.49(2) (2)Certification of former law enforcement officers.
175.49(2)(a)(a) Upon the request of a former law enforcement officer and at the expense of the former law enforcement officer, a law enforcement agency that employed the former law enforcement officer shall, except as provided in par. (b), issue the former law enforcement officer a certification card as described in sub. (4) stating all of the following:
175.49(2)(a)1. 1. The type of firearm the former law enforcement officer is certified to carry, but no former law enforcement officer may be certified to carry a machine gun, a firearm silencer, or a destructive device.
175.49(2)(a)2. 2. The former law enforcement officer has been found by the state, or by a certified firearms instructor if such an instructor is qualified to conduct a firearms qualification test for active law enforcement officers in the state, to meet the standards for qualification in firearms training for active law enforcement officers to carry a firearm of the type under subd. 1., that are established by the state or, if the state does not establish standards, by the law enforcement agency from which the former law enforcement officer separated.
175.49(2)(a)3. 3. The date on which the finding under subd. 2. was made and an expiration date that is 12 months later than that date.
175.49(2)(a)4. 4. That, due to the finding under subd. 2., the former law enforcement officer is qualified to carry a concealed firearm of the type under subd. 1.
175.49(2)(b) (b) The law enforcement agency may not issue the former law enforcement officer a certification card under par. (a) unless the law enforcement agency first verifies all of the following:
175.49(2)(b)1. 1. The former law enforcement officer separated from service as a law enforcement officer with the law enforcement agency in good standing.
175.49(2)(b)2. 2. The former law enforcement officer served as a law enforcement officer for an aggregate of at least 10 years or the former law enforcement officer separated from law enforcement service due to a service-connected disability, as determined by the law enforcement agency, after completing any applicable probationary period.
175.49(2)(b)3. 3. Both of the following:
175.49(2)(b)3.a. a. A qualified medical professional employed by the law enforcement agency has not found the former law enforcement officer to be unqualified to be a law enforcement officer for reasons related to the former officer's mental health.
175.49(2)(b)3.b. b. The former law enforcement officer has not entered into an agreement with the law enforcement agency from which he or she separated from service in which the former officer acknowledges that he or she is not qualified to be a law enforcement officer for reasons related to his or her mental health and in which he or she declines the photographic identification for that reason.
175.49(2)(b)4. 4. The former law enforcement officer is not prohibited under federal law from possessing a firearm as indicated by a search of the transaction information for management of enforcement system and the national criminal background check system.
175.49(2)(b)5. 5. The former law enforcement officer has, during the previous 12 months at his or her own expense, been found by the state, or by a certified firearms instructor if such an instructor is qualified to conduct a firearms qualification test for active law enforcement officers in the state, to meet the standards for qualification in firearms training for active law enforcement officers to carry a firearm of the type under par. (a) 1., that are established by the state or, if the state does not establish standards, by the law enforcement agency from which the former law enforcement officer separated.
175.49(3) (3)Certification of former federal law enforcement officers.
175.49(3)(a)(a) Upon the request of a former federal law enforcement officer and at the expense of the former federal law enforcement officer, the department may, except as provided in par. (b), issue the former federal law enforcement officer a certification card as described in sub. (4) stating all of the following:
175.49(3)(a)1. 1. The type of firearm the former federal law enforcement officer is certified to carry, but no former federal law enforcement officer may be certified to carry a machine gun, a firearm silencer, or a destructive device.
175.49(3)(a)2. 2. The former federal law enforcement officer has been found by the state, or by a certified firearms instructor if such an instructor is qualified to conduct a firearms qualification test for active law enforcement officers in the state, to meet the standards for qualification in firearms training for active law enforcement officers to carry a firearm of the type under subd. 1., that are established by the state or, if the state does not establish standards, by any law enforcement agency in the state.
175.49(3)(a)3. 3. The date on which the finding under subd. 2. was made and an expiration date that is 12 months later than that date.
175.49(3)(a)4. 4. That, due to the finding under subd. 2., the former federal law enforcement officer is qualified to carry a concealed firearm of the type under subd. 1.
175.49(3)(b) (b) The department may not issue the former federal law enforcement officer a certification card under par. (a) unless the department first verifies all of the following:
175.49(3)(b)1. 1. The former federal law enforcement officer separated from service as a law enforcement officer with the law enforcement agency in good standing.
175.49(3)(b)2. 2. The former federal law enforcement officer served as a law enforcement officer for an aggregate of at least 10 years or the former federal law enforcement officer separated from law enforcement service due to a service-connected disability, as determined by the law enforcement agency from which the former federal law enforcement officer separated, after completing any applicable probationary period.
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated though 2013 Wis. Act 200 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before April 18, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after April 18, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 4-18-14)