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180.1150 180.1150 Control share voting restrictions.
180.1150(1) (1) In this section:
180.1150(1)(b) (b) "Person" includes 2 or more individuals or persons acting as a group for the purpose of acquiring or holding securities of a resident domestic corporation, but does not include a bank, broker, nominee, trustee or other person that acquires or holds shares in the ordinary course of business for others in good faith and not for the purpose of avoiding this section unless the person may exercise or direct the exercise of votes with respect to the shares at a meeting of shareholders without further instruction from another.
180.1150(1)(c) (c) "Resident domestic corporation" has the meaning given in s. 180.1130 (10m).
180.1150(2) (2) Unless otherwise provided in the articles of incorporation of a resident domestic corporation or otherwise specified by the board of directors of the resident domestic corporation in accordance with s. 180.0824 (3), and except as provided in sub. (3) or as restored under sub. (5), the voting power of shares of a resident domestic corporation held by any person, including shares issuable upon conversion of convertible securities or upon exercise of options or warrants, in excess of 20% of the voting power in the election of directors shall be limited to 10% of the full voting power of those shares.
180.1150(3) (3) Shares of a resident domestic corporation held, acquired or to be acquired in any of the following circumstances are excluded from the application of this section:
180.1150(3)(a) (a) Shares acquired before April 22, 1986.
180.1150(3)(b) (b) Shares acquired under an agreement entered into before April 22, 1986.
180.1150(3)(c) (c) Shares acquired by a donee under an inter vivos gift not made to avoid this section or by a distributee as defined in s. 851.07.
180.1150(3)(d) (d) Shares acquired under a collateral pledge or security agreement, or similar instrument, not created to avoid this section.
180.1150(3)(e) (e) Shares acquired under s. 180.1101, 180.1102, or 180.1104 if the resident domestic corporation is a party to the merger or share exchange.
180.1150(3)(f) (f) Shares acquired from the resident domestic corporation.
180.1150(3)(g) (g) Shares acquired under an agreement entered into at a time when the resident domestic corporation was neither a resident domestic corporation nor an issuing public corporation under s. 180.1150 (1) (a), 1995 stats.
180.1150(3)(i) (i) Shares acquired in a transaction incident to which the shareholders of the resident domestic corporation have voted under sub. (5) to approve the person's resolution delivered under sub. (4) to restore the full voting power of all of that person's shares.
180.1150(4) (4) A person desiring a shareholder vote under sub. (5) shall deliver to the resident domestic corporation at its principal office a form of shareholder resolution with an accompanying notice containing all of the following:
180.1150(4)(a) (a) The identity of the person.
180.1150(4)(b) (b) A statement that the resolution and notice are submitted under this section.
180.1150(4)(c) (c) The number of shares of the resident domestic corporation owned by the person of record and beneficially under the meaning prescribed in rule 13d-3 under the securities exchange act of 1934.
180.1150(4)(d) (d) A specification of the voting power the person has acquired or proposes to acquire for which shareholder approval is sought.
180.1150(4)(e) (e) The circumstances, terms and conditions under which shares representing in excess of 20% of the voting power were acquired or are proposed to be acquired, set forth in reasonable detail, including the source of funds or other consideration and other details of the financial arrangements of the transactions.
180.1150(4)(f) (f) If shares representing in excess of 20% of the voting power were acquired or are proposed to be acquired for the purpose of gaining control of the resident domestic corporation, the terms of the proposed acquisition, including but not limited to the source of funds or other consideration and the material terms of the financial arrangements for the acquisition, any plans or proposals of the person to liquidate the resident domestic corporation, to sell all or substantially all of its assets, or merge it or exchange its shares with any other person, to change the location of its principal office or of a material portion of its business activities, to change materially its management or policies of employment, to alter materially its relationship with suppliers or customers or the communities in which it operates, or make any other material change in its business, corporate structure, management or personnel, and such other material information as would affect the decision of a shareholder with respect to voting on the resolution.
180.1150(5)(a)(a) Within 10 days after receipt of a resolution and notice under sub. (4), the directors of the resident domestic corporation shall fix a date for a special meeting of the shareholders to vote on the resolution. The meeting shall be held no later than 50 days after receipt of the resolution and notice under sub. (4), unless the person agrees to a later date, and no sooner than 30 days after receipt of the resolution and notice, if the person so requests in writing when delivering the resolution and notice.
180.1150(5)(b) (b) The notice of the meeting shall include a copy of the resolution and notice delivered under sub. (4) and a statement by the directors of their position or lack of position on the resolution.
180.1150(5)(c) (c) Regular voting power is restored if at the meeting called under par. (a) at which a quorum is present a majority of the voting power of shares represented at the meeting and entitled to vote on the subject matter approve the resolution.
180.1150(5)(d) (d) A resident domestic corporation is not required to hold more than 2 meetings under par. (a) in any 12-month period with respect to resolutions and notices presented by the same person unless the person pays to the corporation, in advance of the 3rd or subsequent such meeting the reasonable expenses of the meeting including, without limitation, fees and expenses of counsel, as estimated in good faith by the board of directors of the resident domestic corporation and communicated in writing to the person within 10 days after receipt of a 3rd or subsequent resolution and notice from the person. In such event, notwithstanding par. (a), the directors may fix a date for the meeting within 10 days after receipt of payment in full of such estimated expenses rather than within 10 days after receipt of the resolution and notice.
180.1150(6) (6) Any sale or other disposition of shares by a person holding both shares having full voting power and shares having voting power limited under sub. (2) shall be deemed to reduce the number of shares having limited voting power until such shares are exhausted.
180.1150(7) (7) A corporation that is not a resident domestic corporation may elect, by express provision in its articles of incorporation, to be subject to this section as if it were a resident domestic corporation unless its articles of incorporation contain a provision stating that the corporation is a close corporation under ss. 180.1801 to 180.1837.
180.1161 180.1161 Conversion.
180.1161(1)(a)(a) A domestic corporation may convert to another form of business entity if it satisfies the requirements under this section and if the conversion is permitted under the applicable law of the jurisdiction that governs the organization of the business entity into which the domestic corporation is converting.
180.1161(1)(b) (b) In addition to satisfying any applicable legal requirements of the jurisdiction that governs the organization of the business entity into which the domestic corporation is converting and that relate to the submission and approval of a plan of conversion, the domestic corporation shall comply with the procedures that govern a plan of merger under s. 180.1103 for the submission and approval of a plan of conversion.
180.1161(2)(a)(a) A business entity other than a domestic corporation may convert to a domestic corporation if it satisfies the requirements under this section and if the conversion is permitted under the applicable law of the jurisdiction that governs the business entity.
180.1161(2)(b) (b) A business entity converting into a domestic corporation shall comply with the procedures that govern the submission and approval of a plan of conversion of the jurisdiction that governs the business entity.
180.1161(3) (3) A plan of conversion shall set forth all of the following:
180.1161(3)(a) (a) The name, form of business entity, and the identity of the jurisdiction governing the business entity that is to be converted.
180.1161(3)(b) (b) The name, form of business entity, and the identity of the jurisdiction that will govern the business entity after conversion.
180.1161(3)(c) (c) The terms and conditions of the conversion.
180.1161(3)(d) (d) The manner and basis of converting the shares or other ownership interests of the business entity that is to be converted into the shares or other ownership interests of the new form of business entity.
180.1161(3)(e) (e) The effective date and time of the conversion, if the conversion is to be effective other than at the close of business on the date of filing the certificate of conversion, as provided under s. 180.0123.
180.1161(3)(f) (f) A copy of the articles of incorporation, articles of organization, certificate of limited partnership, or other similar governing document of the business entity after conversion.
180.1161(3)(g) (g) Other provisions relating to the conversion, as determined by the business entity.
180.1161(4) (4) When a conversion is effective, all of the following shall occur:
180.1161(4)(a)1.1. Except with respect to taxation laws of each jurisdiction that are applicable upon the conversion of the business entity, the business entity that was converted is no longer subject to the applicable law of the jurisdiction that governed the organization of the prior form of business entity and is subject to the applicable law of the jurisdiction that governs the new form of business entity.
180.1161(4)(a)2. 2. If the conversion is from or to a business entity under the laws applicable to which one or more of the owners thereof is liable for the debts and obligations of such business entity, such owner or owners shall continue to be or become so liable for debts and obligations of such business entity, but only for such debts and obligations accrued during the period or periods in which such laws are applicable to such owner or owners. This subdivision does not affect liability under any taxation laws.
180.1161(4)(b) (b) The business entity continues to have all liabilities of the business entity that was converted.
180.1161(4)(c) (c) The business entity continues to be vested with title to all property owned by the business entity that was converted without reversion or impairment.
180.1161(4)(d) (d) The articles of incorporation, articles of organization, certificate of limited partnership, or other similar governing document, whichever is applicable, of the business entity are as provided in the plan of conversion.
180.1161(4)(e) (e) All other provisions of the plan of conversion apply.
180.1161(5) (5) After a plan of conversion is submitted and approved, the business entity that is to be converted shall deliver to the department for filing a certificate of conversion that includes all of the following:
180.1161(5)(a) (a) The plan of conversion.
180.1161(5)(b) (b) A statement that the plan of conversion was approved in accordance with the applicable law of the jurisdiction that governs the organization of the business entity.
180.1161(5)(bm) (bm) A statement indicating whether the business entity that is to be converted has a fee simple ownership interest in any Wisconsin real estate.
180.1161(5)(c) (c) The registered agent and registered office, record agent and record office, or other similar agent and office of the business entity before and after conversion.
180.1161(6) (6) Any civil, criminal, administrative, or investigatory proceeding that is pending by or against a business entity that is converted may be continued by or against the business entity after the effective date of conversion.
180.1161 History History: 2001 a. 44; 2005 a. 476.
180.1161 Annotation Next Economy Legislation: Allowing Complex Business Reorganizations. Boucher, Sosnowski, & Nichols. Wis. Law. Aug. 2002.
subch. XII of ch. 180 SUBCHAPTER XII
SALE OF ASSETS
180.1201 180.1201 Sale of assets in regular course of business; mortgage of assets; transfer of assets to subsidiary.
180.1201(1)(1) A corporation may, on the terms and conditions and for the consideration determined by the board of directors, do any of the following:
180.1201(1)(a) (a) Sell, lease, exchange or otherwise dispose of all, or substantially all, of its property in the usual and regular course of business.
180.1201(1)(b) (b) Sell, lease, exchange or otherwise dispose of less than substantially all of its property whether or not in the usual and regular course of business.
180.1201(1)(c) (c) Mortgage, pledge, dedicate to the repayment of indebtedness, whether with or without recourse, or otherwise encumber any or all of its property whether or not in the usual and regular course of business.
180.1201(1)(d) (d) Transfer any or all of its assets to one or more corporations or other entities, all of the shares or interests of which are owned by the corporation, unless the transfer is in connection with a plan or action involving the sale, exchange, or disposal of all or substantially all of the assets of the corporation and requires shareholder approval under s. 180.1202.
180.1201(2) (2) Unless required by the articles of incorporation, approval by the shareholders of a transaction permitted in sub. (1) is not required.
180.1201 History History: 1989 a. 303; 1991 a. 16; 2005 a. 476.
180.1202 180.1202 Sale of assets other than in regular course of business.
180.1202(1)(1) Except as provided in sub. (5), a corporation may sell, lease, exchange or otherwise dispose of all, or substantially all, of its property, with or without goodwill, otherwise than in the usual and regular course of business, on the terms and conditions and for the consideration determined by the corporation's board of directors, upon adoption of a resolution by the board of directors approving the proposed transaction and approval by its shareholders of the proposed transaction.
180.1202(2) (2) The corporation shall notify each shareholder, whether or not entitled to vote, of the proposed shareholders' meeting in accordance with s. 180.0705, except the notice shall be given no fewer than 20 days before the meeting date. The notice shall also state that the purpose, or one of the purposes, of the meeting is to consider the sale, lease, exchange or other disposition of all, or substantially all, of the property of the corporation and contain or be accompanied by a description of the transaction.
180.1202(3) (3) Unless this chapter, the articles of incorporation or bylaws adopted under authority granted in the articles of incorporation require a greater vote or a vote by voting groups, the proposed transaction is authorized if approved by a majority of all the votes entitled to be cast on the transaction.
180.1202(4) (4) After a sale, lease, exchange or other disposition of property is authorized, the transaction may be abandoned, subject to any contractual rights, without further shareholder action.
180.1202(5) (5) A transaction that constitutes a distribution is governed by s. 180.0640 and not by this section.
180.1202 History History: 1989 a. 303; 1991 a. 16; 1997 a. 254.
180.1202 Annotation In determining whether "substantially all" corporate assets are transferred within the meaning of s. 180.71 [now s. 180.1202] more than dollar values must be considered. The determinitive factor is whether the sale changes the nature of corporate activity. Sterman v. Hornbeck, 156 Wis. 2d 556, 457 N.W.2d 874 (Ct. App. 1990).
subch. XIII of ch. 180 SUBCHAPTER XIII
DISSENTERS' RIGHTS
180.1301 180.1301 Definitions. In ss. 180.1301 to 180.1331:
180.1301(1) (1) "Beneficial shareholder" means a person who is a beneficial owner of shares held by a nominee as the shareholder.
180.1301(1m) (1m) "Business combination" has the meaning given in s. 180.1130 (3).
180.1301(2) (2) "Corporation" means the issuer corporation or, if the corporate action giving rise to dissenters' rights under s. 180.1302 is a merger or share exchange that has been effectuated, the surviving domestic corporation or foreign corporation of the merger or the acquiring domestic corporation or foreign corporation of the share exchange.
180.1301(3) (3) "Dissenter" means a shareholder or beneficial shareholder who is entitled to dissent from corporate action under s. 180.1302 and who exercises that right when and in the manner required by ss. 180.1320 to 180.1328.
180.1301(4) (4) "Fair value", with respect to a dissenter's shares other than in a business combination, means the value of the shares immediately before the effectuation of the corporate action to which the dissenter objects, excluding any appreciation or depreciation in anticipation of the corporate action unless exclusion would be inequitable. "Fair value", with respect to a dissenter's shares in a business combination, means market value, as defined in s. 180.1130 (9) (a) 1. to 4.
180.1301(5) (5) "Interest" means interest from the effectuation date of the corporate action until the date of payment, at the average rate currently paid by the corporation on its principal bank loans or, if none, at a rate that is fair and equitable under all of the circumstances.
180.1301(6) (6) "Issuer corporation" means a domestic corporation that is the issuer of the shares held by a dissenter before the corporate action.
180.1301 History History: 1989 a. 303; 1991 a. 16.
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated though 2013 Wis. Act 200 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before April 18, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after April 18, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 4-18-14)