183.0602(5)(c)1. 1. The company notifies the person that it will be expelled as a member because the person has filed a statement of dissolution or the equivalent, the person has been administratively dissolved, the person's charter or the equivalent has been revoked, or the person's right to conduct business has been suspended by the jurisdiction of the person's governing law.
183.0602(5)(c)2. 2. The statement of dissolution or the equivalent has not been withdrawn, rescinded, or revoked, or the person's charter or the equivalent or right to conduct business has not been reinstated, within 90 days after the notification under subd. 1.
183.0602(5)(d) (d) The person is an unincorporated entity that has been dissolved and whose activities and affairs are being wound up.
183.0602(6) (6)On application by the limited liability company or a member in a direct action under s. 183.0801, the person is expelled as a member by judicial order because any of the following applies:
183.0602(6)(a) (a) The person has engaged, or is engaging, in wrongful conduct that has adversely and materially affected, or will adversely and materially affect, the company's activities and affairs.
183.0602(6)(b) (b) The person has willfully or persistently committed, or is willfully or persistently committing, a material breach of the operating agreement or the person's duties or obligations under s. 183.0409.
183.0602(7) (7)In the case of an individual, any of the following applies:
183.0602(7)(a) (a) The individual dies.
183.0602(7)(b) (b) In a member-managed limited liability company, any of the following applies:
183.0602(7)(b)1. 1. A guardian or general conservator for the individual is appointed.
183.0602(7)(b)2. 2. A court orders that the individual has otherwise become incapable of performing the individual's duties as a member under this chapter or the operating agreement.
183.0602(8) (8)In a member-managed limited liability company, any of the following applies:
183.0602(8)(a) (a) The person becomes a debtor in bankruptcy.
183.0602(8)(b) (b) The person signs an assignment for the benefit of creditors.
183.0602(8)(c) (c) The person seeks, consents to, or acquiesces in the appointment of a trustee, receiver, or liquidator of the person or of all or substantially all the person's property.
183.0602(9) (9)In the case of a person that is a testamentary or living trust or is acting as a member by virtue of being a trustee of such a trust, the trust's entire transferable interest in the limited liability company is distributed.
183.0602(10) (10)In the case of a person that is an estate or is acting as a member by virtue of being a personal representative of an estate, the estate's entire transferable interest in the limited liability company is distributed.
183.0602(11) (11)In the case of a person that is not an individual, the existence of the person terminates.
183.0602(16) (16)The limited liability company dissolves and completes winding up.
183.0602 History History: 2021 a. 258.
183.0603 183.0603 Effect of dissociation.
183.0603(1)(1)If a person is dissociated as a member, all of the following apply:
183.0603(1)(a) (a) The person's right to participate as a member in the management and conduct of the limited liability company's activities and affairs terminates.
183.0603(1)(b) (b) The person's duties and obligations under s. 183.0409 as a member end with regard to matters arising and events occurring after the person's dissociation.
183.0603(1)(c) (c) Subject to s. 183.0504 and subch. X, any transferable interest owned by the person in the person's capacity as a member immediately before dissociation is owned by the person solely as a transferee.
183.0603(2) (2)A person's dissociation as a member of a limited liability company does not of itself discharge the person from any debt, obligation, or other liability to the limited liability company or the other members which the person incurred while a member.
183.0603 History History: 2021 a. 258.
subch. VII of ch. 183 subchapter VII
DISSOLUTION AND WINDING UP
183.0701 183.0701 Events causing dissolution.
183.0701(1)(1)A limited liability company is dissolved, and its activities and affairs must be wound up, upon the occurrence of any of the following:
183.0701(1)(a) (a) An event or circumstance that the operating agreement states causes dissolution.
183.0701(1)(b) (b) The affirmative vote or consent of all the members.
183.0701(1)(c) (c) The passage of 90 consecutive days during which the company has no members unless, before the end of the period, all of the following occur:
183.0701(1)(c)1. 1. Consent to admit at least one specified person as a member is given by transferees owning the rights to receive a majority of distributions as transferees at the time the consent is to be effective.
183.0701(1)(c)2. 2. At least one person becomes a member in accordance with the consent.
183.0701(1)(d) (d) On application by a member, the entry by a court of competent jurisdiction of an order dissolving the company on any of the following grounds:
183.0701(1)(d)1. 1. That the conduct of all or substantially all the company's activities and affairs is unlawful.
183.0701(1)(d)2. 2. That it is not reasonably practicable to carry on the company's activities and affairs in conformity with the articles of organization and the operating agreement.
183.0701(1)(d)3. 3. That the managers or those members in control of the company have done any of the following:
183.0701(1)(d)3.a. a. Acted, or are acting or will act, in a manner that is illegal or fraudulent.
183.0701(1)(d)3.b. b. Acted, or are acting, in a manner that is oppressive and was, is, or will be directly harmful to the applicant.
183.0701(1)(e) (e) The department has given notice of administrative dissolution under s. 183.0708 (3) (b), unless the limited liability company is subsequently reinstated under s. 183.0709 or pursuant to judicial review under ss. 227.52 to 227.58.
183.0701(2) (2)In a proceeding brought under sub. (1) (d) 3., the court may order a remedy other than dissolution.
183.0701 History History: 2021 a. 258.
183.0701 Annotation When one limited liability company member intentionally made an outrageous offer to buy out the other member, but did nothing to close the transaction when the other accepted and opposed every motion brought by the offeree, as well as those requested by the court appointed receiver, the offeror's behavior not only lacked good faith but also was oppressive under s. 183.0902 [now this section]. Decker v. Decker, 2006 WI App 247, 298 Wis. 2d 141, 726 N.W.2d 664, 04-3112.
183.0702 183.0702 Winding up.
183.0702(1)(1)A dissolved limited liability company shall wind up its activities and affairs and, except as otherwise provided in s. 183.0703, the limited liability company continues after dissolution only for the purpose of winding up.
183.0702(2)(a)(a) In winding up its activities and affairs, a limited liability company shall discharge the company's debts, obligations, and other liabilities, settle and close the company's activities and affairs, and marshal and distribute the assets of the company.
183.0702(2)(b) (b) In winding up its activities and affairs, a limited liability company may do any of the following:
183.0702(2)(b)1. 1. Deliver to the department for filing a statement of dissolution stating the name of the company and that the company is dissolved.
183.0702(2)(b)2. 2. Preserve the company activities, affairs, and property as a going concern for a reasonable time.
183.0702(2)(b)3. 3. Prosecute and defend actions and proceedings, whether civil, criminal, or administrative.
183.0702(2)(b)4. 4. Transfer the company's property.
183.0702(2)(b)5. 5. Settle disputes by mediation or arbitration.
183.0702(2)(b)6. 6. Deliver to the department for filing a statement of termination stating the name of the company and that the company is terminated.
183.0702(2)(b)7. 7. Perform other acts necessary or appropriate to the winding up.
183.0702(3) (3)If a dissolved limited liability company has no members, the legal representative of the last person to have been a member may wind up the activities and affairs of the company. If the person does so, the person has the powers of a sole manager under s. 183.0407 (3) and is deemed to be a manager for the purposes of s. 183.0304 (1).
183.0702(4) (4)If the legal representative under sub. (3) declines or fails to wind up the limited liability company's activities and affairs, a person may be appointed to do so by the consent of transferees owning a majority of the rights to receive distributions as transferees at the time the consent is to be effective. All of the following apply to a person appointed under this subsection:
183.0702(4)(a) (a) The person has the powers of a sole manager under s. 183.0407 (3) and is deemed to be a manager for the purposes of s. 183.0304 (1).
183.0702(4)(b) (b) The person shall deliver promptly to the department for filing an amendment to the company's articles of organization stating all of the following:
183.0702(4)(b)1. 1. That the company has no members.
183.0702(4)(b)2. 2. That the person has been appointed pursuant to this subsection to wind up the company.
183.0702(4)(b)3. 3. The street and mailing addresses of the person.
183.0702(5) (5)The circuit court may order judicial supervision of the winding up of a dissolved limited liability company, including the appointment of a person to wind up the company's activities and affairs, as follows:
183.0702(5)(a) (a) On the application of a member, if the applicant establishes good cause.
183.0702(5)(b) (b) On the application of a transferee, if all of the following apply:
183.0702(5)(b)1. 1. The company does not have any members.
183.0702(5)(b)2. 2. The legal representative of the last person to have been a member declines or fails to wind up the company's activities.
183.0702(5)(b)3. 3. Within a reasonable time following the dissolution, a person has not been appointed pursuant to sub. (4).
183.0702(5)(c) (c) In connection with a proceeding under s. 183.0701 (1) (d) or (e).
183.0702 History History: 2021 a. 258.
183.0703 183.0703 Rescinding dissolution.
183.0703(1)(1)A limited liability company may rescind its dissolution, unless a statement of termination applicable to the company is effective, the circuit court has entered an order under s. 183.0701 (1) (d) dissolving the company, or the department has dissolved the company under s. 183.0708.
183.0703(2) (2)Rescinding dissolution under this section requires all of the following:
183.0703(2)(a) (a) The affirmative vote or consent of each member.
183.0703(2)(b) (b) If the limited liability company has delivered to the department for filing a statement of dissolution, delivery for filing of one of the following additional statements:
183.0703(2)(b)1. 1. If the statement of dissolution has not become effective, delivery to the department for filing of a statement of withdrawal under s. 183.0208 applicable to the statement of dissolution.
183.0703(2)(b)2. 2. If the statement of dissolution has become effective, delivery to the department for filing of a statement of rescission stating the name of the company and that dissolution has been rescinded under this section.
183.0703(3) (3)If a limited liability company rescinds its dissolution, all of the following apply:
183.0703(3)(a) (a) The company resumes carrying on its activities and affairs as if dissolution had never occurred.
183.0703(3)(b) (b) Subject to par. (c), any liability incurred by the company after the dissolution and before the rescission is effective is determined as if dissolution had never occurred.
183.0703(3)(c) (c) The rights of a 3rd party arising out of conduct in reliance on the dissolution before the 3rd party knew or had notice of the rescission may not be adversely affected.
183.0703 History History: 2021 a. 258.
183.0704 183.0704 Known claims against dissolved limited liability company.
183.0704(1)(1)Except as otherwise provided in sub. (4), a dissolved limited liability company may give notice of a known claim under sub. (2), which has the effect provided in sub. (3).
183.0704(2) (2)A dissolved limited liability company may in a record notify its known claimants of the dissolution. The notice must do all of the following:
183.0704(2)(a) (a) Specify the information required to be included in a claim.
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2021-22 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2023 Wis. Act 240 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on May 30, 2024. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after May 30, 2024, are designated by NOTES. (Published 5-30-24)