The articles or bylaws expressly prohibit the board from doing so.
The amendment would fix a greater quorum or voting requirement for members or voting groups of members or would amend a provision adopted by amendment under sub. (5)
(5) Amendment to change quorum or voting requirements for members.
The members may amend the bylaws to specify a greater quorum requirement for members, or voting groups of members, or a greater number of votes or members participating required for approval than is otherwise required by this chapter. An amendment to the bylaws to add, change, or delete such a quorum or voting requirement shall meet the same quorum requirement and be adopted by the same vote and voting groups required to take action under the quorum and voting requirements then in effect or proposed to be adopted, whichever are more stringent.
(6) Amendment to change quorum or voting requirements for directors. 193.241(6)(a)(a)
A bylaw that specifies a greater quorum requirement for the board or a greater number of votes or directors participating required for approval than is otherwise required by this chapter may be amended as follows:
If the bylaw was originally adopted by the members, only by the members.
If the bylaw was originally adopted by the board, by the members or by the board.
A bylaw, or amendment to the bylaws, adopted by the members that specifies a greater quorum or voting requirement for the board as described in par. (a)
may provide that it may be subsequently amended only by a specified vote of either the members or the board, but if the bylaw or amendment so provides, the bylaw or amendment shall be originally adopted by the specified vote of the members proposed in the bylaw or amendment.
Action by the board under par. (a) 2.
shall meet the same quorum requirement and be adopted by the same vote required to take action under the quorum and voting requirement then in effect or proposed to be adopted, whichever is more stringent.
Unless otherwise provided in the articles or bylaws, the board may adopt emergency bylaws which take effect only during an emergency as defined in par. (d)
. The emergency bylaws, which are subject to amendment or repeal by the members, may include all provisions necessary for managing the cooperative during an emergency, including any of the following:
All provisions of the regular bylaws consistent with the emergency bylaws remain in effect during any emergency.
Action taken in good faith in accordance with the emergency bylaws:
May not be the basis for imposition of liability on any director, officer, employee, or agent of the cooperative on the ground that the action was not authorized cooperative action.
An emergency exists for the purposes of this section if a quorum of the directors cannot readily be obtained because of a catastrophic event.
History: 2005 a. 441
Cooperative records. 193.245(1)(1)
A cooperative shall keep as permanent records minutes of all meetings of its members and of the board, a record of all actions taken by the members or the board without a meeting by a written unanimous consent in lieu of a meeting, and a record of all waivers of notices of meetings of the members and of the board.
A cooperative shall maintain appropriate accounting records.
A cooperative shall keep a copy of each of the following records at its principal office:
Its articles, bylaws, and other governing instruments.
A record of the names and addresses of its members, in a form that allows preparation of a list of members that is alphabetical and that shows each member's address.
The minutes of members' meetings and records of all actions taken by members without a meeting by unanimous written consent in lieu of a meeting, for the past 3 years.
All written communications within the past 3 years to members as a group or to any class of members as a group.
A list of the names and business addresses of its current directors and officers.
All financial statements prepared for periods ending during the last fiscal year.
A cooperative shall maintain its records in written form or in another form capable of conversion into written form within a reasonable time.
Except as otherwise provided under this section, the board may determine what records are appropriate for the purposes of the cooperative, the length of time records are to be retained, and, subject to s. 193.501 (4)
, policies relating to the confidentiality, disclosure, inspection and copying of the records of the cooperative. This subsection does not permit the board to withhold documents that are otherwise required to be disclosed by law.
History: 2005 a. 441
Cooperative powers. 193.301(1)(1)
In addition to other powers, a cooperative may perform every act necessary or proper to the conduct of the cooperative's business or the accomplishment of the purposes of the cooperative. A cooperative has all rights, powers, and privileges granted to entities organized under ch. 185
, except those that are inconsistent with an express provision of this chapter.
(2) Dealing in products.
A cooperative may buy, sell, or deal in its own products or the products of any other person and may negotiate the sales price of any product the cooperative sells.
(3) Contracts with members.
A cooperative may enter into or become a party to a contract for the cooperative or for the cooperative's individual members or patrons or between the cooperative and its members.
(4) Acts concerning real and personal property. 193.301(4)(a)(a)
A cooperative may acquire and hold, lease, mortgage, encumber, sell, exchange and convey real and personal property as the business of the cooperative may require.
A cooperative may act as trustee or in any fiduciary capacity for any purpose not inconsistent with the purposes of the cooperative, subject to any applicable requirements of s. 223.105
(6) Debt instruments, borrowing, security, and investing.
A cooperative may do any of the following:
Issue bonds, debentures, or other evidence of indebtedness.
Borrow money to finance the business of the cooperative.
Secure any of its obligations by mortgage of, creation of a security interest in, or other encumbrance or assignment of all or any of its property, franchises, or income.
Form special purpose business entities to secure assets of the cooperative.
Acquire, hold, and dispose of evidences of indebtedness of any business entity.
(7) Advances to patrons.
A cooperative may make advances to the cooperative's members or patrons on products delivered by the members or patrons to the cooperative.
A cooperative may accept donations of money and donations of real or personal property from its members.
(9) Lending to and borrowing from members.
A cooperative may loan money to its members with security that it considers sufficient, whether or not any property taken as security is of the kind dealt in by the cooperative, and may borrow money from its members.
A cooperative may pay pensions, retirement benefits, and compensation for past services to or for the benefit of the cooperative.
A cooperative may establish and carry out employee benefit plans and provisions for the benefit of any or all of its and its affiliates, officers, managers, directors, governors, employees, and agents. In the case of an affiliate that is a cooperative, a cooperative may establish and carry out provisions for the benefit of the affiliate's members who provide services to the cooperative, and the families, dependents, and beneficiaries of any of them. A cooperative may indemnify a fiduciary of any employee benefit plan or provisions established under this paragraph and purchase insurance for or on behalf of such a fiduciary.
A cooperative may purchase for its benefit life insurance and other insurance with respect to the services of any of its members, managers, directors, employees, and agents, and may purchase insurance on the life of a member for the purpose of facilitating the cooperative's acquisition of any of the member's membership interests in the cooperative at the death of the member.
(12) Ownership interests in other entities. 193.301(12)(a)(a)
A cooperative may acquire, hold, or dispose of ownership interests in another business entity and, if a cooperative acquires ownership interests under this paragraph, assume all rights, interests, privileges, responsibilities, and obligations arising out of the ownership interests. A cooperative that holds an ownership interest in another business entity may, by direction of the board, elect or appoint an individual to represent the cooperative at a meeting of the business entity. The representative may represent the cooperative at such a meeting and may cast any vote the cooperative is entitled to cast at the meeting.
A cooperative may acquire ownership interests in or organize an entity to which any of the following apply:
The entity is organized for the purpose of forming a district, state, or national marketing, sales, or service agency.
The entity is organized for the purpose of acquiring marketing facilities at terminal or other markets in this state or other states.
Notwithstanding ch. 177
, a cooperative may effect the forfeiture to the cooperative of unclaimed allocations, distributions, or credits under this chapter or under s. 185.45 (2) (b)
, (3) (a)
, and (4) (b)
, unclaimed stock issued by the cooperative, and unclaimed deposits held by the cooperative, if all of the following conditions are met:
No earlier than 3 years and no later than 5 years after the allocation, distribution, or credit is first made available to its owner, the board declares that the allocation, distribution, or credit will be forfeited to the cooperative unless claimed by a date determined by the board, which date shall be a business day at least 60 days after the date of mailing under subd. 2.
The cooperative mails a written notice of the declaration under subd. 1.
to the owner of the allocation, distribution, or credit at the owner's last-known address, as reflected in the records of the cooperative.
The cooperative publishes the notice under subd. 2.
as a class 1 notice under ch. 985
, on or before the date on which the notice is mailed, in a newspaper published in a municipality having territory within the service area of the cooperative.
The allocation, distribution, or credit remains unclaimed after the date determined by the board under subd. 1.
A cooperative that effects a forfeiture under par. (a)
shall use any forfeited moneys within one year after the date on which the funds are forfeited for providing scholarships or educational loans to students or for charitable purposes, as determined by the board.
Property forfeited under this subsection is not subject to ch. 177
History: 2005 a. 441
In anticipation of or during an emergency, as defined in sub. (4)
, the board may do any of the following:
Modify lines of succession to accommodate the incapacity of any director, officer, employee, or agent.
Relocate the principal office, designate alternative principal offices or regional offices, or authorize the officers to do so.
All of the following apply during an emergency, as defined in sub. (4)
, unless emergency bylaws under s. 193.241 (7)
Notice of a meeting of the board need be given only to those directors whom it is practicable to reach and may be given in any practicable manner.
One or more officers of the cooperative present at a meeting of the board may be deemed to be directors for the meeting, in order of rank and within the same rank in order of seniority, as necessary to achieve a quorum.
Action taken in good faith during an emergency under this section to further the ordinary business affairs of the cooperative:
May not be the basis for the imposition of liability on any director, officer, employee, or agent of the cooperative on the ground that the action was not authorized cooperative action.
An emergency exists for purposes of this section if a quorum of the directors cannot readily be obtained because of a catastrophic event.
History: 2005 a. 441
Agricultural product and commodity marketing contracts. 193.311(1)(1)
A cooperative and its patron member or patron may enter into a marketing contract, requiring the patron member or patron to sell a specified portion of the patron member's or patron's agricultural product or specified commodity produced from a specified area exclusively to or through the cooperative or a facility established by the cooperative.
(2) Title to products.
If an agricultural product or commodity is sold to a cooperative under a contract under sub. (1)
, the sale transfers title to the product or commodity absolutely, subject to any valid lien or security interest in the product or commodity, to the cooperative on delivery of the product or commodity or at another time specified in the contract. A contract under sub. (1)
may allow a cooperative to sell agricultural products or commodities with or without taking title to the products or commodities, and pay the sales price to the applicable patron member or patron, after deducting amounts specified in the contract.
(3) Term of contract.
The term of a contract under sub. (1)
may not exceed 10 years, except that a contract may be renewed for periods not exceeding 5 years each, subject to the right of either party to immediately terminate the contract by giving written notice of the termination to the other party.
(4) Liquidated damages for breach of contract.
A contract under sub. (1)
may require the patron member or patron to pay an amount to the cooperative as liquidated damages for the patron member's or patron's breach of any provision of the contract regarding the sale, delivery, or withholding of a product or commodity. The amount of liquidated damages shall be specified by including the specified amount in the contract.