218.0145(1)(b) (b) By any act that will benefit or injure the dealer.
218.0145(1)(c) (c) By any contract, or any express or implied offer of contract, made directly or indirectly to the dealer, for handling motor vehicles manufactured or sold by the manufacturer, wholesaler or distributor, on the condition that the dealer sell, assign or transfer the dealer's retail installment contracts on motor vehicles manufactured or sold by the manufacturer, wholesaler or distributor, in this state, to a specified sales finance company or class of sales finance companies, or to any other specified person.
218.0145(1)(d) (d) By any express or implied statement or representation, made directly or indirectly, that the dealer is under any obligation to sell, assign or transfer any of the dealer's retail sales contracts, in this state, on motor vehicles manufactured or sold by the manufacturer, wholesaler or distributor to a sales finance company, or class of sales finance companies, or other specified person, because of any relationship or affiliation between the manufacturer, wholesaler or distributor and the sales finance company or companies or the specified person or persons.
218.0145(2) (2)Any statements, threats, promises, acts, contracts or offers of contracts, set forth in sub. (1) are declared unfair trade practices and unfair competition and against the policy of this state, are unlawful and are prohibited.
218.0145(3) (3)No sales finance company, and no officer, agent or representative of a sales finance company, shall induce or coerce or attempt to induce or coerce any retail motor vehicle dealer to transfer to the sales finance company any of the dealer's retail installment sales contracts in this state on any motor vehicle by any of the following acts or means:
218.0145(3)(a) (a) By any statement or representation, express or implied, made directly or indirectly, that the manufacturer, wholesaler or distributor of the motor vehicles will grant the dealer a franchise to handle the manufacturer's, wholesaler's or distributor's motor vehicles if the dealer will sell, assign or transfer all or part of such retail sales contracts to such sales finance company.
218.0145(3)(b) (b) By any statement or representation, express or implied, made directly or indirectly, that the manufacturer, wholesaler or distributor will in any manner benefit or injure the dealer if the dealer does or does not sell, assign or transfer all or part of the dealer's retail sales contracts to the sales finance company.
218.0145(3)(c) (c) By an express or implied statement or representation made directly or indirectly, that there is an express or implied obligation on the part of the dealer to so sell, assign or transfer all or part of the dealer's retail sales contracts on the manufacturer's, wholesaler's or distributor's motor vehicles to the sales finance company because of any relationship or affiliation between the sales finance company and the manufacturer, wholesaler or distributor.
218.0145(4) (4)Any statements or representations set forth in sub. (3) are declared to be unfair trade practices, unfair competition and against the policy of this state, and are unlawful and are prohibited.
218.0145(5) (5)Any retail motor vehicle dealer who, pursuant to any inducement, statement, promise or threat declared unlawful under this section, shall sell, assign or transfer any or all of the dealer's retail installment contracts shall not be guilty of any unlawful act and may be compelled to testify to each such unlawful act.
218.0145(6) (6)No manufacturer shall directly or indirectly pay or give, or contract to pay or give, anything of service or value to any sales finance company licensee in this state, and no sales finance company licensee in this state shall accept or receive or contract or agree to accept or receive directly or indirectly any payment or thing of service or value from any manufacturer, if the effect of the payment or the giving of the thing of service or value by the manufacturer, or the acceptance or receipt of the payment or thing of service or value by the sales finance company licensee, may be to lessen or eliminate competition or tend to grant an unfair trade advantage or create a monopoly in the sales finance company licensee.
218.0145 History History: 1999 a. 31 s. 270; 2001 a. 38.
218.0145 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. Trans 139, Wis. adm. code.
218.0146 218.0146 Motor vehicles.
218.0146(1)(1)A motor vehicle may not be offered for sale by any motor vehicle dealer or motor vehicle salesperson unless the mileage on the motor vehicle is disclosed in writing by the transferor on the certificate of title or on a form or in an automated format authorized by the department of transportation to reassign the title to the dealer and the disclosure is subsequently shown to the retail purchaser by the dealer or salesperson prior to sale. The department of transportation may promulgate rules to exempt types of motor vehicles from this mileage disclosure requirement and shall promulgate rules for making the disclosure requirement on a form or in an automated format other than the certificate of title.
218.0146(2) (2)It shall be unlawful for any motor vehicle dealer or motor vehicle salesperson to fail to provide, upon request of a prospective purchaser, the name and address of the most recent titled owner and of all subsequent nontitled owners, unless exempted from this requirement by rule of the department of transportation, of any motor vehicle offered for sale. If the most recent titled owner of the motor vehicle is the motor vehicle dealer, the dealer or salesperson shall also provide the name and address of the previous titled owner.
218.0146(3) (3)Except for motor vehicles obtained by involuntary transfer under s. 342.17, a person required to be licensed under this chapter may not sell, offer for sale or have possession of a motor vehicle if any of the following applies:
218.0146(3)(a) (a) The certificate of title has been altered.
218.0146(3)(b) (b) The mileage disclosure statement has been altered.
218.0146(3)(c) (c) The mileage disclosure statement of the previous owner is not complete.
218.0146(3)(d) (d) The assignment or reassignment of ownership by the previous owner is not complete.
218.0146(4) (4)A motor vehicle dealer who is required to process an application for transfer of title and registration under s. 342.16 (1) (a) shall comply with the requirements of s. 342.16 (1) (am).
218.0146 History History: 1999 a. 31 s. 271; 2005 a. 25.
218.0146 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also chs. Trans 138, 139, 141, and 154, Wis. adm. code.
218.0147 218.0147 Purchase or lease of motor vehicle by minor.
218.0147(1)(1)No minor may purchase or lease any motor vehicle unless the minor, at the time of purchase or lease, submits to the seller or lessor a statement verified before a person authorized to administer oaths and made and signed by either parent of the purchaser or lessee, if the signing parent has custody of the minor or, if neither parent has custody, then by the person having custody, setting forth that the purchaser or lessee has consent to purchase or lease the vehicle. The signature on the statement shall not impute any liability for the purchase price of the motor vehicle or for any payments under the consumer lease to the consenting person. The statement shall not adversely affect any other arrangement for the assumption of liability for the purchase price or any lease payments which the consenting person may make.
218.0147(2) (2)If a motor vehicle is purchased by a minor, the signed statement described in sub. (1) shall accompany the application for a certificate of title and shall be filed by the department of transportation with the application. Failure to obtain the consent or to forward it, together with the application for a certificate of title in the event of the purchase of a motor vehicle, shall not void the contract of sale or consumer lease of a motor vehicle in the hands of an innocent holder, without notice, for value and in the ordinary course of business.
218.0147(3) (3)Any person who sells or leases a motor vehicle to a minor with knowledge of that fact without procuring the statement described in sub. (1) may be fined not more than $200 or imprisoned for not more than 6 months or both.
218.0147 History History: 1999 a. 31 ss. 272, 273.
218.0148 218.0148 Guaranteed asset protection agreements.
218.0148(1)(1)Definitions. In this section:
218.0148(1)(a) (a) “Administrator" means a person, other than an insurer or creditor, that performs administrative or operational functions pursuant to guaranteed asset protection waiver programs.
218.0148(1)(b) (b) “Borrower" means a retail buyer who purchases a motor vehicle under a retail installment contract, a lessee, or any other debtor to whom a creditor extends credit for the purchase or refinancing of a motor vehicle.
218.0148(1)(c) (c) “Creditor" means a sales finance company, including any motor vehicle dealer described in s. 218.0101 (34) (b), a lessor, or any other lender that extends credit to a borrower for the purchase or refinancing of a motor vehicle, but does not include a depository institution, as defined in 12 USC 1813 (c) (1), or any state or federal credit union.
218.0148(1)(d) (d) “Finance agreement" means any of the following:
218.0148(1)(d)1. 1. A retail installment contract.
218.0148(1)(d)2. 2. A loan agreement in which a creditor extends credit to a borrower for the purchase or refinancing of a motor vehicle.
218.0148(1)(d)3. 3. A consumer lease.
218.0148(1)(e) (e) “Guaranteed asset protection waiver" means a contractual obligation under which a creditor agrees, for a separate charge, to cancel or waive all or part of amounts due on a borrower's finance agreement in the event of a total physical damage loss or unrecovered theft of the motor vehicle specified in the finance agreement.
218.0148(2) (2)Guaranteed asset protection waivers authorized.
218.0148(2)(a)(a) Subject to par. (b), guaranteed asset protection waivers may be offered and sold to borrowers in this state in compliance with the requirements under this section. A guaranteed asset protection waiver must be part of, or a separate addendum to, the finance agreement for the motor vehicle.
218.0148(2)(b) (b) A creditor may not require a borrower to purchase a guaranteed asset protection waiver.
218.0148(2)(c) (c) Guaranteed asset protection waivers may, at the option of the creditor, be offered and sold upon a single payment or with required periodic payments.
218.0148(2)(d) (d) A guaranteed asset protection waiver may be assigned and the guaranteed asset protection waiver remains a part of the finance agreement upon the assignment, sale, or transfer of the finance agreement by the creditor.
218.0148(2)(e) (e) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, any cost to the borrower for a guaranteed asset protection waiver entered into in compliance with the federal Truth in Lending Act, 15 USC 1601 et seq., and regulations adopted under that act, shall be separately stated and is not considered a finance charge or interest.
218.0148(2)(f) (f) A retail seller shall insure its guaranteed asset protection waiver obligations under a contractual liability or other insurance policy issued by an insurer. A creditor, other than a retail seller, may insure its guaranteed asset protection waiver obligations under a contractual liability policy or other such policy issued by an insurer. Any such insurance policy may be directly obtained by a creditor or retail seller or may be procured by an administrator to cover a creditor's or retail seller's obligations. However, if a retail seller is also a lessor, the retail seller is not required to insure obligations related to guaranteed asset protection waivers on motor vehicles leased under a consumer lease.
218.0148(2)(g) (g) Any creditor that offers a guaranteed asset protection waiver shall report the sale of, and forward funds received on, all guaranteed asset protection waivers to the designated party, if any, prescribed in any applicable administrative services agreement, contractual liability policy, other insurance policy, or other specified program documents.
218.0148(2)(h) (h) Funds received or held by a creditor or administrator and belonging to an insurer, creditor, or administrator, pursuant to the terms of a written agreement, shall be held by the creditor or administrator in a fiduciary capacity.
218.0148(2)(i) (i) Any borrower or potential borrower desiring a guaranteed asset protection waiver shall give a specific, separately signed, affirmative written indication of the borrower's or potential borrower's desire to purchase a guaranteed asset protection waiver after receiving the disclosures required in sub. (3). A separate indication includes a signed, written, affirmative indication within a guaranteed asset protection waiver that is an addendum to the finance agreement.
218.0148(2)(j) (j) A creditor may, as a provision within a guaranteed asset protection waiver, provide a discount or credit, or may waive or cancel an additional amount, as an incentive for purchasing, leasing, or financing a replacement vehicle. However, the creditor shall require the borrower to use the benefit on a purchase or lease from the retail seller that sold the original vehicle to the borrower, or with the creditor that financed the purchase or lease of the original vehicle. Inclusion of this provision does not cause the guaranteed asset protection waiver to be considered insurance. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, this paragraph also applies to any state or federally chartered bank or credit union.
218.0148(3) (3)Disclosure requirements for offering guaranteed asset protection waivers.
218.0148(3)(a) (a) No creditor may offer or sell to a borrower a guaranteed asset protection waiver in this state unless all of the following conspicuous written disclosures are provided prior to or concurrent with the execution of the guaranteed asset protection waiver agreement:
218.0148(3)(a)1. 1. That the purchase of the guaranteed asset protection waiver is optional and that neither the extension of credit, nor the terms of the credit, nor the terms of the related motor vehicle sale or lease may be conditioned upon the purchase of the guaranteed asset protection waiver.
218.0148(3)(a)2. 2. The cost and terms of the guaranteed asset protection waiver, including terms relating to the borrower's right to cancel the waiver and obtain a full or partial refund as provided under sub. (4).
218.0148(3)(a)3. 3. The name and address of the initial creditor and the borrower at the time of the sale or lease, and the identity of any administrator if different from the creditor.
218.0148(3)(a)4. 4. The purchase price and the terms of the guaranteed asset protection waiver, including the requirements for protection, conditions, or exclusions associated with the guaranteed asset protection waiver.
218.0148(3)(a)5. 5. The procedure the borrower must follow, if any, to obtain guaranteed asset protection waiver benefits under the terms and conditions of the waiver, including a telephone number and address where the borrower may apply for waiver benefits.
218.0148(3)(b) (b) Each guaranteed asset protection waiver agreement shall indicate that the agreement is between the borrower and the creditor that sold the guaranteed asset protection waiver and, after any assignment, between the borrower and the assignee.
218.0148(4) (4)Termination or cancellation of guaranteed asset protection waiver.
218.0148(4)(a) (a) A guaranteed asset protection waiver may be canceled by the borrower at any time without penalty.
218.0148(4)(b) (b) A guaranteed asset protection waiver terminates no later than the earliest of the following events:
218.0148(4)(b)1. 1. Cancellation by the borrower.
218.0148(4)(b)2. 2. Payment in full by the borrower of the related credit transaction.
218.0148(4)(b)3. 3. Expiration of any redemption period after a repossession or surrender of the motor vehicle specified in the finance agreement.
218.0148(4)(b)4. 4. Upon total physical damage loss or unrecovered theft of the motor vehicle specified in the finance agreement, after the creditor has waived the gap amount or it is determined that no gap amount exists.
218.0148(4)(b)5. 5. Upon any other event that occurs earlier than the events listed in subds. 1. to 4., as specified in the guaranteed asset protection waiver.
218.0148(4)(c) (c) Subject to par. (d), upon cancellation or termination of a guaranteed asset protection waiver, the borrower is entitled to a refund as follows:
218.0148(4)(c)1. 1. If the cancellation or termination occurs within 30 days after the date the borrower purchased the guaranteed asset protection waiver, the borrower is entitled to a full refund of the guaranteed asset protection waiver cost or a full credit of the guaranteed asset protection waiver cost plus the amount of applicable finance charges.
218.0148(4)(c)2. 2. If the cancellation or termination occurs later than 30 days after the date the borrower purchased the guaranteed asset protection waiver, the borrower is entitled to a partial refund or credit of the guaranteed asset protection waiver cost. At a minimum, the partial refund shall be calculated by a method no less favorable to the borrower than the “rule of 78,” described generally in s. 422.209 (2) (a).
218.0148(4)(d) (d) No refund is required upon cancellation or termination of a guaranteed asset protection waiver if there has been a total physical damage loss or unrecovered theft of the motor vehicle specified in the finance agreement and the borrower has or will receive the benefit of the guaranteed asset protection waiver.
218.0148(4)(e) (e) When calculating the refunds for the unearned guaranteed asset protection waiver charges on agreements that contract for the “rule of 78” method, refunds shall be based on the number of full months earned from the contract date to the actual termination date, counting a fractional month of 16 days or more as a full month. When calculating refunds for the unearned guaranteed asset protection waiver charge on agreements that contract for a pro rata refunding method and a monthly pro rata method is used, the number of full months earned shall be counted in a similar manner.
218.0148(4)(f) (f) No cancellation fee, termination fee, or similar fee may be assessed in connection with the cancellation or termination of a guaranteed asset protection waiver.
218.0148(4)(g) (g) Upon cancellation or termination of a guaranteed asset protection waiver, the creditor shall make an appropriate refund or credit of the guaranteed asset protection waiver charge or shall cause to be made an appropriate refund or credit by instructing in writing the appropriate party to make the refund or credit.
218.0148(5) (5)Applicability of other law.
218.0148(5)(a) (a) In addition to any requirement applicable under this section, a creditor offering or selling to a borrower a guaranteed asset protection waiver in this state shall comply with any applicable requirement under chs. 421 to 427.
218.0148(5)(b) (b) Guaranteed asset protection waivers are not insurance and the insurance laws of this state do not apply to them.
218.0148(6) (6)Commercial installment sales. This section does not apply to a borrower who purchases a motor vehicle under a retail installment contract if, as provided in s. 218.0142 (11), s. 218.0142 does not apply to the retail installment sale of the motor vehicle. However, a guaranteed asset protection waiver offered or sold in conjunction with the purchase of a motor vehicle to be used primarily for business or commercial purposes, or in conjunction with the lease of a motor vehicle that is not a consumer lease, is not insurance.
218.0148(7) (7)Trailers. This section applies with respect to towed vehicles, including trailers not required to be registered under ch. 341, to the same extent it applies to motor vehicles, including that a guaranteed asset protection waiver offered or sold in connection with the sale or lease of a towed vehicle is not insurance.
218.0148 History History: 2017 a. 161.
218.0151 218.0151 Advisory committee. The licensor may appoint annually one or more local advisory committees and one general advisory committee, each consisting of not more than 9 members. The committees upon request of the licensor may advise and assist the licensor in the administration of ss. 218.0101 to 218.0163. The members of the committees shall receive no compensation for their services or expenses.
218.0151 History History: 1999 a. 31 s. 247.
218.0152 218.0152 Rules and regulations.
218.0152(1)(1)The licensor shall promote the interests of retail buyers and lessees of motor vehicles relating to default, delinquency, repossession or collection charges and the refund of the finance charge and insurance premium on prepayment of the installment contract or consumer lease. It may define unfair practices in the motor vehicle industry and trade between licensees or between any licensees and retail buyers, lessees or prospective lessees of motor vehicles, but may not limit the price at which licensees may sell, assign or transfer receivables, contracts or other evidence of any obligation arising out of an installment sale or consumer lease made under ss. 218.0101 to 218.0163.
218.0152(2)(a)(a) The division of banking, department of transportation and division of hearings and appeals shall have the power in hearings arising under this chapter to do all of the following:
218.0152(2)(a)1. 1. Determine the place, in this state, where the hearings shall be held.
218.0152(2)(a)2. 2. Subpoena witnesses and documents.
218.0152(2)(a)3. 3. Take and permit the taking of depositions of witnesses residing in or outside of this state and to otherwise permit the discovery and preservation of evidence before hearing, in the manner provided for in civil actions in courts of record.
218.0152(2)(a)4. 4. Pay the witnesses described in subd. 2 the fees and mileage for their attendance that are provided for witnesses in civil actions in courts of record.
Loading...
Loading...
2017-18 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2019 Wis. Act 102 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on February 19, 2020. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after February 19, 2020, are designated by NOTES. (Published 2-19-20)