23.33(4p)(d) (d) Admissibility; effect of test results; other evidence. The results of a chemical test required or administered under par. (a), (b) or (c) are admissible in any civil or criminal action or proceeding arising out of the acts committed by a person alleged to have violated the intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle law on the issue of whether the person was under the influence of an intoxicant or the issue of whether the person had alcohol concentrations at or above specified levels or a detectable amount of a restricted controlled substance in his or her blood. Results of these chemical tests shall be given the effect required under s. 885.235. This subsection does not limit the right of a law enforcement officer to obtain evidence by any other lawful means.
23.33(4p)(e) (e) Refusal. No person may refuse a lawful request to provide one or more samples of his or her breath, blood or urine or to submit to one or more chemical tests under par. (a). A person shall not be deemed to refuse to provide a sample or to submit to a chemical test if it is shown by a preponderance of the evidence that the refusal was due to a physical inability to provide the sample or to submit to the test due to a physical disability or disease unrelated to the use of an intoxicant. Issues in any action concerning violation of par. (a) or this paragraph are limited to:
23.33(4p)(e)1. 1. Whether the law enforcement officer had probable cause to believe the person was violating or had violated the intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle law.
23.33(4p)(e)2. 2. Whether the person was lawfully placed under arrest for violating the intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle law.
23.33(4p)(e)3. 3. Whether the law enforcement officer requested the person to provide a sample or to submit to a chemical test and provided the information required under par. (a) 2. or whether the request and information was unnecessary under par. (a) 3.
23.33(4p)(e)4. 4. Whether the person refused to provide a sample or to submit to a chemical test.
23.33(4t) (4t)Report arrest to department. If a law enforcement officer arrests a person for a violation of the intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle law or the refusal law, the law enforcement officer shall notify the department of the arrest as soon as practicable.
23.33(4x) (4x)Officer's action after arrest for operating an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle while under influence of intoxicant. A person arrested for a violation of sub. (4c) (a) 1. or 2. or a local ordinance in conformity therewith or sub. (4c) (b) 1. or 2. may not be released until 12 hours have elapsed from the time of his or her arrest or unless a chemical test administered under sub. (4p) (a) 1. shows that the person has an alcohol concentration of 0.05 or less, but the person may be released to his or her attorney, spouse, relative or other responsible adult at any time after arrest.
23.33(4z) (4z)Public education program.
23.33(4z)(a)(a) The department shall promulgate rules to provide for a public education program to:
23.33(4z)(a)1. 1. Inform all-terrain vehicle and utility terrain vehicle operators of the prohibitions and penalties included in the intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle law.
23.33(4z)(a)2. 2. Provide for the development of signs briefly explaining the intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle law.
23.33(4z)(b) (b) The department shall develop and issue an educational pamphlet on the intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle law to be distributed, beginning in 1989, to persons issued all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle registration certificates under subs. (2) and (2g).
23.33(5) (5)Age restrictions; safety certification program.
23.33(5)(a)(a) All-terrain vehicles; age restriction.
23.33(5)(a)1.1. Subject to subds. 2. to 5., no person under 12 years of age may operate an all-terrain vehicle unless any of the following applies:
23.33(5)(a)1.a. a. He or she is operating the all-terrain vehicle for an agricultural purpose and he or she is under the supervision of a person over 18 years of age. For purposes of this subd. 1. a., supervision does not require that the person under 12 years of age be subject to continuous direction or control by the person over 18 years of age.
23.33(5)(a)1.b. b. He or she is operating a small all-terrain vehicle on an all-terrain vehicle trail designated by the department and he or she is accompanied by his or her parent or guardian or by a person who is at least 18 years of age who is designated by the parent or guardian.
23.33(5)(a)2. 2. No person who is under 12 years of age may operate an all-terrain vehicle that is an implement of husbandry on a roadway under any circumstances.
23.33(5)(a)3. 3. No person who is under 12 years of age may operate an all-terrain vehicle on a roadway under the authorization provided under sub. (4) (d) 6. under any circumstances.
23.33(5)(a)4. 4. No person who is under 16 years of age may operate an all-terrain vehicle under the authority provided under sub. (4) (d) 4. or 7. unless the person is accompanied by his or her parent or guardian or by a person who is at least 18 years of age who is designated by the parent or guardian.
23.33(5)(a)5. 5. No person who is under 16 years of age may operate an all-terrain vehicle under the authorization provided under sub. (4) (f) under any circumstances.
23.33(5)(a)6. 6. No person who is under 12 years of age may rent or lease an all-terrain vehicle.
23.33(5)(am) (am) Utility terrain vehicles; age restriction.
23.33(5)(am)1.1. Except as provided in subd. 2., no person may operate, rent, or lease a utility terrain vehicle unless he or she is at least 16 years of age.
23.33(5)(am)2. 2. A person who is under 16 years of age may operate a utility terrain vehicle if the person operates the utility terrain vehicle for an agricultural purpose and he or she is under the supervision of a person over 18 years of age. For purposes of this subdivision, supervision does not require that the person under 16 years of age be subject to continuous direction or control by the person over 18 years of age.
23.33(5)(b) (b) Safety certificate.
23.33(5)(b)1.1. No person who is at least 12 years of age and who is born on or after January 1, 1988, may operate an all-terrain vehicle unless he or she holds a valid safety certificate issued by the department, another state, or a province of Canada.
23.33(5)(b)1m. 1m. No person who is at least 16 years of age and who is born on or after January 1, 1988, may operate a utility terrain vehicle unless he or she holds a valid safety certificate issued by the department, another state, or a province of Canada.
23.33(5)(b)2. 2. Any person who is required to hold an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle safety certificate while operating an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle shall carry the certificate on the all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle and shall display the certificate to a law enforcement officer on request. Persons enrolled in a safety certification program approved by the department may operate an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle in an area designated by the instructor.
23.33(5)(c) (c) Exceptions.
23.33(5)(c)1.1. In this paragraph, "land on which operation is authorized" means land under the management and control of a person who consents to the operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle on the land.
23.33(5)(c)2. 2. Paragraphs (a), (am), and (b) do not apply to a person who operates an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle exclusively on land that is either of the following:
23.33(5)(c)2.a. a. Land under the management and control of the person's immediate family.
23.33(5)(c)2.b. b. Land, other than land described under subd. 2. a., on which operation is authorized.
23.33(5)(c)3. 3. A person who operates an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle on land on which operation is authorized qualifies for the exception under subd. 2. b. only if the person is under 12 years of age and operates the all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle when accompanied by his or her parent or guardian or by a person who is at least 18 years of age who is designated by the parent or guardian.
23.33(5)(c)4. 4. Notwithstanding the safety certificate requirements under par. (b), a person is not required to hold a safety certificate if all of the following apply:
23.33(5)(c)4.a. a. The person operates an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle at an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle demonstration event.
23.33(5)(c)4.b. b. The event under subd. 4. a. is sponsored by an all-terrain vehicle dealer, a utility terrain vehicle dealer, an all-terrain vehicle club, a utility terrain vehicle club, this state, a city, a village, a town, or a county.
23.33(5)(c)4.c. c. If the person is under 18 years of age, the person is accompanied by his or her parent or guardian or is accompanied by a person over 18 years of age who is designated by the parent or guardian.
23.33(5)(c)4.d. d. Notwithstanding sub. (3g) (a), the person wears protective headgear of the type required under s. 347.485 (1).
23.33(5)(c)4.e. e. The person operates the all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle in a closed-course area in the manner prescribed by the event sponsor.
23.33(5)(d) (d) Safety certification program established. The department shall establish or supervise the establishment of a program of instruction on all-terrain vehicle and utility terrain vehicle laws, including the intoxicated operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle law, regulations, safety and related subjects. The department shall establish by rule an instruction fee for this program. The department shall issue certificates to persons successfully completing the program. An instructor conducting the program of instruction under this paragraph shall collect the fee from each person who receives instruction. The department may determine the portion of this fee, which may not exceed 50%, that the instructor may retain to defray expenses incurred by the instructor in conducting the program. The instructor shall remit the remainder of the fee or, if nothing is retained, the entire fee to the department. The department shall issue a duplicate certificate of accomplishment to a person who is entitled to a duplicate certificate of accomplishment and who pays a fee of $2.75.
23.33(5m) (5m)Safety program.
23.33(5m)(a)(a) The department shall establish a program to award grants to organizations that meet the eligibility requirements under par. (b).
23.33(5m)(b) (b) To be eligible for a grant under this subsection, an organization shall meet all of the following requirements:
23.33(5m)(b)1. 1. The organization is a nonstock corporation organized in this state.
23.33(5m)(b)2. 2. The organization promotes the operation of all-terrain vehicles in a manner that is safe and responsible and that does not harm the environment.
23.33(5m)(b)3. 3. The organization promotes the operation of all-terrain vehicles in a manner that does not conflict with the laws, rules, and departmental policies that relate to the operation of all-terrain vehicles.
23.33(5m)(b)4. 4. The interest of the organization is limited to the recreational operation of all-terrain vehicles on all-terrain vehicle trails and other areas that are off the highways.
23.33(5m)(b)5. 5. The organization has a board of directors that has a majority of members who are representatives of all-terrain vehicle clubs.
23.33(5m)(b)6. 6. The organization provides support to all-terrain vehicle clubs.
23.33(5m)(c) (c) An organization receiving a grant under this subsection shall use the grant moneys to promote and provide support to the program established under sub. (5) by conducting activities that include all of the following:
23.33(5m)(c)1. 1. Collecting data on the recreational operation of all-terrain vehicles off the highways.
23.33(5m)(c)2. 2. Providing assistance to the department in locating, recruiting, and training instructors for the program established under sub. (5) (d).
23.33(5m)(c)3. 3. Attempting to increase participation by current and future all-terrain vehicle operators and owners in the program established under sub. (5) (d).
23.33(5m)(c)4. 4. Assisting the department of natural resources and the department of tourism in creating an outreach program to inform local communities of appropriate all-terrain vehicle use in their communities and of the economic benefits that may be gained from promoting tourism to attract all-terrain vehicle operators.
23.33(5m)(c)5. 5. Attempting to improve and maintain its relationship with the department of natural resources, the department of tourism, all-terrain vehicle dealers, all-terrain vehicle manufacturers, snowmobile clubs, as defined in s. 350.138 (1) (e), snowmobile alliances, as defined in s. 350.138 (1) (d), and other organizations that promote the recreational operation of snowmobiles.
23.33(5m)(c)6. 6. Recruiting, assisting in the training of, and providing support to a corps of volunteers that will assist in providing instruction on the safe and responsible operation of all-terrain vehicles that is given in the field to all-terrain vehicle operators.
23.33(5m)(c)7. 7. Publishing a manual in cooperation with the department that shall be used to train volunteers in monitoring the recreational operation of all-terrain vehicles for safety issues and other issues that relate to the responsible operation of all-terrain vehicles.
23.33(5m)(d) (d) The department shall pay the grants from the appropriation under s. 20.370 (5) (cx).
23.33(6) (6)Equipment requirements.
23.33(6)(a)(a) A person who operates an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle during hours of darkness or during daylight hours on any highway right-of-way is required to display a lighted headlamp and tail lamp on the all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle.
23.33(6)(b) (b) The headlamp on an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle is required to display a white light of sufficient illuminating power to reveal any person, vehicle or substantial object at a distance of at least 200 feet ahead of the all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle.
23.33(6)(c) (c) The tail lamp on an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle is required to display a red light plainly visible during hours of darkness from a distance of 500 feet to the rear.
23.33(6)(d) (d) Every all-terrain vehicle and utility terrain vehicle is required to be equipped with at least one brake operated either by hand or by foot.
23.33(6)(e) (e) Every all-terrain vehicle and utility terrain vehicle is required to be equipped with a functioning muffler to prevent excessive or unusual noise and with a functioning spark arrester of a type approved by the U.S. forest service. This paragraph does not apply to an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle that is operated exclusively by means of an electric motor.
23.33(6)(f) (f) An all-terrain vehicle may not be modified so that its maximum width exceeds 50 inches.
23.33(6)(g) (g) An all-terrain vehicle may not be operated with tires other than low-pressure tires or non-pneumatic tires.
23.33(6)(h) (h) A person who operates an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle with a snow removal device attached as authorized under s. 23.33 (4) (f) is required to display at least one or more flashing or rotating amber or yellow lights, and at least one of these lights shall be visible from every direction.
23.33(6)(i) (i) No person may operate a utility terrain vehicle unless each passenger is wearing a safety belt installed by the manufacturer and fastened in a manner prescribed by the manufacturer of the safety belt which permits the safety belt to act as a body restraint.
23.33(6m) (6m)Noise limits. No person may manufacture, sell, rent or operate an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle that is constructed in such a manner that noise emitted from the vehicle exceeds 96 decibels on the A scale as measured in the manner prescribed under rules promulgated by the department.
23.33(6r) (6r)Passenger restrictions. No person may ride in or on any part of a utility terrain vehicle that is not designed or intended to be used by passengers.
23.33(7) (7)Accidents.
23.33(7)(a)(a) If an accident results in the death of any person or in the injury of any person which requires the treatment of the person by a physician, the operator of each all-terrain vehicle and utility terrain vehicle involved in the accident shall give notice of the accident to a conservation warden or local law enforcement officer as soon as possible and shall file a written report of the accident with the department on the form provided by it within 10 days after the accident.
23.33(7)(b) (b) If the operator of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle is physically incapable of making the report required by this subsection and there was another witness to the accident capable of making the report, the witness may make the report.
23.33(8) (8)Routes and trails.
23.33(8)(a)(a) Department authority. The department shall encourage and supervise a system of all-terrain vehicle routes and trails. The department may establish standards and procedures for certifying the designation of all-terrain vehicle routes and trails.
23.33(8)(b) (b) Routes. A town, village, city or county may designate highways as all-terrain vehicle routes. No state trunk highway or connecting highway may be designated as an all-terrain vehicle route unless the department of transportation approves the designation.
23.33(8)(c) (c) Trails. A town, village, city, county or the department may designate corridors through land which it owns or controls, or for which it obtains leases, easements or permission, for use as all-terrain vehicle trails.
23.33(8)(d) (d) Restrictions. The designating authority may specify effective periods for the use of all-terrain vehicle routes and trails and may restrict or prohibit the operation of an all-terrain vehicle or utility terrain vehicle during certain periods of the year.
23.33(8)(e) (e) Signs. The department, in cooperation with the department of transportation, shall establish uniform all-terrain vehicle route and trail signs and standards and uniform signs and standards for the operation of utility terrain vehicles on all-terrain vehicle routes and trails. The standards may not require that any additional signs be placed on all-terrain vehicle routes concerning the operation of all-terrain vehicles or utility terrain vehicles with snow removal devices attached.
23.33(8)(f) (f) Interference with signs and standards prohibited.
23.33(8)(f)1.1. No person may intentionally remove, damage, deface, move, obstruct, or interfere with the effective operation of any uniform all-terrain vehicle route or trail sign or standard or any uniform sign or standard for the operation of a utility terrain vehicle on an all-terrain vehicle route or trail if the sign or standard is legally placed by the state, any municipality or any authorized individual.
23.33(8)(f)2. 2. No person may possess any uniform all-terrain vehicle route or trail sign or standard, or any uniform sign or standard for the operation of a utility terrain vehicle on an all-terrain vehicle route or trail, of the type established by the department for the warning, instruction or information of the public, unless he or she obtained the uniform sign or standard in a lawful manner. Possession of a uniform all-terrain vehicle route or trail sign or standard or uniform sign or standard for the operation of a utility terrain vehicle on an all-terrain vehicle route or trail creates a rebuttable presumption of illegal possession.
23.33(9) (9)Administration; enforcement; aids.
23.33(9)(a)(a) Enforcement. The department may utilize moneys received under sub. (2) for all-terrain vehicle and utility terrain vehicle registration aids administration and for the purposes specified under s. 20.370 (3) (as) and (5) (er) including costs associated with enforcement, safety education, accident reports and analysis, law enforcement aids to counties, and other similar costs in administering and enforcing this section.
23.33(9)(b) (b) All-terrain vehicle projects. Any of the following all-terrain vehicle projects are eligible for funding as a state all-terrain vehicle project from the appropriation account under s. 20.370 (1) (ms) or for aid as a nonstate all-terrain vehicle project from the appropriation accounts under s. 20.370 (5) (ct) and (cu):
23.33(9)(b)1. 1. Acquisition of an easement or land in fee simple.
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2013-14 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2015 Wis. Act 60 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before August 26, 2015. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after August 26, 2015 are designated by NOTES. (Published 8-26-15)