23.335(15)(c)5.c. c. All-terrain vehicle dealers, as defined in s. 23.33 (1) (bd), and all-terrain vehicle manufacturers, as defined in s. 23.33 (1) (bp).
23.335(15)(c)5.d. d. Snowmobile clubs, as defined in s. 350.138 (1) (e), snowmobile alliances, as defined in s. 350.138 (1) (d), and other organizations that promote the recreational operation of snowmobiles.
23.335(15)(c)6. 6. Recruiting, assisting in the training of, and providing support to, a corps of volunteers that will assist in providing instruction on the safe and responsible off-highway operation of off-highway motorcycles that is given in the field to operators of off-highway motorcycles.
23.335(15)(c)7. 7. Assist the department in publishing a manual that will be used to train volunteers in monitoring the recreational off-highway operation of off-highway motorcycles for safety issues and other issues that relate to responsible operation.
23.335(15)(d) (d) The department shall pay the grants from the appropriation under s. 20.370 (9) (jq).
23.335(17) (17) Equipment requirements.
23.335(17)(a)(a) No person may operate a limited use off-highway motorcycle during hours of darkness unless it is equipped with a lighted headlamp and a lighted tail lamp. The headlamp is required to display a white light of sufficient illuminating power to reveal any person, vehicle, or substantial object at a distance of at least 200 feet ahead of the off-highway motorcycle. The tail lamp is required to display a red light plainly visible from a distance of 500 feet to the rear.
23.335(17)(b) (b) No person may operate a limited use off-highway motorcycle unless it is equipped with all of the following:
23.335(17)(b)1. 1. At least one brake operated either by hand or by foot.
23.335(17)(b)2. 2. Foot rests or pegs for the operator and any passenger.
23.335(17)(b)3. 3. A functioning spark arrester of a type approved by the U.S. forest service.
23.335(17)(b)4. 4. A functioning muffler unless the off-highway motorcycle is propelled by electric power.
23.335(17)(c) (c) No person may operate a limited use off-highway motorcycle unless the limited use off-highway motorcycle is constructed in such a manner that noise emitted from the limited use off-highway motorcycle does not exceed 96 decibels on the A scale as measured in the manner required under rules promulgated by the department.
23.335(17)(d) (d) Paragraphs (a) to (c) do not apply to the operation of a limited use off-highway motorcycle on private property if the owner of the property has given consent for the operation and does not hold the property out to the public for use of off-highway motorcycles.
23.335(17)(e) (e) Paragraphs (b) 3. and (c) do not apply to the operation of a limited use off-highway motorcycle that is operated in racing on a public raceway facility or as part of a special public off-highway motorcycle event as authorized under sub. (10) (b).
23.335(18) (18) Accidents.
23.335(18)(a)(a) If an operator of an off-highway motorcycle is involved in an accident that occurs off a highway and that results in the death of any person or in the injury of any person on public land that requires treatment by a physician, the operator of each off-highway motorcycle involved in the accident shall give notice of the accident to a conservation warden or local law enforcement officer as soon as possible. Each operator shall also file a written report of the accident with the department on the form provided by it within 10 days after the accident.
23.335(18)(b) (b) If an operator of an off-highway motorcycle is physically incapable of making the report required under par. (a) and there was another witness to the accident capable of making the report, the witness may make the report.
23.335(19) (19) Trails and routes.
23.335(19)(a)(a) Department authority. The department shall encourage, develop, and supervise a system of off-highway motorcycle trails and off-highway motorcycle routes. The department may establish standards and procedures for designating off-highway motorcycle trails and off-highway motorcycle routes under the jurisdiction of the department.
23.335(19)(b) (b) Trails. A local governmental unit or the department may designate corridors through land which it owns or controls, or for which it obtains leases, easements, or permission, for recreational use as off-highway motorcycle trails. A designation may include all or a portion of an all-terrain vehicle trail.
23.335(19)(c) (c) Routes. A local governmental unit may designate highways as off-highway motorcycle routes. No state trunk highway or connecting highway may be designated as an off-highway motorcycle route unless the department of transportation approves the designation.
23.335(19)(d) (d) Restrictions. The designating local governmental unit may specify effective periods for the use of off-highway motorcycle trails and off-highway motorcycle routes and may restrict or prohibit the operation of off-highway motorcycles during certain periods of the year.
23.335(19)(e) (e) Signs. The department, in cooperation with the department of transportation, shall establish uniform signs and standards for off-highway motorcycle routes and off-highway motorcycle trails.
23.335(19)(f) (f) Interference with signs and standards prohibited.
23.335(19)(f)1. 1. No person may intentionally remove, damage, deface, move, obstruct, or interfere with the effective operation of any uniform off-highway motorcycle route sign or standard or any uniform off-highway motorcycle trail sign or standard if the sign or standard is legally placed by the state, any local governmental unit, or any authorized individual.
23.335(19)(f)2. 2. No person may possess any uniform off-highway motorcycle route sign or standard or any uniform off-highway motorcycle trail sign or standard of the type established by the department for the warning, instruction, or information of the public unless he or she obtained the uniform sign or standard in a lawful manner. Possession of a uniform sign or standard creates a rebuttable presumption of illegal possession.
23.335(20) (20) Enforcement activities and projects; funding.
23.335(20)(a) (a) Calculation of registration fees. Before January 1 of each fiscal year, the department shall determine the total amount of fees received from the registration of off-highway motorcycles under subs. (4) (d) and (e) and (5) (e) in the previous fiscal year.
23.335(20)(b) (b) Off-highway motorcycle projects. The department may use funding from the appropriation under s. 20.370 (9) (jq) for off-highway motorcycle projects that are undertaken by the state or by local governmental units. Any of the following types of off-highway motorcycle projects are eligible for funding:
23.335(20)(b)1. 1. Acquisition of an easement or land in fee simple.
23.335(20)(b)2. 2. An off-highway motorcycle facility such as a parking area, riding area, shelter, toilets, or other improvement.
23.335(20)(b)3. 3. Development of off-highway motorcycle routes or off-highway motorcycle trails.
23.335(20)(b)4. 4. Development or maintenance of an all-terrain vehicle trail, all-terrain vehicle route, or all-terrain vehicle facility or a snowmobile trail, snowmobile route, or snowmobile facility, if the trail, route, or facility is open for use by off-highway motorcycles.
23.335(20)(b)5. 5. Maintenance of off-highway motorcycle trails and off-highway motorcycle routes, including routes on roadways that are not maintained or only minimally maintained for motor vehicle traffic on a seasonal basis.
23.335(20)(b)6. 6. Purchase of liability insurance.
23.335(20)(c) (c) Priorities. In providing funding for the types of projects listed in par. (b), the department shall give higher overall priority to projects for facilities and trails that are open only for use by off-highway motorcycles. In determining which off-highway motorcycle projects will be provided funding, the department shall consider all of the following:
23.335(20)(c)1. 1. The distance of a proposed off-highway project from a comparable existing project.
23.335(20)(c)2. 2. The amount of interest demonstrated by a community in developing or maintaining an off-highway motorcycle project.
23.335(20)(c)3. 3. The amount of support demonstrated by a local governmental unit in which the project will be located.
23.335(20)(c)4. 4. The number of existing trails, routes, and facilities that are open to off-highway motorcycles or that are in the process of being developed.
23.335(20)(d) (d) Signs. In addition to the types of projects listed in par. (b), the department may provide funding under this subsection to a local governmental unit for up to 100 percent of the cost of placing signs developed under sub. (12) (L) 1. b.
23.335(20)(e) (e) Charging of fees. A local governmental unit that has not received funding under par. (b) in the prior fiscal year may charge a seasonal or daily use fee for an off-highway motorcycle area operated by the local governmental unit.
23.335(21) (21) Local ordinances.
23.335(21)(a)(a) Any local governmental unit may enact an ordinance that is in strict conformity with this section and rules promulgated by the department under this section, if the ordinance encompasses all aspects encompassed by this section.
23.335(21)(am) (am) A county, city, village, or town may enact an ordinance to authorize the operation of limited use off-highway motorcycles on a highway bridge that is not part of the national system of interstate and defense highways, that is 1,000 feet in length or less, and that is located within the territorial boundaries of the county, city, village, or town regardless of whether the county, city, village, or town has jurisdiction over the highway. Any such ordinance shall require a person crossing a bridge to do all of the following:
23.335(21)(am)1. 1. Cross the bridge in the most direct manner practicable and at a place where no obstruction prevents a quick and safe crossing.
23.335(21)(am)2. 2. Stay as far to the right of the roadway or shoulder as practicable.
23.335(21)(am)3. 3. Stop the vehicle prior to the crossing.
23.335(21)(am)4. 4. Yield the right-of-way to other vehicles, pedestrians, electric scooters, and electric personal assistive mobility devices using the roadway or shoulder.
23.335(21)(am)5. 5. Exit the highway as quickly and safely as practicable after crossing the bridge.
23.335(21)(b) (b) If a local governmental unit enacts an ordinance regulating off-highway motorcycles, its clerk shall immediately send a copy of the ordinance to the department, to the state traffic patrol, and to the office of any law enforcement agency of each local governmental unit having jurisdiction over any of the highways to which the ordinance applies.
23.335(22) (22) Enforcement.
23.335(22)(a)(a) A law enforcement officer has the authority and jurisdiction to enforce this section and ordinances enacted in accordance with this section.
23.335(22)(b) (b) No operator of an off-highway motorcycle may refuse to stop after being requested or signaled to do so by a law enforcement officer.
23.335(23) (23) Penalties.
23.335(23)(a)(a) Generally. Except as provided in pars. (b) to (f), any person who violates this section shall forfeit not more than $250.
23.335(23)(b) (b) Penalty related to nonresident trail passes. Any person who violates sub. (6) (am) shall forfeit not more than $1,000.
23.335(23)(c) (c) Penalties related to intoxicated operation.
23.335(23)(c)1. 1. Except as provided under subds. 2., 3., and 4., a person who violates sub. (12) (a) 1., 2., or 2m. or (h) shall forfeit not less than $150 nor more than $300.
23.335(23)(c)2. 2. Except as provided under subds. 3. and 4., a person who violates sub. (12) (a) 1., 2., or 2m. or (h) and who, within 5 years prior to the arrest for the current violation, was convicted previously under the intoxicated operation of an off-highway motorcycle law shall be fined not less than $300 nor more than $1,100 and shall be imprisoned not less than 5 days nor more than 6 months.
23.335(23)(c)3. 3. Except as provided in subd. 4., a person who violates sub. (12) (a) 1., 2., or 2m. or (h) and who, within 5 years prior to the arrest for the current violation, was convicted 2 or more times previously under the intoxicated operation of an off-highway motorcycle law shall be fined not less than $600 nor more than $2,000 and shall be imprisoned not less than 30 days nor more than one year in the county jail.
23.335(23)(c)4. 4. A person who violates sub. (12) (a) 3. or (h) and who has not attained the age of 21 shall forfeit not more than $50.
23.335(23)(d) (d) Penalty related to causing injury; intoxicants. A person who violates sub. (12) (b) shall be fined not less than $300 nor more than $2,000 and may be imprisoned not less than 30 days nor more than one year in the county jail.
23.335(23)(e) (e) Penalty related to interference with signs and standards. Except as provided in par. (f), a person who violates sub. (19) (f) and who, within the last 2 years prior to the arrest for the current violation, was 2 or more times previously convicted for violating a provision of this chapter shall forfeit not more than $500.
23.335(23)(f) (f) Penalties related to causing death or injury; interference with signs and standards. A person who violates sub. (19) (f) 1. is guilty of a Class H felony if the violation causes the death or injury, as defined in s. 30.67 (3) (b), of another person.
23.335(23)(g) (g) Calculation of previous convictions. In determining the number of previous convictions under pars. (c) 2. and 3. and (e), convictions arising out of the same incident or occurrence shall be counted as one previous conviction.
23.335(23)(h) (h) Reporting convictions to the department. Whenever a person is convicted of a violation of the intoxicated operation of an off-highway motorcycle law, the clerk of the court in which the conviction occurred, or the justice, judge, or magistrate of a court not having a clerk, shall forward to the department the record of such conviction. The record of conviction forwarded to the department shall state whether the offender was involved in an accident at the time of the offense.
23.335(23)(i) (i) Intoxicants; assessment. In addition to any other penalty or order, a person who violates sub. (12) (a), (b), or (h) shall be ordered by the court to submit to and comply with an assessment by an approved public treatment facility for an examination of the person's use of an intoxicant. The assessment order shall comply with s. 343.30 (1q) (c) 1. Intentional failure to comply with an assessment ordered under this paragraph constitutes contempt of court, punishable under ch. 785.
23.335(23)(j) (j) Restoration or replacement of signs and standards. In addition to any other penalty, the court may order the defendant to restore or replace any uniform off-highway motorcycle route sign or standard, or any uniform off-highway motorcycle trail sign or standard, that the defendant removed, damaged, defaced, moved, or obstructed.
23.335 History History: 2015 a. 170; 2017 a. 59, 161; 2019 a. 9, 11, 34, 68.
23.35 23.35 Reciprocal registration exemption agreements for federally recognized American Indian tribes and bands.
23.35(1)(1)The secretary shall enter into a reciprocal agreement with a federally recognized American Indian tribe or band in this state to exempt, from the registration and certification requirements of this state, boats, snowmobiles, all-terrain vehicles, utility terrain vehicles, and off-highway motorcycles that are owned by tribal or band members and registered under a registration program established by the tribe or band if the tribe or band requests the agreement and if the registration program does all of the following:
23.35(1)(a) (a) Requires that boats, snowmobiles, all-terrain vehicles, utility terrain vehicles, and off-highway motorcycles display decals or identification numbers showing valid registration by the tribe or band.
23.35(1)(b) (b) Employs registration decals and certificates of number that are substantially similar to those employed by the registration or certification programs of this state with regard to size, legibility, information content and placement on the boat, snowmobile, all-terrain vehicle, utility terrain vehicle, or off-highway motorcycle.
23.35(1)(c) (c) Employs a sequential numbering system that includes a series of letters or initials that identify the tribe or band issuing the registration.
23.35(1)(d) (d) Provides all registration information to this state in one of the following ways:
23.35(1)(d)1. 1. By transmitting all additions, changes or deletions of registration information to persons identified in the agreement, for incorporation into the registration records of this state, within one working day of the addition, change or deletion.
23.35(1)(d)2. 2. By establishing a 24-hour per day data retrieval system, consisting of either a law enforcement agency with 24-hour per day staffing or a computerized data retrieval system to which law enforcement officials of this state have access at all times.
23.35(1)(e) (e) Provides reciprocal exemptions, from the tribe's or band's registration requirements, for boats, snowmobiles, all-terrain vehicles, utility terrain vehicles, and off-highway motorcycles that are registered or certified by this state that are substantially as favorable as the exemptions enjoyed by the tribe or the band under the agreement. In this paragraph, “reciprocal exemption" means an exemption under the agreement that exempts from a tribe's or band's registration requirements, for operation within the boundaries of the tribe's or band's reservation, a boat, snowmobile, all-terrain vehicle, utility terrain vehicle, or off-highway motorcycle that is owned by a person who is not a member of the tribe or band and that is registered or certified by this state to the same extent that the agreement exempts from state registration and certification requirements, for the operation outside the boundaries of the tribe's or band's reservation, a boat, snowmobile, all-terrain vehicle, utility terrain vehicle, or off-highway motorcycle that is registered by the tribe or band.
23.35(2) (2)An agreement entered into under sub. (1) may cover a registration program for boats, snowmobiles, all-terrain vehicles, utility terrain vehicles, or off-highway motorcycles, or any combination thereof.
23.35 History History: 1993 a. 405; 2011 a. 208; 2015 a. 170.
23.38 23.38 Natural resources law violation hotline.
23.38(1)(1)The department shall maintain a toll-free telephone number to receive reports of violations of any statute or administrative rule that the department enforces or administers. The department shall relay these reports to the appropriate warden or officer for investigation and enforcement action. The department shall publicize the toll-free telephone number as widely as possible in the state.
23.38(1m) (1m)In addition to the toll-free telephone number under sub. (1), the department may establish additional electronic methods to receive reports of violations of any statute or administrative rule that the department enforces or administers.
23.38(2) (2)The department shall maintain records that permit the release of information provided by informants while protecting the identity of the informant. Any records received under this section that relate to the identity of informants shall be only for the confidential use of the department in the administration of this section, unless the informant expressly agrees to release the records. Appearance in court as a witness shall not be considered consent by an informant to release confidential records received under this section.
23.38 History History: 1979 c. 34; 1993 a. 16 s. 676; Stats. 1993 s. 23.38; 2013 a. 69.
23.39 23.39 Placement of wind turbines. The department shall identify areas in this state where wind turbines, if placed in those areas, may have a significant adverse effect on bat and migratory bird populations. The department shall maintain an Internet website that provides this information to the public and that includes a map of the identified areas.
23.39 History History: 2009 a. 40; 2017 a. 365 s. 112.
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2017-18 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2019 Wis. Act 69 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on January 3, 2020. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after January 3, 2020, are designated by NOTES. (Published 1-3-20)