No permit, license or, except as provided in par. (d)
, plan approval is required under this chapter for the owner of a washing station to establish, construct or operate a solid waste facility for the treatment, storage or disposal of wash water or to compost or land spread plant parts separated from wash water if all of the following requirements are met:
The washing station is not adjacent to or operated as part of a food processing plant, as defined in s. 97.29 (1) (h)
All wash water is either stored in a sealed wash water storage facility or is dispersed on land owned or leased by the owner of the washing station in a manner which avoids ponding, runoff or nuisance conditions and in accordance with acceptable agricultural practices or acceptable practices for the land spreading of waste.
All plant parts that are separated from wash water are either composted or stored in a plant parts storage facility and disposed of using an environmentally safe land spreading technique. The treatment, storage, disposal or composting under this paragraph must be confined to property owned or leased by the owner of the washing station.
For a washing station that anticipates operating at least 100 days per year or that operated at least 100 days during the immediately preceding year, do all of the following:
Register annually with the department as a washing station.
Submit annually an operating plan that implements best management practices and that is approved by the department.
Operate only in accordance with the approved operating plan.
History: 1995 a. 99
; 1995 a. 227
; Stats. 1995 s. 289.445.
Solid waste storage.
No person may store or cause the storage of solid waste in a manner which causes environmental pollution.
History: 1981 c. 374
.; 1995 a. 227
; Stats. 1995 s. 289.45.
Transference of responsibility. 289.46(1)(1)
Any person acquiring rights of ownership, possession or operation in a licensed solid or hazardous waste facility at any time after the facility begins to accept waste is subject to all requirements of the license approved for the facility including any requirements relating to long-term care of the facility and is subject to any negotiated agreement or arbitration award related to the facility under s. 289.33
. Upon acquisition of the rights, the department shall issue a new operating license if the previous licensee is no longer connected with the operation of the facility, if the new licensee meets all requirements specified in the previous license, the approved plan of operation, if any, and the rules promulgated under s. 291.05
, if applicable.
Any person having or acquiring rights of ownership in land where a solid or hazardous waste disposal facility was previously operated may not undertake any activities on the land which interfere with the closed facility causing a significant threat to public health, safety or welfare.
History: 1977 c. 377
; 1981 c. 374
; 1983 a. 410
, 2202 (38)
; Stats. 1983 s. 144.444; 1989 a. 31
; 1995 a. 227
; Stats. 1995 s. 289.46.
At least 120 days prior to the closing of a solid waste disposal facility or at least 180 days prior to the closing of a hazardous waste facility, the owner or operator shall notify the department in writing of the intent to close the facility.
History: 1995 a. 227
FACILITIES; REGULATION OF SPECIFIC
FACILITY OR WASTE TYPES
Solid waste open burning standards. 289.51(1)(a)
“Air curtain destructor" means a solid waste disposal operation that combines a fixed wall open pit and a mechanical air supply which uses an excess of oxygen and turbulence to accomplish the smokeless combustion of clean wood wastes.
“Household waste" means any solid waste derived from a household, hotel, motel, bunkhouse, ranger station, crew quarters, campground, picnic ground or day-use recreation area.
“Open burning" means the combustion, except in a properly operated air curtain destructor, of solid waste if that combustion lacks any of the following:
Control of combustion air to maintain adequate temperature for efficient combustion.
Containment of the combustion reaction in an enclosed device to provide sufficient residence time and mixing for complete combustion.
“Population equivalent" means the population equal to the sum of the population of the geographical area based on the most recent census data, or department of administration census data used for tax sharing purposes, plus the seasonal population not included in the census data, plus one person per 1,000 pounds per year of industrial, commercial and agricultural waste.
The department shall grant licenses for the open burning of solid waste at the licensee's solid waste disposal facilities if:
The open burning operation serves a population equivalent of less than 10,000 or, if the operation is controlled by more than one municipality, a population equivalent of less than 2,500 for each additional controlling municipality. The department shall give consideration to seasonal variations in population in granting partial yearly burning exemptions.
All portions of the licensed operation are greater than one-fourth mile from any residence or place of public gathering, or written consent is obtained from all residents and proprietors within one-fourth mile thereof.
The open burning does not include the burning of wet combustible rubbish, garbage, oily substances, asphalt, plastic or rubber products and, if the open burning operation serves a population equivalent of more than 2,500, the open burning includes only wood and paper which is separated from other solid waste.
The open burning operation is supervised by an attendant.
The open burning operation is accomplished in a nuisance-free manner and does not create hazards for adjacent properties.
Adequate firebreaks are provided and provision is made to obtain the services of the local fire protection agency if needed.
The open burning operation is not in violation of any federal air pollution control or municipal solid waste regulations, or any state air pollution control rules required to be adopted under applicable federal statutes or regulations.
The department may not require that ash resulting from the burning of a structure for practice or instruction of fire fighters or the testing of fire fighting equipment be disposed of in a landfill licensed under s. 289.31
History: 1995 a. 227
; Stats. 1995 s. 289.51; 2009 a. 28
Commercial PCB waste storage and treatment facilities. 289.53(1)(a)
“Commercial" means providing services to persons other than the owner or operator.
“PCB waste" means any product containing PCBs, as defined under s. 299.45 (1) (c)
, which is subject to regulation under s. 299.45
after the product becomes a solid waste. This term also means any material which is contaminated by the discharge, as defined under s. 292.01 (3)
, of a substance containing PCBs subject to regulation under s. 292.11
Feasibility report and related provisions.
Except as provided under sub. (6)
, no person may establish or construct a commercial PCB waste storage or treatment facility unless the person complies with the requirement under ss. 289.23
in the same manner as if the facility were a solid waste disposal facility including each of the following:
Submitting a feasibility report under s. 289.23 (1)
to determine whether the site has potential for use in establishing a PCB waste storage or treatment facility.
Complying with requirements for the preparation and contents of a feasibility report under s. 289.24 (1)
including any special requirements for PCB waste storage or treatment facilities.
Following the notice, hearing, procedure and other requirements under ss. 289.23
including any environmental impact requirements.
Plan of operation and related provisions.
Except as provided under sub. (6)
, no person may establish, construct or operate a commercial PCB waste storage or treatment facility unless the person complies with the requirements under s. 289.30
as if the facility were a solid waste disposal facility including all of the following:
Submitting a plan of operation which complies with requirements for preparation and contents specified under s. 289.30 (4)
including any special requirements for PCB waste storage or treatment facilities except the department may waive any requirement for proof of financial responsibility for long-term care.
Constructing the facility in accordance with an approved plan of operation as required under s. 289.30 (8)
Operating the facility in accordance with the approved plan of operation subject to the sanctions under s. 289.30 (9)
Financial responsibility requirements.
Except as provided under sub. (6)
, no person may establish or construct a commercial PCB waste storage or treatment facility unless the person complies with s. 289.41
Except as provided under sub. (6)
, no person may operate a commercial PCB waste storage or treatment facility unless the person obtains an operating license under s. 289.31
The department may exempt a person establishing, constructing or operating certain categories of facilities which store or treat PCB waste or which store or treat certain types, amounts or concentrations of PCB waste from the provisions of this section.
This section applies to any facility which is not otherwise subject to ss. 289.21
History: History: 1995 a. 227
Disposal of certain dredged materials. 289.54(2)
The department may not approve a request by the operator of a solid waste disposal facility to accept dredged materials that contain PCBs or heavy metals for disposal in the solid waste disposal facility until after the department holds a public meeting in the county in which the solid waste disposal facility is located. At the public meeting, the department shall describe the nature of the requested disposal and shall solicit public comment.
History: 1999 a. 9
; 2021 a. 93
“Nuisance" means an unreasonable danger to public health, safety or welfare or the environment.
“Recovery activity" means a project designed to reduce the number or volume of waste tires, to recycle waste tires or to recover waste tires.
“Tire dump" means any location that is used for storing or disposing of waste tires or solid waste resulting from manufacturing tires.
“Waste tire" means a tire that is no longer suitable for its original purpose because of wear, damage or defect.
Department authority; abatement.
If the department determines that a tire dump is a nuisance, it shall notify the person responsible for the nuisance and request that the waste tires or the solid waste resulting from manufacturing tires be processed or removed within a specified period. If the person fails to take the requested action within the specified period, the department shall order the person to abate the nuisance within a specified period. If the person responsible for the nuisance is not the owner of the property on which the tire dump is located, the department may order the property owner to permit abatement of the nuisance. If the person responsible for the nuisance fails to comply with the order, the department may take any action necessary to abate the nuisance, including entering the property where the tire dump is located and confiscating the waste tires or the solid waste resulting from manufacturing tires, or arranging to have the waste tires or the solid waste resulting from manufacturing tires processed or removed.
To carry out a nuisance abatement under sub. (2)
, the department may refer a nuisance abatement to the attorney general for enforcement action.
This section does not apply to any of the following:
A retail business premises where tires are sold if no more than 500 waste tires are kept on the premises at one time.
The premises of a tire retreading business if no more than 3,000 waste tires are kept on the premises at one time.
A premises where tires are removed from motor vehicles in the ordinary course of business if no more than 500 waste tires are kept on the premises at one time.
A solid waste disposal facility where no more than 60,000 waste tires are stored above ground at one time if all tires received for storage are processed, buried or removed from the facility within one year after receipt.
A site where no more than 250 waste tires are stored for agricultural uses.
A site where a recovery activity is carried on if no more than a 6-month inventory of tires is kept on the site.
A site where waste tires are stored for use in constructing artificial reefs in waters of the state.
An artificial reef constructed of waste tires.
A construction site where waste tires are stored for use or used in road surfacing and construction of embankments.
A solid waste disposal facility where waste tires are buried in compliance with rules promulgated by the department.
The order of priority for the department's abatement activities under sub. (2)
shall be as follows:
Tire dumps determined by the department to contain more than 1,000,000 tires.
Tire dumps which constitute a fire hazard or threat to public health.
Recovery of expenses.
The department may ask the attorney general to initiate a civil action to recover from the person responsible for the nuisance the reasonable and necessary costs incurred by the department for its nuisance abatement activities and its administrative and legal expenses related to the abatement. The department's certification of expenses shall be prima facie evidence that the expenses are reasonable and necessary.
This section does not change the existing authority of the department to enforce any existing laws or of any person to abate a nuisance. The department may reimburse a person for the costs of any such abatement.
Disposal and treatment records. 289.57(1)(1)
Submission of information.
The owner or operator of each solid waste treatment facility at which solid waste is converted into fuel or burned and of each solid waste disposal facility shall annually submit to the department a report containing all of the following information: