301.47(2) (2)A sex offender may not do any of the following before he or she is released, under s. 301.45 (5) or (5m), from the reporting requirements of s. 301.45:
301.47(2)(a) (a) Change his or her name.
301.47(2)(b) (b) Identify himself or herself by a name unless the name is one by which the person is identified with the department.
301.47(3) (3)Whoever intentionally violates sub. (2) is subject to the following penalties:
301.47(3)(a) (a) Except as provided in par. (b), the person is guilty of a Class H felony.
301.47(3)(b) (b) The person may be fined not more than $10,000 or imprisoned for not more than 9 months or both if all of the following apply:
301.47(3)(b)1. 1. The person was ordered under s. 51.20 (13) (ct) 1m., 938.34 (15m) (am), 938.345 (3), 971.17 (1m) (b) 1m., or 973.048 (1m) to comply with the reporting requirements under s. 301.45 based on a finding that he or she committed or solicited, conspired, or attempted to commit a misdemeanor.
301.47(3)(b)2. 2. The person was not convicted of another offense under this section before committing the present violation.
301.47(4) (4)The department shall make a reasonable attempt to notify each person required to comply with the reporting requirements under s. 301.45 of the prohibition in sub. (2), but neither the department's failure to make such an attempt nor the department's failure to notify a person of that prohibition is a defense to a prosecution under this section.
301.47 History History: 2003 a. 52, 320.
301.475 301.475 Sex offenders to notify schools.
301.475(1)(1)A person who is required to comply with the reporting requirements under s. 301.45 (1g) may not be on any school premises, as defined in s. 948.61 (1) (c), unless the school district administrator or his or her designee, if the premises are affiliated with a public school, or the governing body of the school, if the premises are affiliated with a private school or charter school, has been notified of the specific date, time, and place of the visit and of the person's status as a registered sex offender.
301.475(2) (2)
301.475(2)(a)(a) Except as provided in par. (b), whoever knowingly violates sub. (1) is guilty of a misdemeanor and subject to a fine of not more than $10,000 or imprisonment not to exceed 9 months, or both.
301.475(2)(b) (b) Whoever knowingly violates sub. (1) as a 2nd or subsequent offense is guilty of a Class H felony.
301.475(3) (3)Subsection (1) does not apply to the following:
301.475(3)(a) (a) A person who is on the school premises to vote if an election is being held that day and the person's polling place is on the school premises.
301.475(3)(b) (b) A person who is on the school premises to attend an event or activity that is not sponsored by the school.
301.475(3)(c) (c) A person whose child is enrolled at the school if the person notifies the school district administrator or his or her designee, if the premises are affiliated with a public school, or the governing body of the school, if the premises are affiliated with a private school or charter school, that he or she is a registered sex offender and that he or she has a child enrolled at the school. The notification must occur as follows:
301.475(3)(c)1. 1. Except as provided in subds. 2., 3., and 4., at the beginning of each academic school year.
301.475(3)(c)2. 2. If the child is not enrolled at the beginning of the academic school year, when the child is first enrolled.
301.475(3)(c)3. 3. If the person is not subject to the reporting requirements under s. 301.45 (1g) at the beginning of the academic school year or when the child is first enrolled, when the person first becomes subject to the reporting requirements under s. 301.45 (1g).
301.475(3)(c)4. 4. If subd. 1., 2., or 3. does not apply but the person is otherwise subject to the prohibition under sub. (1), when the person becomes subject to the prohibition under sub. (1).
301.475(3)(d) (d) A student who is enrolled at the school if the department, county department, licensed child welfare agency, or other person supervising the student under a dispositional order under s. 938.34, whichever is appropriate, works with the school district administrator or his or her designee, if the premises are affiliated with a public school, or with the governing body of the school, if the premises are affiliated with a private school or charter school, to ensure the safety of the students attending the school with the student.
301.475(3m) (3m)Unless sub. (3) (d) applies to a county department, licensed child welfare agency, or other person supervising a student under a dispositional order under s. 938.34, the department shall work with a school district administrator or his or her designee or a governing body of a school, whichever is appropriate, as provided in sub. (3) (d), to ensure that a student who is required to comply with the reporting requirements under s. 301.45 (1g) is not prohibited under sub. (1) from being on the premises of the school at which he or she is enrolled and to ensure the safety of the other students attending the school.
301.475(4) (4)The department shall make a reasonable attempt to notify each person required to comply with the reporting requirements under s. 301.45 (1g) of the prohibition under sub. (1), but neither the department's failure to make such an attempt nor the department's failure to notify a person of that prohibition is a defense to prosecution under this section.
301.475(5) (5)It is an affirmative defense to a prosecution under this section that the defendant was traveling directly to the office of the school district administrator or his or her designee, if the premises are affiliated with a public school, or to the governing body of the school, if the premises are affiliated with a private school or charter school, to comply with sub. (1). A defendant who raises this affirmative defense has the burden of proving the defense by a preponderance of the evidence.
301.475(6) (6)The school district administrator or his or her designee, if the premises are affiliated with a public school, or the governing body of the school, if the premises are affiliated with a private school or charter school, is immune from any civil or criminal liability for any good faith act or omission in connection with any notice given under sub. (1).
301.475 History History: 2013 a. 88.
301.48 301.48 Global positioning system tracking and residency requirement for certain sex offenders.
301.48(1)(1)Definitions. In this section:
301.48(1)(a) (a) “Exclusion zone" means a zone in which a person who is tracked using a global positioning system tracking device is prohibited from entering except for purposes of traveling through it to get to another destination.
301.48(1)(b) (b) “Global positioning system tracking" means tracking using a system that actively monitors and identifies a person's location and timely reports or records the person's presence near or at a crime scene or in an exclusion zone or the person's departure from an inclusion zone. “Global positioning system tracking" includes comparable technology.
301.48(1)(c) (c) “Inclusion zone" means a zone in which a person who is tracked using a global positioning system tracking device is prohibited from leaving.
301.48(1)(cm) (cm) “Level 1 child sex offense" means a violation of s. 948.02 or 948.025 in which any of the following occurs:
301.48(1)(cm)1. 1. The actor has sexual contact or sexual intercourse with an individual who is not a relative of the actor and who has not attained the age of 13 years and causes great bodily harm, as defined in s. 939.22 (14), to the individual.
301.48(1)(cm)2. 2. The actor has sexual intercourse with an individual who is not a relative of the actor and who has not attained the age of 12 years.
301.48(1)(cn) (cn) “Level 2 child sex offense" means a violation of s. 948.02 or 948.025 in which any of the following occurs:
301.48(1)(cn)1. 1. The actor has sexual intercourse, by use or threat of force or violence, with an individual who is not a relative of the actor and who has not attained the age of 16 years.
301.48(1)(cn)2. 2. The actor has sexual contact, by use or threat of force or violence, with an individual who has not attained the age of 16 years and who is not a relative of the actor, and the actor is at least 18 years of age when the sexual contact occurs.
301.48(1)(d) (d) “Lifetime tracking" means global positioning system tracking that is required for a person for the remainder of the person's life. “Lifetime tracking" does not include global positioning system tracking under sub. (2) (d), regardless of how long it is required.
301.48(1)(dm) (dm) “Passive positioning system tracking" means tracking using a system that monitors, identifies, and records a person's location.
301.48(1)(dr) (dr) “Relative" means a son, daughter, brother, sister, first cousin, 2nd cousin, nephew, niece, grandchild, or great grandchild, or any other person related by blood, marriage, or adoption.
301.48(1)(e) (e) “Serious child sex offense" means a level 1 child sex offense or a level 2 child sex offense.
301.48(1)(f) (f) “Sex offense" means any of the following:
301.48(1)(f)1. 1. A sex offense, as defined in s. 301.45 (1d) (b).
301.48(1)(f)2. 2. A crime under federal law or the law of any state that is comparable to a crime described in subd. 1.
301.48(1)(fm) (fm) “Sexual contact" has the meaning given in s. 948.01 (5).
301.48(1)(g) (g) “Sexual intercourse" means vulvar penetration as well as cunnilingus, fellatio, or anal intercourse between persons or any intrusion of any inanimate object into the genital or anal opening either by the defendant or upon the defendant's instruction. The emission of semen is not required.
301.48(2) (2)Who is covered.
301.48(2)(a) (a) Except as provided in subs. (2m), (6), (7), and (7m), the department shall maintain lifetime tracking of a person if any of the following occurs with respect to the person on or after January 1, 2008:
301.48(2)(a)1. 1. A court places the person on probation for committing a level 1 child sex offense.
301.48(2)(a)1m. 1m. The person is convicted for committing a level 2 child sex offense and the court places the person on probation for committing the level 2 child sex offense.
301.48(2)(a)2. 2. The department releases the person to extended supervision or parole while the person is serving a sentence for committing a level 1 child sex offense.
301.48(2)(a)2m. 2m. The person is convicted for committing a level 2 child sex offense and the department releases the person to extended supervision or parole while the person is serving the sentence for committing the level 2 child sex offense.
301.48(2)(a)3. 3. The department releases the person from prison upon the completion of a sentence imposed for a level 1 child sex offense.
301.48(2)(a)3m. 3m. The person is convicted for committing a level 2 child sex offense and the department releases the person from prison upon the completion of the sentence imposed for the level 2 child sex offense.
301.48(2)(a)4. 4. A court that found the person not guilty of a serious child sex offense by reason of mental disease or mental defect places the person on conditional release.
301.48(2)(a)5. 5. A court that found the person not guilty of a serious child sex offense by reason of mental disease or mental defect discharges the person under s. 971.17 (6). This subdivision does not apply if the person was on conditional release immediately before being discharged.
301.48(2)(a)6. 6. The court places a person on lifetime supervision under s. 939.615 for committing a serious child sex offense and the person is released from prison.
301.48(2)(a)7. 7. A police chief or a sheriff receives a notification under s. 301.46 (2m) (am) regarding the person.
301.48(2)(a)8. 8. The department makes a determination under sub. (2g) that global positioning system tracking is appropriate for the person.
301.48(2)(b) (b) Except as provided in subs. (7) and (7m), the department shall maintain lifetime tracking of a person if any of the following occurs with respect to the person on or after January 1, 2008:
301.48(2)(b)1. 1. A court places the person on supervised release under s. 980.08 (6m).
301.48(2)(b)2. 2. A court discharges the person under s. 980.09 (4). This subdivision does not apply if the person was on supervised release immediately before being discharged.
301.48(2)(b)3. 3. The department of health services places the person on parole or discharges the person under ch. 975. This subdivision does not apply unless the person's commitment was based on his or her commission of a serious child sex offense.
301.48(2)(d) (d) If, on or after January 1, 2008, a person is being placed on probation, extended supervision, parole, or lifetime supervision for committing a sex offense and par. (a) or (b) does not apply, the department may have the person tracked using a global positioning system tracking device, or passive positioning system tracking, as a condition of the person's probation, extended supervision, parole, or lifetime supervision.
301.48(2g) (2g)Department determination. If a person who committed a serious child sex offense, or a person under supervision under the interstate corrections compact for a serious child sex offense, is not subject to lifetime tracking under sub. (2), the department shall assess the person's risk using a standard risk assessment instrument to determine if global positioning system tracking is appropriate for the person.
301.48(2m) (2m)Passive positioning system tracking. If a person who is subject to lifetime tracking under sub. (2) (a) 1., 1m., 2., 2m., 3., or 3m. completes his or her sentence, including any probation, parole, or extended supervision, the department may use passive positioning system tracking instead of maintaining lifetime tracking.
301.48(3) (3)Functions and operation of tracking program.
301.48(3)(a)(a) Except as provided in sub. (2m), the department shall implement a continuous global positioning tracking system to electronically monitor the whereabouts of persons who are subject to this section. The system shall do all of the following:
301.48(3)(a)1. 1. Use field monitoring equipment that supports cellular communications with as large a coverage area as possible and shall automatically provide instantaneous information regarding the whereabouts of a person who is being monitored, including information regarding the person's presence in an exclusion zone established under par. (c) or absence from an inclusion zone established under par. (c).
301.48(3)(a)2. 2. Use land line communications equipment to transmit information regarding the location of persons who are subject to this section when they are in areas in which no commercial cellular service is available.
301.48(3)(a)3. 3. Immediately alert the department and the local law enforcement agency having jurisdiction over the exclusion or inclusion zone if the person stays in any exclusion zone for any longer period than the time needed to travel through the zone to get to another destination or if the person leaves any inclusion zone.
301.48(3)(b) (b) The department shall contract with a vendor using a competitive process under s. 16.75 to provide staff in this state to install, remove, and maintain equipment related to global positioning system tracking and passive positioning system tracking for purposes of this section. The term of the contract may not exceed 7 years.
301.48(3)(c) (c) For each person who is subject to global positioning system tracking under this section, the department shall create individualized exclusion and inclusion zones for the person, if necessary to protect public safety. In creating exclusion zones, the department shall focus on areas where children congregate, with perimeters of 100 to 250 feet, and on areas where the person has been prohibited from going as a condition of probation, extended supervision, parole, conditional release, supervised release, or lifetime supervision. In creating inclusion zones for a person on supervised release, the department shall consider s. 980.08 (9).
301.48(3)(d) (d) If a person who is on supervised release or conditional release is being tracked, the department shall notify the department of health services, upon request, of any tracking information for the person under any of the following circumstances:
301.48(3)(d)1. 1. The department of corrections has been alerted under par. (a) 3. that the person being tracked has improperly stayed in an exclusion zone or improperly left an inclusion zone.
301.48(3)(d)2. 2. The person being tracked fails to make a payment to the department under sub. (4) (b).
301.48(4) (4)Costs.
301.48(4)(a) (a) The department shall determine all of the following for each person tracked:
301.48(4)(a)1. 1. The cost of global positioning system tracking or passive positioning system tracking for the person.
301.48(4)(a)2. 2. How much of the cost under subd. 1. the person is able to pay based on the factors listed in par. (d).
301.48(4)(b) (b) If required by the department, a person who is subject to global positioning system tracking or passive positioning system tracking shall pay for the cost of tracking up to the amount calculated for the person under par. (a) 2. The department shall collect moneys paid by the person under this paragraph and credit those moneys to the appropriation under s. 20.410 (1) (gk).
301.48(4)(c) (c) The department of health services shall pay for the cost of tracking a person to whom sub. (2) (a) 4. or 5. or (b) applies while the person is on conditional release or supervised release to the extent that the cost is not covered by payments made by the person under par. (b).
301.48(4)(d) (d) In determining how much of the costs the person is able to pay, the department may consider the following:
301.48(4)(d)1. 1. The person's financial resources.
301.48(4)(d)2. 2. The present and future earning ability of the person.
301.48(4)(d)3. 3. The needs and earning ability of the person's dependents.
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2015-16 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2017 Wis. Act 367 and all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders effective on or before June 13, 2018. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after June 13, 2018 are designated by NOTES. (Published 6-13-18)